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CLYDESDALE AND MORGAN HORSES. The oldest we have, of Oregon raising, of Clydesdale stock, are four years old this spring; and as far as I have seen, and what I can glean from those who have been rais ing this stock, and others not interested, in connection with the many sales made East, at enormous figures, I cannot help coming to the conclusion that there is no better farmer's horse than the Clydesdale; or one more suitable for heavy draft. An English writer in a recent article on Scotch and Eng lish farming, says of the Clydesdale horses: "Although Scotch farmers generally have something to learn from their English breth ren in the management of cattle and sheep, and require to improve considerable in the selection and style of their bucks and har ness horses, they stand almost unrivaled in the breeding and management of their cart horses." There is no better farmer's horse than the Clydesdale. He has the power in the right place; he can move off smartly with two tons behind him; he walks four miles an hour; trots, if need be, seven or eight; is active and hardy, his feet are sound and good, and 'Mr. Pickford and others who use many fiorses in large tdwns, assure me that no horse stand the work on the stones like the Clydesdale, and none bear up so well against the rough usage and buffeting to which these willing van horses are so often subjected. The heaviest and most valuable Clydesdales are bred within about twenty eight miles of Glasgow; their style and use iulness have of late years been improved by breeding them with finer and less hair tbout their legs. It is the leg of the Clydesdale that enables the farmer to overtake his work with so few horses. With nearly double the area of arable land the agricultural relations show that in Scotland there are 3.9, in Eng land 4.2, horses for 100 of medium land un der a four or five course rotation. The horses are invariably worked in pairs, plow an acre a day and are used in single or doub le carts. Wagons are unknown in Scotland. I should judge the half-breed Olydesdales that are being raisedtn this va'ney wnilwegn from 1,400 to 1,800 pounds when they ar rive at maturity. Tho' four-year.olds, this spring, will average from 1,200 to 1,500 pounds. This is what I call 'heavy made horses, and another, good feature in this stock of horses, they 'are invariably kind and domestic; never fail to pull when first hitehed up to a wakon ir to a load, and a poor horse can'hardlylefouid among them, Which goes tOshow tbha there has been a great deal of care and forethought in breed ing heretofore, in bringing about such .no ble characteristics; and of such powerful alze and strength as these van horses pos .ses. In the matter of horses for all work I con sider the Morgan stohk stands at the head; they at almost invairlably good trotters, and many time horses are found among them; good for draft; generally nice riders. These combined are essential to constitute a horse of this class. There are many that hat'bor the Idea that a draft horse, can be a horse for all work, that Is quickly active; car make time on the turf iti trotting'or run ning. All these ideas are absurd and strict ly against nature; and no person that under stands the nature of horses, or breeding horses, will advance such erroneous notions. These expesulons are more for policy's sake than anything else. You might as well try to make water runup. stream, as to try to combine these peculiar characteristics in a frst-class draft horse. When you undertake to breed for draft you will naturally gain size, heft, lager one, heavy muscle, larger eat, *idcr breasted, and in actions will lose nao1on and activity,. and their disposition kinder and more domestic, axid less of the nervous teinjerament. The animal king dom is just susceptible of being modified and chanei~ theJe getable kingdomn. 'This te not iit Nwith nature In the lesat; it only pro'ee th didbrent t-causes produce different eits.,. The more' we study hu Anan nature the beterprepared we are to1 apply ourselves to thewrants and necessities of He.--Obr. O.br allia Gazette. Ir may not be generally known that the sced of the sunflower is the most infallible r medy yet discovered for the, speedy cure of founder In horses. " Immediatelyon discovering that your 'hcrse l ftundered, mti about a pint of the v hole seed tihis food, and it Will work a i*rfect cure. JERSEY CATTLE. If the value of Jersey stock is to rest on color, deterioration will surely follow of those useful qualities that are far more no ticeable in the good old-fashioned parti-col ored cow than that which will be found among the generality of fine, high-bred, whole-colored fawns, grays, or foxey, so called, Jerseys. I have owned hundreds of acclimated Jersey stock, and have never, as a rule, found the whole-colored such large producers as many parti-colored ones ! in fact, by far the most butter-producing cow I ever possessed was not only parti-colored, but the most ugly and ungainly beast of the lot, yet her stock have never failed to show their large butter-making qualities. The true type of a Jersey cow is, in fact, an animal that will not make meat. I do not say that this is not improved upon by acclimatization and a slight introduction of a hardier breed, of which what are termed Chichester Jerseys are the best description, neither do I say that Jersey breeders in the island itself have not in some in stances a breed that shows a disposition to make some flesh, and very probably may then be follow ing up the requirements of fashion, yet I maintain that a pure .Jersey should throw the bulk of-her feeding properties, into but ter, and with little to flesh. The parti-col ored good cow may have but a white spot, especially under the belly, but throughout the body the rich yellow skin, under any colored hair, will be found-black, white, or fawn. I have seen the comm encement of a whole-colored herd, the property of a noble duke to obtain which I have seen wealthy and large producing cows sold off to prevent an animal remaining with the slightest stain of other than one color.