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Rocky RJ iinlltail HIJa raaia R.
R. N. SU'L'ti~ERLIN, Editor. '1TH.;LD1) vY, J..I.JIARE" 2, 1iS77. To aEVEIRY rich placer inlliinig COIll F'V there inecessarily comes :t seli')l. n of I)l'(.pil'i ty" whhih cillannot holdl lip-a flood of popilia tion, tbusiiness, etc., which uiiist, in course of a few yeatrs. fll away. Mollntana has.n eeii that dlay. These iioiitlils were oicu crowdled with fortune huliters; lliiess. w'ent with a rush, and imony was ph'leIIty. A manil thought 1no more of ti"ve dollars lhuemi than he does of one, to-day. Year 1y ye' .r this state of tliluigs graduilly diehd away. Our populIaton has fallen off ani blusiness has gone down-downi ! But reaction in its time has s. t in; we have again began to prosper. This time, our prosperity is a per manelit one. ThIe true vllle lf oulr algri.l turail Icilities hlas bheeni demiiiostratled. Our vast pastoral privlege's are becominihig inmre and more iappreciated. allti our quartz inter ests are being develIoped, ; and we are ma:rclh lug on to a degree of Irosperity fromi which * Iere will be no decline. That region of .ountry alolng the line of the Union and Central Pacilio railroads, have passedl through a like ordeal. Thle building of the road( was to them what oilur rich gllehes were to Montana. But when the road was coilJpleted there was nothlling to sustain the busillesr, nlld then calIne i itlals-a season of dulness(1 more terrible than that which existed prior to the coln meueelicntl of the roads. But, at last this section has begun to prosper. again machhine abops, coatleries, and stock-raising have con spired to create a lively trade, but it has re 4tilred time to do it. Every one who hal experienced one of these seasons of dullness which follows so close on the heels of one of these periods of nulwal ranted prosperity, imut admit that it were far better if that rapid and unhealthy growth never existed, than that a people should have to endure its llling off again. .In distiasing the subject of a railroad to ,ontana, :te often hear the remnark that it i roul"lmake ie.tl ebrisk while lt was beilg built, which would eaable present owners o .sell at big figures, but in a fiew years dlrth b.dbusinesa, etc., must necessarily follow its $mapletion. Now if this is the effect to he pro fteed, It would be unwise to spend any mon 0 to bring about such a state ofaitlhirs. We don't want any more temporary greatness. We are prospering now. There Is no better .oor mail's country in Americat, and it will 4tt1y be a few years until emigrants attraet i~ hither by our shipment of wool, beef and .:es will begin to track the plains ietween kib and tl States, by hundreds. This will bring ratlroads rind all the kindred benefits Og ytlis~tion. Now the question to he de j~igjd. Is whether it is better to wait for 0stady progress of events to bring Iu *t e things ; whether we should wait tfor btlness demands to build a railroad, or whether we shall build one to make the bus naeuss Tills is a progressive age, and the Lat toa course to a wide-awake go-ahead people. gmnrs by far the most like business, yetthe ~prmer is surest and usually attended with beat results. We do not thirst frr any sea son of prosperous times that will not he per ;anent. We are not here for a term of .ars, buoyed up by the hope of making a1 tortu.e out of some visionary enterprise, ind depart to some sunnier clime. We are here to build a tome--have cast our destiny rWith the Territory antd expect to spend the remainder of our day i here, and finally flud a last resting place among her picture-gque hills; anda conzsequtently are only in favor of such measures s uas y insuret steady alz-I permanentt good. THB winter is )provinr unsually severe, b)ot.i west and east. Iti western Nehruska. the pllains tire so covered by deep snow as to seriousty threaten to redllce to starvatiou) the vast herids of catt.le that roaml that region. Ordinarily, when sunow fills there. it dtrifts "id leaves large areas of Iitrailluls dtriedt ama bare ; ibut, now the silow him;u ftthlen eyenily. and crust Iliorululedl. aunI the grass Is not available Iorgrazing purpose.,. In the .east thetre is i very steriou water .i:a.i:e i)pre vailintur WMu h retards luamultitetur nug, and lnakes t4.lT ettilg of ,water for .stuck, aud fU ort tl;itt'y douestiel opelatious, a dittl eulty.