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ANALYSIS 0f BUTTtE3. Everyone knows that thereis a great dif ference in the richness as well as flavor of butter, but the why and wherefore is not so etlsily found out. The chemists have taken hold of this subject, and it is possible taht we may through their aid have some light thrown into the butyraceous abyss. The following from the Agricultural Gazette is one step in that direction : A report has been made to the Board of Inland Revenue by the Principal of the Chemical Laboratory, Somerset House, on experiments Copducted by him' for the anal ysis of butter. One hundred and seventeen shmples were tested, the resuit being that while a few samples were found to be very poor in quality, and a few others exception ally rich, the great bulk examined were found to possess considerable uniformity of composition, the principal variations being apparently due to a difference in the method of manufacture, the different seasons of the year when made, and the various modes of feeding. As might be expectedi. dome of the poorest butters were produced by an ob tained from small farmers in Ireland, at a time when there was very little grass and food was scarce. it was also noticed that the butter was relatively poorer in its es sential constituents when the food was chief ly cotton and oil-cake than was the case when roots and grass formed the stable food. A noticeable feature in the results recorded is the great variation in the quan -tity of water in the different butters, the lowest being.4.15 per cent. and the highest 20.75 per cent. The Devon and Dorset but ters, which usually stand so high in the market, were found to contain in nearly all cases a high percentage of water, and one which was procured from the dairy of a pri vate gentleman contained as much as 16.90 per cent., and a second sample, recently ob tained from the same source, contained 15.70 per cent. Another'point of interest was in some measure elucidated, and which has refereneti.tha deti oration which -certain butters underg.o when kept in small quanti ties in glass or earthenware vessels. It' was found that while some of the finest and best prepared butters undergo little or no change, there is Ir others a gradual disappearance of the eharacterlstic.principles of butters,' and a consequent assimilation to the constitutioni of an ordinary animal fat. This change, whldih'appears to be due to an ia cipient fer metation, and is generally accompanied by the development of fungi, is probably caused either by the use of sour cream or by suf flolent care in making butter. PHILADELPHIA PRINTR. B UTTER. Great care,, niforinity, and system char acterizel tIthe processes' for making the fa mous ahnd estlyPhilttdelphia Print butter. The milking is done quietly and rapidly, the same milk-maid always attending the same cow/ The spring house is usually of stoie, on a side bl4l, the floor covered with ruining water, ued4 therefore alwayy cool and. tree' from odors. Deep tin pane, painted on Ithe outside, wlth:balls for handling, are Ifbed to the depth of three inches, placed oof an oak floor, surrounded with cool, clear' water of a temperature Of fifty-eight degrees. The cream is taken off in twenty-fhir hhnirs, kept in deep i sels holdling two gallons, and stirred wheoever a. new skimming is added. Abarrel hurn is used, thhe ohirnt lng lasting and hour, when a little cold milk les added to cause the butter to gather. The baktll dikawAoff, ice-cold watje in add -d tw·ie, a few turns given to the chure enh ti~ qud the last water is scarcely colore withb ,Ik A gen;tle rocking of the chrum soon ee t ihe butter, which is left two hours to drain off the reul~ainng watera through a small hole made for the purpose. The butter in worked by a orrn..ted wood. I on rollei' roivoig on setaitulapportd over the1 centre of the tablew wlafh$ sso rervgyqe under the roller. TbE roller does not' quite touch the talilst4bphe. se io crushing qi the paitcles, but a separatjon which per mlte the water ormilk to flow away. 4 .