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Ro. N. SUTIERLIN, Editor.
ill [;i:)DAY, JANUARY 18, 1877. ';.'iEisu is a desire on the part of many of our citizens to have our Legislature lmake some nilcr:ttioll in ourschool law ; amend it so as to do :.'ay with the oflhce of County cl.hol S13.qierintendent. There are many of our be-t citizens that believe it wonild be econiom y, alnd in no wise, eflect the ethic'ieii c.y of our public school system, and to sub ata,,liatei these conclusions, they refer to the iiefli:cienlcy of a large majority of these of ficers. Now, we are not inclined to fIivor any change likely to be made, for it is cer tainly a very important office. Education oftlie young should certainly he the first concern of our intelligent people ; it is the very toitidiltion of true greatness. ald every means to promote our public school system should be employed. We are well aware that thousandsl of dollars of the peoples' money have been squandlered. on these of fleers without a particle of benefit being de rived therefrom ; but this has not been btecaulse there was nothing for them to do, no (tldties to perform. On the contrary, they have a broad Ileld in which to labor, and could if they would properly apply th ms.elves, as fpirly earn the fees allowed by law, as any other ocflcer. We regret that there is so lit tt atlfltitOll paid to the duties of this otliee by those who.havic been chosen, and(1 it' the fhture is to be marked by the same indispo altton, Indolence and neglect, it would, of course, be, economy to itbolish the otihe a! together. But we believe some measures may be taken to compel a performance of the dules devolv:ng upon such an otlicer-in which case as much good would result tfthan the money spent in this wvay, as would re Ssult iifrom it it devoted to the pay of teach ers, One of the greatest evils from which we suffer, is the 'want of competent teach ers, for this,, the superintendent is, in a great meassure, responsible. A teacher may have a brilliant education antd still not be compe tent-to instruct children. It Is much easier tai. liart instrutelomu'to a class of advanced .tpdents than to those who are only in the primary branches. A child, for instance. needsajnore attention while learning to read ttman at any other time. 1Iow often is it that when a class of little fellows are called tap to recite, the teacher, instead of giving them his undivided attention, is working an, example in mathematics for some of the larger Pcholars, while the class mumble away and get through the lest they can, amnd a* they rettire to their seats, are told to get. the next lesson. Thus, through the negli geAe of teachers, habits of stamtnering and iupderling are formed, and the possibility f "the pippils, mastering the greatest of ac crnplilshitimeIlts known to the common school --that of becoming a good reader--,is forev or ruitned. it aevolves upOn 1110 wuiperinreIIuvnu 10 visit the schools. learn the anauner in whlich -they are eotlcltleted, zitid it acees niw, take( ,ebsirge of the st 1.001 hv d illustrate th;e pro()p er uind itest the thod I y pr'tieticil (iimple. Ile should also he prepar'd to niche it few plea .irt I tnitrks to euliven gii d nmae tihe sboo1 feel t c)Ceid study to matike the chil ttren love hIiim, tIht they will st rivy to, tiake AdvfCt Cll)'iit ere lie wetuhd come irgain. and would tll give }11111 11 co(0(atl '%elrotiue. It these, tnil the trumny other obi'gatioiSt- de volving upon the County Stmperiiitviidt Itt, heret; well tirid 13taltihiuy perlfot icd, the small stiw tlllowedl by the law, as it stands~l at present. otnld inot lte miore jutlccvioiily ex petideti, and time people oulld s'ooni th 0iitn c.'QvInvied of Its ituporimiiwe ii1;rd.1etiol ty. TInt seiason Jhas arrived h1r Ltrtuers to se leet their rcgiditig wv tter ftor the comiting yeanr. Goodf ptlEzqwr andl~ tut~.nigazitm :mre' 1 ysoure of knowledge,, pleasure and profit. The lionme.that Is well supplied with thlies is not m1ere'l' I Rtastioping iphice; it huas aIsat ft soniuethiung tiatumuy btu eenjoyeml,-a wive 0f somne hInteliigeiee, btrIght. utnnty,. freed chill `Irem till thle? itode in m nipHilmtlee Oi eozy c:W ne s, which require nothing. brt It iteltlgeitet ,." a n littlet tsystvetii labor. l'y, tfbis cnd. we Are oti'riaig the IftasnarNmric 4 u, eon c cnniection with sonic of the best jcurnalls puhishied, at a aliuch less rite titan the satin *mmounit of