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Rocky Mountain husbandman. (Diamond City, Mont.) 1875-1943, January 04, 1877, Image 4

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83025309/1877-01-04/ed-1/seq-4/

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LIVE STOCK.
AYRSHIRE CATTLE.
The Ayrshire is one of the four most pop
alar breeds of cattle at present raised in this
country or Europe. They are quite distinct
from all others of what are termed the mid
dle-horn breed, although evidently closely
allied to them. Their origin is enveloped in
obscurity, but it is known hItn the Ayr,"hirc.
aa a distinct breed, cannot be traced back a
century.
For many years the Ayrshires were con
sidered the best lactiferous breed in Great.
Btbtain, and were exceedingly popular in
Scotland, not only in Ayrshire but in Ren
frewshire, Sterlingshire and the surrounding
country.., The dairymen of the regions
where this breed first made its appearance
are said to have guarded them with jealous
care and sedulously appropriated them to
dairy purposes. Like all the more valuable
butter breeds the Ayrshires are not s o prof
itable for the shambles as the Shorthorns,
although the beef is of good quality, pos
ssing a fine admixture of fat and lean, still
th.re are other breeds which rank higher
for the value of their flesh.
The merits of the Ayrshires may be brief
ly summed up as follows : They ,are well
adapted to hilly regions, being of moderate
aize and sure-footed, therefore they, can ob
tain forage where a more bulky breed would
fail to procure food in sufficient quantities
to keep in flesh; They are also very indus
trlonus i . seeking their food, taking that
Which some other breeds would reject and
f&dl!ng while others would be sleeping.
They are excellent for milk and some of the
largest milk and butter yields on record in
tis country were from Ayershire cowg. We
note a few as examples of what the Ayr
shire cow will do under favorable circum
staices.
JLady Kilburnie, an Ayrshire cow owned
by, the Sturtevant Brothers, .Farmington
lilassachusetts, is reported to have g'ven in
oa1i year 7,429 pounds of milk, equal to 3,455
quarts. Her weight was 850 pounds. Geor
La, a cow owned by the same parties, and
weighing 890 pounds, has given 7,127 poundf
efmilk in a year, A. A. Mioore of. East
el ksiirr, Vt,,. a few years since, reported
th Ile had a cow three-fourths Durham
a~4 one-fourth Ayrshire, which gave 60
podnds of milk per.day, and from which he
mlle 16 pounds of butter in a week. The
Ajrshire cow, Sybil, according to Flint's
abaftact report, 1874, gave ini one year 13,
0lipounds of milk. Jean Amour, another
ntged Ayrshire cow, weighing 967 pounds,
i :reported to have averaged fifty-two
poinds of milk during ten days in June,
yelding 141 pounds of butter per week.
Large as the above yields may appear
they have been excelled in this country and
in Great Britain, but those named are fully
suIcient to show the capabilities or value
of the Ayrshires for dairy purposes.
the back of pure Ayrshire cattle is
straight and nearly level, yeti has a slight.
dep.e.9in at the top of the shduldjer, and a;
glight teridency to another over the loins;
therilbs are pretty round; the sides deep and
sometimes showing a slight deficiency in
the filling up of the buttock. The breast in
ftrot is comparatively narrow; the upper
sur;ace of the carcass shows less breadth at
the shoulder than at the back, showing a
kind of wedged-shaped outline. The length
of the body is proportionately greater than
the eight; the legs comparatively short;
thepmuzzle is ilne; the face broad but rath
er short; the eye is complacent; the ex
pression of the race is gentle but dull; the
bo4ls short and turned up; the skin smooth
and thin; colors are red and white, like
those of the Shorthorn, but usually lack the
rich hue. They are sometimes mixed with
bla.k, and are always arranged in patches
wh(ch are generally irregular in form.
