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MINES AND MINING.
QUICKSILVER-HOW IT IS MADE. Few of our readers probably have any idea where quicksilver came from or liow -t is made, but the following very excellent letter from a correspondent of the American Groccr throws much light upon the subject: California, in addition to bcling the largest producer of silver and gold in the world, al has the richest quicksilver mines, and the name "New Ahnaden " has become synon ymous with quicksilver all over the world. Having the good fortune to meet Mr. J. B. Itandall, the Superintendent of the compa ny, we were favored with an invitation to visit "New Almaden " and see how this vol atile and interesting metal is produced ; and taking the cars one afternoon, a ride of fifty miles, by the Southern Pacific Railroad, brought us to San: Jose, which is the nearest point on the railroad to the mines. San Jose itself is a thriving little city of ten to twelve thousand inhabitants, situated in the charming Santa Clara valley, which is the garden of the State. Possessed of a delight ful climate and a most fertile soil, in which can be raised nearly everything that is pro duced either in the temperate or torrid zones, and so near to San Francisco that it has a good market foi* its productions at all times, it is a veritable farmers' paradise; and it is no wonder that its fertile bottom lands command' high prices. Passing the night at San Jose, we' took a team early next morning and drove out to " New Almaden," which is about fifteen miles from the city. The mine is situated nearly at the summit of one of the foot-hills of the "Coast Range" of mountains, and was originally discovered by4he Indians. resorting to this place to procure the red paint with,which they smeared their laces. and which was here found cropping out of the ground. It was di-eovpred that this material was a rich vein of-cinnabar or crude quicksilver. In course of time a company was formed to work it, and, for many years, it has been one of the ,Srincipal producing quicksilver mines of the world. Being furnished with a guide, we stepped into the bucket of cage, and in a moment were lowered 1,440 feet down into thebowels of the earth. Here we got out sthd' Were conducted through 'a long and tor tuous tunnel to the point where the miners were wosking the vein. We found a set of swarthy fellows drilling and blasting, and Ulling the small cars which are run over the tramway leading out to the shaft. After witnessing their operations for a short time, and securing Some' rich spircimens of ore, we , traiced our steps to the shaft, and were hi0sted to what is known as the "1,200 foot level," and here got into a somewhat larger c r than those used on the lower level, and, iidp'eIe1d by a mule, were soon again out in heo dayligh. S'khe redicing works or-tfrnaces' are situ atedldown it ,the bottorn of the hill, and, proceeding there, we were shown the mout iDteresting part of the process. Thile ore is put into vast-ftii'naees or retorts, and roast ed at a white tleat for :three to f4ur days. The fumes from the furnaces are conducted throughta number of little rooms known as "C ind Iisesr , . In which they condense into tdiIclksilver, aqd run down through cha.n uels.provided-for the purpose, into iron ket te or receptacles below. It is very inter -:_ing to stand by the side of one of these .ttles, and put one's hands. down into hatseems more like molten silver than 'iything else. It has all the weight and t~nilng solidity of the heaviest metal. In teed, so heavy is it, that if you tlhrow a ,piece of iron upon it, the iron floats like a alip of wood upon w.ter; but you endeav or to grasp it in your hand, and it slips away from you as if it were a phantom, and. gtem' sever'l attempts, we gave it up in des Dair, c.nvinccd that this was the most in takrgiblb of all the heavy substances that we had ever seen. From these