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Rocky Mountain husbandman. (Diamond City, Mont.) 1875-1943, January 25, 1877, Image 1

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OCGT __Y OUNTAIN USBANDMAN
r . : . A ourial llevoted to Agriculture, Itve.stock, Hiome nlading, and General News. t () C.I C;OPY.
--- . .P E R .IN.L . C O P Y .
VOL . . DIAMOD CITY, M. T., JANUARY 25, 1877. NO. 10.
•plnora~-nY~ .+; r " T':"~Krs~~r··~~
F. S T CE 1, tl
So a i F''' ~e I.4J 1
rJn'Z"cf '4 H' j ; 1 P: '1 4i)
ai JLtk 14:j 2 41)
$nt'ni ty°1 !ý r, i 0 31 4`2 i 1,3;
444
6 f)1n th.''
1'i:sie P4)0 .i4l - 1ez 4i ie t- p. v.t' '' is
(.)eit'-~ ';1 U44A.af: adCd foi1 sp4c-. 1 adver'ti e.
WC)OfltS.
2_1!N G WHCE T.
An IEn1 ;Il tetrr'e.,,i do·r:i of the F'aram
9t's Ado+, :,,c. (t.:nu:! nad ), laye:
"'A Itltt-; i1iIotut:llt: q(tIlion is lasked
when o; e s;y;: '1'hat i; thl .hIst destc ip
tion to o' ?' 'l::t is, what variety i"
most lilkel !y to yV'i1 s:i1isttatry resultsti ? Or
colurse ill fswer!: this qtesti here 1(re,
Tlanly (r)o lt.i(',itrI l t( t l>e rIe a l, etl. . (leseirl
tioI of the s>oil, con ,uit if)) ofs e,' . elim ,te, Ste.
l.,ost of ilhe , ;n v;ari'tis are co:trse,
andti are tno. I;,hi i, ftvor by tiller., 3ad
that is onw reason wh.y we, in Enttlettrll, are
reluctant to) svw . 'tit it the sprl-ilng wlhenl
we canll avltl it. rhe i Frlencil f:rtiters are
growers of sp~ri.:t v' e t t a fi: l g'er ex
tent thani lare, Ilt t-he have evler eel
kernel.
ieent!yll a liew varity of wheat hbs been
propagate>d here lby (Cay:l.. WI. D)elf, who
farms at Gre:tt. !It'i l!ty, \V'. Colcliester. This
wheat is tltil ill very h~Lih esteem (1ls a fiue
white wlheat v\,hith "."onwt, upon ila red sltraw
and in ai c':lff ' " is t Itlh red a3itd roughi
It is both l u11 oittuntii :rt i a sprini wheat.
and is very Illih eit):i':t after, not. o:lly ill
England, hut ill (erilnuty, France, Belgium,
Holland. iItniga'. I; t.sii. etc.
Thile Lonlldni Stada:ud, in speaking of this
wheat, whichti is aippIrotpriitely styled the
'Mainstay,' gas : i Ae sawv the finest smun
pie ot wheat thalt we have seen this year:,
(1875) at lpswicih imarket. It was t v(ery
fine white wheat, which weihelcd (i lb,. per
bushel, and iialde 4 shillinhgs per quarter
!mOre thiti anly other \wleat at im:arket.'
At Chehnusford, where the bhest wihets in
the Kingltdoin are showni, vwas oi'rerd the
Atiest s:ianple by flr, tle 'Mainsta.', The
Chroniele, speaking of it says, "It is really
iuperb.'
A large tfil'rmer spekliklni of spring wheat
said that lie put his in last March, and it
was the e..e t crop lie ha:ld.
At thel Cetlenltiial Exhibtihon this wheat
earried oiI' the onlly prize mnedal awarded ftir
grain in the tI iishli sectioni ; the comit itltetal
Journals tare laud illn thehir praise of "plilt.
Dey's Slcess, itor tli'he rarte wheiat. unl( hurllorhv
grown, hli haviitg bestowed great care in
its selection, et e.
Thle Su.ic.le Cntrtale td'Agricultire,.
Pr'inee. h:at elhc-ted tite origi«:tor, of the
'Mainstay' whe:at lttorar crrorrepol nin
tlember of the Soeiety, anId"I hlt: l:os received
tht gold tueutal of the inst itutiion.