Just tas we flinshed the above sentence, a
t~rzper who formerly kept fifty cows on his
farii in Jefferson county, N. Y., walked in
to our sanctum and after the usual saluta
tationl we asked--" How about Ayrshire
eattle for the dairy ?" lie replic.-' There
is nothing to be found better. They will
thrive under conditions where some other
breeds would half starve. Just give an
Ayrshire cow a chance at a straw stack and
shetwill go through the winter and come
outwat, giving a show of milk all the time.
I tell you the Ayrshires never fool around
after fine pickings, but are always ready to
work for their living, and do not mind stay
ing up late nights to get their fill."' To all
of which we readily assented, for the best
cow we ever saw a pail set under was a
;rade Ayr.shire. But we presume there are
more of the same sort to be found among
the breeders of these faunous cattle.-Rural
New Yorker.
LODD aIAiED O- iPi Ei BREEDING.
Of the means used by those called fancy
farmers for the selection and improvement
of live-stock, the following account of the ef
forts of LcrJ Kinnaird, a Scotch nobleman
who has long paid close attention to this
important subject, will be found interesting
and instructive. The labors of such men
are not merely for themselves, but for the
country..
"I commenced sheep-breeding in 182S,
with a flock of Southdowns from the flocks
of the Duke of Richmond, Sir J. Shelly and
Mr. Watson, of Keillor, but I soon found
that though the wool at that tim e was worth
from towpence to threepence per pound
more than Leicester-fine clothes being then
in demand for general wear, instead of
tweeds--yet the caress did not suit the
working classes, there being neither size
nor fat. I then went in for the blue-faced
Ditchley Leicester, but I crossed the South
down ewes I had with the Leicester tup,
and found the produce, which resembled
Southdowus, came to a great size and early
maturity, brought the highest price in Lon
don, and were purchased eagerly by the
first-class butchers there, this cross not be
ing then known; so that for several years I
got from England pure-bred Southdown
gimmers, took several crops of lamps from
them and sold them at eighteen months in
London, getting the highest price for South
down mutton.
" Some years ago I met with a breed of
sheep combining the excellence of the
Southdown mutton with the long wool of
the Leicesters-a well established breed car
rled on from father to son on a farm in
Gloucestershire. The sheep were originally
a cross between the Cotswold and Hamp
shire Down-the cross-bred rams beingiused
to constitute the breed. This breed I find
to be most profitable.. They are superior to
the breed now known as Oxford, Downs, in
asmuch as the clip is twice the quantity.
The quality of the wool, which, being long
wool, sells at a higher figure, and the mut
ton is as good as Southdown-indeed, has
been pronounced by competent judges to be
as good as old Highland mutton. In the
' Transactions of the Highland Society' for
July, 1864, will be found an account of the
very careful experiment I made in 1863 to
ascertain the relative value to the farmer of
some different breeds of sheep, in lots of ten
wethers. The result was in favor of Border
Leicesters over English Leicesters,. and
Glnucestershires over both in weight and
value at the end of the experiment, which
was carried on for twelve months."
CUBAN HonsEs.-The saddle horses ofCu
ba have a peculiarly easy gait. The speed
attained in ordinary traveling is fully equal
to that of agmart trot, and is both easy and
delightful.. It is neither a gallop, trot, pace
or rack; the gait resembles what is famil
larly known as " single foot," in the West.
When the horse is in motion his gait. ap
pears to be that of a rapid trot, but it is not;
it is executed by moving both fore and hind
feet independently of each other,, so that
but one foot is lifted at a time, the effect of
which is to gaiI the smoothest movement
tiossible to imagine. ''This gait, though sait!
fo be natural to Spanish horses,. which are
for the greater part descended from Spanish
and(l Barb stock, is partly the result of edu
cation, for to possess it in perfection the
horse undergoes severe training, his value
being greatly enchanced thereby.
Scan INx Slxrm.-A variety of remedies
are resorted to for scab in sheep, the most
of which are either not available at the time
they are most needed or prove inefficacious
when applied. The following preparation,
made into a salve, will be found one of the
best curative agents known : Take of but
ter say thirty pounds ; soda ash, two pounds;
retined spirits of tar, five pints. To this add.
twenty-one pints of water to assist in the
equal spreading of the mixture. Stale urine
instead of.owater is an improvement. The
Jboeo composition will b¢.suffciatn for 100
sheep. The mixture requires to be con
stantly stirred during the time it is being ap
plied, and at a temperature a little above
blood heat. In applying the salve when
thick it may be taken on the fore and mid
die fingers of the right hand and spread
along the. shed of wool and worked in.
