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Rocky Mountain husbandman. [volume] (Diamond City, Mont.) 1875-1943, July 06, 1876, Image 7

Image and text provided by Montana Historical Society; Helena, MT

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83025309/1876-07-06/ed-1/seq-7/

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try from a slavery more barbarous and gall
ing than African slavery, and who are now
struggling with somhe hope. of 'success, for
coniplete freedom of conscience and home
rule.
In England, it is those people who strug
+&le for complete separation of Church and
State. and for that inalienable privilege of all
men-the ballot. In France, those people
have succeeded in -everthrewing their mock
Caesars and establishing a Republic.
InRusia, it is this element that struggled
for and succeeded in emancipating millions
of their fellow-men,
In Spain, it is those who wish a Republic
with civil and religibus liberty for all. In
Genrmany, it is those who favor the broadest
liberty, who push along the car of progress,
:131d who desire the unity and consolidation
of the German. States, the abolition of the
cnie man power, and the establishment of a
confederated Republic for all fatherland.
]Everywhere throughout the civilized world,
there abides republican ideas and hopes of
larger liberty.
It is this seeking for liberty that causes
uich a rush of immigration from the old
countrics to this. And here let me say a
word in favor of the immigrant, as It seems
to be again p~opuilar with a certain class of
narrow minded and 'fanatc Americans,
among which can be numbered some men
high in position, to decry immigration, and
thirow obstacles in the way of immigrants
becoinug citizens, and whose narrow princi
p)les are embodied in the narrow and selfish
words, " Let Americans rule Awerica."
They do not appear to think that their fa
thers. grandfather, and at the furthest lim
it, their great grandfathers came from the
same countries, with the same ideas, and on
the same footing that the immigrant of to
day comes. Immigration is and has been
since the foundation of our goVernment, the
chief source of our national growth, wealth,
and a unparalleled prosperity.
The proportion of our.populatlon derived
t roar intuiigration since the close of the Rev
vluthou In 1780-, Was estimated by staticlans
<t the Government. from the census of 1870
10 he nearly X1,000,000 sodls or fully, two
thirds of our jeopulnation.
The whole number of' whime ipeotIe Yiuthe
tIiirteetn original t olonies id 11)0, was about
:1,200,000; the product ofthat number, calcu
lated at a ratio of inerease ascertained to be
approximnatly correct, would Amount in 1870
to about 10,000,000 souls, while, in fact, the
white population was at that time about 34(
(x00.000. [Iunagration has therefre .added
about 24,000,000 people. I'he wealth brought
into the country *VAd developed by them is
incalculable. The eon uissloners of a imi
gration at New York City, have esdnatted
that (luring the rush t immigratioti after
the close of the rebellipn, $1,000,000 was
added daily to our wealth.
tIns any one ever thoiought how hisiguili
cant we would be, and what a poor showing
we woeld wake in this Centennial year
'without th1 eid of that fand stream which
has poured, and is still pouinng from Ibeland
:1u4 Germany and every other nation of Eu
rape, Hewing across the ocean and over the
vast uninhabited, or sparsely settled :public
domain, and subduing not, us, or our insti
t4ltiois, bnt a vast continent and &ehleving
the highest and noblest civilization of their
There are other climates as genial, other
soils as rich and fertile as ours, and others
possessing as maAy. iNatural advantages as
this, abut the reason why the immigrant
seeks this country is, that he may live in a
government which is as near democratic as
scability and good order will allow; where
lie may enjoy 4he rights of self-government;
where his tastes and habits of life wilt be
least Interfered with; where he may have
the greatest treedom of conscience, and
where he can speedily become a citizen, and
become,.as it were, one of the rulers instead
of being ruled over.
Our Institutions are not endangered in
,uch hands. They have not " fled from the
despotism of the old world," and broken
:away.all.ties andassoelaioas that are dear
to them, and abjured thp country of their
birth,, to establish a despotismn" here, and to
weld chains and fetters. for themselves and
their children.
'TheyP Io e a idemoorktilocuepublican go'.
(rriejnt, because they have known and felt
lu their own persons the hand oa tyranny and
power. I have spoken more than I intended
upon this subject. I nov propose to give a
brief summary of our history.
.Prior to thayear 1492 this continent was
in the exclusive possession of the Indians
or aborigines, who possessed and occupied
it. The European nations founded their
claims upon the right of discovery. The
most part of the country now occupied by
the United States, fell to the share of Great
Britain by virtue of the expedition of John
Cabbot, one of the early navigators, who in
1495 under the auspices of Henry' VII, sailed
along our Eastern coast.
Afterwards, France and Spain claimed tl
tle to large portions which were acquiesced in
by Great Britain leaving her in possession
of the eastern portion of our.country to the
Mississippi valley in the year 1600. No suc
cessful attempt was made to settle this vast
domain until 1607, when Virginia was col
onized by a charter from King James I
then followed in succession the coloni
zation of the twelve other colones.
The colonies were each separate and in
dependent of the other, but all dependencies
of England. Tne exact rights and powers
of the colonies were ilways a subject of con
troversy, and were never definitely settled.
