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SHEEP HUSBANDRY-SHEEP SALES. In many parts of the Southern and West ern States, sheep husbandry is an estab lished fact; but those who expect to mankl of the business a permanent and not a tem porary success, must know no pause in their career, but on the contrary, it will be nec essary for them to continue steadily advan' ing. That there is much for even our lead ing sheep-breeders to learn, a moment's re flection will show. It is not enough for a person to be practical at this calling, be cause the one who is only practical will necessarily remain in the old ruts and never move forward an inch. A progressive sheep husbandry calls for intelligent theo rizing-not the wild imaginings of the dreamer, but the speculative aggressiveness of the man of knowledge. Sheep husbandry demands devotion, and in science and art devotion is genius, and it Is difficult to see why it is not the same thing In any of the various other paths of duty. A person who is really and truly in love with his work, will hardly fail to do that work well; while on the other hand, when the head and heart do not fully co operate, there is a serious jar, the forces of the individual are not concentrated, and what is done is accomplished mechanically, but yet without the redeeming circum stances of mechanical accuracy. In the States where sheep husbandry is fast be coming firmly established, soon the relation of the sheep to a higher agriculture will make itself felt, and will surely give rise to very important results. And thus in the way here hinted at, the Cotswold and the Southdown will become great instructors. At first when the farm is overrun with weeds, and the land is becoming poorer year by year, the sheep has to be put forward as an implement of husbandry-as a mowing machine I After a time, when the sheep's claims in this respect have been made good, and when in addition it has quietly and with small honor converted barren lands in to fertile ones, it becomes necessary to ad vance to higher ground, for as already in timated, there is no halting place-the or der is either backward or forward I It is cheering to observe that farmers in most places fitted for sheep husbandry are already fully alive, or are fast becoming alive, to its importance. Those who have common sheep, from necessity or choice, are grading them up. The agriculturalist who is so dull as to be unable to see that it will not now pay to have anything to do with scrubs, except as a means to an end, is to be pittled. These things being so, it fol lows as a natural consequence that there is now an immense demand at good prices for well-bred sheep, and particularly males. The extensive sales in central Kentucky last week illustrated this matter. On August 30th the sale of Capt. Gano Hill was held 'ar Centerville, in Bourbon county. The Ot hasers from outside of Kentucky were *" from Tennessee and Ohio. The re all young and of superior fleece .sheeg we, and ,s tte n quality. One hundred and twenty-wo . head were sold, and they brought i3,648t -an average of $168.45 per head. On the ne. xt day, August 31st, there was a combined sa le, when two hundred and sixty-four head p. 1ssed under the ham mer. The sheep, inclun led in this offering, were the property of Hon2. T. J. Megibben, Mr. J. W. Allison and Mr. i'Vesley Warnock, and the sale was held on t e farm of the first mentioned gentlemman, in Harrison .county. On this occasion Vig.i" nia, Ohio, Tennessee and Indiana were rep."esented. Many of the animals were imports dl, and the competition for some of the finest speci mens was frequently quite keen, The fol lowing statement will show the result-1-"i4 ewes brought $2,729; twenty-seven ewe lambs, $307; forty-one bucks, $1,486.50; thirty-two buck lambs, $374. Ninety-nine head, included in this sale and belonging to )lr. Thomas Megibben, averaged $20.30 per head. There is a concluding thought of great Importance, andit it is this: The great dan gar of plac;ug too high a value on what is oughL from England. In the show rings '"aLng honors should be bestowed on the ," -hra4 animal, because this is really the home- 't &ives us an idea of where the only one .. " Woll eis the only one we actually stand, - for the production of which an American can claim any credit. Money is the chief thing needed to enable a person to lhave the best that the markets of another country af ford, but something more excellent will be required before the shepherds of the United States canll isue their declaration of inude pendence.-Colman's Rural World. IN PRAISE OF HEREFORDS. In a letter to the Rural New Yorker, refer ing to the report of the Centennial Exhibi tion published in that journal Oct. 7tb, J. L. Miller, says : There is one point, hIovever, that does the Ilerefords injustice as a breed. Your reporter says: "Both IIerefo 1s and Devons fatten well; but neither of thdm put up in proportion the same amount of high priced beef as can on equal quantity (f fod der be accumulated by the Shorthori ,fam ily." Now as regards the Herefords and .hort horns the reverse of this is true. Trhe'Here ford for a given amount of feed will make larger returns than the Shorthorn. And for a given grass weight will give a larger per cent. of high-priced beef, and the high priced beef of a richer, riper and better quality than the same cuts from aShorthorn steer. Mr. W. Probert, of Cleveland, Ohio, who has been a butcher and