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O0CKY MOUNTAIN HUSBAiND
Ft, ANNUM. A Journal Devoted to Agriculture, Live.stock, Home Reading, and General News*. R180o C y.1. or.. DINCTM. ATDeote.toHm On 1n 18.PER SNGO coY. VOL. 1. DIAMOND CITY, M. T., OCTOBER 12, 1876. NO. 47. : P B3LISHIED WEEKLY BY R. N. SUTHERLIN, EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR The ROCKY MOUNTAN IITJSBANDMAN is designed to be, as the name indicates, a husbsndman in every sense of the term, embracing in its columns every department of Agriculture, Stock-raising, HIorti ulture., Social and Domestic Economy. ADVERTISING RATES. I- w wP. w O - Iweek $2 $8 $5 $7 $9 $11 $20 $30 S weeks 3 4 7 10 12 15 28 40 1moth .51 . 8 12 15 18 21 40 60 3 months 10 16 24 30 36 42 80 120 6 months 18 25 36 45 64 65 120 200 1 year 30 40 60 75 90 105 180 250 Transient advertisements payable in advance. Regular advertisements payable quarterly. Twenty-flve per cent. added for special advertise-. maents. AGRICULTURAL. FAIRS. Managers and superintendents of fairs, this article is meant for you; and we call upon the hundreds of thousands that annu ally attend, to see that the reform is car ried out. We believe in fairs-Town, Coun ty, State and National fairs, rightly conduct ed; emulation is the workman that builds us as a nation and improves our mulltplied industries ; the spirit of pride that is unwill ing to be excelled, is the spur that urges us on to greater endeavor. These fairs are not only a good enterprise, but it is the duty of every grower of grain, breeder of stock, manufacturer of inmplements, and every one engaged in any industry or enterprise, to contribut to their success, by putting them selves in competition with any and all others who are rivals. Women and children, even. can add features to these occasions that would be certain to mutally improve and benefit. The blight that is destroying the other wise good effect that might result from fairs is the loose management of them. In every competition merit should, win; it matters not if the real victor is unknown, having won the prize he should receive it. Kissing goes by favor is an old adage, and a tonguy exhibitor~when he can 'see' a judge outside of the show, usually has won the day. It matters not how simple or unimportant the articles competing may be, if permitted to enter they are entitled to a test and impar tial verdict. Another viper that is destroying the fair as an institution, is the clap-trap resorted to by the management to call out the people, foolishly imagining that unless side-shows and outside attractions are offered the people will not come. Under the guise of patents, peddlers, and prize plunder, the people are preyed upon, aid many a son and daughter have reason to remember the day of the fair. Bpt over and above all, when one day or part of a day is set apart for gambling it is time fqr reform, or a mark of displeasure by rerumanig away-we refer to the trotting or running of horses for money, both in prizes and bets; the former contributed by the le gitijate patrons and friends to be offered to superior slill or enterprise, or industry, the latter by the " sports " that are drawn' to gethber by a "horse-race;" and the dupes that they can hoodwink into offering a stake. It is a good thing to improve the breed of horses and cattlet, but not at the expense of the good breeding and morals of our boys and girls, onr husbands and fathers; and for the board'of management to offer and adver tise %he racing as the great feature of the f:ar;is a sluhr on enterprise and an insult to the iommunity where miade The object of the fair is not to make money for any other purfl.ose than the legitimate payment of pr.[es; aand as the "purses" for the races are iuuaily the lion's share of the 'entire fund, if the mioney thusdiverted be diverted in the dlirection that goTd .morls i~vould d(i rect, more liberal rewards for pains and la bor could be given, and the people really benefited. Large crowds draw about them many questionable characters, and evils incident to such gatherings cannot be wholly con trolled by the managers; but when encour aged by silencee, or winked at, they are di rectly responsible, and the powers that.ap pointed-them should hold them to strict aC count. Fairs are educators--schools that hold annual sessions. If we desire to pro mote gambling and encourage loose morals and principles, let horce-racing at fairs con tinue. If we wish our sons to be good citizens and men of ingrity of purpose, let the race-course be banished and the fascinat-: ing- allurement be removed before it is too late.