kettles it ib -rawn offinto iron kegs or " flasks," as they are called. These are about twelve inches high, and fonom four to five inches in dnine ter, yet they containu about seventy-live Pounds of quicksilver, from which an idea ama$ e formed of its great den.sity. and t.h of the quleksllve'l r produced here is us4 amualgamatiug with, and thus col lectl-g, the gold and silver produced in the rmanes of the Pacific Slope; Lut large quanm titles are silpped to all parts of the world for use in the mechanic arts. China takes con silderable quantities, most of which is man ufietiured into vermilion ; for it is an inter esting fitct lhat the red color which shows in the ore but, disappears in the relined pro duct, can again be made to appear by pur sut in, a certain chemical formula. The Chi nese arc very expert at this, amnl Chinese vermilion has been celebrated for years. f01 late, however, the universal Yanece nation have begun to mnlufactLure vermilion ; and it is now said of this, as of many other arti cles, that our manufacturers can " beat the world" in producing it. Of course every body is familiar with the use of quicksilver (or mercury as it often called) in therinome ters ; but its sensitiveness to heat has lately been utilized for a new purpose-that of g'iv ing tire alarms. In the Palace hotel, San Francisco, every room has a glass bulb filled with mercury, let into the ceiling, and, in the event of a tir.e originating here, as soon as the heat reaches 110 degrees, the mercu ry rises, connects two electric cttrrents, and the news is instantly telegraphed to the of fice that there is a fire in To. It is said that a practical joker once tied a match to the end of his cane, lit it and held it up to the bulb ; in a moment the fire bri gade of the hotel were thunl:dering at his door ;;opening it with the blandest possible smile, he informed them that it was all right, they might go back again now, as there wasn't any fire, but he was satisfied tlie thing would work if there was one. The number of uses for which quicksilver is em ployed is constantly increasing; but tle pro duction has also largely increased, and, iii consequence, the price fallen largely. Two years ago it was worth $1.50 per pound; to day, sales were made at forty cents, froml which it will be seen that it has more than kept pace with the decline in other articles. At present prices, however, it is said that it does not pay to mine it; and, doubtless, pro duction will soon be largely curtailed unless the price advanced. fH Y 'MARKET AND FEED STABLE. JOSEPH IObRSIKY, Proprietor. LOWER MAIN STREET, HELENA. Accommodations for ALL KINDS AND ANY NUMBER OF STOCK. Is prepared to COMPETE 'WITH ANY STABLE IN TIIE CITY. ]-HAS FAIRBANKS' iAY SCAL'ES. I have 620 acres of the best hay land in Prickly Pear Valley, six miles from town, from which I get all my hay. Highest Market Price Paid for Grain. June 29, 1876-32-tt'. GR Y Is now restored to its hatural con Sdition by the use of DRY, WOOD'S IMPROYED HAIB BESTORATIVe. F A DED E The IMPROVED ARTICLE is now taking the lead over all oth AND ers, leaving the hair clean, soft and glossy. C. A. COO.K & Falitg CO., Chtieago, III., Sole Agents for the United States and Canada. Sold by all Druggists everywhere. I:X A. I 1 Trade supplied by all Wholesale Druggists. 47-6m-eow APPLICATION FOR PATENT. No. 460., U. S. LandOtflice, Helena, M. T. August 8, 1876. Notice is hereby published, that John Frith and Elisha Poad, whose post otice address is Canyon Ferry, Meagier county, Montana Territory, have this tay tiled application for patent, under the nain ing laws of Congress, for a Iphaer mining claim situated in Avalanmch gulch mining district, Mcagherc county. Montana Territory, designated as lot No. 37, in T' 10 N R 1 E, Prmincipal Meridian, Montana Territory, which claim is not of record, and de sriihed in the otlicial plnt and field notes on tile in this oice as folllows: Beginning at the southwest corner of lot No. 38 t lII r 1 e, from which the northwest corner oft 10 n r 1 e bears w 449.50 chains distant, an'l running thence s 23 deg w 7.8;0 chauins: thence s 36 dleg w') chains thence s 55 deg 1.t mili w 9) chains; thence s 46 (deg W 20 chains; thence s 59 dee w 0 chains; thence a 27 deg 15 min w 10 chains; thence s 516 deg 30 min w 9 chains; thence s 10 deg 15 min w 5 chains; thence s11 dog e 10.40 chains; thence e 1.30 chains; thence n 6 deg 45 min w 11 chains; thence n 27 deg 15 min e 3.50 chains; thelrcnce n (6) deg 45 min e-5.24 chains; thence n '28 deg 45 rmiun c 1;. chains; thence n 54 deg 45 rain e 35.70 chains; thence n ~3 deo e 26.60 chains; thence n 2 dee e 6.50 chains; thence w 2.50 chains to the place of beginning, embracing 31.26 acres, upon whlich a notice of said apldication, together with a plat of tle premises claimed was posted on the 26th day of June, 1876. The adjoining claimants to these premises are the claimuadts to lot No. 38on the North, placer claim. No others known. Any and all persons eloiming adversely any por tion of the above described plaemr ecdim are hereby notified thlt, unless their adverse claims are duly iled, according to law, within the sixty days period of publication hereof, they will be barred by virtue of the provisions of the statute. J. H. MOE, Register. B. F. MARsi, U . . Deputy Mineral Surveyor. aul7-n3e 9w ROCK Y MOUNTAIN IIUSBANDMAN, A first cleass Weekly Journal. devoted to AG RICULTURIE, HOTTICULTLUr.E, STOCK RAISING, TWOOL GROWING, AND THE Industrial and Educational Interests of the Great North-west. WITII A HOME' DEPARTMENT, Filled with choice selections and contributions from •.oo(i Anthors, and a general review of p)asing e'enuts, Mineral and Scientiic Newiv comprising in all to make it THE BEST FAMILY NEWSPAPER Published in Montana. Persons desirous of send ing a paper to their friends in the States will lind it to be just what they want, as it will contain, from time to time, a full and complete account of the manner, cost and result of FARMING, GARDENING AND FRUIT CULTUIRE IN EVERY SECTION OF OUR TERRITORYt Together with the best information concerning our great Pastoral advantages and Water Privileges. Also. statements of experiments in WOOL AND STOCK GROWING, Showing the profit to be realized. Everything given from a nRELIABLE soURE. As an ADVERTISLNG UMEDIUM, It will have no equal in the Territory, since it is the only papier that will be read by all industrial classes, and unluersally by latrmers and stock men. We will endeavor to Protect Our Patroins Against articles of doubtful utility and irresponsible firms. Our friends in the Enat nmay rely upon the intformation given by the ROCKY M10UNTAIN .i's B,4NDMAN, reapecting the Superior Advantages Montana Offers To those seeking homes. Having traveled through all the principal valleys in the Territory, and being intimately acquainted with. and having friends in every neighborhood, is prepared to FURNISH. CORRECT LNFORMATION Relative to agricultural land, pasturage, water rights, mill sites, lodes anti placer mines. In fact, EVERY BRANOCH OF IhDUSTRY or business, together with snow fall, severity of the weathelr, wrird, frosts, etc. The Patrons of Husbandry will bear in mind that Jle IiuSANDMAN was, by a unanimous vote of the First Aninumal Session of the TERRITORIAL GRANGE adopted as the medium, for communicating with the members of Snbordinate Granges, and that the imembners of that body were earnestly requested to labor and sustain it. FREE FROM ALL SECTION~L BIAS, Or personal controversies, it will lend its aid to the cause of justice and truth. It will be found a COUNSELOR AND COMPANION for every western firesSe. TERMS :-$4 00 ;per annum. With Clubs of 20, one extra copy. Single CoicJ, Ten Cents. ~ls. encens the frst-class Agri cultural,' Iortjeultural, Stock and Grange Journals We will furni;sh the Husbandman and American Stock Journal fbr $4.5O. Htmsbandma and National Granger 4. 