market man for 25 years, was at my place two months since, and said he could afford to pay one to one and one-half cents more per pound live weight for a Hereford than he could for a Shorthorn steer, and make more on the Hereford than on the Shorthorn. This you will find verified by the, experience of any butcher and market man that has cut Here ford steers. The records of the Smithfield club, Lon don, Eng., show the Herefords a long way on the lead of the Shorthorns as a beef steer, and the London market will show the Here fords at the same advantage as Mr. Probert would give them. I am aware that the opinion prevails in this country that the Shorthorns are par ex cellence, the beef steer, but the record don't sustain them whreon they have come in competition with the Herefords. I might say much more for the Ilerefords aid-I..-lpel .at liberty- to tk saass._In the very flattering notice you give of my herd, you say, of this herd " Grace and Katie were bred in this country." Of the 13 herds shown, 10 were of my own breeding. CARE OF HORSES. To go fully into this subject, would re quire a whole volume, yet a few hints may be useful to some of our readers. Those persons who are constantly taking care of horses, are generally faithful and intelligent and manage well. The horse is most neg lected by the farmer who, in the winter, has but little for him to do, and spends but lit time-often too little-in taking care of him. The standing of the horse is too much neglected, or this subject is not judiciously managed either by the professional groom or the farmer. The horse is often allowed to stand in the stable on a hard floor, with his fore feet considerably higher than his hind ones, constantly straining his muscles. The floor on which horses stand, should on-, ly slant one or one and a half inches in eight or nine feet, barely enough to conduct off the liquid manure. Some farmers turn their horses into a pen, and let them stand as they please. This is a good arrangement, as they can move about, and stand at ease, and by standing on the manure which is moist, and soft to their feet, they are much less liable to Injuries in the feet than horses that stand on hard floors. By this arrangement, a horse may eat from a trough on the barn floor, so as to breathe freely of pure air. But with this plan, it is necessary to level the the manure frequently where the horse stands to eat, else it will accunmulate under his hind feet .and give him an uneasy position. ITorses should be curried and brushed dowii daily. This is as necessary as it is for a person to wash his face and hands dlilly. It is not only necessary to comfort. but to permanent health. Horses should should have a good supply of fresh water. Farmers often consult their own conven ience in supplylng this, to the serious injury of their horses. The animal comes home rather late in the evening warm, and per haps sweaty and in thar: condition he is sup plied with the cold water? as the hour .for retiring for the night is at hand, and to wa ter the horse as the saying is after he has be come cool, would be very inconvenient. To avoid so great and evil as giving cold water to a warm horse in winter, when his labor is over., give him water when he is about to return, it convenient; if not wait till the horse has become cool, after returning home and turn him to the water, or if more con venient carry some to the stable. If a little hot water can be added to the cold, he may have drink without waiting ; or moistened food may be given to him, so that water will not be so necessary. There is one thing in which many farmers are negligent in the care of their horses. They feed their whole stock early in the evening, and they do not go to the barn again for the night. When the horse has eaten his supper of the dry fodder, he is very thirsty, but he has no drink, and suf ters for want of it. The next morning his thirst has abated, by an equclization of moisture in the system, and he has become hungry, and is looking for his breakfast, so he will not drink much in the morning, though water is offered. It is but little trouble to turn the horse to water about nine o'clock in the evening, and it should be attended to. If the food be cut and moistened, as now practised by many, it will be, in a great measure, a remedy for the evil. When the horse is out, keep him well cov ered while standing in the cold, especially after hard driving, or when warm, and put a blanket on him on being put into the sta ble when sweating. Never wash a horse's legs in cold water when he is warm, not even in hot weather. Cold water may be used for inflammations but only when the horse is still and cool.-Farmer's Home Journal. THE sales of wool in the Boston market, during the pastfifteen weeks, amount to 48, 852,900 pounds, the largest business in this article ever transacted in that city in the same space of time. The stock of wool on hand is considerably reduced and current prices are well sustained. STOCK ITEMS. At a recent auction sule at Agricultural Hall, Islington, 18 Alderney and Guernsey cows and heifers, in milk and down calving. sold for prices ranging from 20 to 28 guin eas, and 10 Alderney cows brought a total of 203k guineas. The handsome sum of two thousand guin eas was paid at Mr. Angersteia's sale last week by MIr. H. J. Sheldon, of Brailes, Warwickshire, for the yearling roan bull, Duke of Rothsay, bred by Lord Dunmore, out of Duchess 107th. by 6th Duke of Gene va. The bull was purchased from his lord ship privately last year by Mr. Angerstein, and then cost what it fetched last week, though 5,700 guineas were refused for the animal some time ago.