When thin, the palm of the hand in the hol
low shape is used for lifting and pouring it
on, also .r1i::g it i t..e s.. d of ,o, L If
care is taken in applying this preparation
properly, it will prove effectual in every ii
stance.-Ex.
IIorsE's RAE ING.--Whenever you per
ceive a horse's inclination to rear, separate
your reins and prepare for him. The in
stant lie is about to rise, slacken one rein
and bend or twist his head with the other,
keeping the hands low. This bending com
pels him to move a hind leg, and of necessi
ty brings his fore-feet down. Instantly
twist him completely round, three or four
times, which will confuse him very much
and completely throw him oft his guard.
The moment you have finished twisting
around, place his head in the direction you
wish to proceed, .apply the spurs and whip
two or three times, severely. The horse
"will not, perhaps, be quite satisfied with the
first defeat, but may feel disposed try again
for the mastery. Should this be the case,
the process of twisting, etc., shoula be re
peated.
DAIRY DEPARTMENT.
EFFECTS OF POTATOES ON MILK.
We do not think the partial experiments
upon this matter are properly interpreted,
even by those who have made them. It
has been found that a large feed of potatoes
lessens the percentage of hay digested; but
we think the large. amount, of starch con
tained in the potato causes a looseness of the
bowels, and thus impairs the digestive func
tion. We have often fed potatoes. to cows
in milk with great benefit.i Our plan has
been to run potatoes through a root-slicer,
and feed four quarts at a time, mixed with
cut hay and a pint of oil-meal or pea-meal,
or a quart of oats. And since the experi
ments mentioned, we have again tried this
mode of feeding and found it to work admi
rably well The potato is a very imperfect
food alone, being principally starch, having
too little nitrogen and phosphate of lime to
make milk ; but it is the richest root raised
on the farm. and when fed in small quanti
ty, raw, will regulate the bowels and have a
very similar effect to green grass. It is a
very laxative food in the raw state, and that
is, probably; the cause of its" peculiar effect
upon the digestion of hay.
When the potato is cooked the effect is
quite different and its value is greatly in
creased. A small quantity of potatoes, say
four quarts as a feed, will increase the yield
of milk nearly as much as so much grain,
pro.ided they are fed with other food rich
in the constituents of milk. The. American
dairyman is prone to feed one thing at a
tiime, almost wholly, instead of giving vari
ety in food which will furnish all the ele
ments required in the proper proportion.
We found an objection to the use, of oil
meal when fed above two pounds per day to
the cow, as it is too laxative. We found one
quart per day the most profitable, and have
also found one peck of potatoes per day, in
two feeds, the most profitable.-National
Live Stock Journ4al.
KIND TREATMENT PAYS.
Mr. Willard, in his new Butter Book,
speaks in the strongest terms in favor of
kilnd treatment of cows kept for the dairy.
Hie says:
It is really astonishing what a large differ
ence in the yield of milk it makes by attend
ing properly to a number of small things in
tthe management of stock--amnd things which
to many would seem quite too insignificantl
to be worth observing. The - dairynan
should have a genuine, a hearty love for the
animals under his control, providing whole
some, inutritious food, pure water and pure
air--everything of 'this kind in abundan.ce
keeping lhe animals properly sheltered friom
storms ; fceding always with great regulari
ty ; paying the most imarked attention to the
muna:mer and time of milking, withal, pre.
serviig a tumitorain kiuhdness and . ge.intleess
of treatment throughout every operation-ai
gentleness extended even to tihe knecs of the
voice. Generally speakinfg, the cow will do
her best tlhat is loved thie best and petted the
nlost ly those who have her in charge. Itf
you wish a cow to do her best, you must
cultivate her acquaintance intnimately, and
9. u,.:riiug in little acts of khidness.