75. H. t. SUTtlERLIN, Editor and Proprietor. REWER.'S WHIITE SULPHUR SPRINGaf. ESMITI RIVERi VALLEY, MIEACEIIER COUNTY, MONTANA. Thce.3e S rings are situated on the Helena and r-,e roll road, 40 imiles (ast of 1)i:lniond. Thebeauti;ru loca1tion :11iid wondlcrfiul curative qualities of tlh Springa hat\ aI)lrc:uld) ii.lduced hundreds of invalide a..d ll casure -cel:ker to vi. It them. Vi. itrs will lind good, colnfortably futrnishe. rocun.-, airtde he t;ble 1upplied with the best the cuSL6 try alli ds. S-TERIS REASONABILE.-. II. B BRAINARID. June 29, 7876-32-Gm. -ELENA AND DIAMOND CITY, STAGE I LINE. UNITED STATES MAIL. . B. CLARK, - - Proprietor. Conches leave helona Monday, Wedr.esday, tod Friday, at 7 o'clock a. inm. Leave D)iamond City Tuesday, Thursday, and Saturday, at 7 o'clock, a. in. IHELENA AND .BOZEMIAN. Coaches leave Ilelena every morning, (Sundays excepted,) at 4 o'clock, a. nl. Leave Bozcni:n e\ cry morning, (Sundays except ed,) at 4 o'clock, a. im. I'assengcrs and freight carried at moderate rates. OFF'ICES : IIEL7,EA-Davis & tWallace's, Main Street. Boz MAN--Willson & «tich's, cor. Main and Boo= man Streets. BOZEMAN AND VIRGINIA. Loaves Virginia City every Monday, Wednesds and Fridlay, at 4 o'clock, ,. inm. Leaves uozeimian Tuesday, Thlrstday and Satur day, at 4 o'clock, a. ni. O'iii ci--ln Virginin, at Rlaymond Bros. VM. M. . PI. I1CE & CO. Comnnissioni 31Ierch ants -A-ND MISSOUlR1I STATE GRANGE AGENCY, NO. 14 SOUITII COMI'L ST., ST. LOUIS, MO. Special attention given to the esale of GRAIN, TOBACCO, WOOL, IIIDES, &e. And to the purchase of FARM, FAMILY AND PLANTATION SUPPLIZ8. TO TIlE WORKING CLASS. We can furnish you employment at which you cam make very large pay, in your own localiiics, with out bieig away from hlome over night. Agents wanted in every town and county to take subscrip tions for the Centennial Record, the largest publica tion in the United States--16 pages, 64 columns; el egantly illustrated; terms only $I per year. lThe R-ecord is devoted to whatever is of' tnterest connedt ed with the Centennial year. . The great Exhitbition at Philadelphia is fl3ly illustrated in detail. Ev erybody wants It. The whole people feel great in teorest in their country's Centennial Birthdlay, and want to know all about it. An elegant patr;otis crayon drawing premium picture is presented free to each subscribed. It is entitled '' In remembrana of the One Hundredth Anniversary of the lndo pendenee of the United States. '" Size, 23x:;0 inchee Any one can becomie a successful agent, for but shoW. the paper and picture and hunnrc'ds of s ubscriber are easily obtained everywhere. There is no busi ness that will pay like this at pretent. We hars many agents who are making as high as $20 perday and upwards. Nowv4 the time; don't delay. EO member it costs nothing to give the business a trial. Send for our circulars, terms, ul.d sample copy of paper, which are sent free to all who apply; iq ft to-day. Complete outfit free to those who decideto engage. Farmers and mechanics, and the"ir Msi and daughters make the very best of agents. A4 dress, The Centennf al Reeord, July 20-35-3m. l'ortland, Maine. BRED J. KIESEL & CO. Forwarders for MIONITANA AND IDATE CBRuINNE, - - - UTA Mark goods CARE F. J. K & CO., CORI.NE, VTAM May 4, 1876-24-6m. PROPOSALS FOR CARE And Maintenance of Heagher C00r1F Poor for the Ensuing Yeac. COUNTY C('Lx:I'S OsTe.eI Moagher County, M. T., Seplt. 7, 8i76. Notice is hereby given that scaled p)roeposflS wtl be received at the County Oleik's 0111ce, i Diioult City, for the sll)Iotl't anid nltiteinance C t the cottlo sick, poor and int.h, per capita by the wOek, iu one year, commenemng iDec. 1st 14 b, to inchul feed, clothing, nursing and burial exsp'n"e. 1 _"_f pro'osals "iii be receivel at the 'mk' oieoers serve the right to reject any urd aili - bis, Cl'k B'd Couity CQo's•