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Rocky Mountain Hlsbanll an..
R. N. SUTHERLIN, Editor. THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 16, 1876. ONE of the principal reasons for the corr parative inactivity of the farmers and stock growers of Montana is the want of a steady and permanent market, yet for the past ten years we know of no country where prices of produce will average anything like what hasbeen realized hero. There were a few years that our granaries were full and grain ,and flour were not worth the actual cost of 'production; in cohsequence of. which many become disheartened, when in reality there was no cause for any reduction in our pro ducts whatever. But many were so short-, sighted that they only looked to the market ing of their grain and flour for profit, with out giving a thought to anything else, and when the price of these commodities became so reduced as to render their production un profitable, they turned their attention to other branches of industry; when, in truth, there has never been a season, however bountiful our harvests have been, that arti cles, which should have been grown here, were not shipped from abroad. ,Even when flour was $1.50 per cwt. and grain 'was sell ing at corresponding rates, the farmer's kitchen was supplied with lard and bacon shipped from the Sates. Yes-lard, bacon, hams, etc., produced where land is worth from $2.50 to $4.00 per acre rent, has ever been furnished our people, and not only the miners but our agrioultural population have depended upon the same source for supply. Our soil is as rich and will produce more bushels per acre than any land in the States, besides the expense of tillage is not more than one-half what it is in the States. Hence, 'we see that the alarm of our farmers with regard to the market is wholly without foundation. When Montana is made to produce a-full supply of such commodities as may be grown here with equal profit as ,nay be realized elsewhere, whelrour canned ,vegetables and canned small fruits are turned out from home manuftictories, when much of our dried and Alden-cured small fruits and vegetables are all put up within ,our borders, when we have more hacon and lard than can be consumed within our bar ders and in the mining camps of the Terri tories adjoining, it will be time enough to becQme alarmed about a market. But the grasshopper scourge for the past three years has so lessened the yield as to render prices ifigh at present, and there is no probability that they will ever fall so low as at the time referred to, even though grasshoppers be nulbered among the things that were. The rapid development of our mines for the past .twelve months indicates that this industry has taken such a start that the de mand for farm-products is more likely to advance than decline. This is no visionary conclusion. The prospects of the farmer were never better than to-day. The pro duct of our .quartz mines the past season has more than trebbled that of any previous year. Several new camps ! f unbounded wealth have been tested, and it is notliljg anote than fair to presume that, In another :yqr, this pursuit alone will employ ten-fold t$he capital employed the past season. ;Should this prediction prove true, and it stands to reason that it will, it will require aun addltion to our agriculturallopulation to Lupply the demand. It will also require a great increase of our dairy facilities. A tew years ago otir dairy farmers worked themselves up to the belief that this article of manufacture would ceo tainly decline in consequence of the business being overdone. Yet good packed butter retails readily ata0 cts. per itb, and whole :sales at 40 cents, in every mining camp in the Territory. Durtig the summer season thesae sa low grade of butter which is sel dom nseted higther than 20 cents, but the fault is set with the market, but hi the arti cletsaelf erMA the manner in which it has been handled. There has always beei a fair profit realzled from the dairy, as well as the farm, and these will oontinue to be, so lotig as there prevails among our peo~Le a desire tfor the gold .ndl silver which che.uers -our hills. Certainly the outlook for Montana 'was never better, antd uo,~ass in all the broad -and have brightorprosjpects thLn sdtr tlus bandmen. A few more years of prosperity will place them upon the shining shores of plenty, where the ghastly spectre " Want " seldom comes. TENl years ago many owners were con tinually driving their cattle around to choice spots of feed, good watering places, etc., but now it is admitted that stock make their own selection of localities best, and as to water, there are thousands of head that nev er taste wvater fromi December till March and come out beef-fat. In fact, there are those who hold to the theory that stack without water do best.-ROCKY MGlj; TAIN IIUSBANDMAN. Tell us that there are plenty of men in Montana who never indulge in water As a beverage; that it was a mistake about the Dutchman's horse dying just as he had taught him to do without food-anythilg, but that cattle will feed all winter on Iry bunch-grass and never take a drink--s~ow they can't always get.