-Factory and Farm. BIG GRAIN FARM.. One of the greatest enterprises .pf the Northwest is the production of. wheat by Mr. Dalrymple, whose farm is located eigh teen miles west of Morehead, Minn., oin the Northern Pacific Railroad. A recent issiie of the St. Paul Pioneer-Press tells the follow ing story of its extent: The amount of ground sown to wheat this spring was 1,300 acres. Harvesting commenced on Monday with nine self-bind ers. The machines are run -fifteen hours without rest, except the ordinary stops for oiling, lunch and dinner, and the result per day is one hundred and eighty acres. One man is employed to each team, and twelve men follow the machines, shocking the the wheat as soon as it is cut. The entire 1,300 acres were to be cut and shocked dur. ing the weeks stacking and threshing will of course follow. Dalrymple is harvesting his crop for about one-fifth of the cost re quired under the system in vogue ten years ago. At the time harvesting commenced it was estimated that the yield per acre from the entire tract would not be less than twen ty bushels. Grasshoppers had done but lit tie damage, the, excessive heat came too late to blast the crop, and everybody who saw the waving grain pronounced big wheat farming on the North Pacific a success. The farm on which the crop was grown consists of 30,000 acres, on which, next season, there will be sown to wheat 9,000 acres, the sod of it having been broken this season. During the breaking season Mr. Dalrymple had as high as 100( teams at work. The furrows turned were six miles long, and the teams made but two trips a day, traveling with each plow, to make the four furrows, 24 miles. THE NATIONAL AGRICULTURAL COt.. GRESS. The Philadelphia meeting of the National Agricultural :Congress, held on the 12th, 13th, and 14th of September, was attended by del egates from some twenty-five ' tate$ and Territories. The Congress mwet in the Judges' Hall, on the, Centennial grounds, and was received with addresses of welcome :by Dr. A. L. Kennedy, President of the Polytechnic College of Lennsylvania, and by Burnet Landreth, Chief of the Bureau of Agriculture.. The first day was occupied by an address of the President, W. C. Flagg, of Illinois, on the Retrospect of America n Agriculture; a paper byJoseph Harris, of Rochester, N. Y., on the Outlook of American Agricul ture; and another by the Secretary', George E. Morrow, of Iowa, ofi the Objects and Work of the Agricultural Congress. On Wednesday, J. R.'Dodge, of the De partment of Agriculture, gave a paper on Agricultural Statistics; Thomas. P. Jones, Commissioner of Agriculture of the State of Georgia, gave an address on Agricultural Reform-Individual, State and National An essay on' American Agricultural Ijtera. ture, by Dr. E. L. Sturtevant, of Massachl setts, was read by the Secretary. Addresses were also delivered by Lewis F. Allet), of New York, on American Live-stock Interr ests; and on American Dairying, by X. A. Willard. of Ne Y. Wedpesday evening, Alexander Delmar, of Philadelphia, gave a talk, supplemented by elaborate statistics, on the Grain Crop of the World, : . On Thursday there was an addrdus On Our' Southern Agriculture, by Col. Thomas Claiborle, of Tennessee'; and addresses on Agricultural Education, by` President Welch; of the Iowa Agricultural College, and by, Prof: N2. S" Townsend, of the Ohio Agrichltural College; concluding in the evening with miscellaneous addresses by two or three volunteers. SNone of the papers presented failed to be good, and many of them were of a high, or. der'of nherit. Those especlidly of Messrs. D6dge, Janes, Stuitevant, Harris, Willard. and Claiborne were nighly commended ftor their varied and marked excellence. Many were historical in their character, and -gave sketches of the centennial prgress of diffet. ent branches of husbandry to that, au 'a 'thole, the addresses gave a good general stirvey of Arierica Agriculture. Arrange uients were made for their publication at an early day. The offleers elected for the conglag year are W.C. Flagg, Moro, Ill., as Pre ldent; a Vice-President frown ekch. State; aPaac. J. pith, George's H11l, Penna., Secretaryj, in the place of Prof. Morrow, who positive.. ly declined a re-electione and: Ezra' Whit' mat editor of the Maryland Farmer, Balti more; Md., Treasurer. 'iheinext place of meetihg will be in Chi cago.