-N. B. Agriculturist. We notice that some of our cotempora ries refer to the great sales of Shorthorns as Shorthorn humbugs. It is doubtless the fact that the ordinary " tricks of trade " are frequently used in disposing of cattle, but it is not fair to apply the name humbug to Shorthorn cattle, for they are a breed too long and favorably known to have their merits questioned at this time. It is very likely that influences have been brought to bear upon some fancy strain of blood to put the price far above intrinsic value ; still, it often requires something extraordinary in the way of statements of value to attract at tention to real merits. In response to an enquiry by T., in a late issue of the Prarie Farmer, Mr. Z. U. Brown, Loami, Ill., submits the .following rule for ascertaining the weight of cattle by meas urement : Multiply the girth in feet by the length from the bone of the tail immediately over the hinder part of the buttock to the fi'ont part of the shoulder blade, and this product aby 31 when the girth is more than 7 or less than 9 feet, and by 23 when less than 7 or more than 5 feet, and by 16 when less than 5 or more than 6. and by 11 when more than 3. A deduction of 1 lb. in 20 must be made for half fattened cattle and for cows that have had calves. I have never tried this rule; it came from Bryant & Sti'atton's book keeping, LIVE STOCK DIRECTORY. cW. COOK & BRO., IMPORTERS AND BREEDERS OF Thoroughbred Cotswold Sheep, Offer for sale a few choice thoroughbred ram, and have also some fine grades-one-half an three-fourths bloods. Postoflice address: Ca' Baker, Montana. sep14-43-B BENNETT & GOODALE, Importers and breeders of pure-blooded COTSWOLD SHEEP, Are now prepared to supply the wool-growers the Territory with pure-bloods of either sex. Jl spection invited. P. O. address: Camp Baker Montana. sep14-43-an BERKSIHIRE HtOGS. I claim to have this celebrated breed in all i purity. Pigs well selected in pairs or trios, akin, at low figures. T. WILCOX. Cold Spring Ranch, three miles east of Helen JERSEY CATTLE FOR SALE. I now offer for sale my herd of Jerseys-one bull two cows and two calves. If not sold before Sept 25th; they will be sold on the Fair Grounds, a Helena, to the highest bidder. These are thorough bred and superior animals. I have, also, for sa on reasonable terms some grade Jersey calves heifers and bulls and some high-grade shorthor bull calves, sired by " Gallatin Cluef,"' one ofth best shorthorn bulls in the Territory. For partice Jars. address: LEN. LEWIS, Camp Baker, M. T. IRST NATIONAL BANK OF HELENA Designated Depository of the United States. S. T. HAUSER, - - - President. 1). C. CORBIN, - - - Vice President. E. W. KNIGHIIT, -- - - - - Cashier. T. H. KLEINSCHMIDT, - - Ass't. Cashier. We transact a general Banking business and buy a the highest rates, GOLD DUST, COIN, GOLD AND SILVER BULLION, And Local Securities; and sell Exchange and Telegraphic Transfers. Available in all parts of the United States and Can adas, Great Britain, Ireland and the Continent Collections made and proceeds remitted promptly. Helena, J".nuary 20, 1876-tf T. E. COLLLNS, ATTOI.NEY" AT LAWV. Special attention given to Collections in all parts o the Territory. Conveyancing promptly attended to. Office at County Clerk's Office, DIAMOND CITY, - - - MONTANA' Nov. 25, 1875-tf. NOTICE. Notice is hereby given that the undersigned will not be responsible in any manner whatever for any work, labor, or expenditures, or materials, fur nished for, or upon Lot No. 37, in Township No 10 north, Range 2. east from principal meridian, situ ated in Boulder Bar MiningDistrict, Meugher coun ty, M. T., being the placer mining claim for Which John Lovd and M. It. Ryan hold patent from the United States and in which I hold a one-fourth in terest; and all persons are hereby forbidden from working on the same, or contracting any indebted ness, on my account or on account o) my interest ia said claim. DAVID P. RANKEN. Meagher county, M. T., Oct. 10, 1876. 48-5M pEOPLE'S MEAT MARKET. KROFT & FLEMING Keep constantly on hand the best quality of BEEF, PORK, MUTTON AND SAUSAGE Nearly opposite the Husbandman Ofice, MAIN STREET, DIAMOND CITY, M. 1. Nov. 25,1875-tf. SIIERIFF'S SALE. Henry B. Freeman ) vs. James S..Brewer et al. To be sold at Sheriff's sale, on the 23d day of No vember, 1876, between the hours of nine o'clock a.m., and five o'clock, p.m., at the front-door of the Courthouse, in Diamond City, Meagher county, Mlontana Territory, the following described proper ty. TO-wIT: The southeast quarter of the southeast quarter of section number (12) twelve, and the northeast quar ter of the northeast quarter of section number (IS) thirteen, in Township number nine (9) north ot Rauge number six (6) east ; also, lot number eigh teen (18) and lot number four (4), in section num ber seven (7) in Township number nine (9) north of Range number (7) east; contaiuing one hundred and flfty-seven and fourteen-huudre'lths acres. The same being the property known as "Brewer's White Sulphur Springs,' situate in Smith River Valley, Meagher county, M. T. Dated this 26th day of October. A. D. 1876. T. J. FLEMING, Sheriff of Meagher County. B. P MARSH, U. 8. DEPUTY MINERAL BSURVETOI, -ELENAs, - - MrONTANA.