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Rocky Mountain husbandman. (Diamond City, Mont.) 1875-1943, July 06, 1876, Image 2

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Rocky Mountainllusdadan.
R. N. SUTHIERLIN, Editor.
THURSDAY, JULY 6, 1876.
ONE OF rrT most important things for
our people to learn is that it always pays to
produce the best. It matters not what a
farmer may have to sell, he will always find
a sure and ready market for a first-class
article. If a man is dairying, lie should
always strive to produce the best butter or
cheese that is placed upon the market. If
gaiJenmg, he should be sure to have the
best varieties of vegetables. If in the poul
try business, he should be sure to market
his eggs when fresh, and never attempt to
sell packed eggs for fresh ones. It will not
pay to cheat customers; they are no doubt
good judges of the articles they buy, and
when once deceived are apt to remember
you next time. A No. 1 article is always
worth more in any market than a poor one,
and although this is demonstrated before
our eyes nearly every day, it is strange that
there is such a quantity of inferior produce
put upon the' market. Bqt some may say
that all cannot be best. Very true-yet all
may be good. Let the man who desires a
steady market establish a reputation for
producing the best; let those who use his
commodities know that he never misrepre
sents; that what he offers to his customers
is just what he represents it to be, and that
it is of a superior quality, and it will com
mand a price in proportion.
" Whatever you do, strive to do well;;"
nothing will pay better. If it will pay to
farm at all, it will pay to do It systematic
ally and thoroughly. Good judgment and
thorough practical training can nowhere be
used to better advantage. Do everything at
the proper time and in the proper manner.
Be prompt in all things, and honest in every
transaction. Let none excel you In kindness
and generosity. Be a man-a gentleman
in every sense of the term. Then your-life
will be prosperous and your memory be
green in the heirts of your friends long
alter you have strumeo a
WE publish a letter in another column
froth our correspondent, Jack McGuoy, who
left here for the Black Hills last spring.
The letter speaks for itself. Mr. McGuoy
has long: been a resident of Meagher county,
and we regard his statements as reliable.
Possibly we may differ somewhat from
some of our contemporaries in this matter,
of publishing news from this new gold re
gion, but we are publishing a paper for the
people, and will not suppress thast which we
think reliable and interesting to our read
ers. Diamond City is not on the direct route
to that new eldorado, neither'is it a promi
nent outfiting point for those who may
chose to venture into this land of Indians
and undeveloped mines, but are therefore,
not moved by any selfish interest. We are
laboring as best we can for the interests of
Montana. The excitement may take some
menfom this country, but the settlement
of the hills will eventually be of benefit to
us. Mr. McGuoy does not advise any of
his friends to go to the Hills. He says near
ly twenty miles of diggings have been found;
but this is all claimed, and there are many
idle men there. The Indians were seeking
evefy opportunity to murder the whites.
All stook have to be kept under strong
guard; and to separate in small parties, as
would necsarily have to be done in pros
peeting for other mines, with every
part of the country guarded by well
atred Sioux, would be a venture which no
man who places any value upon his life
wpval dare undertake.
Thpne awe but few sensible persons who
have amy.prospect of a good living that will
Vanture to take the chances of finding new
mines in the hills among the desperate
1loux. A few who go may reap a good re
'rd, but all cnunot do this. Many of them
%' return .UkeMr. Thomas Williams, " sat
aised to taste %hanees in Montan a," and glad
to geatbk'ow this laud ofpeace stnd plenty,
by lratellng oN tbot $)0 wiles.
Ti3' tst~newa 1' om St. Louis says that
'T'ildez an bieu a. zaw, natedI by the Demo
'Cram or P a' tbat-Hendricks %%'i11
ProbaRW3II the ebg s Ir Vice-Preuicent.
ahdRep babIc ius ~iaw i\y., of Ohio, "frith
Wbeaa of New York8 ;o ''Vie .A1l the
MI~otA~ bave a good rcoJ r 3 the cam
paign will dpubtless be a lively one. It is
not known which side the liberals will take
-which ever way they do cast their strength,
will carry a heavy weight.