-London Agricultural Gazette. WOOL MARKETS. Reports fribm New York state that busi ness noty and then shows a spasmodic sort of animation, 'but not so much from any pos itive or direct demaind" is through the ef forts to get rid of their remaining supplies. To do this the prices' mutt, of course, rule low, and though buyers are not as a rule Ut y Irv e ntttractetaway aroln-om ta I'd bats= tious hand-to-mouth policy, they frequently of late have'been surprised to find bids sup posed to be away down suddenly accepted, and stock on their hands they had no idea would come into their possession. In short, the general outlook had failed so entirely to afford encouraging features that the trade seems to give up' hope, and are determined to close out' before the new clip of fleeces commences to' press uipon them. Intima tions come from e Interior thWat growers and country speculators are det1ermined not to accept the low bids niade, but will carry stocks and try to forte buyers up. Our deal ers seem quite well satisfled with this ar rangement of carrying tocks, and in view of the expeenssave ,' qythey. can(tand it as long ..s the ifiterior'dperator. or'e gn ti'ades are dull, and; as intimated some time ago, stocks are commencing to be reshipped to Europe as affording a better market' than here.- Colman'e Rural World.. CURE FOR IX$TULA." The great treatment for fistula, of any sort is to make a dependent orifice. so small that the mlatter may run off as fast as formed,, ahd if that th not dole, and the matter has to well rom below, upward, all the miedi cine inuthe pharmacopdaia w Ill prov'e useless;~ that Is to say, thejr wvill only havethe effect of healink the' opening, and wheni the owner thinkc the horse is'lvell, hii wvill be grefatly surprised to flnd'in a few 'days another tu mor will hppear, and they cause Is easily ex plained. The wound 'was not healed lt'om the bottom, and th~ sdme irritant~ Which caused the first still 'renmains undisturbed, as In your case, the shinses having been formed an~d several opieningd all arouind the first bne, presents a very didigreeable look ing ptiettet to treat. First probe the sinuses in order to ascertaln tfib diredutia edicli'talkels and having found out tdie extent' of Ait, take your knife and carefully cut from above, down, and' open 'all la the saine direction, in order'that thW'Whole of the xnatter m~y he discharged thtrbugh one ouitlet, anid that duie must be in the inost dleficideht part.' m v lng all this done, ' id' the pairts well 'c1eaned by sponging with soft Tyster, , he. ,eaVy thus made must'be kept ope, by .mpns of1 pledgets of tow, well soaked at eachl~rsas-1 Lug, with the following lotion: Corrosive sublimate, two dractims; water, four ounces. Mix. After three or four dressings with caustic, wait for the sloughs (dead parts) to separate, which will be in two or three days' then dress, daily with Friar's balsani, and if after this healthy matter shows itself, and the cavity becomes daily, smaller, a cure will proceed, but should the discharge again become copious and unhealthy, return for a limited time, as before, to the caustic dress ing. After the wounds are healed, a blister applied to the whole surface will aid materi ally in preventing any more trouble.-Amner ican Stock Journal. COUGH.-I have a yearling colt which is saffering with a bad cough he has been at ficted with for four weeks. There is but very little discharge from the nose, even af ter a severe fit of coughing. Will you please, through your veterinary column, recom mend the proper treatment, and oblige, W. M. S. Ans.-Give your colt three times a day, by means of a wooden spatula, on,a, large table spoon, a powder composed of powdered alum and gum liquorice, of each one large tablespoonful; nitrate of potassa, half a drachm, and honey sufficient to form a thin paste. Place the above as far back on the tongue as possible. Giye him a mash composed of bran, four quarts; bruised flax seed, two ounces, scalded together. When cold, mix through it nitrate potassa in pow der, twenty grains ; powdered gentian and ginger roots, one drachm; carbonate of iron in powder, half a draehm. Give him this powder In his mash morning and even ing. If he will not eat the mash, mix the powder in four ounces of linseed oil, and drench him twice every other day. This treatment will no doubt remove the difficul ty entirely in a few days' time.