At length, Parliament proclaimed -the
right to bind the acolooies hi all cases what
soever, and the colonies as -resolutely de-a
nied the right, especially of tfxation with
out representation. The Britsh Parliament
passed obnoxious and tyranical laws, and
quartered an army among the people to
force its measures. The controversy which
began on this question ended in the people
rebelling against the tyrany, and abuse of
the British King and his ministers. * * *
Slavery extension and slavery restriction
entered largely into the politics of the coun
try from the year 1848. From 1854 to 1860
the public mind North and South, was be
coming mtore and more excited on thisiques
tion, and the men of extreme views of both
sections were becoming "more intolerant.
The abolitionists of the North, and the fire
eaters or extreme. pro-slavery, men of the
SQ4lat1 were eachl te br4M±5f 1is.
pupreme Court ini the ied Lott case, the
troubles hin Kansas and Nebra's l, ai i !ttid
attempt at irevouittiomi by John"1lro'I l itl
more incJted to frenzy the extreme muen of
both sections.
this question, which had caused so man;y
gloomy forebodings in the minds of the
patriotic citizens of the country during four
teen years, culminated in the election of
Abraham Lincolin in 1860, in the secession of,
most of the Southern States, and in the .in=
auguration of the lost gigantic and bloody
civil war to be found in the annals of history.
To subdue this rebellion, amid preserve
intact our union, more than one million sol
diers were called into the field by the loyal
States. Of this number, it is estimated that
the loss of the loyal States in killed, and
crippled for life,, deaths in hospitals and
prisons, was fully- one-fifth, or two hundred
thousand men. while it entailed upon. the
coiltry a debt of nearl three thoi isdhd hill
ions of dolla':s. The loss of the States in
rebellion in 'killed 'aid wounded was' fully
equal to that of the Government, but their
lbss in bu :ned cities, ruined homes; and a
country devastated by both armies, was
manytimes greater than that of the loyal
Stater- a destruction and desolation almost
tearful 'to contemplate. But out of this fear
ful destruction of human ltvef dnd property
have grown good fruits. The sacrifices on
both sides are as nothing comllpared with the
results. The Union was rest4reil whit more
than its former strength and unity; the
supremacy of the National Governuietit was
absolately elstablished; the heirsy of Mecee
sion was buried forever, never to b&'resur.
reeted, and slavery, always a foul, stain upon
our Government, and in direct contradiction
to the principles embodied in our Declara
tion of Independence, and the source of all
our political troubles, is forever extinct and
abliUshed. The people of the States lately
In rebellion have acquiesced hn'the results.of
the war; hdV*e long'ago cheerftily'accepted
the new order 6f things,' iai are fo.thy as
loyal oItt'iens'is any i` the' land.
The extinction of sla`ery anid the death
knelt of secession has driven from= our land
AIL: stltOe,: awd, but for the. bellowing of .r
few sehemwlg pQlltdlans for politi al effect,
the embers of our late fratricidal strife would
be quenched forever.
We .are now entering upon the second
ventl~ry of our political existence. Since
our independence we have grown from thir
teen States, with a population of 3,200,000
souls to a grand, united nation of thirty
eight States and ten Territories, with a pop
ulation of more than 40,000,000. We have
added enormously to our boundaries as de
fined one hundred years ago. No other
nation has made such rapid strides in the
industries of the civilized world. In the
arts and sciences, in manufactures, in min
ing, in husbandry, in commerce, and in all
things that make a nation prosperous and
wealthy, we have taken giant strides and
surpassed the most favored nations of the
earth. American enterprise and capital have
covered our country with a complete net
work of railroads, which in their number,
extent, construction and management com
mand the admiration of the civilized world.
The telegraph, given to the world by Amer
ican genius-annihilating distance and sur
mounting the most formidable barriers
brings the people of all portions of our
country into direct and insta*nt communica
tion with each other, and with almost the
entire world.
All political power is vested in the people.
We acknowledge no nobility but that which
nature gives, and no distinctions but those
which men'themselves 'achieve. We enjoy
complete freedom of conscience and of reli
glen, liberty of speech and of the press can
not be abridged, education is not monopo
liaed by the tew to the exclusion of the
many, but rich and poor, high and low alike
share in the blessings and privileges of the
free school system, which is the pride and
glory of all true American citizens. Our
flag-the emblem of our nationality-with
not a single star gone or stripe dimmed,
proudly floats to-day throughout the length
and breadth of our land, from the lowest
valley to the highest pinnacle of the moun=
twins, greeted by 40,000,000 people who are'
ready and willing to sacrifice life and prop
gty in support of the grand principles of
liberty and self-government it represents.
- iT aid that ininety-four planiisTWa1ifi
serif in for competitioti for the building of
tW6i'rerich Universal Ethibition hi ' 1875:
"ighty of these are by architects living in
Paris. They are now on exhibition at the
School of Fine Arts.
HAY MARKET AND FEED STABLE.
JOSEPH HORSKY, Proprietor.