--Prab is Farmer. Here in Montana, we have had good weather tim entire winter. Once the nter t-ury west down as low as 18 o below zero, bll2~ Di. l:as n1ot 01: r')111 tl below Zero for forty cIi~l 10o1rs at, anyI 4flio tie the~ %.' 1101 wint l :. [htli -jle" tins nrot 1 eeu impedeud in the Sleapt. '1't1 oj rtallerS hiv e been tlirejiulin tite g1:;11 aIII aiihin t t inaket netingO ott, WO 1d. fenUilig. eto'.. fromi thlie IlIOantitiis Wti~on. il jeIr1otut)iIu'.l1P'C Thee 'av beeni no( sev.ee itt,1 (r0 anal .iut littleo sIlt' w. 't'there l~ )to w seot~ioi is tha~t hav en ~Ij03oyed theC liuxury of ;t good sleighi rule the whiole wiln ir'1". Our flock: 101(1 Inhrpl.d, both of hiorses fou(1 cait tie, were Ineve1r iI finer coilnditionI. What lit tle s1ow t11t has falleza in the val stock have ha i:h"eI wit hout inerr'pt~i~ ol, and101 ou0W olttol li and betf is rolliig tat. Poor ol] dairy cowSi. which have seta) h:tr;l ii ig0 aill stiuittuier, aire also(1 ill a thrivinig couiditioti, Anl it is not at ail probab1)le tli:at stuck will sufller, or even hiave to lilliake anr extra eXe(rto)i t() Ot)tallin Ileniity ol rood duiring the itionfii tlu t1 1111t' of wvinter yet befiore its. 'T'liese facts linly sottiid maiuorvelous to ouir eastern frieniud, huut tIhey are triue neverihe less. Let then) collie aunt exatniu e for thein selves, andol if they are nIot deliglhtetd with the country, it will be because it genial, aniid he:althy clilmalte, and opportiIIiL ies to establishi a lucrative and prosperous busi neCss has 110 shortns for then). JAY GOULD, Oliver Anmes, Sidney Dillon, and others have submitted a proposition to tile Legislature of Montana to build a nar row guage railroad from Franklin, Idaho, to a point. as far ubrth as the mouth of the Big Hole river in this 'Territory, a distance of 300 miles, for a subsidy of $1.500.000 (or $5,000 per mile), in Territorial bonds, bear ing eight per cent. per annum, the roadl to be built at the rate of one hundred miles a year, and bonds to be issued tir every twenl ty miles of road as soon as completed. We had anticipated a proposition from this soturce, butt had hoped it would be more ic ceptible than this one. As we have pre viously intimated, we believe a large major ity of the people of this Territory are ranm pant lor a railroad, and will vote for almost any measure that promises one, however dangerous the experiunent ma:y be, hence we had hoped that some proposition would be submitted which would he fair and equi table, that subsidy, though a '.bittcer bill " to us, might have been rendered a little iore palatalble. But we must say we :ire sadly disap:pointitd. The proposition is thir from what we anticipated ; inot what the people expected ; not what they desired, and not. in our opinion, such as they are prepar ed to nccept-)not such as they can, in jus tice to themselves, accept. In the first place, iti is subsidizing a road fully five-sixths of which lies beyond the limits of our Territo ry, and from which the Territory eouht have no revenne. nor be profited in the least by the setttling up and development of the country a long the line of the road. Second, it is a narrow guage, and the line of Which. it is to bie an extension has proven to be at failure, not being able to contend with the snow upon the mountain ranges; and last but not least, $5,C00 per mile would be a h"rge subsi ly to give to at standard guage nmict trunk line, even if every foot of the road lacy within the boundary of our Terri tory, much less to make such an enormous gift to a branch line on the narrow guage order. a holly inadeqjate for winter use in the region through which it is to be built, and f)r one too which reac:hes not further than fifty miiles into the Territory. It has been estimated that a road ot teus desc'i'ip tion ian be construetedl and eqmuipped for $0.000 per mile. If this be trite--and it seemlls to comlie from good aultthor~tyý--er tail ly the demlantl is utnreasonable. We had hoped that they "wouhl do better OuR 'Territorial Sutperintendent of Pubhlitc Instruetli ,, Cornelils HIedges, advo41'tes, in a rteceit conlumnicti tion to the He.lena Herald. the passiage by the Legislature of anl act provilinig that no conutton school dist4"ict slall be entitled to an :apportionmnvt of public mutoney unless they have six montihs' school during eachl year, instead of three months us the law now stands. This is al together preumat'r'e. and would work as pos itive injury to our sparsely settled districts. WVe regret that a lack of space preehCIdes.our entering into the spirit of the question at length. But we trust there i too lmuch igood, hard sense. existing in our legislahtlre to utertaiu such a p*"opo.iti.ot for au justant, amlt we hope the matter may not r et b rotirg !before them at. all. We are nil ardent .sup porter of a thorough public school .