Bozeman Times extra, July 3d says that
General Custer's command attacked about4,
000 Indians on the Little Horn river June 25.
The General, together with fifteen officers
and about 300 men were killed.
GENERAL NEWS.
The wheat crops of Pickens Co., Ala., has
been greatly cut by the rust. Many plant
ers are reported as having plowed up their
wheat and planted the land in corn.
The farmers have commenced haying in
California. The crops will be unusually
large.
The Centennial Exhibition (Woman's Pa
vilion) contains the following contributions
from the royal family of England :
Twenty-six etchings by the Queen, also two
table napkins spun by the royal hands; a
banner screen embroidered by Princess Bea
trice; a table c oth embroidered' by the
Princess Louise of Hesse and the Princess
Christian, and four 'drawings of flowers by
the Marchioness of Lorne.
The special attraction of the exhibition of
the Massachusetts Horticultural Society was
the Rhododendrons. The first prize was
awarded to E. S. Rand, Jr., and the third to
Joseph Clark. Beside the Rhododendron,
there was a good show of other plants and
flowers, the most striking of which was a
very large and finely grown plant of Azalea
Decora, covered with thousands of crimson
blooms. It was bought by C. M. Atkinson,.
gardener to John L. Gardener. Mr. Joseph
H. Woodford made a beautiful display of
hardy clematis, the varieties being Miss
Bateman, Sophia Lord Londesborough, Al
bert Victor, John Gould Veitch, and others.
James Conley showed. Hibiscus cruentus, a
fine seedling, tuberous-rooted Begonia, and
a great variety of choice cut flbwers.
At a meeting in St. Louis of the Mississip
p1 Valley and Brazil' Steamship Company
such action w'As taken and subscrlptions
mumeto .
cess of the undertaklig. ntibsdripttkms to
the stock now amount to $800;000. Steamn
ers adapted to the trade betwveeti° NeW Or
leans and Brazil are available at short, no
tice.
WASHINGTON, June 24.-The army arpro
priation bill as reported from the Senate
Committee on Appropriations to-day, is
changed in the following important par icu
lars. The committee entirely strike out the
eight sections bf which the House proposed
to reduce and reorganize the army ani es
tablish lower salaries for -officers. An end
ments are accordingly reported incredsing
the House items ofghe appropriation 4t the
aggregate extent of over $3,000,000, so s to
provide for continuing the present for of
25,000 men and oflicers at the salaries Ipre
scribed by existing law, and also to ore
nearly conform to the estimates of Sect tary
Taft in other respects. The principal ems
of increase are $813,768 for pay of the a yy;
$291,000 for subsistence; $450,006 fort the
Quartermaster's Department; $400,0 for
transportation, and $600,000 for hire of uar
tors, etc. The committee recommende the
retention of the House provision conce ting
officers' mileage, fixing it at eight cent! per
mile in lieu of all other allowances.
The conference on the legislative a1d ju
dicial appropriation bill has just sej ated
without coning to any agreement. The
differences are so great that the presen com
mittee will be unable to adjust'thern, ld a
new conference will probably be appt nted
when the House nieets on Monday. 'uis is
the fourth conference held on this bill tiie
existing committee.
Dom Pedro passed June 121h in B ton,
visiting the schools and the Instituti i for
the Blind. In the evening he listene to a
lecture by Prof. William 1. 3iarshl, the
Yellowstone National Park.
The primary school apportioniiment f the
State of Michigan is. fifty cents per Kholar
annually, amoqnting to $223.9835,00, to be
paid by the. State Treasury . durin# the
,month of June.
The Treasury now holds $34't8,50 in
U. S. bonds to secure national bank ,*cula
tionb and $1i,823;850 to secure the pu ic del
posits: U. S. bonds deposited: for tlrcrila
tion for the weekending June-10, 'Z20),000;
national bank clrculaiion outategying, 432,.