LIVE STOCK DIRECTORY
JAMES MAULDEN,
BREEDER OFI
Percheron--Norman Horsea.
YOUNG STOCK FOR SALE,
Correspondence solicited. Address, t
Beaverhead County, Montana. 2-4S.n
IW.- COOK & BRO.,
IMPORTERS AND BREEDERS Op
Thoroughbred Cotswold Sheep
Offer for sale a few choice thoroughbred r
and have also some fine grades-one-half
three-fourths bloods. 1'ootollice address: Cap
Baker, Montana. stepl4-g43
ENNETT & GOODALE,
Importers and breeders of pure-blooded
COTSWOLD SHEEP,
Are now prepared to supply the wool-grovers
the Territory with pure-bloods of either sex.
spection invited. 1. 0. address: Camp Bake
Montana. sepl4-43a
BERKSHIRE HOGS. hi
1 claim to have this celebrated breed in all i 'To
purity. Pigs well selected in pairs or trios, V'
akin, at low figures. T. WILCOX.
Cold Spring Ranch, three miles east of Hek,.
LEN. LEWIS, tal
Importer and Breeder of Pure-blooded te
Alderney or Jersey Cattle, ag
And Breeder of
PURE-BLOOD AND IIIGII-GRADE
SHORT-HORNED DURHAMI e.
Address: LEN. LEWIS,
Camp Baker, M. . go
T. C. POWER & CO., yI
DEALERS IN
FARM MACHINERY ali WAGOIX
NO. 93 MAIN STREET,
HELENA, MONTANA.
------ O -
GIRAT REDJUCTION IN PRICES F6R 18tau
-o I
We have just received an invoice of
Light and Heavy Wagerons
BUILT EXPRESSLY FOR MONTANA
0 t
FARMERS AND RANCHMEN
Please call and examine our extensive stock, r
send for price list before ordering, as
we are determined to sell
Iow Down for Caskh!
Our stock consists in part of
Wood's Harvesters,
Wood's Light Mowers,
Wood's Self Rake Reapers,
Wood's Droppers Combined,
Wood's Iron Frame Mowers,
Champion Mowers and Reapers,
Mowing Attachments and Extms.
We are also Agents for
THE IMPROVED MARSH HARVESTER
Gale, Hollingsworth, Taylor and Revolving
Hay Rakes; Superior Grain Drills, Mae
silon Threshers, Eclipse Wind Mills,
Pitt's Horse Powers, Fanning
Mills, 6r·ossby Gang, hIap
good's Breaking, South
Bend Chilled, and
Stirring Plows; Road
Scrapers. Sewing Miachines,
Teniple B Son's Farm Pumps for
any depth of well; Inproved Domes-n
tic Sewing Machines. Patent Sickle Grind.
ers, Climax Churns, Tilton's Sieam Was?'.
- Seamless, Flour and Ore Sacks,
F-AIRBANK & CO.'S SCALL1,
We also have in store a full assortment of Thn
IIay Rakes, Forks, Fork Handles, scoop Shovels
Barley Folrks, and a full supply of repairs for al
kindls of Machinery and W'iagi~o sold by us, whict
is a great assistance to the purchaser; in fact, every
thing kept by a lirst-class Agricultural hIouse.
June 22, ]876-31-3m.
SCan't bie made by every agent evergr
-4D f .month in the business we furnish,
but tho~se willing to work oen easily earn a
dozen dollars a (lay right in their own localities.
iatveDno room to explain here. Business leasant
and honorable. Women, and boys and girs do as
well as men. We will furnish a complete Outfit
free. 'I'he business pays better than any thing else.
Ve will betar expense of starting you. Particudlrs
free.. Write and see. Farmers and mechanics,
their sons and daughters, and all classes in need of
palying work at home, should write to us and learn
ll bout the work at once. Now is the time.
Doh adeloy. Adress TRnE a Co., Aguts -MaJ
'I~

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