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Rocky Mountain husbandman. (Diamond City, Mont.) 1875-1943, October 12, 1876, Image 1

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Ft, ANNUM. A Journal Devoted to Agriculture, Live.stock, Home Reading, and General News*. R180o C y.1.
or.. DINCTM. ATDeote.toHm On 1n 18.PER SNGO coY.
VOL. 1. DIAMOND CITY, M. T., OCTOBER 12, 1876. NO. 47. :
to be, as the name indicates, a husbsndman in every
sense of the term, embracing in its columns every
department of Agriculture, Stock-raising, HIorti
ulture., Social and Domestic Economy.
I- w wP. w O -
Iweek $2 $8 $5 $7 $9 $11 $20 $30
S weeks 3 4 7 10 12 15 28 40
1moth .51 . 8 12 15 18 21 40 60
3 months 10 16 24 30 36 42 80 120
6 months 18 25 36 45 64 65 120 200
1 year 30 40 60 75 90 105 180 250
Transient advertisements payable in advance.
Regular advertisements payable quarterly.
Twenty-flve per cent. added for special advertise-.
Managers and superintendents of fairs,
this article is meant for you; and we call
upon the hundreds of thousands that annu
ally attend, to see that the reform is car
ried out. We believe in fairs-Town, Coun
ty, State and National fairs, rightly conduct
ed; emulation is the workman that builds
us as a nation and improves our mulltplied
industries ; the spirit of pride that is unwill
ing to be excelled, is the spur that urges us
on to greater endeavor. These fairs are not
only a good enterprise, but it is the duty of
every grower of grain, breeder of stock,
manufacturer of inmplements, and every one
engaged in any industry or enterprise, to
contribut to their success, by putting them
selves in competition with any and all others
who are rivals. Women and children, even.
can add features to these occasions that
would be certain to mutally improve and
The blight that is destroying the other
wise good effect that might result from fairs
is the loose management of them. In every
competition merit should, win; it matters
not if the real victor is unknown, having
won the prize he should receive it. Kissing
goes by favor is an old adage, and a tonguy
exhibitor~when he can 'see' a judge outside
of the show, usually has won the day. It
matters not how simple or unimportant the
articles competing may be, if permitted to
enter they are entitled to a test and impar
tial verdict.
Another viper that is destroying the fair
as an institution, is the clap-trap resorted to
by the management to call out the people,
foolishly imagining that unless side-shows
and outside attractions are offered the people
will not come. Under the guise of patents,
peddlers, and prize plunder, the people are
preyed upon, aid many a son and daughter
have reason to remember the day of the fair.
Bpt over and above all, when one day or
part of a day is set apart for gambling it is
time fqr reform, or a mark of displeasure by
rerumanig away-we refer to the trotting or
running of horses for money, both in prizes
and bets; the former contributed by the le
gitijate patrons and friends to be offered to
superior slill or enterprise, or industry, the
latter by the " sports " that are drawn' to
gethber by a "horse-race;" and the dupes
that they can hoodwink into offering a
It is a good thing to improve the breed of
horses and cattlet, but not at the expense of
the good breeding and morals of our boys
and girls, onr husbands and fathers; and for
the board'of management to offer and adver
tise %he racing as the great feature of the
f:ar;is a sluhr on enterprise and an insult to
the iommunity where miade The object of
the fair is not to make money for any other
purfl.ose than the legitimate payment of
pr.[es; aand as the "purses" for the races
are iuuaily the lion's share of the 'entire
fund, if the mioney thusdiverted be diverted
in the dlirection that goTd .morls i~vould d(i
rect, more liberal rewards for pains and la
bor could be given, and the people really
Large crowds draw about them many
questionable characters, and evils incident
to such gatherings cannot be wholly con
trolled by the managers; but when encour
aged by silencee, or winked at, they are di
rectly responsible, and the powers that.ap
pointed-them should hold them to strict aC
count. Fairs are educators--schools that
hold annual sessions. If we desire to pro
mote gambling and encourage loose morals
and principles, let horce-racing at fairs con
tinue. If we wish our sons to be good
citizens and men of ingrity of purpose, let
the race-course be banished and the fascinat-:
ing- allurement be removed before it is too
late.-Factory and Farm.
