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THE GULF STREAM. The Gulf Stream is a current In the At lantic Ocean, issuing from the Gulf of Mexi co between Florida and Cuba, following the general direction of the coast of the United States so far as to near Long Island, thence trending easterly, increasing in width until it reaches mid-ocean. There it divides, one portion going northwardly and probably reaching the open Polar Sea (if there be one) via Spitzbergen; another portion washing the shores of the British Isles, while still an other stream warms the Azores, Madeira, Canary and Cape Verd Islands, finally join ing the Equatorial Current, to be returned to the place whence it started. This stream is narrowest between Cape Florida and the Bemini Islands, where it is limited to forty-four miles in width. Its ve locity there is from three to five miles an hour, and its highest surfilce temperature is 850. It is bounded by walls of cold water, the distance of which from the shores varies greatly. At Cape Florida the inner wall is only a little distance from the shore; at St. Augustine it is often seventy-five miles; at Charleston, seventy; at Cape tHatteras, thir ty-five; at Cape May, one hundred and thirty-seven, and at Sandy Hook two hun dred and fifty-five miles. This walls are distinctly marked, as are also the bands, so called, of the stream itself, the middle of the stream being colder than either side, and thus, in crossing the stream from Cape Hat teras, we first find warmer water thirty-five miles from shore, thell we cross the first maximum or hot band, fifty miles wide, then the cooler band thirty miles wide, and again a second warm band fifty miles wide. The middle of the southern portion of the stream is considerably higher than either aide, and is readily seen by watching any floating thing on a calm day. It will leave the ship from which it is thrown, to the east or west as the ship may be on one or the other side of the center of tile stream. When it leaves the Florida Straits its waters are of a deep blue, differing much in color from those adjacent, and the boundary line is marked by the color for more than a hun dred miles. The stream does not always occupy the same position. In September it touches Ncva Scotia and Newfoundland, but in March its northern limit is many miles further south. The temperature comparel I with the ocean waters shows a difference of from 20 to 30 degrees at the surface. This difference decreases with the depth of the water, and more rapidly at tile north, showing there only a comparatively thin stratum of warm water, while off the Florida coast a differ ence is found at a great depth, proving, it is believed, the existence of an under current from the Arctic regions that goes to fill the place In the Gulf that would otherwise be left void. It is computed that the force required to produce the Gulf Stream equals that which would drive 90,000 millions of tons up a grade of three Inches in a mile at the rate of three miles an hour. To the warmer waters of the stream are owing many of the excel lent fisheries along the Atlantic Coast. The fish prefer the cooler waters along shore, where they congregate in large numbers and are easily taken.--Rural New Yorker. POISONOUS FIREWOBKS. A correspondent, referring to our article under the above heading stating that a lady in Bristol, N. II., died from the effects of tImes from red fire, doubts whether this was the cause of her death. But if the red tire used was such an absurd composition as ni trateof stronth, black sulphide of antimony, sulphur, and chlorate ot potash, it is evident that the arismnr gases must be injurious to health. Many recipes current in newspapers, selentific books, and even school books, are bad, and are evidently copied from some old obsolete publication. "Properly made red fire," says our correspondent, "should con tain no sulphur or antimony in any form whtatever.