-stein, rild shall he but too happy to do all in our i),,wer to :(vl\'ace the cause. We will hail with delight any amendment calculate(l to inprove it, but certainly think the measure proposed is premature and unjust. LEGISLATIVE. IT1iELNNA, January 23, 1d G6. Since my last there has been a lull in anid albout Ihe Capital, which may be attrilunta ble to the absence of office-seekers, anrd th,. Legislature has turned into line, 1and ins cadl of adjourning as was p)roposed by some prominenlt meliil)Vers last week, have assum ed a business-like appearance. Instead of lounging around the bars, most of themn have app:arently decided upon a more eco nomical plan by giving their elbows a rest and taking their home-like, soothiung corn Iort froni their favorite companion and soi acer-the pipe. Their deliberation in organizing may be taken as a criterion for their future work. whicllh, if continmd('( throughout the term, will be careful and characterized by pru dlernce anlll econiiomiy. 'Taking a glance at them while seated at their desks, one imust admit that they poC ses an average of the intelligence of the country, and if guided in the future by the saume coolness and calution which ha;s been 'exhibited by their past actions, we may yet expect some good to come of their delibera tions. In the Htouse the progress has been slow. save in the work of introducing bills. It would be useless to undertake to lurziish a ldescription of the bills, as they will doubt less be materially changed before they reach the Council. Up to this date none of the House bills have reached the Council. In the Counlli, the progress has been bet ter, eight or Unine b ills having been passed by that body and(1 gone to the HIouse for ap proval. Among these bills is one giving the Govtmrtior power to appoint a "Onlllliis sioner of Deeds; als-o, a bill giving the 'C(ounty Conunissioiners the .power to -reject any or all bids for the care anid maintenance of county sick ; and also, a bill allowing in terest on county warrants. A bill alliwing swine to run at large ddiring the winteur sea son, has also passed the Council. An act compelling owners of water ditches atd tlooms to keep them in repair, and prevent the waste of water which often damages roads. etc., was passed. A bill in regard to the election of county Assessors, tmaking an Assessor ineligible for a second ternm, was :alo passed by this body, but will probably be,killed in the House. Among the bills introduced, is a school law which is so volu minous that I cannot give even asynopsis. No railroad bills have yet made their appear alice, except the bill giving counties adjoin ing Lewis an.d Clarke the right to vote whether or not they will aid in the construe tio. of the Benton road. I learn that on Monday Mitchell will introduce a bill ask ing a subsidy for the building of a north and sounth narrow guage railroad. 'The pro visions of the bill require that the road shall be conpleted within three years, to the Big Iole river, the payments to be in seven per cent. bonds upon the coimpletioni of and sup plying each twenty miles of the road withl rolling stock, at $3,500 per mile. The bill asking a subsidy to construct a wide guage road from the head of navigation on the Yellowstone to the easteru otuldary of Deer Lodge county, has not yet been drawn up), hut will be out very soon. A bill con solidatihng the oliices of MeIgher county is thvor;hly spoken of, and Mr. Brainard will douihtless get it through. A bill will be in tro(luced next week to allow Gallatin coun ty to vote $15,000 for the building of a school-house in ¶ozeman. The bill to an thoorize the counstrulciool of a Terl'ritorial in sane asylumni will doubtless pass. but will be imlproved very nimterially before it becomes a law. Another one of tlhe important bills to be introduiced is one grnting an exemlp Iion tronl tax oar ten years to the tlirst wool en mill which may be built in the Territory. 'The special provisions of the bill :lhavte not yet been made known. When the bill is printed I will give a more perfeet neccount of it. 'Wn. GENERAL NEWS. A :Or'i B ~ie fcc ~OI gC occiirreCd on the Mo 1 :1" tifcl:f. at I':It.tA IiIT h on the 16th I t (11(fg t il rrt i!.c tiOnl to the dry docks lý it. pr rorted from military lc(Itiy;:lctrIC li:tt Gen. Mil;e haud a engage. iI1ClAr WdU~ ,iititIg Bull, Dc(c. 18, dcleatji4t lVt!12. (U) IletI(I of 10)I~iCS and sm j)s±sl ((h 1~p'e.