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Rocky MloulllltaiIl _llW all .hll.
R. N. SUTHERLIN, Editor. 'rHUItSI)AY, FEBRUARY 1, 1877. TnHEHE are at present, a i1uner of bills before the Legislature asking a gift on the part of the Territory to aid in the construc tion of a railroad. One bill provides that the counties adjoining Lewis and Clarke may have the privilege of voting to give a cer taiu amount of county bonds to the Benton railroad. Another is for the purpose of granting aid to a north and south road. A. third is adso for the assistance of a girth and south road, comming within the require ments of the proposition made by Jay Gould and others. A fourth bill proposes to grant a subsidy of $5,000 per mile to a road from the head of navigation on the Yellowstone, west 300 miles. And still an other, we understand. is to be introduced to aid a road from Deadwood, Dakota, via. the National Park, to Helena, the provisions of which we have not yet learned. The Benton road would le decidedly the cheapest, and would no doubt be very ser viceable during a portion of the year, and would insure us much more rapid and cheaper transportation durimg the boating season than we have at present. The north and south railroad would give us an outlet to the Pacific as well as to the Atlantic, and though a narrow gauge, would be adequate to the business likely to go over it during such season as it was ii operation. The standard gauge from the head of nav igation on the Yellowstone, would, if it were not conucCted with the Northern Pa cite, also be a summer road. Any and all these propositions have their advantages and their disadvantages, their friends an(d their foes. The chief question which seems to agitate the public mind is ifot whether a subsidy shall be granted, but which of those proposed shall be adopted. Now we, unlike most of our coteamporaries, ire not fully persuaded but what it would be best to reject all of them, and cease talking of subsidies altogether. There 4;,luch a thiii as "paying too dear for a whistle." We coun sel our law-makers to make haste slowly. A sharp-sighted people will not hold themi blameless should they blunder in such an important matter. The interests o0 every section should be consulted, and the welftre of every class duly weighed and considered. To EXEMPT from taxation any industrial enterprise, establishes a bad precedent for all interests should stand alike before the law anid pay its proper portion of the comn mon expense of civil government. But1a there arc times when it is to the interest of a people to aid in the establishment of new industries, and we know of no more equita ble manner of accomplishing this object than exempting the same from taxation for a short space of time. Montana has won-. (1erftladvantages for the establishment of mnanufaetories; but in order to get a busi ness started, it is necessary to give it a little impetus. To this end it is proposed to ex empt the first woolen mill established in our 'T'erritory for a term of years. In view of f he great advantage this would give to our Territory, we believe it would be wisdom on the part of our Legislature to pass an act, exempting the first woolen mill built in Montmea, for a terns not exceeding four yeairs. This would allow ample time for a fhetory to get properly underway, and build up a self-sustaining and profitable business. As a wool-growing country, Montana has ne superior on the Conti'ent of America. The same may be said of her nmanufaeturing facilities. One woolen mill in sucee4sfnl op erationi would be the means of inducing the erection of more, and the wool industry would be greatly stimulated. The opera tion of the factory would incremise the eon suniption ot farm product, and the Territo ry would save to her own people the vast revenue on the exports of wool, and the it, port of a large amount of our heaviest wool en goods, We are opposed to the principle of privi lege class, but in this instance; it seems to (is that the temporary exemption of a wool en 'sill would be the most judicious manner of aiduing such an entetprise, and result in a permanent benefit to the Territory at large. BT. liberal as well as honest in your busl ,xvss transm:ctious, it you would win the es A'nti of your fellow-n en. FROM THE CAPITAL. Turning about the streets of the capital one day last week in search of fresher scenes with whi*kh to regale myself, my attention was directed to the great clusters of school children wending their way along the streets, and thinking that a peep within their tem pie of instruction might be of interest to the readers of the II sluNmANI determin ed.to pay the Helena graded school a visit, and securing the company of ex-School Superintendent, 11. C. Wilkinson, of the Bozeman Times, and Major Davenport, of Helena, I found myself in front of the ele gant school building just as the bell was ringing the first morning call. Ascending the high steps to the door, we were met by an usher who showed us up a long stairway where we were welcomed by the Professor, IT. P. R~olfe, and invited to seats upon the rostrum in the assembly room. This room, which is on the third floor of the mammoth building, is large enough to seat about seven hundred persons. The ceiling is high, well finished and the room is well ventillated. Soon after we were seated the bell tapped. the huge doors on either side swung open and in came the schollars, those most ad vanced in age and studies taking the lead, the girls turning to the right and the boys to the left, each forming in line in front of their seats. It was a real treat to scan the features and expressions of unsuspecting in nocence, beauty and intelligence on all ftces from the Miss and