--Scient.f Americao. CotiN and oats will tids year take the place of wheat in Wantonwan county, Minnesota. -It is essimated that the number of ladies who ecanot pass a merror without glancing Into i, arages about twelve to every dozmea NO'TICE TO MINERS. United States Land Office, I Helena, Montana. March 7, 1877. Albert J. Stephens, whose post office address is Camp Baker Meagher county, Montana Territory, has this day flled his application to enter as agricultural land, under the final homestead laws, the northeast quarter (N E qr) of section 22, township, No. 11 north, range No. 4 east, which land is suspended from entry. Notice is hereby given, that a hearing will be had at this omice, on the seventeenth day ot April A. D. 1877, at ten o'clock a. mi, to deter mine as to the mineral or non-mineral character of said land. and te.tinonv to be used upon saidl hear ing will be taken before William Gaddis, a Notary Public at c'amp Baker, Montana Territory, on the 14th day of April, A. I). 1877, at 10 o'clock a. m. It is alleged that there are no known miners, nor mining improvements, upon sait land. J. I1. MOE, Register. March 15, 1877-17-5w. SU UMMONS. IN TIIE PROBATE COURT OF MEAGIIER COUNTY, TERRITORY OF MONTANA. CIHARLES 1'. RADERt, Plaintrif, ) vs. s MAZDON FITZ, Defendant. The People of the Territory of Montana send greet ing to Mazdon Fitz, D)efendant. You are hereby required to appear in an action brought against you by the above named PIlaintiff in the Probate Court of Meagher County, Territory of Montana, and to answer the complaint filed therein, within ten days (exclusive of the day of service) after the service on you of this sununons if served within this county; or, if served out of this county, but in this district, within twenty days; otherwise, within forty days-or judgment by de fault will be taken against you, according to the prayer of said complaint. The said action is brought to recover the sum of Four Hundred and Ninety-Nine Dollars and Thlr ty-One Cents, alleged to be due from you to said Plaintiff, for money paid, laid out and expended for you, at your instance and request, and for your benefit, at Helena, Montana Territory, be tween the 7th day of April, 1876, and the 11th day of March, 1877. And you are hereby notified that if you fall to appear and answer the said complaint, as above required, the said Plaintiff will take judgment against you for the sum of Four Hundred and Ninety-Nine Dollars and Thirty-One Cents, with interest and costs of suit. Given under my hand and the Seal of the Probate Court of the.County of sla.. Meagher, Territory of Montana, this 6Ith day of March, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and seventy-seven. G. A. HAMPTON, .lerk. OUR COMBINED CATALOGUE FOR 1877, or EVERYTHING FOR THE GARDEN Numbering 175 pages, with colored plate, SENT FREE To our customers of past years, and to all Furchas ers of our books, either Gardening for Profit, Practical Plorieulturo, or Gardening for Pleasure. (Price $1.50 each, prepaid, by mail.) To others, on receipt of 25c. Plain Plant or Seed Catalogues, without plate, free to all. PETER EENDERSON & COMPANY, Beadamen, Market Gardeners and Florists, 35 Cortlandt St., New York. January 25, 1877-2-10-6w. THERE IS MONEY IN I''. ZllXFT 1r0e lzzyTIOTZ, A=ID oT Pll~IasLn Special Inducements to the Trade. AGENTS WANTED ]rerywhere for the Pa'ly sat aianhtotelag SEWING MACHINES 0tWl !Ma, $175.000. reY isar nra limplest, Lightest Brinnin& Best Made tad Host fellable Sewing Machines in the world. (oes tdh4 out and rememlber i.) ""drs Wesw lsing Lhine Ca., e U. 208 £ 205 Wabash Ave., Chioigc FIRST NATIONAL BANK OF HELENA Deign.ated Depository of the United Stati. S. T. HAUSER, - - - President. D. C. CORBIN, - - VicePresident. it. W. KNIGLHT -- - .-- Cashier. T. H. KEINISCIMIDT, - Aass't. Cashier. We trasiact a gdnl8Pi Banking business and buy at the highest ratess GOLD DUST, COIN, GOLD AND SILVER BULLION, And Local Securities; and sell Exchange and Telegraphic TransftrB. Available in all parts of the United States an Can aas -Great Britain, Ireland and the Continent. Colleetlons made and Prcel remitted promptly. Halena, Jatuary 20, 11876-ff No. 14 SOUTH COMMERCIAL STREET, ST. LOUIS, MO. COMMISSION AGENCy MISSOURI STATE GRiANGE (Bonded in the sum of $100,000. Manufaic:tutrer of THE GRANGE WAGON, w Light Spring Wagons and Bugg RedItuction in Brices for 1877. THE GRANGE WtAGON. WAGONS. CARRIES. 