There is tlltiientt evidence Ito)tin this
coulltry at1nd oni the coltinent of ]LtErope
that the ',liin;t' is a very \ tl:ille wh\\eat;
It i3 very i'oist i ii i~ot'iowthth, the str';w is
Very stil, tetctuiii ( al of silhca, a:i(l its
rOots strike down ai great. (leptth, it will stand
L great deal of knlt;ockinl ail)otlt tit harvest
tin, no aillottt of' vin ii anti stormti has ally
etix.t:t otlt1i it, it sttliJds ervct and does not,
loose its mn,
VbttATIr1;v will iielrease the lalttl:l pro)
dnct oofour g.ri ii. ild.s, cnhances th, firini
ý' fortitu±e U adds to the i.tationu's wealth.
SITIj CU TILD1.
'1'1e 1Iit,/c Lanse Exlpiess of eJaoniar' 1st,
$:t\ 5 g~'oi :tioIul :!o~lutii v ioiahe:ti hia.Ve 1)0011
;t!tecalls' Dooir. bIuL thie (clutijie of one 51hi1
lhogr 1)r (,i1arter ol vwhteat ho:t w\eek haso
1etacei Iz(uv'(1V('1e(l, wVitl t ttltILt I :ietivit V ill
tre': (, Liveipool e1pcot(i v. CGtoot dtiiiiioa
lioln (revoaib (I rile reiftal tonte ofýdlte
t ito iket ruleld stron1g, itt ('OR seio~ial(e (4 deC
cr e a s .ed i . 'ie) s ol ] :11(1 iihe 1101 (- tb c l o Ilt
r3' y cctiiY. The S sOiiie ii::lrueuecs have\·
"tr'('1!g~l hued Lond~onl l1it(e. Thte Slight,
t(1teio(ei' oyi)ward lower prices (1 orb tg the re
C(':11 te'ilupora'v' irtil hos been lnore tlitatire
I (:flVei-"i. Ol tol at ite'tlll bier flji g jCrVt1es
tratle tOwn at: Oify I hoc duiniig thte year. 'Vhe
itipolls into Lottldoil d]l1Iing the past Wveel
Ittve h~eti lijitteil, whlettlIle e'xports Sxl y
atl iit('rI:tjt'r ('ol~ttitental (elntnttd. Ji41io
eloI tilt: los to tni'id~h t he bul]k of the wveek ly
suli~ply orf IoV'oigti wheL'tt into( Lotnloi. Asnlei
ie:t11 \Cheiit is 1I.\1' rilittinig VeIry shoit, 011(d
htoltldeis itVO rea I izeti an Odlvttee of one 0 hil
i ;ll to two shillitigs per quarter oti l
weoek. rIuitsi ii has iiiil)irovetIOttne chillit r
wvi~th a steatly miltling demtatnfd, ,in(] a spe itl
lit ivo imi(pIiry l'or b)01. 't'rade prese:;~tt
brPoa(er' feottires, toilhers seeoot1in to derive
si5otll shiptmeints front A tierieti, and thie
knowledgtl~ e tha~t politica; l evenllts lunylS occinl·
to (talllte the 11 value of wheat. X~jtli liirjt
ed arriv:als at iports ot call. Ilie floatitg-edfr
go tra(1. lots sho~wi cotisitlertible fitliiners.
At tlhe eidl of :i1st week there was aL veyv
tai' 'e bnsiltess in Co liiOPi)ld floatitng (1 rgoes
bliut tIe wilentd has slackened within the
TiErll GruA-ssiorr'ER IN KA\A-SA.-- he Sa.
line (K:n.) Journal talks in this wise about
the :agile 'hopperl.: Reports front all parts
of the State Iare to the eliect that nearly :ad
of the eggs deposited by grasshoppers h~1.
hatched during the recent warm nl 1eatlhie
andil tliat thle stormis andl cold weather of last
week was the means of destroying the young
'hoppers. The reports are so well suhst:it
alited 'as to leave little doubt that we will j.
relieved of much of the trouble anticipate(&
tfrom IIhese pests next speriln_. We have
talked with lilein Iron all parts of Saline and
froitm Ie adjoiingii counties, who assuredCl is
that they hadl. personally inivestigatedl the
conditionl of the .eg deposits ill their locall
ties, ~and they had tfll, Ithat il most cases
the eyes. backs andl legs of young grasshop
plers hal formed. but life was app;arently ex
tinct. The iilications iare that this section
will be comparatively free of the grasshop
perS ill the spr'ilig.
CG ASSIorIOrIEI EGGS.-A correspondent at
Patroln, Nebraska, lately sent us several
'ienses" of grasshopper eggs for exalinlllu
tion, a:skiing if they would bte likely to hlatch
in the sprilg. We forwarded them to Prot.