ll oke reaiditng flintter and piic tieal intlortutntou cain be tad irom any ether source. ONEs of the most important duties of the present Legisla tI ire, is to make some changes in our present stock laws. The measures suggested in our last issue, In regard to making it a finable offense to brand anoth er's stok, whether by mistake ar otherwise, and mrake the owners of ra.ns which are al lowed to escape and enter another's flock during a certain season. responsible for the damage done, are very important.. It is equally necessary for our horse interest, that the law respecting stud colts be altered. At present. such colts are allowed to run at large until two years ohl, whicih often comes in June.or July. while the colt may do as much damage during the spring previous. as it two vears old. The law should be so altered as not to allow these colts to run at large after the first of March, of the year in which they would become two years old. THE first Ilumber of the new publ)lication, Lewis' Rural, the ,advertisement of which will be found elsewhere. made its appear ance this week. It is handsomely gotten up and neatly printed journal, and has a very able corps of writers. Prominent among these are many of the old contribu tors of the WVestern Rwral, Mr. Lewis' oh1( )aper. Mr. . H. N. Maguire, late of Montana. who is well and favorably known through out the Territory, is contlributinig a series of articles devoted to eastern Montana, entitled ",The New North-west,'' in which the wealth and attractiveness of our young a;nd promising Territory are brilliantly illustrat ed. These articleo, so fr' as we have seen, are founded upon facts, and will no doubt be of good service to our Territory. Mr. Lewis was the former proprietor of the IVcstern Rural, but his unceasing warfare upon monopoly combined against him this element, which attempted to crush him to tile earth, but truth smitten to the ground will rise again. The new paper is furnished at the extreme low price of $1.50 per year. THE Governor's message to tile tenllt session of the Montana Legislature, now assemble'd at IIcelena, is a concise and C practicable document. The reconimenda tions, would if heeded, prove beneficial to s the people. Unlike former rnmesages, the t snubjcct of railroad subsidy is only mention- t ed in brief, without reference to what would t be a proper course to pursue. This is evi dlence that the Governor, lile many other t anti-subsidy men of Montana, has been con- t verted over to the faith. But we believe that our executive is by no means fanatical, and trust will. it these matters be laid be tore him he governed by the same spirit of economy and judliceious actions "which dic tated his message. WiE would again refer our law-makers to the necessity of protecting the feathered tribe. At the convention of governors, held at Omaha, Oct. 25, 1876, this was one of the most important recommemndations, it being the opinion of that body, that birds are the most formidable enemy to grasshoppers that can be found, besides they are compar atively harmless. - LINE upon line has beeiin trivenl upo1n this subject of caring for machinery ; yet,haw many farmers heed it not. Fully one-half of the sulky and gang plows in the Territo ry are standing in the tield, with the shares burried in the hamlf cut furrow where it was last used. This is i not economy. Sun and storm rusts racks and ruins machinery worse than constant use. USiE judgment and forethought in all your undertakings. Weigh well the sub ject betbre drawing conclusions. Never al low yourself to fly into, a passion. Alway s consider before you speak, remembering that words once spoklien can never be recall ed. but will stand against you for all time. Be kind and courteous to all. WVin the love and respect of even tile lowest, always mleasurinri'ý your duties bly the purest starn Bard of a gentlenman or a lady. Otun farmers are buoyant with the hope of rood crops the colmIg season.,. I~vry iln dication points in this direction, andt we trust their anticipations may be realiztxd.. 