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THE COACH OR CARRIAGE HORSE. The Kentucky Live Stook Record takes a very sensible view of the late excitement in breeding fast trotters, to the neglect of the good carriage andogeneral utility horse, and we are pleased to place its remarks before our readers as they are worthy of a careful consideration. The old style coach or carriage horse is almost extinct in Kentucky. His place is supplied by the trotter. The horse of five and twenty or thirty years ago is rarely seen nowadays. The big bays, browns and chestnuts of former days, ranging from 151 to 161 hands high, with deep and well-pro portioned bodies, arched crests, strong and clean bone under the knee, open, sound, tough.feet, with great knee action, lifting theiL fore feet-high, are as scarce now as .; they were plentiful at.thatperiod. 'e dish' play of coach and carriage horses at otir lo eal fairs some years ago, as well as at other less notable gathering, was one of the most popular and charming parts -of these exbi * bitions. Most of these horses walked and . tr6tted well, picked up their foroeeettsmooth ly, bent their knees and kept their hind feet well under them. This activity, with their great , beauty,, short, pointed ears, extra style, hardiness, endurance and docility, em-. Inently distinguished them as splendid spec ithens of the coach and carriage horse. Without the seed of he. modern trotter, tetli.y stood remarkably wellAover o.yr ard, unyielding macadamized .rHds, and could travel all day.. Our.thrmers would do well ~o go back and .brepod ttp: el4ass:.ofihorge, sand give up to a great Ioteut the -breeing of erotters,the staplyofq the latter in the last few years being greatly in excess of the" demand. Suitable sires to cross with the common mares and stock of the country can be o~-': t-ained at a trifling expense amorig the many # thoroughbreds that either break down year l.,. or haie not sufficient speed to be classed hihIt as racehorses. Among them are many strong, stout and sound horses that can be 1 bought cheap, and whose service fees could be put at from, $10 to $25, aud pay a hand some per'ceht. oh the investment. Nearly l. our farmers seem desirous of breeding a trotter, and every year valuable mares are 1 bredi to inferior sires because they ,stand i4eap, many of whom possess serious de-, toiencies.. In this section, one of the best 'breeding districts in America, there are ev cry year many indifferent sires advertised, I whose stud career it would be better for the country at large if it was cut short by the free use of the knife., Ma'my of these candi dates for pjblic patronage possess neither i beauty, style nor finish, but have many f kulta. which should not be perpetuated, such. as weak, narrow loins, light thighs, bad cur .by hocks, light bones and thin, shelly feet. E Many of them have nothing beyond their 1 breeding to recommend them, and this of-. c ten consists, of some remote connection with t t once fashionable strain of blood. t When farmers use such shes there is great , uncertainty in producing sound, good-look- c ing ofsprlng, We would not be considered f as opposedito the breeding of trotters, for- t 'we are nob; brat we are opposed to the in- v discriminate breeding of mares either un sound themselves,. or to- sires that are un- t sound, with the expectation, of gettin~g a 1 sound colt, thfast trotter or good coach horse.. ( When a farmer possesses a well-bred mare o of known bloodiootof high form and'marked. v characteristics, it is well to breed to the best tI sire within reach, but to breed a common v *are of little trotting aotiou to the best trot- t ICng sires,.will oftener fail than stuceeid in a producing a good trotter,.and:in nine cases out of ten will bring the farmer in debt be Abre the youngster Is halt developed.. Dis satisfaction and' disappointment are nearly d sure to follow such breedingj and when it b d6oes fail, the blame .s generally laid on the I sie,. tasfrespective'of the badi o iindlflrent a qualities. of the dam. 0 With younagtrotters selling, in KICentucky I at from $150 to. $250 per headi even after I heiy are broken and pa1rtly handled; it wil cIl .u0 pay to breed anytbhing but the best p auts to high-priced stalhtis.. Most of the is atqlfaus in. Kentucky have, been standizg- a too bhglhA1d they must come donw. to.sult C ube times.. t is well enough perhaps- for. a el ' Wtho heat actqured, a. national reputa- it tion through their produce to demand high fees, but they are few and far between. It will not pay to breed common or ordinary mares of the country to $100 and $150 stall iohs. We firmly believe that it will pay a ma jority of our farmers better to breed and rear the old style coach and carriage horse than it will the trotter, especially when you take into consideration the cost of the stallion's services, and the expense necessarily in curred to develop the trotter. There are a number of mein who made a specialty of breeding trotters, and it should be left with them. If a fatither possesses good mares he had better breed on the shares or farm: them to some reliable breeder, than to breed him self, and have the country dotted all over with tracks; his sons driving young trotters to the neglect of more important work on tbhe farm. The farmers, f this State have ,enormous aduantages over other less fa :vored sections of country. We have