youth of eighteen to the child of four. The exercises were commenc ed by reading a chapter from the bible, by the Professor, after which the school joined in singing a sold-stirring song, assisted on the piano by Miss Theresa Sands, one of the advanced pupils, and a nmst excellent per former. I cannot now name the song, but its thrilling tones and admirable sweetness, mingled in its four hundred chords of sweet est melody and youthful joy, are still fresh in my memory. The morning exercises being over, the class returned in perfect order and system to their respective appartmnents. Leaving a ii the assembly room, we were conducted to the several school-roortis, where we made ' the acquaintance of the teachers and wit nessed the morning recitations. In No. 1 we found Mr. Gr. B. Johnson in charge of s the most advanced scholars, his department c on this morning numbering fifty scholars. In room No. 2, Miss S. Sanders, with fifty- t one scholars, was hearing a recitation in mental arithmetic. The grannmar school. in No. 3, presided over by Miss Maggie Walker, is the largest, numbering sixty scholars. In No. 4, Miss Cornelia Simms has a. very' interesting school, numbering t fifty-four pupils, most of them being little Misses of even age.. No. 5, in charge of Miss Nellie Clarke, numbering fifty-three scholars, were reciting their reading lessons. Miss Jennie D'Acheui, in No 1, with fifty three scholars, was hearing mornilg lessons which were quite interesting. Descendinu to the first floor of the building, we visited room No. 7-the primary department-pre sided over by Miss Ella Slocum. This de partment numbering fifty scholars-all in their A B C's-was by far the mnist inter esting room we visited. As we entered the little ones were just going through with the calisthenics, a very entertaining andtattract iye song and gymnastic exercise or recita tion. After having, at the request of the accomplished teacher of *this department, left our autograph in her album, we bid adieu to the helena graded school, delight ed to note that its well appointed and model system is such as the people of Helena may well be proud of. WILL. LEGISLATIVE. HELENA, January 29, 18 f Twenty days of this session of the Legis lature have passed arid up to this date only three bills have been passed by both houses, and It Is to the credit of Lhe Council to state that these bills originated in that body. There Is a marked contrast in the working of the two.houses. in the House, the whole time has been consumeJ in discussing amend - melts and introduviu.g bills, and but few r have as yet passed thnl body, while in the Council the progress, as smoupared with that of last year, is about thA same. Since my letter last week, the number of bills intro - duced in the Council has reached t idrty-five, twenty of whicb have passed and gone to the House. This, however, embraces the three Council bills which have passed both branches and gone to the Governor for his Oignature. The four House bills which have passed that body and reached the Council, are House bill No. 1, to pay for the care of insane; No. 3-a bill to authorize the Gov ernor to offer a reward for the capl ture of robbers-which has been tabled by the Council ; No. 12, which authorizes the care of Territorial convicts, has been referred to the committee on Federal Relations in the Council. No. 7 is to repeal the law in re gard to administrators, approved May 0, 1S73. The following bills have passed the Coun cil up to this date: No. 9, to require the owners of water ditches to keep them in repair ; No. 10-a bill in regard to trial ju rors-allowing them $4.00 per day. This bill is amended so as to apply to Deer Lodge county only. No. 11-an act giving district courts authority to employ stellograpllers. No. 12, for the benefit of common schools. It appropriates the money received from the sale of government lands within town limits to the school funds of such districts. A bill to prohibit the sale of intoxicating liquors on Sunday is favorably received by the Cquncil, but will probably be defeated in the House. It is now in the hands of the House committee on Education. No. 14 is a bill to give poor men the right to prosecute civil suits in courts without giving security. It has passed the Council and will probably become a law. No. 10 gives the citizens of school district No. 7, in Gallatin county, authority to vote $15,000 for the erection of a building for a graded school in Bozeman. No. 23, to protect birds, fish, etc., has also I passed the Council. It prohibits the killing of grouse, prairie chickens, partridges or quails by any person, at any time of the year, for sale or speculative purposes. An other very good bill, which has passed the Council, is one prohibiting saloon-keepers from allowing minors under the age of 21 years to gamble or drink in their houses or saloons. It has been read the second time in the House, and will probably become a law. Mitchell's narrow gauge railroad bill has been laid on the table in the Council. A similar bill in the house, has been amended so as to mjake the northern terminus at Boul der, in Jefferson county, and reduced the subsidy to one million and one dollars. Hays' bill for a standard gauge railroad from the heat oT navigation on the Yellowstone river, to run three hundred miles westward to the boundary of Deer Lodge county, asks for a subsidy of one million and a half of dollars. The North Pacific railroad compa ny are to have the preference of building the road. This bill was treated with a good deal of contempt when first introduced, but since it is found that it has so many friends, the tide seems to be changing in its favor. It can pass the Council, but what will be come of it