-A", .L hto~t (fUoccurred in 11Lf:fpiS.c `'[Ciff., ili wcIich iiitiuy lIfoIIusn4c sma: 1 lld sIakt$ Cd (B doW Ii W iIh the rain, Si;oote (of (ff0110 WItc a fotuJ cntg" 1' icu s.tiol to(0 c (finll I ed? at Wo 00( Mounrtain File Pre:4deitst r rc Ico;,"liiizc thec Packard goyi' ff IfCift.-L t is ( tli1 Cd Ii e that the lll ,ige (101ice at. (Jjffirjfflldf byS the ITccciot break up of iee daff1 overflow of theo river, will reaoch $ 10,00.-A Ica:rful stow storm on. eiirred iii New York o0l tile 15th hilt. [Ibil. roadl were blockaded and trains del:ayed over torty-eight hours. Ii portions of the State the snow is said( to be deeper tlhan was ever kno',\n t'efore.Elinbur. Pa., had a firo ont the 1.i h inst. LOlss, $Ut5A.O0.- Rear Admiral .o,,eplih Smith, the oldest otlicer i, Whe U. S. Navy, died at Washiinglon oil tie Trh inst. - The IVorld's \Vashillgtron spe. cial siays the HIouse ihas caustsd thle arrest of' Wells anll Anderson, lt.l. berts of thl Loiuisiotai retitrntilg board.- The cashier of tlhe Ulion Trolst Co., New York, has dis co)vtred : ltorged tc-'ech, $(;4,000.--'ihe hat matnulactlory of Orrin, Benedlict & Co., New York, has sispentted. Liabilities, $150,00, I-The Democrats have Ilotninated D)ai'L MI;arcy for Governor ofl New Ilampl)shiire.- Geni. Diaz tailed to efl, ct a coimptromisev ith Iglesias. He attacked tile forces of lglesiai onI GI 1111:'j)l SitI, conlland(ed by Antiilon on the 3)d int.. auit Antillon was defeated; he slurrendered his irtillery and all material of war to Gen. iZn:let ait Martinez. Iglesin has asked to 1,e allowed to retire to private lile. Gen. Qnuirogo stiltPorted Lerdo until Novemllber 30it1, then surrendered over 5,O men iand a large uamonit of war mudteria andll retired to his raclie. He was after, wards arrested, tried and condemned to shot on the 121lh inst. The Ildiains made a raid on the rane metr iear Ciiugwater statioll, VWy., rtnu of tiflty hiend of' hiorses.-- Fred May hlIls rived in New Yofk City, unihurt.- Ah' *Sanders has:(s eeli elected U. S. Scnutor fr iromn Nebraska.- ''le snow blockade Pouighkeepsie. N..Y., has been raised. The Senate (otln:mi tee have compleJlted ti \\'work at New Orlen:ts.- J ates, E. Bail has bteell elected U. S. Senator from Teen see, for the short terln.- Geo. F. hiori been elcetet U. S. Senator fronl Mlssach Isetts. - A riot occurlred at Carthl: ge II on the 15th inst Two person))s were ha wounded, and severtall horses killed.-' new eal vass of th[lie vote of Florid, drd by the new Governor, resulted in 7 nlj ty for 'lildent.---Ain ice gorge, on the - toulla, broke on the'.18Jtl inst., doing - meise dlata:ge to the shipping and warrt SWashington. -A dispatch of the 20th inst., states that electoral bill continces to challenge a -diversity of ophinioi in New York City. · Herald predicts is passage, atld ebtra izees the opposiatg arlul'titenlt as weak. 1 T2ibune pIrtes.t.. 'I'he World is rtiher rSel\ve. The Sun is otillilalsiy siielit. Tines critici.es thle bill for not iore dc lhdetiiltwg the p)owers oit the pioposed - mission ; (ldeltiOlitccs unllC i.thitiUihttll attemlipit to go behin ll li awfi udlill dtk I of the electoral votes, a.iitI (rilltiS fl1ii supposed tribuitals catuot . i e i ttjmptil jutdicial. for even the jillnges arc choae' e cording to their sililr 'cst paljNriy .yli, f lehiu bituh to chailice in tl-e "elett Sthe lilt hi judge, whose decision nti tt the whole care. The bill lluli gives tli bnural the right to interpret thle l oe s Congress. ill ases where th ese po!w'1t 1 conlesse(dly tiuldeteriited in tie (1it'0t or prece(telils of Co.ttress itisclt ttll that o1 extraoriXtItil-ity ( a l'k tio.t, l Slever fallenl to our lot to extnlile'. a respectable legislative body itiiil _.i t- written coistiitution, or by a clear lI es_ sal'V ilbrence fro tmn t tat illfl should be asked to clothe alit riti'lra e aecidettal counmisnsion, with all thle pl0i 'i any possessed by itsell in the prenti i we believe, utileird i of. We liv li it ought also to ie intolherable. i' r see how the Supreme Cort; ;ildg.'t Co i i a1- y proper conceptiolt, of t he ¶i!ph,,~ti . olite cn(ol i conselit to Itake piart an "t. et ter eltr miethod of rl ulhi ,i. Is great public questioi. Tlhe' *i,.dtit"i are cialled uIpoin to niot ilre tatl to n.it it like Judicial thoroughness which) is tojudicial impartitllty.