2 1-2 in. Thim Skein,Vkil vcry light2-h'se 1001(J ls. $45 S3-4 i light -horc h 500 lbs. 49 3 in. , medimh -hore 4801}lbs. 50 3 1-4 in. 2-h, e -h 400 1s. 53 3 I-2 in. 3-h'e (light 4-h) 32(0 lbs. 65 3.-4 in. , 4-horse 40001bs. 65 1 3-8 in. Iron Axle, very light 2-horse 130011 bs. 53 11-2 in. liglht 2-ihorse 16001bs. 54 1 5-8 in. 2-horse 20001]s. 55 1 :1-4 in. ' 3-1'e (light 4-h'c) 25(001bs. 62 2 in. 4-horse 4000 1ls. 70 Spring Seats, $4.00 extra, Two-leaf Springs, oil tempered. Wheeler's Patent Brakes, $4.50 extra. SPRING WAGONS, RnoM $95.00 TO $130.00. BUGGIES, FROM $120.00 To $..% We desire to call the special attention of MONT'ANA SI-TIPPEag to the fact that they can realize The Highest Market Price by consigning their * WOOL, HIDES, FURS AND ROBES to our care. Prompt attention given to the pub chase of FAMILY AND FARM SUPPLIES, AGRICU.I SRAL MACHINERY, Etc., Etc. Printed instructions and information for the ben.*l shippers, and Market Reports furnished on applicatios WALTER W. DELACY, U. S. DEPUTY MINERAL SURVEYOR HELENA, - MONTANA. CHARLES MARKHAM, MAIN STREET, IIHELENA, M. T., Wholesale and Retail Dealer in, .and Manufacturer of Saddles and Bridles Riding Saddles, Riding Bridles, Horse Collars, $E4 sess Oil, Pistol Holsters, Linen Sheets, Gig +. Saddles, Spanish Bits, Mexican Spurs, ROUND AND FLAT BRIDLES, Ivory and fHorn Martingale Rings, Stage Lashes, Buggy Whips, Ankle Boots, Slipper Stirrups,H ill's Concord Harness,Buckskins, California Saddle Trees, Side Saddles Curry Combs, Brushes, etc. All Sales made at Lowest Cash Rate& January 20, 1876-ly pEOPLE'S MLAT MARKET. KROFT & FLEMING Keep constantly on hand the best quality of BEEF, PORK, MUTTON AND SAUSAGE Nearly opposite the Husbandman Ofaee, MAIN' STREET, DIAMOND QGITY, M. I. Nov. 26, 1875-tf. HELENA AND DIAMOND CITY, STAGE LIN E . UTNITED STATES MAIL. P. B. CLARK, - - Proprietor. Coaches leave Helena Monday, Wednesday, and Friday, at 7 o'clock a. m. Leave Diamond City Tuesday, Thursday, and Saturday, at7 o'clock, a. m. HELENA AND BOZEMAN. Ceaches leave Helena every morning, (Sundays excepted,) at4 o'clock, a. inm. Leave Bozeman every morning, (Sundays except ed,) at4 o'clock, x. m. Passengers and freight carried at moderate rats OFFICES: HELTXA-Davis is Wallace's, Main Street. Bozn A .-Willsui & Rich's, cor. Main and 306.W man Streets. BOZEMA2 AND VIRGINIA,. andm V every Monday, Weinwna' and Friday, at4o'clock, , m. Leaves Bozeman''Ueda, Thud ad ' da, at4 o'clock, a. Thursday ad Orriica-l V gai, at Raymond Bres. B R ,ER'S WHITE SULPHUR SPRINGS LSMITIH RIVER VALLEY, MEAGHER COUNTY, MOXTANA, These Springs are situated on the Helena ando roll road, 40 miles cast of Diamoud. Thebesutif l location and wonderful curative qualities of tl Springs have already induced hundreds of invslidi and pleasure seekers to visit them. Visitors will find good, comfortably furnbb rooms, and the table sulpplied with thebesttbhe try aftords. p* TERES REASONABLE.g." H. B. BRIIN&I June 29, 1876-32-6m. C OSMOI'OLITAN IIOTEL. Nos. 37 and 39 Main Street HELENA, MONTANA. Schwab & Zimmerman, Prop'r This Hotel is centrally located, has elegant b l well furnished rooms and parlors, and is the chap cat and best house west or St. Louis. We still retain the St. Louis Hotel for lodl04 only.. With the TWO FINEST AND LARGEST BRICI II STONE STRUCTURES IX TlEA LINE IN THE CITY. we can offer BETTER ACCOMMODATIONS to the traveling rublic than any other houNIt city, and defy competition. With thie promise on our part, we ask tihes. to satisfy themselves. SCHWAB & ZIMMERMAN, Propriste Feb. 1. '77.2-11-tf. IFRED J. KIESEL & CO. Forwarders for MON4TAN-A A1ND IAIB CO~mIZ, - - - Ut h ark goods CARE '. J. g & C0., COIIJI, 1% May 4, 1876-24-fm 6 SR E Y , • now dtl. byhe s f DRY WooD's is HADRY, a BTORIVI FADED TMd IMPROVED AhR ' now taking the lead 09 1 AND era, leaving the Ibfr . and glossy. * .`. Falling co., chich,,. for the Unitedra9tta te )ruggihtS.