T1'hom:as, State Enltonlologi.t. who writes us
as fillows regarding lhel : I fit(t notling
inl them to warraunt the belief tlhat the win
ter will be likely to destroy them, as tlley
aipper to be. sound ul II not unusually ad
z'tanced. They are enclosed in what appears
to be tilt soil in which they were originally
deposited ; an examination of this alilli the
eggs with I malgnifier show's themn to be usn
usually free front pnaraa4te. which is also an
uthfavorahle sign. Yet let us hope that sonie
llexpecte (Iagencey will yet come to tile re
liefot ourl welternl tf ,riln."--Prairie Farmer.
AGRICULTURAL ITEMS.
'The story, irrient a year or two ago,
about graitis oit EIylptiatl wheat over at cell
tury old (foulNd il the wrapPl'igs of al
E{,yptioun llllnmlly) being planteiid a.iil pro
duiig gu.l'iln t'oi tile seed, was treated as a
myth. The saile story crops out again,
this time with some little show of verifica
tion :
' I ha:'ve before me." says a correspondet i.
le' eds of wheat grown onl the ea;sternl side
iof thle MI-sissilpi. ilhe produce of gralnius
taken tl.il ll an ancient sarcophiligus, sent
sine veurs ago 1(1 thV e I i Allnwri(all Consul at
Alexandria to til Palent Oliihe at W\aslii l.
toll. The ,.t;ilk alai lIeave,~1] very I ike
tkhose of ldialilli cornl. Ilhoiuigli smaller, and
ile halds or g't.:li like that )of soIrgliilt or
l ri)omn corn. Siitrange, llt tIrule it is, that
this very wheat, deie'. llrate. but p)erfect, in
all its inci(lehis. still grows5 mont, the weeds
anil grass that I Icover' lu iull the low\las il
ei'hpeen miles west of Metal)ehis. HoNl
I:may (,centuies .sile these kiuditred )rltliohcts
of Egyptian agricult te were sepa rate(, the
onlit to tvilie. slow . perhaps with nonuadi
tibines, aritiild the globe, crossing Asia ;iand
the iaul ic ; and the ot her lovling west in
our tin.le, acrloss the Atlantic, a;ll( both g;row
hIig 'lreei evel) here, i:l the yearll o ur Lord
1870, beneath the shadows of another Meni
phis, on the shores of aniiotir Nile !'' The
s:ale writer says that. the ,saine race of peo
ple canltivated the s came .,crps, and( gartnered
them iii the same peculiar lillalner, ianllly
and litany a ce(tury ago.
The Colonial Farncre urges ftrniers to
pait up their hachines, tools andl ilnple
nients this winter a.1( hereby not only have
them all ready when wan.ted in the spring,
but actdually :idd to their vable and durabil
ity. It says. with mulch truth, that millions
of (dol:lars are lost antnoally in the United
States. by neglect to painit farm wagp;ns,
p)lows, hmirows, ete. 'Thlese thin gs if well
1)aiiited Iand( kept under cover when not in
use, will last three times ais long as they
will when not rel)painted :aifter two or three
years use. Any thrier (can p)aiint these.
things. All that is needed is Venetian red
and liuseed oil, half raw and halt boiled,
then wash the implement to he painted,
thoroughly, and proceed to apply the paiut:
TOMATO OULTUIRE.
Not long since I was. reading an article on
this subject illn very noted work on " Gar
den Culture," in which he says, '' not to
have the groaund rich," for, (says he), "'the
plant will vine too nmuch and not fruit."
My experience has been the reverse. My
plan of cultivation is as tollows: I plow
or spade my ground deep-pulverize it thor
oughly, first having it very rich ; l.ayoft four
feet each way, and with a shovel throw out
i.ne earth to the depth of one foot, which fill
i\ith a comlpost of hen manure, uInleaehled
ashes and surt.ee soil, putting about an inch
of soil on ttop ; procure stakes four feet lonig
and drive down near the edge; of the holet
set plants in 'enter of holes, which should
be one foot in diameter., As the plants
grow tie them to she stakes. Now the main
thing' is to stir the soil and pinch out all lat
erals or suckers, like tobacco raisers do to
bacco. WVhent plants get to top of stakes,
pinch out the topsl-be sure to keep tlieii
well tied to stakes. If' those who are in tile
habit of leservilng their poor soil for tIom
toes, will once pursuo this plin. they will
not only be convinced that it is a good one,
but will never after plant tomatoes' on poor
soil.-Coo.. Fruit Recordcr.
THE £STRAWI1E RIY GIUB.
W',r are l'( illultl 'troubled lhere w'ith ''grnbs,"'
whic"h eat the roots of strawlerry plalnts ill
(celrtain localities, whether the eground has
been nuimaured or not ; antd I Ibhink the I'r
v;e folund in in:tiure l:ealps is euntirely dis
tinct from thait which destroys our straw
berries ail othetr roots. 'The latter is tmore
sletnder auil harry than the other, and does
not increaie in size so raphily; besides I
have never' tOiuni lihe yountmg ones earlier
hInt the middle of July. while full grown
tgrubs are found in the imaure ill June. It
the smallest grub touches at root of straw-.
berry the le;ves wilt ill the sunt, and we
sea;r'ch the rasei:l out and save the plant.