-Missoulian. We stake our reputation as a journalist or stock-grower upon the correctness of the above statement; but if this is not sufflcibit, we would refer " the doubting Thomas " to such gentlemen as Con Kohrs, W. C. Swees, R. S. Ford and J. R. Cox, the most exten sive stock-growers in the great Northwist, or any one else of general experience fot a verification of this fact. If it were impossi ble for stock to winter " on dry bunth grass and never take a drink," what world become of the vast herds of buflfalo that roam the high plains, remote from niy stream. The fact that the editor of the Mia soulian doubts our statement, is evidence that he knows no more of this branch of in dustry, than the city belle, who wishcd to know "which cow gave ,the buttermilk," did of dairying. THIE returns of the election in the Terri tory indicate that Maginnis is elected by a fair mafority ; but not, however, as large as was anticipated by his friends. The returns as given in the Territorial papers are so in complete, that it is impossible to make up a summary of the result upon the local of flecers. The Herald of the 11th gives the following summary of the Legislative ticket: Of the twenty-six members composing the House of Representatives of the Legisla tive Assembly, just elected, ten are Repub licans, as follows : Lewis and Clarke-W. F. Sanaers, Geo. Steel, Nick Kessler, Joseph Davis. Jefferson-J. G. Sanders. Jefferson.and Gallatin-E. M. Bachelder. Meagher-L. Rotwitt. Madison--I 0. Hickman. Deer Lodge-W. Egbert Smith. Beaverhead-Aaron C. Witter. UP to the hour of going to press it iis im possible to give our readers any positive irj formatidn with regard to the result of tli great National contest which came off on tl 7th. The whole country is agitated fro$ center to circumference. The telegraph wires have been burdened with dispatched, and they have poured in with such a rushl that it has been impossible for the Heleni dailies to publish lalf that come. Oli Saturi day last the wires went down, while chaos and confusion still prevailed-no conclusion having been arrived. Both parties express themselves confident of success, yet "' two to oae " on Tilden having been offered and no takers, seems to indicate that the chances are largely in favor of his election. It is pretty clear that Tilaen has carried New! York, Missouri, Indiana, Tennessee, Ken-i tucky, Virginia, Georgia, North Carolina, Alabama, New Jersey, Mississippi, Texas, Maryland, Connecticut, Arkansas, West Virginia, and Delaware, making 184 elector at votes. It is equally clear that Hayes has carried Peunsylvania, Ohio, Illinois, Massa chusetts, Iowa, Michigan, Wisconsin, Maine, California, Ninnesota, Kansas, Vermont, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, Nebraska, Colorado, and Nevada making 1E83 electorial votes, Oregon, .Sath Cairolina, Florida, and Loulsiana are doubtttl, Should all the doubtful States go for Bayes, he is elected by one majority, Oeruise, 'Pil4den ~will be the President, It is to be regretted that 'the eleacti.n has been so close, and mere-so, that, as now seems probable, it must be decided upon Southersn sol. It is alleged thatfat~unls have been practiced in the Southern States, andt there is a 'probability that much of the -vote may be thrown out, Which will, doubtless, arouse the bitter anianwIties enganlbesd ty the w'ar, and should a collision be precipi tated, there is no telling where it may end. To say the least of it, the 'best statesmen of our country tremble for the safety of Amer ican liberty, and should the matter not be speedily-and amicably settled, it is bound to have a disastrous effect upon the money market and all kinds of business throughout the whole country. WE regret that thie press of business and the absence of part of our office force pre vented us from accepting an invitation to have been present at the marriage of Miss Anna Evans and Mr. 1. McMurphy, at the home of the bride's father in Deer Lodge, last evening. Miss Evans is one of those charming young ladies whose depth of soul and grace of manner never fail to win the esteem of all who come within the radius of her society, and Mr. McMurphy is a high ly respectable gentleman. The HUSBAND MAN extends congratulations, and wishes the happy couple a full realization of all the joy the morning of marriage promises. THE vote polled in Meagher county at the recent election was about 555. From the statements of reliable persons in differ ent parts of the county, we find that there were seventy voters who did not go to the polls. Thus it will be seen that Meagher county has held its own, notwithstanding a considerable number have left this summer for the Black Hills. TERRITORIAL N EWS. From the Helena Herald, Nov. i1. Mr. W. V. Iarlan, an old resident of Un ionville, has returned from the Black Hills to again try his fortune in M.ntan mines. From the Missoulian, Nov. 8. Jack Walsh, of Missoula, attempted sui cide last week by drowning. The water was too cold, and he allowed himself to be taken in out of the wet. Anthony Chaffin called on us last week on his way to Philipsburg with Bitter Root flour. Anthony is one of the early settlers of Bitter Root vawlcy, and is confident, from information derived from the early pJrospec tors, tIhat there are mines somewhere at the head of the valley. From the Madisonian, Nov. 9. The Madison valley folks enjoyed another of those nice social dances at their Grange Hall on last Thursday evening. It was got ten up under the supervision of the gran-. gers. Fourteen couples were in.attendance, and it is spoken of by those who attended as decidedly the pleasantiest and most en joyable of the season. The Madison valley