LOWER MAIN STREET, HELENA.,
Accommodations for
ALL KINDS AND ANY NUMBER OF STOCK.
Is prepare4 to
COMPETE WITH ANY STABLE IN THE CITY.
HAS FAIRBANKS' MAY SCALES.
I have 620 acres of the oest hay land in Prickly
Pear Valley, six miles from town, from which 1 ger
all my hay.
HiJwUest Market Price Paid for Grain..
June 20, 1878-88-tf.
BREWER'S
WHITE SULPHUR SPRINGS.
SMITH RIVER VALLEY,
MEAGRER COUNTY) MONTANA.
These Spripgs'are situated on the E'elena and Car
roll road, 40 miles east of Diamond. The beautiful
location and wonderful curative qualities of the
Springs have already inducetd hundreds of invalids
and pleasure seekers to visit them.
Visitors will find good comfortably furnished
rooms, and the table supplied'rith the best the coun
try affords.
fl**TERES REASONABLE.tli
H. B. BRAINARD.
June ,D, 1876-2-6m. .
OTICE TO MINERS.
United States L nd Oioee
Helena, Montana, Jund S2, I 46. S
Wm.Luppold, whose post olee address i4)Brew
:er's Spripgs, Meagher Co., M. T., has thisday tiled,
his application to enter as agricultural land, under
the "hizneed laws, the south-west quarter of
soy eaet quarter southeast quarter of the north
wst, qatrrte~rau north halt of northwest quay
ter secton tweoty-one in to ip aumbqr: nine
north, rane x east, which landis suapended from
entry. -oice i.. hereby given ,f*it a .,hear-ink
will be had.at t)? otlice, on the Iq teenth)e day oA
August, A.. D.1'816, at teno'eloqk 1º R.; ,o~deter
minae as to the oninesal' or non-mineral. olsarseter of
said land, and toimoity to be we peup ald hear.
lng will tbe el efore the 1iogIptwnd4 JRhiver
on the 14th day.tJ, AUst, A I&, 3,,'atill o'clock
a.n i. It is ali*« that..tbhe are no knowri
s4piners, nor m"pig improv 7 Banld dan .
July 4.1876:-SS-4iw, M :'
F RED J.- EIzS*L; & (.
For~sT forý
MOJ!. TANA ATD .DAhO
CORINNE,-_. - ITTA.f
'Markgood.
CARE P. 3 . K :& CO., COURN V"Al
May 4, 1876-24-6m.
PEOPIE.}s MEAT MARE.
K'ROFT' & FLEUIN8
Keep con~tently on hand the beet qgaabty of
BEEF, PORK, MUTTON AND SSA EM~
Nearly opposite the IIusbandia$ OM0i;
MAIN STREET, -DIAMOND. CITY, M'. Nv 517-f
(`1 ARLES MAKHIAM, '9-t
MAIN ST-REET,,NELENA, M. T."..D '
Wholesale '.ed emuai Dealer ins69,%
Manufacturer~of Sad4Ies ;and ,Bi:MIs
Ridinag S&ddtes, R dtkt~g Bridi.,Thes CobflhIba' -i
ana Oi1 Pistol Kole r% Lino'i 8A..*, e4 -g
Saddle., Spanieh U , 2MwnLces Spur+,
ROUND AND. FLAT B1LIDLES,
X voryT and Zorn XartgaJIBukSSº
Stage LashesT ~Wýbi ýy{J Boos Ip~m
Curry Combs, Uhbu~.q OtC,
All Sales made at Lo'weal Cash J'~Ages
Ja~nuary 20, 1876-ly
T. C. POWER & CO.,
DEALERS IN
FARl MACIIll1ERY a-`W Vt $4
No. 93 MAI!4 STREBT,
RHEZJENA, .MONT4N A ý'1'
$l4T' RIIUlJT1OI IN fRIPýS' $1OX IS
gWoiive jugs~ xmoiod an Inv'oi %
BUILT E tPB SsL iORt MO iAiW1"
FARERES MANb 3RAxc C L
'sen udgsd r o( Ble oid
We, are deterz biodi e~on ;
Low Down O O01
g*i xstgqk Qofsiste n4at a , .Zi
'Wooda wo's Bif Rake 3;~,
S#oa' r Droppers :Cambiuid;,
Wood's ' roFi~ a t `Me'X ""`
Ohm iapii *o~pw mod'.
THE IMPROV 'D M4',FS ' :frHº RR
Gale, Hollingatvorti ~Taylor asd- D61ing
Pitt 's gtorse ,ltra `F ,
. e ad a -. °ii
S~ttrring .ln4, l
Scraper,. Sieibz'n Vi4n '
nop~ Son% ýw~ uiý a~rý..n etg wl.
tta ýnfit
eraa C new (/I. sýt4 8- US» a n, i
t h n k e t1 ft i a n d- I u w 1 O U Ae : d A i S
Special, uttetotzg 1to r1Jeto! ins l {.
DIAMND Y, tZ - ' T
ytov 2 l 5-x. ..ý "" I

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