ROCKY MOUNTAIN USBANDMA
R UM. A Journal Devoted to Agriculture, Lve-stock, Home Reading, and General News. R S CO .
VOL. 1. DIAMOND CITY, M. T., MAY 25, 1876. NO. 27.
, , 259m 1876 N 2 7| | m
)UBULIS1E)1 WEEKLY BY
R. N. SUTHERLIN,
EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR.
The RocKY MOUNTAIN HUSBANDMAN is designed
to be, as the name indicates, a husbandman in every
sense of the term, embracing in its columns every
department of Agriculture, Stock-raising, IHorti
culture. Social and )omrestic Economy.
AD VERTISING RATES.
Iweek $2 $3 $5 $9 $11 $20 $30
2 weeks 3 4 7 10 12 15 28 40
1 month 5 8 12 15 18 21 40 00
3monlhs 10 16 24 30 36 42 80 120
4J months 1i 25 :36 4,5 54 65 120 200
1 year 30 40 60 75 90 105 180 250
Transient advertisements payatlde in advance.
Regular advertisements payable quarterly.
'T'wenty-live per cent. added for special advertise
WHAT THE GRASSHOPPERS ARE DOING. c
A correspondent to the Colarado Farmer s1
The all important subject among farmers c
at this time, is the 'hoppers. The first ques- s'
tion asked when two of them meet is " What
are your grasshoppers doing?" The an- it
swers vary, according to the efforts being ii
made to arrest their ravages. Where the g
farmers have water in their ditches, and are a
using kerosene, the 'hoppers are doing lit- a
tle damage. o
W. B. Alford and E. W. Rogers com- i
menced fighting them on the 23d ult., and, b
though their farms were entirely surround- I
ed with open prairie, they have succeeded, f
not only in keeping them off, but they have t
destroyed nearly- all that have made their r
appearance, notwithstanding the fact that s
about their farms the 'hoppers were more 1
plentiful than last year. Their proces is t
very simple ;. their farms are completely sur
rounded by ditches filled with water, and
every hundred rods or so, a can of kero
sene is placed over the ditch, so that the
kerosene drops slowly into the water, As
soon as the 'hop'pers hatch, they make for
the water and the green crops, and congre
gate on the bank of the ditch. By passing I
along with a flag, bushels of them can be
driven into the ditch in a short time. By
placing a burlap sack across the ditch, a half
bushel of the little dead 'hoppers were
caught in thirty minutes. In addition to the
kerosene, eddies were formed by placing
narrow strips of boards across the ditch,
about half an inch below the surface. The
'hoppers often being held in the scum on the
upper side of the board, and are held in the
eddy below for a short time; this kills them
This is the expression of all the farmers in
our section. The eggs have been deposited
in the unbroken land, and all who have
ditches around their plowed land and are
doing everything to destroy the 'hoppers as
they hatch, will be sure to raise a crop this
I do not think there is one 'hopper this
year, to where there was a thousand last. In
the future, when 'hoppers come down upon
us and deposite their eggs in the plowed
ground, we can delay putting in our small
grain until they hatch, and then by using
Brewer's fire machine they can all be des
troyed before sowing the crop, ard at the
same time, by keeping the ditches full, and
kerosene in them they can be kept out.
Two machines are being made by W. J.
Kinsey, one for J. W. Richards, the other
for Rufus Clark. They are made on plans
furnished by Mr. Richards and appear to
meet several points lacking in other ma
The machines are made of zinc; seven feet
long and three and a half feet wide, strength
ened by strips of wood around the edges,
"with several ribs running lengthwise and
crosswise. Rings are inserted at one edge,
to which ropes about ten feet long are at
tached and the apparatus is drawn forward
by two men.
Coal tar is spread over the upper surface
and as'the machine is moved torward the
'hoppers are disturbed and alighting on the
tarred surface, are killed by coming in- con
tact with it.
The cost of a zinc machine is about six
dollars; for sheet iron somewhat less. Those
who prefer to make their own machines
will find it no trouble in doing so.
An objection having been made to the use
of canvass, we consulted Rufus Clark. who
says that oil cloth or heavy canvass should
be used, so that the coal tar will not leak
through. Apprehensions were entertained
that the tar would injure vegetation by com
ing in contact with it. Mr. Clark thinks
that if proper care is taken, no tar need be
dropped or spilled.
John O. Brewer is using his patent ma
chine with great success, and proposes to
slay his millions with it.
Everyone interested in the grasshopper
cause, should examine the machines con
structed for Richards and Clark.