folks know how such festive occasions are made enjoyable, and leave nothing undone to make them so. From the Helena Independent, Nov. 12. Returns in from all but four precincts, in Beaverhead county. Leavitt has 198 votes ; Maginnis 84. The whole Democratic ticket is beaten by from 20 to 30 votes. An extra of the Benton Rlcorl of the 8th inst., says: Returns from the precincts show the county nearly sold for Maginnis and the Railroad. W. A. Thompson has been elected to the Legislature from Choteau county. From the Bozeman Times, Nov. 9. Seventeen soldiers, under the command ofa Sergeant, left Fort Ellis for the post at the mouth of Tongue river, to act as a gilard for thl party in charge of the drove of cat tle belonging to the Diamond R Company. Mr. Randal brought mn some fine speci mens of corn last Saturday-equal to the best " States" corn of the stone kind of seed. I'his corn was raised on WVm, Black's ranch bn the Madison river, and has matured well. [t will make good meal. Messrs. Black and ( andal raised eight acres; also 6,000 pounds f pumpkins and squashes. From the New North-West, Nov. 10. A pigeon match has been made for this ,evnoqn for a purse of $75. Timhe entries e R, 7, Harris, Dick Dickenson and Phil. cGo~vern. HTarris gives them two dead 4rds, he to shoot at 10 and they at 8 birds .c.h, The shooting will take place at Olin's tiao , probably before the foot race. !Mr. A.J. Davis who is building a ten etamp mill at Butte says he will put it in op eratlon complete for $20,000 and treat ores at $15 a ton, Of course. he does not pro 'pose to work roasting ores, but netwith. standingr will ihave done a -good thing for Montana in building a goodl mill and work ing silver ores for those figtfres. V. A. AClark. Esq.. is delighted With fle Centennial exhibition. In speaking of the Montana mineral exhibit he says: " There was an award granted the Montana exhibit a few days since. It is inferior to some oth ers in point of avoirdupois only. In point of merit it is superior to others except Chili which exhibit some very valuable and beau tiful silver ores." GENERAL NEWS. A telegram from Cheyenne reports that all of Deadwood has stampeded to Wolf mountain on the frontier of Montana, where marvelous gold discoveries have been made. --Independent. The orchard of Gideon King, of Iienry county, Ky., will yield from 2,500 to 3,000 barrels of apples this season. A circular has been issued in Spain strict ly limiting Non-conformists' worship to the interior of chapels and cemeteries. Wild Alask wheat is being raised with suc cess in Oregon. It grows luxuriantly, and is said to be a superior kind of grain. The Bank of' Clifornia has levied the eighth and probably the last assessment of ten per cent. to repair the capittd of the Bank. The Senate of Buenos Ayres has passed a homestead law, to grant 100 acres of land forever to each family of immigrants, to gether with seeds cattle and food. For the year ending September 3d, the total transactions at the New York Clearing House amounted to the enoilnous sum of $22,892,316,274, while the average daily cur rency exchanges were $70,349,427. During the month of October there were shipped over the Union Pacific from sta tions on the Mountain Divisions (North Platte to Laramie) 400 car loads of stock. The total shipments of stock over this di vision for the four months ending October 31st, 1870, numbered 1,420 car loads. The Colorado Legislature contains seven teen merchants, fourteen miners, thirteen stook-raisers, nine lawyers, eight farmers, two surveyors, two capitalists, one editor, one railroad official, one abstract attorney, one contractor., oine prospector, one miller, one physician, one hotel-keeper, and one in terpreter. The small-pox epidemic is reported to be dying out in San Francisco. The disease now attacks only those who are brought in to direct contact with it. The circle of con tagion is becoming daily smaller and small er. The total number of cases reported up to the 28th ult., has been 1,010, and the to tal number of deaths 285. CONSTANTINOPLE, November 10.-The Porte has not yet replied to England's con ference proposal. NEW YonRK, November 10,-Senator Ilay sa just received a special dispatch, which says that "Boss" Tweed has stolen the steamship Franklin and escaped. PARIS, November 10.-The Count of Chandordy has been appointed French del egate to the conference of the powers on the Eastern question. It is expected that the conference-will begin its session in about a fortnight. LoNDON, Novethber 10.-The Post says: An arrangement has been reached by the master and operative cotton spinners of Blackburn by which the threatened great lock-out is averted. Other papers on the same information do not consider the mat ter as finally settled, but regard an agree ment as:highly probable. CLOSE OF THE CENTENNIAL. PHILADELPHIA, November 10.-Great numbers of people are in attendance at the Centennial Grounds to witness the formal closing of the Exposition. Shortly after 2 o'celock President Grant, escorted by Gov. Hawley, asoended to the platform, followed by the Centeadnial Commissioners, Board of Finance, Foreign Commissioners, and ir. vited guests. After the excitement of the multitude occasioned by the presence of General Grant had subsided, the orchestrfL under the direction of Theo. Thomas, p~er formed Wagner's inauguration March, omIU posed for the opening exercises on the 10th Concluded on 7th Parg