'I'tll supply of' atral. pIcidlucLs ini the,Ter ritoryo i~sis so anit at preseint tlkat our arran .ries will he entirely, empty hetore, another rop is harvested,- And, even if .olnt entire agrnlturatitbpopulationl put fQrth al.l extrat trdtitatuy, etit f (iand, are blesseit; with fuill S.rops, i, It;s , nat all. likely th.pt prices- will ! decliaebeit , e .i~e-i' ;ie ;ý.fair and ret,-I neratlve. TERRITORIAL LN EWS. From the Missouliin, .J:. I. J. P. McClain pa:ssed through town last week witht a short horn hull he had purelhas ed at Ilelena. lie has the ilnest stock range in this county. and he intends to rase notlh ing but first-class stock. Ile has been un fortunate with his horses, about thirty of themt having died since he lived on his pres ent place. From the New Nortlh-.,Wet, Jan. 12. We notice a few bars of bullion from the Dexter mill laying in the express office. The mill has been running recently on low grade ores, but doing tiFst-rate work. There are two hundred tons of rich La Piata ore yet to receive on the contratet, butI the min ll callght 1ip with the minlers andll so is runningl on other ores until the La Plata gets ahead again. From the IIelena Independent, Jan. 14. Dr. A. II. Mitchell was yesterday sum rmoned to Butte to attend upon Mr. Charles Murphy, who while workin g in his saw mill, was caught by the helt and drawn under the Ily wheel, and terribly mangled. LEGISLATIVE. f IHELENA, January. 12, 1877. The Legislature is in session and Ihelena is happy. The hotels are filled to o\erflow ing with guests. 'The saloon-keepers have t their counters and signs pal intcl MQreshl, their white shirts on, a:ll a genial smile lights up t their colnutenances, while the boot-black, who has b)een spittilng and puflig andi rub bin/ half the night, is not at all drowvsy-his dull grit. has been melted by brightl thoughts which give Itimu a ple'asant look. Even the signs along the streets, which in other dlays would appear weary, are now hmuitniig and singing and cluckling and chiming to the tune of '" We are 'a ,ppy, we're lap-pup-py." t While it is true that both bodies of the Legislature have not yet completed their organization. it; must ie admitted that they have \worked diligently mod ihave daubtlesS, served their counitry in doing nothing better than previous Legislatures have done during the first week of their sessions. The first two d'ays they "put in" were devoted prin- 1 cipally to taking recess, walking to and trom the. hall, adjourning, testing the nerves of the aspirants for the minor offices, the qual ities of cigars, and other "'necessaries of liti," such as are most gener ally brought in sight about election times. or when a speedy and tilm11iliar neqt.ait;anlce is desired. It is thought that it the two bodies agree upon law lllak ing as well as they do in regard to taking recess and :udjourning, when they do get org, ·iized and started they will either make ,,t number of good laws or adjourn and go home. No work was done by either house until Wednesday, when the "'ouncil, control ed by some strange freak, elected all its ofli Mels exce!pt the President, atid took a recess to await the action of the House ; but that body had not got in trim to do.)usiiess, so it took a halt-hour's recess to let the Coun cil finish its arduous duties by electing its Pre-idenit. . When the hour arrived for the Council to resume business, one of the meum bers who was late getting to his seat was reported "sick," and so they adjourned to 10 o'clock the next day. The House resum ed business at 3 o'clock p. in., and afteti a call of the hotuse \vhich took tip consi(dera bl.e,title on accoutit of .olte of the members being absett,. a motion was tMade to aldjotirn to 10 a. ll.,eX. lday, tbut tailed to Prev:il; so they ballotted :several times for speaker, but, without resulting in a choice.. Messrs. Sam. Word, A. E. Mayhewand R. O .Uick mn1:11 were the prominent,(- Vaudidates. On Thursday. at 11f o'cloek, -tie hl]douse, on lthe twenty-third ballot, elected An,.E.. Mayhbew, ot Deer Lodges Speaker, and took a recess - until 2 p. in. During tile recess the:Dlnemo crats took a kind of ante-mortem emtieus ex aminattion, which was nmade quite as terrible to some of the aspirants for office as the re turning boardls of tile South, by counting out and coutltihLg in. The work of "lixing things" was soon. 9tg to revolve upon the proper axle, by.that noted personage whose knowledge ani legal ability has long siluce, e raised him illnt,,the highest, circle.of , (dis) t- honor, and niade him the chief lightof alco holic aristocracy. A. II. .BTrret, of Madi . son, and ---- .Kl(.eruaI, of Choteau, be nug thtonly twopf i4ofulto.11sidetolt.tlelena whlo reached within thle capital family circle. It seemed strange, to). that even Madison and Chiotean should he counted