--Prairoie Farmer. THE GA8srHOPPERS, At the meeting of the Agriculturul Con gross at Philadelphia, noticed in another cQ mUn. Prof. C. V. Riley, of Missouri,:in were rfouuty adoptedl: W'HE$EAS, The people of some of the Western and Northwestern States have again been affilicted by the Rocky Mountain loeust scourge; and WHEREAS, The devastations of this insect form themost serious obstacle to the settle menrt and welfare of much of the counry between the Mississippi and the mountains, and have now become a national calamity; and WHEREAS, There is yet much to learn of t native breeding places of the pest, and some hope that by more thorough knowledge of those native breeding places, and the$ caUses of migration therefro;i, we may be able to preyent invasion into the more fek' tile country to Which the species is not indi genous therefore, Resolved, That it Is-the emphatic opinion of this congress that some action should be .len by-the National Govern'imient that will h ve' or its Object the palliation 'r extinc ton of this crying evil.' i esolved, That we consider that Congress dwes it to the people of the: West to take t4ls matter into consideration, and we call apon the next National Legislature to fblloW the example of other nations under like Oir. timstances and appoint a special commis tSosi for the thorough investigation of the Ileved, That the passage of some such dill as that introduced during the last Con gress by Senator Ingalls, of Kansas, (S. 488) 1hile contemplating the investigation' of 'a .ew other insects of national importance, cuh as the cotton-worm of the south~; Would have been of vast moment tothe peo le of the South and West, and would have biought about the needed investigation into thc locust question. SgELr-BIN.IEk.-'Thle committee appoint ed by the Agricultural and Mechanical So-. 9iety of Lafayette county, Mo., pt, its tenth annual fair, hold at Lexington,, f5ly. In doised all the pointd of superiority claimed for the haryester and binder, vip: The work is perfect, b'tndlng the' sheaf better than by any other way known to us, and in ,-, the most economical manlier, saving all the ,.' grain and cutting ten acres a day with the . labor of one man who doep the driving and : fropm two to three horses. Its construction is of ,the simplest kind, which renders is e~ durable as the well.known McOormaek's, machines have been heretofpre, with less draft on the hhsete, all ,things ;conslder.d than most other reaping and mowing Fm . chines. They, hberefore, reoommen4 the conbined .arvester and.bInde , CXaBOOL! Acrm is mild to be fitly a-: e feetual tn -destroying the 1Coloriid beetle as ParisGreen. SDOMESTIC ECONO.MY .: Y Cc 00/4 : Slag-r-quaCtt 8 the-1phga [ito ag~ pepper to ate. } DrnEe-ting eat. t- bthe .. gills of vinegap, ·fst befqre bollg,- ttr int;. it thoroiughlmlye ; p otvpreamp, and two . eggs well beaten. .-When eold pu oyer t he,. cabbage-and stir altogether. 1"sprouiys Nrai.-Pare the hsal lodes the middle, tho, with a. pin . pubt u D k ctoan unde etsarner as yo: cian. ý f1W '. will osnasath i to ares t j toh few times asm rthe ditMulbi..i n Ml be. Wm. edied. N;Neva aeMsr*a lew s d4hti.h . ' na ls; this only makethee matter wofse:, : cold raast meat, season. with peppekr .'~i4 f saldt,.kem *ee griddle batters put a spoddb i of the ohbpped meat and ,on this 'agdther spoonfutl of tWh- batter. When eooked.ato' one side turn- i ehi done, send to the t&bl hot. They are-nice .th bteakilastror -lithd;h ' a Mangoes.--Take smilt reen meltns, c. them lengthwise, sb'6a'tO thtke outthe and put the6mlutod astr'ong brine, T b neuiastiiiit 1 two days; t whea sah # est siZe, nasturtiums, mu tard-ated, sh~ cabbage and sprigs of cauiflowers. Fill the' melons with these, and tie the halves t.L' gether with twine; lay them closely in a Jar 4 or tub and pour scalding vinegar over them, in which are a few bird peppers. Cover closely. Moths in Carpeta.-=Mrs. S. T. W., has tried saltand various other applications and still the insects trouble: her carpets. We advise her to try the plan proposed by '.o A. J. Cook, in his report on InJurious' I-. "Sects. 1le advises to take a wet sheet, Or other cloth, lay It upon the carpet, and then go over the wet cloth with a hot flat iron , t'he steea;,thus produced will penetrate the carpet, and not only destroy living moths, but cook `thelr eggs, and prevent them fri tq hatching. 'It is cheap and easy of a , . tion, and we have no doubt that' it .i wl prove effectie. The 'only wonder Is, thati no one has' thought of it.'befi.e.--ber PicailliPickles.-Use cabbages, oanillow ers, cucumbers, green tomatoes, aWfpw greea peppers, radish-pods, onions, lbean, ui 4 .. nasturtiums. ull the cauliflower apart hi small pieces; slice the .cabbages, pepperts and cucumbers. Put.,aU. into strong;zn lt and water for twenty-four hours; then drpfn thoroughly. Take a few ofthe vegetables at a timeand scald 1i bo'lng vinegar; when ,all are scalded, mix in a bountiftl supply of white mustard seedaznd pack in jars. To each gallon: of good-.9idear vlegar, add a quarter of a uOnd of i~ges ginger, two: ounces of all~plce, one ounj of loves and threspiuhlds otrsugar; b 11 lyotor thirt7 minutes; then remove fePto4 the lire. Ez six ounces of ground ms t o. (Icr each gal lon of vinegar) smootu bI ~ lt cold viln egar and stir ltA the oP ~r gr ; pour , thei mixture hot over ,tb~ 8 ,j . Ia two or three dacys.examiSpt,$sr s 'and ae . if the vegetables are. .e .tb vinegaur, if niot, add cold vinega.r., ~p,~ set a cool. placc,--Mr,. Rlastic p,, wa Fe1 ]. e', Yorker.