I have a plot of ground two rods wide and
ten long., which I have been salting I . Marc'h
for several years, using a btshiel of salt
broaulca.st on the strawberrie, nanad have no
troutolh wilh " gr'uhs." The next plot, sep
ar::tedl hv t row of peach trees, lhas" only
been salued wic(e. and I have taken out' with
the aid of the chickens, over ta thoiisaund
grubts, wl:ile the next plot is literally tilled
with grubu, ,n:tl I have scarcely sa.icd a
plant for two years. None of this gtound
was ever Ianlttilred, but hats been.a & l rden
ýizue the prairie, sod was turnred. Sult does
not kill the larv~a, for I have kept them Ih
I'rine for ten mninutes. and they e~lwled
away as smart as ever; blut I think It ;untlls
Ihe uihealthy for the little ones.-Cor. Gar
dcuecr's iionwhly.
DOMESTIC ECONOMY'.
FA MER3' KITCHENS$.
There are sev.\eral reasons.s siy. tlhe Coum
try Gentleman., why the fartmer2s ,kitchein
should be regarded as one of the nmost im
portanlt, rooluni inl the Ilau'e. It will, per
Iap:, he coitrŽeet to say that it is .deckledly
the most itnlportalr Not that.we'cotild ad
vise the family to make a sittling oon" of it,
ant spend all their time in thts apartment;
for tunless the house is very smntil . he farm
er should provid:e a separate room ft' the
leasure hours of evehniungt and for' reading,
writinl and study ; ororforeonver atidn withh
his taufily, and for tlhe seVwing oeiptio.fitds
of its fetimlde mIembers during the cdrlty
Nevertheless, the kitchen shoultd rnceive
s-pecial attention and we ilowo ffer "t fe*"
s.lu(e(stioIns oi the subjtect to the ti ~ni who
are about to Imilh, tdand who 1bok ::,or and
digest their plans during Wtinitr pr afatory
to cotmueneing operatifOll fit the i ear -
First, then, in the Inlt oe reit sr ft .tl t
kitchen should be. nade ple as ie re
peta. rk rkoi i o"Hr T i la
albt e c yie i ersel
To the formnr a small dak o wU
convey tihe iiaressi tllhtwat d
in il is not of mrtich onsequenee"I thdi
the wqrk m:ay be slighted iand t c leam
l:ness is not of vital imnliortajLc. th
tress will find It d.ifliu to '() a iytihfug s
wellili the dark1, or In the' folti i.s~r' nde8
the more ftIvorable eircumstanuems. uriln
the years of a long liit the writer h: tested
hoth moilos. Bettlr servants ern libe u
ed and retained when a comfort irih a4part
metll iY pro'idtld, ciand 'we i" .a. .ived
euces and appli:lces have been pcred
than whe n there is noth,,gpIeiaitii at a
tractive, and where k~itc.hell work fs for
ed at a continuel disadvant4Loe. ý' thetr
fore provide a well-oiled floor of t.WO'
which is easily kept clean, cover. `I w
with well-varnished wal-papeQ pla Ie
Venetian blinds, on the w..i' owan r.
ample lights oni both st.ies whi. i pi"nittfree
ventilation, bring water to the sOik 'bmea
of two pumps, plae the vavi vieuh lk o1ea:
to the coal-bin within a step of the cooking
stove, have thle store-rooim ti joittli ant
last, and not least, add a comifort.g be~
room for servants, opening lroul t it aitchIe
All these con'eniences are not expensiv-&
Thiey save money in. thle log rutn,. The
waste and breakage of poor servants will'
more than ptay the additional cost ot. better
ones, to say nothing about the satisfahetion
of cleanliness angd well-cooked foodib widlc
the faintly and the mn.stress will cnjpy.
Tile mode for obtaining these convent
ences will readily suggest thetqselves to molt.
house owners. But there is one point to
which we wish to invite more parti ular at
tention, and this is the lmrportatnee of' secur
ing ample light fromnt two Opposite Sides, be
sides giving the apartment good. slze. We
rften see platns of dwellings wLere ueltber
of these requisites are secured.
T''n best treatment ftr slight burns Is to,
apply cotton batting sonked with A. Thalinitmen
made of equal parts Ot linseed oil and iImni
-water. Jletrutefurt not ti break t blisterw
,hloulk any form.

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