080,008; 11d and band circulif p'vutstand
5~g,$i,40~10,i.
LwEl'TR FROM THE BLACK HILLS.
EDITOR IIUSDANDAN : I wrote you a
few.lines from a point on the road near Fort
Reno., I sent it by a man Who was going
by way of Fort Fetterman, and I had only
a few minutes to write, while his horse was
bucking.
The Big Horn party, headed by Captain
Langston, reacted Crook City, Whitewood
creek, D. T.., May 2Ith.
We found no prospects along the route we
came, and saw no Indians until we reached
the edge of the Black Hills, when they made
their presence known by firing about twenty
shots into our camp, slightly wounding one
mule, and knocking the .dust out of Mrs.
Wilson's dress. With great coolness and
presence of mind, she grasped a needle gun
and jumped behind a wagon and assumaed
an attitude of defense. On the same day,
and probably at the same time, about three
miles from camp, George H. Miller, (former
ly a resident of Oregon, but late of Gallatin
City), was killed by the Indians, and another
man narrowly escaped, having about twenty
shots fired at him.
Two days' drive from this point, the Indi
ans came upon us again, and so suddenly
that they appeared to spring right out of
the ground, their horses on a dead run.
They commenced the attack by shouting at
and attempting to run over the pickets, John
P, Barnes and Jake Schutz, who stood them
off, gave the alarm and saved the herd. No
one was hurt on our side. One Indian Mind
two of their horses were wounded.
I find that the mines on Whitewood and
Deadwood, (a tributary to Whitewood), are
no myth, but are paying well for a distance
of nearly twenty miles. Some claims are
rich, yielding up into the pounds. The
ground is all taken up, and claims are held
at from four hunred to five thousand dollars.
Nothing new has been discovered this spring,
not even a side-gulch. The mines are crowd
ed with men, ninny of whom are idle, yet
independent.
Towns are being laid off, and a great deal
of building being dens. Provisions are high
and scarce. Flour is $20 to $25 per hundred;
fr4iht, fifteen cents a pound from Fort
Pierre and( .Ishtrck. We hauer no umails
here, and hardly any committication with
the outside world.
The Cheyenne road to Custer is reported
closed to travel. All stock must be kept
under strong guard, and it is feared the
Indians will leave us all afoot.
I cannot advise any person to come here.
Business men might do very well, but miners
will have to buy any ground they get,
There is a mania among the people in re
gard to laying out town sites. Crook City
is an embryo town at the mouth of White
wood creek; about one mile and a half above
is Centennial City; twelve miles above is
'Elizabeth City; a mile and a half further up
is Deadwood City, and a little further on is
Gay City.
Here, in this valley, twelve miles north of
Crook City, about a dozen of us have located
ranches, and since then, men are coming in
every .day, and now there must be fifty
ranches located. The day before yesterday,
a'town site was laid off, which they claim
will make the leading town of the Hills, as
it will be on the direct road from Pierre and
Bismarck to the mines. The parties claim
to be able to establish several wholesale
stores, a saw mill, a branch of the Bismarek
Tribune, and several other branches of busi
ness.
The land in this valley has the appearance
of being well adapted to agriculture. There
also seems to be good hay land upon it.
Hay would now sell readily'in Deadwood at
$100 per ton. They are working mules and
horses there, and feeding them on brush,
oats and corn. Grain sells at twenty cents a
pound. There is no grass above Crook City.
The mountains have a very heavy growth
of pine, oak, ash, elm, boxelder, birch, hagel,
and some hickory and ironwood upon them.
I have not seen a newspaper since I came
to the Hills. Letters are takeni out and
brought in here by private parties, at fifty
cents each. Respectfully,
JACx McGOEY.
Spear Fish Valley. Black Hills, June 2, '76.
The special correspondent of the Indepen
dent atiFort Ellis writes under date of June
30th that "'a special' courier was dispatched
to Gibbon yebtehday with instructions to
proceed direit'to the 4'forks of Tongue river
*and C `,pirate with lthe movements of Gen
erals Tprr1 and Crook.