in, but when it is tunders.tood that the former county hal a strong- e:lndidate for thi speakership), and that (Choteau county is in perfect harmony on iatters of trade, Fsulsi(y and situation, their recognition is plain and could not be isnoredl. Now that the work of organizing the Ionuse is con-pleted, the several clergy. mnce of the city have been invited to open ac;1 (hdy'5 sessioni with prayer. Time un. .succ(essful aspirant for door-keeper, from Misoulnla county. has gone on his one-hun. (dred-anld-lifty-mnile journey home, while the seats of oflice-see:krs from Nocigher, Jetler. son and Bea:verhea': , in the lobby, lhve been vaceated. an:d the h:nipy fi:nily are hovering a'romund the LCFgislative halls, counting their per diem and drawing thI(r pay. S:itlrd;ly. Trlntinry 13. Yesteriy the Connedi got in a hnrryv mnl went to ballot hig in earciwst for 'residhlet. Beginning with the 16t1h ballot, they kept it up from I0 o'clock to 12 o'clock,. t. nearly, every lmemlber in the hbody being eInmpli. uIlutied by pettinj in lie "one hole." i. e., comning with in one of being elected. T)r. Mitchell. of Deer Lodge, however, held hi, four or five votes. Cullen commuenced with one and raiseNd to 1~ve, then fell back to one, and as lie went back. MeAdow climed up the ladder to the sixth rould, where he hehll on fil a few bollots, and secini t[hat the tide was about to clhange for 'Wa~tson, :and also that a new star from J.Teferson was dawning in the myr.sic seatI, he (MeAdow). on the 25th ballot, wiihdrew. uhit too sooner iad the new star gotten lairly into the firimament than the clouds of the west side broke away and lc ass, of Mi soula. ealim' up with two votes; three three, then four, tlen five. v,.hil W\Vatson fell hack to Iwo. On the (t4h hal. lot, Mitchell, who haIl held his 5. moved to t~ike live mi:n 's' rccess. T'Ie ballot stoo!, Mitchell 5, Watson 1. lBs 1. Lewis 6. Th'len came recee . after whliclh the l4th ballot was Ialcaken. which ave Mlitchell 3. Lewis (1, Wat. son 3. Bas']1 ; :nd the Cotuncil adjourned to 10 o'clock next day. ''le east Side secI(Cle to IIave the Rbalace of power. and the west side candidates were loosing groinl:!d, but on1 resllinng hlusinesi this I-orning. T), r. Mithclll wiilhdrew his nainle as ea(nlildi(itC and pl5i:ced W. E. Bass, of Missoula, in nomIination. The first hbal. lot revealed the fact that the friends of VWat son and Mitchell l'had comlprominsed, and thl seconding of the nonll.niat)lon of -ass b1y Mr. Cullen showed tlt he (Bass) was the com inrl man. The, h1allt resuilt d in giving BasIs 6. Lewis G and W'ait*i guory 1. 'Ihe secolnd ballot of that d:ay gave Bass 6. Lev\is 5, Brown 1. blatn:k 1; and on thle next, the 68th hallot, tihe teller counted "Bass two, Lewis three ; BasIs four., Lewis 6; Bass 6 ;" then there was a breatihlss silence. The lobby, which was crowded. was so quiet that you could have heard a p1)i drop on the floor. Finally, the teller turned the last ballot and counllted BI;.s I \t o," giving him seven votes, and electing; him by a Inajority of one. A joint conmmitt.ee of toli two houses wait ed upon thle Governor and notliied him if their readiness for business, and in the after noon the mness:ge of his Exeellelncy W'a delivered to each of the houses. .JIust what the Legislature is going to do is hard to tell. One of the nielmbers was heard soliloquiisilg to-Ihy, in this way: " One weekl is gone. and I'm glad of it. If we've done no good, I'ml. certain twe have done no harm."' A numlber of railroad bills have been prtepanred, and will be introduced early in the session. A iNortl andil Soutb bill, asking a subsidy. and a bill askinga subsidy tor a road from the Missourlt river east ot Meagher counl ty, to runl across the Territory to the Columbita river, will be i~ trodtuced. The Benton and I-elenah railroad bill will also comie tip for further legislhtioln, to which \will he' coupled a bill levying a moderate tax oni bullion. A majority of t.li members of both houses are interested iD miliniug, but they take a reasonable view of the taxation question, aral it is generally conceded that a bill creating a reventle from thile mines will receive favorable, eolnsiderl tion; yet if the legislation is controlled )by the same distlngiuirhed '- lords" 'that had the "fixing up" of the minor offices of tlbm House, we may expect but little legislation which does not give the happy family of tli capital the lyou'&sshre,. 'W