-American Stock Journal. The American Agriculturist, says: A mark ed improvement;is noticeable in the quality of sheep which come to the markets. Whole flocks of sheep, which.will average over one hundred pounds may now be seen in the pens in place of poor animals weighing but sixty to seventy pounds. This is the effect of the..reipiddlutr Fction of pure bred sheep ofdifferent varieties 7 imth iabT them Cots wold. In good time American mutton will be equal to that of England; it is nearly so now in weight of carcass, and will be so in quality and flavor of the meat, if farmers will raise roots upon which to feed their sheep. One acre of turnips or mangels is equal to ten of grass or fodder, and when fed with straw, and helped out with a little bran or oil-cake, roots are certainly the cheapest feed that can be produced. STOCK ITEMS. Prof. Law, of Cornell -University, spayed two cows fbr Prof. L. B. Arnold several years since, but it did not have the effect of making them permanent milkers, as they continued to give milk about as long and in about as large quantities as ordinary farrow cows. The milk last year wad' exceedingly rich, but dinilnished in quantity until they dried up. A correspondent of the St. Albans (Vt.) Weekly Advertiber, wrltes'to that paper that Mr. A. A. Moore, of East Berkshire, has a cow three-fourths Durham and one-fourth Ayershire, which gave' from June 17th to June 23d, 410 pounrdb of milk, making six teeni pounds of butter. Her feed has been two quarts of ground wheat throughout the spring. The second day of the trial he in creased her meal one quatrt, and the result was five pounds of milk extra. Who has a better cow ? A young editor in attendance at the Press" Convention, wyhich assembled recently at Danville, put an amusing question to one of the proprietors of Alelrose. The editorial party had just been to examine the 3d Duke of Oneida,, and having reached a paistufe ad joining that occupied by. the 3d Duke, were examining a very fine imported cow.. Our young friend, who had looked into the mat ter of Dukes and Duchesses somewhat, with book in hand, and evidently bent on nmak ing a lrst-cass uoticee of the stock at 2Mel rose, camne forward and askedl, 9' Is that a Duke (gow? "-Louipille, Kys. k'arme,; oUrme .Journol. The Pbi9 lirmen's Association wil~ex hlbit a j5,oM pound ehqese at the Ceinten*fast Elubition,.wli sqll require in its mnanu facetgra one day,' Jfrorm 20,000) cows; It will be put to press on t~he railroad car. Mr Morris Griffin, an experienced cattle breedr of Tennessee, thus classitled the dif ferent breeds of cattle as to relative merits : The Jersey the butter breed; the Devon a beef or fancy breed; the Shorthorn and Hereford the beef producing breeds; Ayer shire and Holstein the milk and cheese pro ducing breeds. Those who want to improve their herds by the introduction of Shorthorn blood will find their profit in leaving the speculator alone, and dealing only with those legiti mate breeders who are content to sell at home, and willing to give the name of the breeders to every animal in their catalogue when they do have a sale. That the short horn is the most valuable race of cattle we have for feeding purposes is generally ad mitted. But what is needed is more care in selection and breeding irreslpective of pedi gree so long as purity of blood is attained. -Prairie Farmer.' The New England Homestead, referring to the comparative advantages of raising scrub cattle or improved stock, says: 'e. We assert, and invite anyone to controvert our position, that grades will weigh more than scrubs at any age; that they will always command a higher price per pound; that they cost less to feed than scrubs, and that if necessary they will do with equally little at tention, and therefore that a Shorthorn bull for crossing purposes is a safe and wise in vestment for any farmer to make." THE Popular Science Monthly says whale oil was poured on a piece of a horse's stom ach that was covered with bot-worms, and made them let go their hold and die immedi ately. LIVE STOCK DIRECTORY. JOHN MORGAN. This celebrated stallion will stand for mares the present season, at MY STABLE, IN DIAMOND CITY, John Morgan is a beautiful dark chestnut-sorrel, neat, and trimly built, sixteen and one-half hands high, weiglis 1480 pounds, and is six years old this -epe.i. te was ,sired by a pure-bired, Norman horse, and his daam was a thorough-bred Morgan mare. Any person having doubts about my horse being the best breeder in Meagher county, can EXAMINE HIS COLTS. And satisfy themselves. They are the only recom mendation necessary. Single leap, - - - $10.00 The season, - - - - 20.00 May 18, 1876-26-tf. J. LANEY. I will be at Canyon Ferry on Thursday, May 25, with my stallion, and invite all owners of stallion to meet me upon that occasion and compare points. I will also be at Cauton on, Saturday, May 27, for the same purpose, and hope the owners of stallions of note will be promptly oiaohand. J. LANEY. A GARD. I desire to state to stockmen throughout Montana, that in accordiance with my challenge, I was prompt ly on hand at (4anton, on the 27th nit., to compare my horse with any other horse in Meagher county, whether pedic'reed or not, and finding myself alone, without a single competitor, I unhesitatinily pro nounce him champion, and ask breeders to call rand examine him and his colts. J LANEY. Having been solicited by a number of admirers of John Morganm Ihave determined to visitE. 3. If a ris' placed inear Camjp Baker, once a week durlfhg thie season, and give the Smith river farjswrs and breeders an opportunity to breed their marps to~the best stallion in the county. John Morgan will be at E. J. Harris' stable on Wednesday, Thursday nnd Fridai- of each week*. J. LANEY. B3OB LEE. This ilnely bred stallion will stand for mares the ensuing season AT THE RANCH OF C. BARR SMITH, Two miles above Ceutervifle, on the Missouri val ley, from May 1st to August lst~ 1876 at $15 THE SEASON. Pasturage free of charge. Aceidents at owfer's risk. DESCRIPTINT: BOBi LER is a beautiful brown, nearly sixteen hands high, Weighs eleven huidred and seveuty-lve pou 1s, of line (orm and far ~iage. EDI4gIgE1s Bob LenWW sired by WRilanan he be mported Giencsoe. Bob's Baiwd by .,t'imoleon Joh~n; lie by Sl''tllb;Ii~ 8ir Arc y- and he by lrme ported I)iometi. Grandc damn wase 6y BlkJW:DP's Whip; andlhe by lxnpexted Whip. May 4, %_7G21-1m.