in the House is difficult to tell, singe it is almost iumpossible to pass any sort of a bill in that body. I am inclined to the belief that it will meet about the same fate there that the narrow gauge bill would re ceive in the Council-a sad death. It is pos sible, however, that there will be a compro mise, and that both propositions will go be fore the people. Railroad matters seem to be in rather bad condition just now. Many of the Helena and Lewis and Clarke people are anxious to see the Benton road built, but they say that Lewis and Clarke county canaot stand to be taxed for the Benton I road and any other road; so if the Territory undertakes to subsidise a road, the Benton road project is defeated.. The people of Meagher county are certainly interested to a considerable extent with Lewis and Clarke county, and should a proposition be present e-c to them to vote a subsidy to a North and South railroad, with its terminus at the Big Hole river, I believe they would much pre g for to vote a light subsidy. to, the Benton , road than to see the center of trade of the e Territory changed to that point. I venture. to saythat a majority of them would vote g agcinst a Territorial subsidy which propos e ed to build a road outside of the Territorial _ limits. It is therefore reasonable to sup v posethat if a subsidy.of any kind is voted ,e by them it will be to aid. the North Pacific it or head of navigation railroad, or the Ben ton railroad. A telegram has just been received 'from Gen,. Stark. by the President of the Coun Cu cil, which places _a still better aspect upon .o the railr'oad situiationu. Wru. GENERAL NEWS. NElv YouK, Jan. 27.-To Presiden the Council and Speaker of the House of Representatives: We hear that a bill is b. fore you to grant a subsidy of live thousand dollars per mile, for a standard gauge roan from the head ot navigation on the Yellow. stone, three lhundred miles wvesttwargi Should it pass in reasonably practicable form, the Northern IPacilie will do all il its power towards the isn mediate constructio0. of that section of the road. GRo. STARK, Vice Pres't Another vein of silver ore has beet, strucs in the Merrituac, Me.--TIse Cihamuber if Commuerce, of St. Louis. favors thee Comnpro. mise bill for counting the election 'eturns, -i ev. J. C. Lord, of Iiufthlo, N. Y., died on the 21st ult.-France is said to be ecn cocting a conspiracy agrainst Germany'. The Senate passed the Compromise bill by vote of 47 to 17.-John R. McPhersoms ha been chosen U. S. Senator from New Jersey. -A mail carrier was attacked near Ped Cloud on the 23d ult.-The fifty Sioux who were sent out to treat with Craz? Horse, were suet by a party of Cheyenmsu and dismounted, thus nece sitatina their r(, turn to the agency.-It is reported that Violin & Papinau's train on the Little 111e souri, was captured on the 23d by Crazy Horse's band, and twenty men who were with the train, were hmasssaced.--Judge Davis has been elected U. S. Senator of Illi. nois.-Judge Wyst, an eminent jurist, gives it as lis opinion that the compromise bill is unconstitutional.-lI. D. Davis has been elected U. S. Senator from West Vir. ginia.-The electoral compromise bill passed the House on the 2th iult., at a vote 191 to 86. Iii the Senate, January 27, the Pacificrail read bill was called up and read at length, when Thurman, in charge of the bill, yield. ed for executive session, and when the doors were re-opened the Senate adjourned. In the House, Knott, front the Judiciary Committee, in the case of Balford, the Col. orado Representative, report favoring his admission, and said he would etll it up for action on Tuesday. The four members of the Louisiana Returning Board were prey ented at the bar of the Ilouse, but owing to the Republican members being absent at the caucus, they were temporarily withdrawn. The House then went into Committee ofthe Whole on the Indian appropriation, bill. The Committee, without adoptiiing any is portant amendments, rose and reported to the House and it was passed. The four members of the Louisana Re turning Board were again presented at te bar of the House, and the Speaker put the formal question to Wells, what excuse he had to make. Hle replied that two mew" bers of the Board had just arrived and: ask. ed time for conference to make their answer. The other members of the Board made the same reply, and Lyinde thereupon offeral two resolutions, one adjudging the witness in contempt, the other ordering them to appear before the investigating committee and produce the papers called for, aid in the meantime that they be kept in the cU tody of the Sergeant-at-Arms. The examination of witnesses in regard to the Louisiana election, still continuesat Washingto.-The state of aflidrs in Louis Tana is still unsettled.,--- The New TorW Herald renounces the Senate iftvestigatols committee of South Carolina in bitter terms The Missoulian pays Iron. W. E. Bass of Bitter Root the following.deserving compiS nment: The Council, now in . session . at HIelec has given to this county, which has but a one-thirteenth of the representation of that body, the Presidency. It is a compliment to. this county that Is dtiy appreciated, 30 is- an evidence that, among all the "lP tent, grave and reverend' seniors" of thaI body, Missoula county has sent one excellent than all his felfows. And, whey the.record of the doingp of this session shll I have been made up, and our Mr. Bass sle have added to the honors received from') colleague by aiding in the pass'ge c b wholesome measures-for the benitit of constituents, there is -a possibility of greater honors beings .thrust upon him the people, and that Missoula county mu n yet furnish forth material fqr. the.. h . nationgl legislaion..