SYNOPSIS OF AN ORATION DELIVERED By
HON. T. E. COLTINB, JULY 4, 1878.
Historic Philhdelphia, of revoltionrary
grandeur, and almost every other city, vil
lage and hamlet throughout the land, are
celebrating our national birth-day in a man
ner befitting the grandeur and greatness of
our country and the dignity of the $4 ,000.
000 of free and enlightened people within
its limits,
The universal celebration of this Centen
nial is a duty we owe, not only tolthe past
to celebrate and keep forever green fit our
memories the genius which framned,,and the
virtues which have preserved, our intitn
tions, but to the present--toshow the world
that we'are proud of the Government estIab.
lished by the men of 1776, and given to us,
their successors, as their richest and most
sacred legacy.
National pride is the sheet-anchor of our
political existence, and its growth should be
fostered and eniouraged with jditlous caren
With it, the centuries of our existence are
not numbered; Without it, we have nothing
to awaken our patriotism or kindle our ardor
for our country.
How necessary is it then that we'should
take one day irl each year, at least-this day
which tells the world of the birth and glory
of our country-to foster this sentiment of
national pride, display our patriotism, and
worship' at the shrine of our country for our
country's good. Even in this remote por
tion of our country, the few of us residing
in this gulch `and its tributaries, far away
from the genial Influences of civilization,
with no populous gathering to kindle our
enithusiasmn, but with pure and undefiled
patriotism, are here assembled to testify our
regard for our free and united country.
Our eglebration is a small affair In point
of niumbers and in the necessary material to
give it eclat and to spread enthusiasm. We
will not have many. buncomb, spread-eagle
Fourth of July speeches, no profusion of
flags and bunting, no grand parade of socie
ties or military companies with martial mu
sic to stir our patriotic blood,no dance upon
the green, no pie-nic, no vocal music to in
spire up with patriotic feeling, no Evarts or
Lamar to portray to us the beauties of oar
system of 'government in vivid colors anti
with burning eloquence, but in lieu of all
these defielencies, we have had the reading
of that immortal instrument, the Declarn
tion of Independence, adopted by the Con
tinental Congress on the 4th day of July,
1776-just one hundred years ago-and
gloriously sustained and ratified by the peo
ple of the thirteen Colonies in their arduous
struggle, heroic endurance and Immortal
victories over tht Brittish King a14l his
armies. We reverently look to that day
July 4th. 1776-as the birth-day of our Na
tion, and as the time when the united Colo
riles took equal stations among the nations
of the earth, by declaring them free and fi
dependent States.
gf we Zack in the embelishments which
usually accompany celebratio.s of this char
acter, we should not, and ilo not, lack In
patriotism and love of country, and the will
to venerste and perpetuate the menmory of
the founders or our Government to whom
we owe so much.
Not only have we great canue for vener
ating the spirit of tire men of 1776, on cc
count of the noble Jegney of freedom rnd
self-government they sirceessfi lly estab
lished, but the lovers of liberty and goveni
ment by the people, for the #eople. through
out tha whole civilized world, should and
do, also rejoice with us. Onr success has
been the means of limiting and enrtailing
the prerogative of the King, and of. making
more endurable the sway of the Emperor.
Our success has caused the firm estabilsh
ment of republican forms of government in
nearly all of North and South America; Iis
compelled England to adopt a policy of
clemency and conciliation towards her terri
torial dependencies, and to partially atone
for four hundred years of tyrannyand abuse
of Ireland.
The success and prosperity of our GoV
ernment has given thousaiids of people iii
every country, In every e pire, kingdom
and prineipality in the Old World a higher
idea of government; has taltght them to
revere repiublicti institution , and to 'Ohave
aspirations for republican froedorp,
Iu :Ireltad1,it is those people who have par
tially sueegeded in emancipating their cQuLI
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