Thomas Skerrit has constructed an ingen
ious machine, which resembles very much
in shape and size, a pan for boiling sor
ghmn, hung on wheels. It is eight feet long
and three feet wide, resting on a bent iron
axle so that the bottom is within four inches
of the ground. The oven or drum is of sheet
iron, covered on top and sides, with an open
bottom of iron ribs and heavy wire. Fire is
built in the machine and it is driven over the
field, the draft of heat is to the ground, and
the 'hoppers are burned. It is drawn by
horses hitched to a tongue attached to one
side, and side draft is avoided by an irori
brace running through the draw bolt of the
tongue to the chonlder or axis of the off
whleel. 'The cost is about forty dollars.
PEEPS AT THE FPARM.
While we are taking a peep at the farni
we must not forget to look at the buildings,
especially the dwelling-the home, if you
please. It is by the home and the surround
ings that we judge something of the nature
and disposition of the family. We are so
constituted as to partake more or less of the
nature of things-animate and inanimate
with which we are surrounded; therefore, if
we expect to be happy, we must associate
with congenial spirits, and dwell in homes
that are attractive. A noted writer, speak
ing of the home, says :
A man's house should be on the hill-top
of cheerfulness and serenity, so high that no
shadows rest upon it, and where the morn
ing comes so early and the evening tarries
so late, that the days have twice as many
hours as those of other men. He is to be
pittied whose house is in some valley of grief
between the hills, with the longest night
and the shortest day. Home should be the
centre of joy, equatorial and tropical.
In the education of the family of children,
this home influence plays a most important,
part in forming their habits and shaping
their destiny. The child that is brought up
in a cheerful home, surrounded with beauti
ful grounds and trellised flowers, will cher
ish that home as hallowed ground, and his
thoughts will center there. There is no
need of making this home a costly affair. A
man should always build according-to his
means, for a large costly mansion with a
" mortgage attachment," is not calculated
to promote cheerfulness.--Cor. of Rural
THE people of Kansas have responded lib
erally to the calls of the Patrons of Colora
do, by contributing four car loads of grain,
which has been distributed by the commit
. tee appointed by Rocky Mountain and Ceres
Granges. Some farther contributions are
I expected, and when the contribution is fhl
ly accomplished a full report will be made
and credit given to those who have assisted.
POTATOES AT 15 CENTS A BUSHEL.
In speaking of the several contests in po
tato growing, Mr. Conrad Wilson says:
Since the award made by Bliss & Sons for
the best yield of potatoes from a pound of
seed, I have obtained some additional facts
in regard to a part of these crops, which will
perhaps give a new interest to the results
In response to another premium ofIered,
based on the cost of production, I have re
ceived statements in regard to said crops,
from which it appears that
1. The yield of Alfred Rose was at the
rate of 74G bushels per acre, and the cost a
little less than 15c. per bushel.
2. The yield of J. L. Perkins was at the
rate of 475 bushels per acre, and the, cost
also nearly 15c. per bushel.
3. The yield of J. I. Salter, which was 36.
bushels from 1 lb. of seed, is not so reported
as to indicate the rate per acre, but shows
the cost per bushel to be 20;c.
.4 and 5. In the case of IH. V. Rose and of
M, M. Rose, the cost was slightly above the
figure of Alfred Rose.
Finally, it appears that the cost per bushel
is a tie between J. L. Perkins of Iowa, and
Alfred Rose of New York. The premium
is, therefore, divided between the two.
There are several curious and interesting
questions growing out of this trial which it
will, perhaps, be worth while to consider
hereafter in connection with a further state
ment of the processes and treatment of these
AG RICULTURAL ITEMS.
Forty States and Teritories cultivate to
bacco-300,000,000 pounds yearly, worth
ia t "$40,000,000.
Farm ma. -an mmrosi tnztre arc dily en
gaged for the season at $15 per month iind
found, where last year at this time they
were demanding $25 and found.
In sowing German millet for hay, sow
broadcast, from two to two and a half bush
els to the acre, and cut when it is in bloom;
cure with as little exposure to the sun as
The London Agricultural Gagette esti
mates the yearly cost of a four years' rota
tion of crops upon a typical English farm.
Labor, seed and taxes for an acre cost $18.
18; the total expenses for each year were
$33.05. This, considering the ,expensive
methods of the English farmer, is not ex
treme, but it approaches much nearer our
own rates than the expense of English ag
riculture is generally supposed to approach.