& loth wtrUnR dry in cold spring water is repeated pressed uponk the butter until nlot tasydle of moasaa e Is. seen upon it ~p iti oomes rm t& oer, and the butter bgn s to adhereIQ kMe cloth. This iacalled "wlp. 1 laW" the butter. An ounce of salt to threee pounds of butter is thoroughly worked in by the aid of the same machine. It is then weighed in pound prints, deposited in trays, and set in water to harden. The next morn ing it is wrapped in damp clothes, each pound.by itself, put in a case upon wooden shelves, with two compartments of pounded ice to keep it cool, and surrounded by a ce dar tub, it is sent to market and sold at a dollar a pound. TIHE dairy exhibition at the Centennial is turning out to be a small show after all. The committee are wrangling, and it- is not probable that it will amount to much. NOTICE TO MINERS. United States -Land Office Helena, Montana, August 17, I876. ý Morris Galivan, whose post office address is Can ton, Meagher Co., M. T., has this day filed his application to enter as agricultural land, under the homstead laws, the east half of northwest quarter and noitheast quarter of southwest quarter of section 8, in township No. 7 north, range No. 2 east, which land is suspended from entry. Notice is hereby given, that a hearing will be had at this office on the twenty-third day of Sep tember, A.' D. 1876, at ten o'clock a. m., to deter- I mine as to the mineral or non-mineral character of said land, and testimony to be used upon said hear- I ing will be taken before the Register and Receiver on the 23d day of Septeinber, A. D. 1876, at10 o'clock a. m. It is alleged that there are no known miners, nor mining improvements, upon said land. J. H. MOE, Register. Aug.24, 1876-40-5w. NOTICE TO MINERS. United States Land Office, r Helena, Montana, August 12, 1876. Mary Nolan, whoseost office address is Diamond City, Meagher county, Montana, has this day filed her application to enter as agricultural land, under the Preemption laws, the south half of the southeast quiarter and the south half of the south wvest quarter of section 8, in township No. 9 north, rangeNo. 2 cast,whichland is suspended from entry. Notice is hereby given that a hearing will be had at this office, on the 19th day of September, A.D., 1876, at 10 o'clock a. m. to determine.as to the mineral or non-mineral character of said land and testimony to be used upon said hearing will te taken before T. E. Collins, County Clerk of Meagher county, Territory of Montana - at Diamond City, on the 16th day of September, A. D. 1876, at 10 o'clock a. m. It is alleged that there are no known mines nor mining improvements upon said land. an 17, I876-39-5w, J.: H. MOE, Register. APPLICATION FOR PATENT. No..460. U. S. Land Office, Helena, M. T. August 8, 1876. Ns.-i a1a byi a d .ths.t n FJrith and Elisha Poad, whose poet office address is C1nyon Ferry, Meagher County, Montana Territory, have this day filed application for patent, under the min ing laws of Congiess, for a placer mining claim I situated in Avalanch gulch mining district, Meagher county, Montana Territory, designated as lot No. a 37, in T 10 N R 1 EB Principal.Meridian, Montana s Territory, which claim is not of record, and de scribed in the official plat and field notes on file in this office as follows: Beginning at the southwest corner of lot No. 38 tIl nr - e, from which'the northwest corner oft 10 n r 1 e bears w 449.50 chains distant, and running thence a 23 doeg w 7.80 chains; thence sa 36 deg w 20 chains- thence s 55 deg 10 min w 9 chainsi htence s 46 deg w 2chains; thence s 59 deg w 9 chains' thence sa 7 deg 15 min w 10 chains; thence as 56 deg 30 min w 9 chains; thence a 10 deg 15 minw 6 5hainsi thence a 11 de e 10.40 chains; thence'e'l.0 chains; thence n 6 deg 45 min w 11 chains; thence n 27 deg 15 min e 3.50 chains; thence h 6i deg 45 min e 5.24 chains; thence n 28 deg C 45 njin .18 chains; thence n 54 deg45mine-35.70 chains; thence n 36 deg e 26.60 chains; thence n 2 