better material than is to be found elsewhere, from the long and free use of thoroughbred sires, which enables :our' farmers to enter into breeding under more favorable: circum stances. We are in possession of the most delighttul climate, the finest soil and most luxuriant grass region in the world and need fear no rivals; and the large nuf.ber of thoroughbred horses bred annually that are not good enqugh for races, furnish capital material to produce the coach, carriage and general utility horse. P. EEL'TING IN1 CALIFORNr&. I The destructfon. has begun in ,California in earnest. , The lowI price of wvoo, 't~l gen ,eral discouragement and poor prospect in future, joined to the ravages of scab and other Tesulttof ier pasture-have produced that same flsuut atmong.flook-mnasters that we had hoped not to. qtci , thus soon--in deed, neydr again, We believe fareis real ly no need 'ffthis, and that it will soon cease. Large flocks are being bought and'driven out of California into Montana, Arizona, Oregaon, and everywhere else where better grades anid care will make the flocks profita ble again. Of course sheep are very low in California. It is a capital, time to, go there to speculate in cheap sheep. Many, too, are doing so. The season is too far advanced, perhaps, to drive them north, but they may be driven south and east at any season of -the year when water will allow. There are routes over which this may be done very safely all the time. We hope the pelting will be confined to the diseased and more worthless flocks, and not extend to a general destruction, as it did formerly.-Colman's Rural World. It California wool-growers were only ful ly aware of the advantage that Montana of fess tor that business, we are satisfied" they would not destroy their flocks for their pelts. There is a good demand here for sheep, and even when the limited capital of our people becomes invested, which will not be the case for a number, of years yet, the pas tures will be by no: means exhausted, but thousands upon thousands of square miles will stilillie open for occupancy. Yes, miles of pastoral lands with all the conveniencies for wool-growing, where sheep may roam the year round without feed, other than what nature affordS. Diseased and scabby flocks can also be treated with. good success here. Flocks have as yet in every instance been cured. Our unbounded range makes the treatment of this disease easy. We, therefore hopwthe wool-growers of Caltfornia will not sacrifice their flocks, but drive them to Montaia where there is a good market, and where the only cost in keeping them is the hire of a shepherd. SHREEP-SIBAING MACHINE. Many attempts have been made to pro uee a sheep-shearing. machine that would be at once cheap, effectlve1.and pliable. The nost recent effort In this direetion employs oompressed, air as a motive power, and a •utting apparatus,constructedt on the gen eral plan ot the common mowing machine. t tonsists essentially of three psrts,-the cutter, a simple- condenser,. and a: flexible pipe to unite the two. The cuttinh device is foimedo~steel plates,. flely serrated on oe.edge, and placed one ove- the other. One oS these has a slight latemi motion, giv ea.to It by avibrating bar ot steel, to wlhich it I aflie iLt. T other plate is flxed_ and, in practice, the movement of one past the other gives a shearing motion to the teeth. The two plates are mounted on a brass boxi or casing, designed to fit the hand, and to carry a pair of small geared wheels, just fit ting into each other, and made to turn free ly in either direction. One of these wheels carries a pin that engages the vibrating bar, and imparts the motion of the wheel to it. At the side of the casing, and opposite the junction of the two wheels, is a small pipe designed to receive the rubber tube that con veys the compressed air from the compres sor, and on the opposite side is an escape to the exhaust. When ready for use, air un der a pressure of about five kilos for twenty five square millimeters (ten pounds per square inch) is delivered to the cutter, and, entering the casing between the two wheels tends to push them apart in opposite direc tions, and they impart to the cutter a speed of about 1,500 strobes minute, a speed suf ficient to shear a sheep, in five or six min utes. The cutting-tool is about fifteen cen timeters long and five thick, .and may be conveniently held in the hand. The com pressor, designed to accompany the shear ing-tool, will, with steam or water power, drive twenty-five cutters at once, and, worked by hand, will supply two or more. The flexible tube, used to convey the air, makes the cutter available in any position, and at any convenient distance; and it'wbuld seem as if the apparatus might prove of great value in shearing sheep, clipping horses, and in removing the wool from pelts. With some slight alterations, the same de vice may be used as a boring-machine for making the pin-holes in piano-forte work, or in cabinet work, or as a drill in drilling holes in piano-forte plates, and in light riv eted work. In the latter classes of work, it would save the moving of the plates, as the apparatus is portable, and takes its power through a flexible pipe. A SHEEP PICTURE. Last January we left the green fields, balmy air, and glorious sunshine of Califor nia for home. We had crossed the Sierra Nevada Mountains with its snows. Then we entered Nevada