One of the greatest enterprises .pf the
Northwest is the production of. wheat by
Mr. Dalrymple, whose farm is located eigh
teen miles west of Morehead, Minn., oin the
Northern Pacific Railroad. A recent issiie
of the St. Paul Pioneer-Press tells the follow
ing story of its extent:
The amount of ground sown to wheat
this spring was 1,300 acres. Harvesting
commenced on Monday with nine self-bind
ers. The machines are run -fifteen hours
without rest, except the ordinary stops for
oiling, lunch and dinner, and the result per
day is one hundred and eighty acres. One
man is employed to each team, and twelve
men follow the machines, shocking the
the wheat as soon as it is cut. The entire
1,300 acres were to be cut and shocked dur.
ing the weeks stacking and threshing will
of course follow. Dalrymple is harvesting
his crop for about one-fifth of the cost re
quired under the system in vogue ten years
ago. At the time harvesting commenced it
was estimated that the yield per acre from
the entire tract would not be less than twen
ty bushels. Grasshoppers had done but lit
tie damage, the, excessive heat came too
late to blast the crop, and everybody who
saw the waving grain pronounced big wheat
farming on the North Pacific a success. The
farm on which the crop was grown consists
of 30,000 acres, on which, next season, there
will be sown to wheat 9,000 acres, the sod of
it having been broken this season. During
the breaking season Mr. Dalrymple had as
high as 100( teams at work. The furrows
turned were six miles long, and the teams
made but two trips a day, traveling with
each plow, to make the four furrows, 24
The Philadelphia meeting of the National
Agricultural :Congress, held on the 12th, 13th,
and 14th of September, was attended by del
egates from some twenty-five ' tate$ and
Territories. The Congress mwet in the
Judges' Hall, on the, Centennial grounds,
and was received with addresses of welcome
:by Dr. A. L. Kennedy, President of the
Polytechnic College of Lennsylvania, and
by Burnet Landreth, Chief of the Bureau of
The first day was occupied by an address
of the President, W. C. Flagg, of Illinois, on
the Retrospect of America n Agriculture; a
paper byJoseph Harris, of Rochester, N.
Y., on the Outlook of American Agricul
ture; and another by the Secretary', George
E. Morrow, of Iowa, ofi the Objects and
Work of the Agricultural Congress.
On Wednesday, J. R.'Dodge, of the De
partment of Agriculture, gave a paper on
Agricultural Statistics; Thomas. P. Jones,
Commissioner of Agriculture of the State of
Georgia, gave an address on Agricultural
Reform-Individual, State and National
An essay on' American Agricultural Ijtera.
ture, by Dr. E. L. Sturtevant, of Massachl
setts, was read by the Secretary. Addresses
were also delivered by Lewis F. Allet), of
New York, on American Live-stock Interr
ests; and on American Dairying, by X. A.
Willard. of Ne Y.
Wedpesday evening, Alexander Delmar,
of Philadelphia, gave a talk, supplemented
by elaborate statistics, on the Grain Crop of
the World, : .
On Thursday there was an addrdus On
Our' Southern Agriculture, by Col. Thomas
Claiborle, of Tennessee'; and addresses on
Agricultural Education, by` President
Welch; of the Iowa Agricultural College,
and by, Prof: N2. S" Townsend, of the Ohio
Agrichltural College; concluding in the
evening with miscellaneous addresses by two
or three volunteers.
SNone of the papers presented failed to be
good, and many of them were of a high, or.
der'of nherit. Those especlidly of Messrs.
D6dge, Janes, Stuitevant, Harris, Willard.
and Claiborne were nighly commended ftor
their varied and marked excellence. Many
were historical in their character, and -gave
sketches of the centennial prgress of diffet.
ent branches of husbandry to that, au 'a
'thole, the addresses gave a good general
stirvey of Arierica Agriculture. Arrange
uients were made for their publication at an
early day.
The offleers elected for the conglag year
are W.C. Flagg, Moro, Ill., as Pre ldent;
a Vice-President frown ekch. State; aPaac.
J. pith, George's H11l, Penna., Secretaryj,
in the place of Prof. Morrow, who positive..
ly declined a re-electione and: Ezra' Whit'
mat editor of the Maryland Farmer, Balti
more; Md., Treasurer.
'iheinext place of meetihg will be in Chi
cago.--Prairoie Farmer.
At the meeting of the Agriculturul Con
gross at Philadelphia, noticed in another
cQ mUn. Prof. C. V. Riley, of Missouri,:in
were rfouuty adoptedl:
W'HE$EAS, The people of some of the
Western and Northwestern States have
again been affilicted by the Rocky Mountain
loeust scourge; and
WHEREAS, The devastations of this insect
form themost serious obstacle to the settle
menrt and welfare of much of the counry
between the Mississippi and the mountains,
and have now become a national calamity;
WHEREAS, There is yet much to learn of
t native breeding places of the pest, and
some hope that by more thorough knowledge
of those native breeding places, and the$
caUses of migration therefro;i, we may be
able to preyent invasion into the more fek'
tile country to Which the species is not indi
genous therefore,
Resolved, That it Is-the emphatic opinion
of this congress that some action should be
.len by-the National Govern'imient that will
h ve' or its Object the palliation 'r extinc
ton of this crying evil.'
i esolved, That we consider that Congress
dwes it to the people of the: West to take
t4ls matter into consideration, and we call
apon the next National Legislature to fblloW
the example of other nations under like Oir.
timstances and appoint a special commis
tSosi for the thorough investigation of the
Ileved, That the passage of some such
dill as that introduced during the last Con
gress by Senator Ingalls, of Kansas, (S. 488)
1hile contemplating the investigation' of 'a
.ew other insects of national importance,
cuh as the cotton-worm of the south~;
Would have been of vast moment tothe peo
le of the South and West, and would have
biought about the needed investigation into
thc locust question.