d. e 6.50 chainse; thence w 2.50 chaips to the jlace of beginntn , embracing 31.26 acres, upon which a 7 notl of said application, together with a plat of a the remfses cli.ied was posted on the 26th day of I June, 1876. e The adjoining claimants to these premises are the claimnantsto lt No. 88on the North, placer claim. No others known. An y and all persons claiming adversely any por taon Of the abovedescribed placer claim are hereby notifiedtha, unless their adverse claims are duly ie, according to law, within the sixty days period I of publication herf they will be barred by.virue r of the provfswin os oitrb stnt. • J. H. MOE, Register., B. F. MASHa, U. S. Deputy Mineral Surveyor. aul7-n39. 9w A -PPLICATION FOR PATENT. No. 465. United States Land Ofilbe Jeleni , Montana, August 26th, 1876. Notice is hereby published thuat Wesley_ Baye, wh0se potolutce address is Canyo.ferry, Meagher . n tana Territory, has this day tlea ' pcatonor patenst, under the mining laws oef Cogres, to a placer minine claim, situated in AraIanche gulch mining district,- 1eaher county, ,Montanj rory, designated as lot NPo. 89, lnW)T~ , SA 1" E, Principal Meridtltn, Montaai Teitory, ffa plat andf ed notes on e thisoe, as i ws: Beginningat the southwest corner No. 1 f lot No. 8 t 11 n rlJ e and unihlng thence s 56 deg e I chain; ti.enc ,8.deg e hence . 3z9 db. .ema. W s0 oh-89ido mina2,.O ln w ll hans; thence a 87 degl5 mninw 21 chains; thence a - .80 tumf w 2 chae l ne ast E ss deg 45 min w Lb chains' thence n .eg w 4 chains; thence n 0 Ieg aseiah t4 a . dog 90 chb.'as thence 0ran e 6.50 chains thence n 84 eg e 49 chains; thence .P dege 2 In s thence a29dga 46 min e a 'e 10 noa 0nc a min e15 chainas; theBnce ndeo e.o 0ehans to- -e place of begin np g, aogee, upon wesicbaaotlce of Sapplication w the 6th day of Jtuh, NBrth, placer claims. " . SA-ny and all persons claiming adversel y po, w- tle of said lot 89, above described, 'rb* Y n - i__ at, unless their adverse claim is duly fled as Qoinn to .1w, with thenRa Mnte Tt of the U. S. L4l sIty_ ays plaibdOopttillegl ouh fiony 8,le yevbarred by virtue of theprPvovjo.o oft0l . B. F. SerU. s., ROCKY MOUNTAIN HUSBANDMAN, A first class Weekly Journal, devoted to AGRICUILTURE, HORTICULTURE, STOCK RAISING, WOOL GROWING, AND TH3 Industrial and Educational Interests of the Great North-west. WITH A HOME DEPARTMENT, Filled with choice selections and contributions from good Authors, and a general review of passing events, Mineral and Scientific News, comprising in all to make it THE BEST FAMILY NEWSPAPER Published in Montana. Persons desirous of send ing a paper to their friends in the States will find it to be just what they want, as it will contain, from time to time, a full and complete account of the manner, cost and result of FARMING, GARDENLNG AND FRUIT -CULTURE IN EVERY SECTION OF OUR TERRITORY. Together with the best information concerning our great Pastoral advantages and Water Privileges. Also, statements of experiments in WOOL AND STOCK GROWING, Showing the profit to be realized. Everything given from a lELIABLE souncE. As an ADVERTISING MEDIUM, It will have no equal in the Territory, since it is the only paper that will be read by all industrial classes, and universally by farmers and stock men. We will endeavor to Protect Our Patrons Against articles of doubtful utility and irresponsible firms. Our friends in the East may rely upon the information given by the ROCKY MOUxTAIX HUS BANDMAN, respecting the Superior Advantages Montana Offers To those seeking homes. Having traveled through ali the principal valleys in the Territory, and being intimately acquainted with, and having friends in every neighborhood, is prepared to FURNISH CORRECT INFORMATION Relative to agricultural land, pasturage, water rights, mill sites, lod9 and placer mines. In fact, EVERY BRANCH OF INDUSTRY or business, together with snow fall, severity of the weather, wind, frosts, etc. The Patrons of Husbandry will bear in mind that the Husnixnxxs was, by a unanimous vote