with wintry winds, some snows, and not a little gloom. The narrow valleys, up which the C. P. R. R. passes, give you but little chance to esti mate the extent of the country. Zig zag all day long among the mountains. We were laboring up the Humboldt valley. The stream was rapid and dashing. The can yons echoed to the mountain torrent. Very little evidence of white folks outside ot the towns. It was very early in the morning. One minute we Would see the mountain tops lighted up by the sun. Then we would pass into a deeper, gloomier canyon. In the canyons could be seen .Indian ponies feed ing, and maybe some. boys idly caring for them. Farther up would be seen the wig wam, and an ugly Iadian with a blanket over his shoulders standing like a post, looking at us. Again the river would run down to one side or the other, leaving quite a nice little valley on the other side. We were enjoying the scene. It was unlike any thing we had ever seen. Suddenly we made a sharp turn, and there on the other side was a picture worth an artist's pencil. There were, perhaps, 1,500 sheep in the, little val ley, lying quietly and inocently in a short turn of the river. The shepherds' cloth tent was in the midst oi the flock. No smokeor sight of man was to be seen. Half a dozen shepherd dogs were to be seen. Two of them on the bank of the river, nearest the train. Others out among the sheep, and up by the tenat. Three or four little jackasses were in sight. They belonged to the flock a pack animals.. The whole sight was ro mantic. The monwtains higli rocky, and inspiring; the.slnlg-sun; the stillness and beautiful quiet of that winter morning; the clhse proxnimity to Indian wigvtams, and thlse fat, healthy sheep, lying there by the rier; the corrals, tent and sleeping shep hads, and watchful dogs--impressed us . Btrngly and forever. GOLDSMITH MAID..--Friday Sept. 16th, thelargest'crowd ever seen at arace-course in tiat locality assembled at the Island (oiwse, at Absiy, . Y, to witness the atteept ot Qoldsmith Maid: to beat her best tim. for a purse of $2,000. The weaher was rainy and 9therwise disagree-i able,makini it im possible for the Maid to ac 0 '1,2shed: task. The time maade was •~~a: 7 . " t,,. LIVE STOCK DIRECTORY. IV. COOK & BRO. C.... IMPORTEIRS AND BREEDERS OF Thoroughbred Cotswold Sheep, Offer for sale a few choice thoroughbred ihma, and have also some fine gratldes--one-half t three-fourths bloods. Postofllice address: Csanm Baker, Montana. scp14-43-3m BENNETT & GOODALE, Importers and breeders of pure-blooded COTSWOLD SHEEP, Are now prepared to supply the wool-growers of the Territory with pure-bloods of either sex. In. spection invited. P. O. address: Camp Baker Montana. sepl-443-3n BERKSHIRE HOGS. I claim to have this celebrated breed in all its purity. Pigs well selected in pairs or trios, not akin, at low figures. T. WILCOX. Cold Spring Ranch, three miles east of Helena. JERSEY CATTLE FOR SALE. I now offer for sale my herd of Jerseys-one bull two cows and two calves. If not sold before Sept. 25th; they will be sold on the Fair Grounds, at Helena, to the highest bidder. These are thorough. bred and superior animals. I have, also, for sale on reasonable terms some grade Jersey calves heifers and bulls and some high-grade shorthorn hull calves, sired by " Gallatin Chief, " one of th best shorthorn bulls in the Territory. For n'articu lars. address: LE. LEVWrN, Camp Baker, M. T. COSMOPOLITAN AND ST. LOUIS HOTELS. (CONsOLIDATED) SCHIWAB & ZIMMERMALN, Proprietors, Having fitted up this elegant fire-proof brick building, Nos. 37 and 39 Main street, Helena, Mon tana, will open the same on or before the 25th of September, 1876. We will retain the St. Louis Ho tel, using the same for lodging only, while the ta bles will be spread in the Cosmopolitan. With this new mode of arrangement we can offer ample ac. commodation toall the traveling public. The rooms will be kept first-class in every respect, and the tables supplied, as heretofore, with the very best the market afords. In fiact, it shall be our en deavor to make the consolidated The Best Hotel in Montana, and charges reasonable. N. B.-Visitors desiring to stop at our hotel, will please call first at the Cosmopolitan, Nos. 87 and 39 Main street. FIRST NATIONAL BANK OF HELENA Designated Depository of the United States. S. T. HAUSER, - - President. D. C. CORBIN, - - VicePreaident. E. W. KNIGHT, . -- - Cashier. T. H. KLEINSCHMIDT, - - Ass't. Cashier. We transact a general Banking business and buy at the highest rates, GOLD DUST, COIN, GOLD AND SILVER BULLION, And Local Securities; and sell Exchange and Telegraphic Transfers. Available in all parts of the United States and Can adas, Great Britain, Ireland and the Continent. Colleetions made and proceeds remitted promptly. Helena, J'nuary 20, 1876-tf ...INERS' OUTFITTING STORE. I-NBIW OUTFITTING STORE, W.. F. HIAASE, Dealer in Groceries and Harvd are. DIAMOND CITY, MONTANA Keeps constanty on hand Pure Liquors, California Wine, Case Liquors, CIGARS AND TOBACCO, EVAPORATED AND DRIED FRUITS, bhirts, Overalls, and Gum Boots. STATIONERY, NUTS AND CANDIES, Paints, and Oils, DRUGS AND MEDICINES, TOILE? ARTICLES, Etc., Etc. And, in fact, a full assortment of everything Us' ally required by Mines and Ranchmen. CGall a examine before purchaalig elsewhere. w. F. IIAAS. Nov 25-5-tf.. B. ..MARSH, U. S. DEPUTY IIIERAL SURVYIYOi .ana -- - - MOrIrSa..