SgELr-BIN.IEk.-'Thle committee appoint
ed by the Agricultural and Mechanical So-.
9iety of Lafayette county, Mo., pt, its tenth
annual fair, hold at Lexington,, f5ly. In
doised all the pointd of superiority claimed
for the haryester and binder, vip: The
work is perfect, b'tndlng the' sheaf better
than by any other way known to us, and in ,-,
the most economical manlier, saving all the ,.'
grain and cutting ten acres a day with the .
labor of one man who doep the driving and :
fropm two to three horses. Its construction
is of ,the simplest kind, which renders is e~
durable as the well.known McOormaek's,
machines have been heretofpre, with less
draft on the hhsete, all ,things ;conslder.d
than most other reaping and mowing Fm .
chines. They, hberefore, reoommen4 the
conbined .arvester and.bInde ,
CXaBOOL! Acrm is mild to be fitly a-: e
feetual tn -destroying the 1Coloriid
beetle as ParisGreen.
Cc 00/4 : Slag-r-quaCtt 8 the-1phga [ito
ag~ pepper to ate. } DrnEe-ting eat. t- bthe ..
gills of vinegap, ·fst befqre bollg,- ttr int;.
it thoroiughlmlye ; p otvpreamp, and two .
eggs well beaten. .-When eold pu oyer t he,.
cabbage-and stir altogether.
1"sprouiys Nrai.-Pare the hsal lodes
the middle, tho, with a. pin . pubt u D k
ctoan unde etsarner as yo: cian. ý f1W '.
will osnasath i to ares t j toh
few times asm rthe ditMulbi..i n Ml be. Wm.
edied. N;Neva aeMsr*a lew s d4hti.h . '
na ls; this only makethee matter wofse:, :
cold raast meat, season. with peppekr .'~i4 f
saldt,.kem *ee griddle batters put a spoddb i
of the ohbpped meat and ,on this 'agdther
spoonfutl of tWh- batter. When eooked.ato'
one side turn- i ehi done, send to the t&bl
hot. They are-nice .th bteakilastror -lithd;h ' a
Mangoes.--Take smilt reen meltns, c.
them lengthwise, sb'6a'tO thtke outthe
and put the6mlutod astr'ong brine, T b
neuiastiiiit 1 two days; t whea sah #
est siZe, nasturtiums, mu tard-ated, sh~
cabbage and sprigs of cauiflowers. Fill the'
melons with these, and tie the halves t.L'
gether with twine; lay them closely in a Jar 4
or tub and pour scalding vinegar over them,
in which are a few bird peppers. Cover
Moths in Carpeta.-=Mrs. S. T. W., has
tried saltand various other applications and
still the insects trouble: her carpets. We
advise her to try the plan proposed by '.o
A. J. Cook, in his report on InJurious' I-.
"Sects. 1le advises to take a wet sheet, Or
other cloth, lay It upon the carpet, and then
go over the wet cloth with a hot flat iron ,
t'he steea;,thus produced will penetrate the
carpet, and not only destroy living moths,
but cook `thelr eggs, and prevent them fri tq
hatching. 'It is cheap and easy of a , .
tion, and we have no doubt that' it .i wl
prove effectie. The 'only wonder Is, thati
no one has' thought of it.'befi.e.--ber
PicailliPickles.-Use cabbages, oanillow
ers, cucumbers, green tomatoes, aWfpw greea
peppers, radish-pods, onions, lbean, ui 4 ..
nasturtiums. ull the cauliflower apart hi
small pieces; slice the .cabbages, pepperts
and cucumbers. Put.,aU. into strong;zn lt
and water for twenty-four hours; then drpfn
thoroughly. Take a few ofthe vegetables
at a timeand scald 1i bo'lng vinegar; when
,all are scalded, mix in a bountiftl supply
of white mustard seedaznd pack in jars. To
each gallon: of good-.9idear vlegar, add a
quarter of a uOnd of i~ges ginger, two:
ounces of all~plce, one ounj of loves and
threspiuhlds otrsugar; b 11 lyotor thirt7
minutes; then remove fePto4 the lire. Ez
six ounces of ground ms t o. (Icr each gal
lon of vinegar) smootu bI ~ lt cold viln
egar and stir ltA the oP ~r gr ; pour ,
thei mixture hot over ,tb~ 8 ,j . Ia
two or three dacys.examiSpt,$sr s 'and ae .
if the vegetables are. .e .tb vinegaur,
if niot, add cold vinega.r., ~p,~ set
a cool. placc,--Mr,. Rlastic p,, wa Fe1 ]. e',

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