of the First Annual Session of the TERRITORIAL GRANGE adopted as the medium for communicating with the members of Subordinate Granges, and that the 1 menbers of that body were earnestly requested to labor and sustain it. FREE FROM ALL SECTIONALBIAS, Or personal controversies, it will lend its aid toI ' the cause of justice and truth. It will bi'founda I COUNSELOR AND COMPABNION ow evy western fireside. WithClubs of 20; oln, extra cony. Single Oopies, Ten Cents. Ilae,~c1ubswi.B and all the flrst-lass Agri us eand an Nd Netional Gran .7 l. t. s8 ..,E I BREWER'S WHITE SULPHUR SPRINGS. SMITH IRIVER VALLEY, MEAGHER COUNTY, MONTANA. These Springs are situated on the Helena and Car roll road, 40 miles east of Diamond. The beautiful location and wonderful curative qualities of the Springs have already induced hundreds of invalids and pleasure seekers to visit them. Visitors will find good, comfortably furnished rooms, and the table supplied with the best the coun try affords. pj TERMS REASONABLE.4 IH. B. BRAINARD. June 29, 1876-32-6m. HELENA AND DIAMOND CITY, STAGE LINE. UNITED STATES MAIL. P. B. CLARK, - - Proprietor. Coaches leave Helena Monday, Wednesday, and Friday, at 7 o'clock a. m. Leave Diamond City Tuesday, Thursday, and Saturday, at 7 o'clock, a. m. HELENA AND BOZEMAN. Coaches leave Helena every morning, (Sundays excepted ) at4 o'clock, a. m. Leave Bozeman every morning, (Sundays except ed,) at4 o'clock a. m. Passengers and freight carried at moderate rates. OFFICES: HIELE.A-Davis & Wallace's, Main Street. BozEMAn--Willson & Rich's, cor. Main and Boz0 man Streets. BOZEMAN AND VIRGINIA. Leaves Virginia City every Monday, Wednesday and Friday, at 4 o'clock, ,. m. Leaves Bozeman Tuesday, Thursday and Satur day, at4 o'clock, a. m. OFFxIC-In Virginia, at Raymond Bros. S T. LOUIS HOTEL. SCHWAB & ZIMMERMAN, Proprietors, Entrance On Main and Jackson Sts., HELENA, MONTANA. This Hotel is first-class In all its appointments. The tables are constantly supplied with all the deli cacies the market affords, and charges reasonable. Ample accommodations for the traveling public. December 30, 1875-tf. W.. M. PRICE & CO. Commission 3Ierchants --AND- MISSOURI STATE GRANGE AGENCY, NO. 14 SOUTH COM'L ST.,"ST. LOUIS, MO.. Special attention given to the sale of GRAIN, TOBACCO, WOOL, HIDES, &c. And to the purchase of FARM, FAMILY AND PLANTATION SUPPLIES. TO THu WORKING CLASS. We can furnish you employment at which you caa make very large pay, in your own localities, with out being away from home over night. Agents wanted in every town and county to take subscrip tions for the Centennial Record, the largest publica tion in te United States-16 pages, 64 columns; el ega.t illustrated; terms only .1 per year. The Recort is devoted to whatever is of interest connect ed with the Centennial year. The great Exhibition at Philadelphia is fully illustrated in detail. Ev erybody wants it. The whole people feel great in terest in'their country's Centennial Birthday, and want to know all about it. An elegant patriotio crayon drawing premiumnpicture is presented free to each subscribed. It is entitled ' ' In remembrance of the One Hundredth Anniversary of the Inde pendence of the:United4 States." rize 23x30 inches. Any one can beomne a Buecebssful agent, for bdtt show thepaper and picture and hundreds of subscribers are easily obtained everywhere. There is no bus ness that' will pay like this at present. We have many agents who are making as high as $20 per day snd upwards. Now is the tune; don't delay. Re member it costs nothing to give the business a trial. Send for our circulars, terms, and sample copy of paper, which are sent free to all who apply (1 Ilt to-day. Complete outfit free to those who decide to ingage. Farmers and mechanics, and their 5o0) and daughters make the very best of agents, Ad Iress, The Ce RUL./l Record, July 20-38-.mT P ortland, Maire, FUED J. KIESE : & CO. Forwarders for 8O01NTANA AND IDAh-O cORINNE, - * - UT:&H Mark.gooda DRU F. J. K 4 CO,, co., I I May 4, s187.-s.-6m.