The Germantown Telegraph says that hen
manure, where only a small quantity is gath
ered, is better adapted to growing onions
than anything we have ever tried. Although
a very powerful manure, we have dosed our
onion beds liberally, and never saw any but
the best results. If large quantities are
saved, it should be made fine, mixed with
two or three times its bulk of gypsum, and
appineas t th~ corn hillU at planting time.
The total area of cranberry lands in culti
vation in the Eastern States, is 15,000 acres.
A farmer ought to be a good judge of ev
ery particular which relates to the good or
dering of his farm.
To be a perfect farmer a man should com
bine reading, observation, and practice. A
man may work in the field all his life and
be a poor farmer.
Experiments recently made in England
indicate that wagons are most easily drawn,
on all kinds of roads, when the fore and
hind wheels are of the same size, and the
pole lies lower than the axle.
At a farmers' institute held recently at
Rochester Mich., destroying Canada thistles
was discussed, and all agreed that to keep
them down a year, so they could not obtain
the use of their leaves in the open air, would
destrgy them. Put two or three feet of
straw over them, or cut them off below the
surface and cover them up once a week with
salt throughout the season.
A company is about starting a great farm
ing enterprise in the foot-hills between Ma
rysville and Smartsville, California, they
have in a body 1,700 acres of land. Orch
ards of orange trees, English walnuts, al
mond trees, and pecans, will be laid out,
and much ground devoted to wheat, clover,
alfalfa, and sheep-raising.
A corresppndent of the Department of Ag
riculture, writing from Ingham county,
Mich., says there is a growing conviction in
that section that good farming and only
that is 'profitable. The breeding of fine
sheep, cattle and farm horses, is receiving
marked attention; unusual exertions are be
ing made to introduce the best labor-saving
machines and implements.
SMessrs. Water and Oil
One day had a broil,
As down in the grass they were dropping,
And would not unite,
But continued to fight,
Without any prospect of stopping.
Mr. Perlash o'erheard,
And, quick as a word,
He jumped in the midst of the clashing;
When all three agreed,
And united with speed,
And Soap came out ready for washing.
FRITTERS.-One quart of milk, one pound
of flour, and seven well-beaten eggs, a tea
spoonful of salt. Drop by the spoonful in
to lard and fry a Might brown.
FAMILY CAKES.--YOlks of eight eggs, and
one cup of sugar, kneaded stiff with flour.
Roll out thin, cut in fancy shapes, ant fry
in hot fat.
Auw, an.Trs,--orweune.l., c up ~f
sugar, one cup water, one and a half tea
spoonfrfls tartaric acid, one teaspoonful of
flour, one teaspoonful extractlemon, a piece
of butter size of a walnut. Cook over steam,
then fill the paste and bake moderately. Put
the lemon in just before baking. Ice them if
IxssEs.--Two pounds of floured sugar,
the whites of eight eggs, beaten to a froth,
tben add the sugar and flavor with lemon or
vanilla. The whole should be beaten very
hard a few mipute§, then drop in oval shapes
on white paper which has been s ightlytbut
tered, and place in a moderate oven. Bake
to a pale brown, then place the flat sides
LEMON PIE.--Make a very short crItut and
roll rather thick. F]or every pie take the
grated rind and juice of one lemon, one tea.
cupful of sugar, and the yolk of one egg;
one cupful of sweet milk or water, one tea'.
spoonful of starch, softened with a little
milk; bake about an hour; beat the white
to a froth; add two tablespoonfuls of sugar
and pour over the top ; bake slightly.
To MAKE GooD MOLASSES CANDY.--TW
pounds white coffee sugar, one quartmolas
ses syrup, three tablespoonfuls of vinegar,pat
in a small piece o~ butter. You ',ea tell
when it is boiled enough by dipping? your
finger into a cup of cold water, and if that
which stickes to your finger is hard and
snaps, the candy is done, and should be
poured upon a greased marble or tiu pani
add a lttle essence,of lemon, then pull it till
it beoores white,
To MAKE HONwY-WI OR oMEADo.-To a
gallon of water, put2 bs. of honey nid 1
lb. ef sugar; doll for an hour, put in the
whites of four eggs to clarify, and aQlta it
quite clear while boiling; then put it into a
clean tub, and let it stand for a week, put
ting in a toast with honey to make it work;
then put in a cask, adding-the peels of three
or four lemons, let it stand for a mhonth, and
then if it is not sufficiently fine put in more
honey, and let it stand longer.
Goon Rairs;a s CaxE.-Cold mashed
potatoes miz irith flour and rolled out and
cut into bismuits are very nice and hea.I1t
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