THE GULF STREAM.
The Gulf Stream is a current In the At
lantic Ocean, issuing from the Gulf of Mexi
co between Florida and Cuba, following the
general direction of the coast of the United
States so far as to near Long Island, thence
trending easterly, increasing in width until
it reaches mid-ocean. There it divides, one
portion going northwardly and probably
reaching the open Polar Sea (if there be one)
via Spitzbergen; another portion washing
the shores of the British Isles, while still an
other stream warms the Azores, Madeira,
Canary and Cape Verd Islands, finally join
ing the Equatorial Current, to be returned
to the place whence it started.
This stream is narrowest between Cape
Florida and the Bemini Islands, where it is
limited to forty-four miles in width. Its ve
locity there is from three to five miles an
hour, and its highest surfilce temperature is
850. It is bounded by walls of cold water,
the distance of which from the shores varies
greatly. At Cape Florida the inner wall is
only a little distance from the shore; at St.
Augustine it is often seventy-five miles; at
Charleston, seventy; at Cape tHatteras, thir
ty-five; at Cape May, one hundred and
thirty-seven, and at Sandy Hook two hun
dred and fifty-five miles. This walls are
distinctly marked, as are also the bands, so
called, of the stream itself, the middle of the
stream being colder than either side, and
thus, in crossing the stream from Cape Hat
teras, we first find warmer water thirty-five
miles from shore, thell we cross the first
maximum or hot band, fifty miles wide,
then the cooler band thirty miles wide, and
again a second warm band fifty miles wide.
The middle of the southern portion of the
stream is considerably higher than either
aide, and is readily seen by watching any
floating thing on a calm day. It will leave
the ship from which it is thrown, to the east
or west as the ship may be on one or the
other side of the center of tile stream. When
it leaves the Florida Straits its waters are of
a deep blue, differing much in color from
those adjacent, and the boundary line is
marked by the color for more than a hun
The stream does not always occupy the
same position. In September it touches
Ncva Scotia and Newfoundland, but in March
its northern limit is many miles further
south. The temperature comparel I with the
ocean waters shows a difference of from 20
to 30 degrees at the surface. This difference
decreases with the depth of the water, and
more rapidly at tile north, showing there
only a comparatively thin stratum of warm
water, while off the Florida coast a differ
ence is found at a great depth, proving, it is
believed, the existence of an under current
from the Arctic regions that goes to fill the
place In the Gulf that would otherwise be
It is computed that the force required to
produce the Gulf Stream equals that which
would drive 90,000 millions of tons up a
grade of three Inches in a mile at the rate of
three miles an hour. To the warmer waters
of the stream are owing many of the excel
lent fisheries along the Atlantic Coast. The
fish prefer the cooler waters along shore,
where they congregate in large numbers and
are easily taken.--Rural New Yorker.
A correspondent, referring to our article
under the above heading stating that a lady
in Bristol, N. II., died from the effects of
tImes from red fire, doubts whether this was
the cause of her death. But if the red tire
used was such an absurd composition as ni
trateof stronth, black sulphide of antimony,
sulphur, and chlorate ot potash, it is evident
that the arismnr gases must be injurious to
health. Many recipes current in newspapers,
selentific books, and even school books, are
bad, and are evidently copied from some old
obsolete publication. "Properly made red
fire," says our correspondent, "should con
tain no sulphur or antimony in any form
CotiN and oats will tids year take the place
of wheat in Wantonwan county, Minnesota.
-It is essimated that the number of ladies
who ecanot pass a merror without glancing
Into i, arages about twelve to every
NO'TICE TO MINERS.
United States Land Office, I
Helena, Montana. March 7, 1877.
Albert J. Stephens, whose post office address
is Camp Baker Meagher county, Montana
Territory, has this day flled his application
to enter as agricultural land, under the final
homestead laws, the northeast quarter (N E qr) of
section 22, township, No. 11 north, range No. 4 east,
which land is suspended from entry. Notice
is hereby given, that a hearing will be had
at this omice, on the seventeenth day ot April
A. D. 1877, at ten o'clock a. mi, to deter
mine as to the mineral or non-mineral character of
said land. and te.tinonv to be used upon saidl hear
ing will be taken before William Gaddis, a Notary
Public at c'amp Baker, Montana Territory, on the
14th day of April, A. I). 1877, at 10 o'clock
a. m. It is alleged that there are no known
miners, nor mining improvements, upon sait land.
J. I1. MOE, Register.
March 15, 1877-17-5w.
IN TIIE PROBATE COURT OF MEAGIIER
COUNTY, TERRITORY OF MONTANA.
CIHARLES 1'. RADERt, Plaintrif, )
MAZDON FITZ, Defendant.
The People of the Territory of Montana send greet
ing to Mazdon Fitz, D)efendant.
You are hereby required to appear in an action
brought against you by the above named PIlaintiff
in the Probate Court of Meagher County, Territory
of Montana, and to answer the complaint filed
therein, within ten days (exclusive of the day of
service) after the service on you of this sununons
if served within this county; or, if served out of
this county, but in this district, within twenty days;
otherwise, within forty days-or judgment by de
fault will be taken against you, according to the
prayer of said complaint.
The said action is brought to recover the sum of
Four Hundred and Ninety-Nine Dollars and Thlr
ty-One Cents, alleged to be due from you to said
Plaintiff, for money paid, laid out and expended
for you, at your instance and request, and for
your benefit, at Helena, Montana Territory, be
tween the 7th day of April, 1876, and the 11th day
of March, 1877.
And you are hereby notified that if you fall to
appear and answer the said complaint, as above
required, the said Plaintiff will take judgment
against you for the sum of Four Hundred and
Ninety-Nine Dollars and Thirty-One Cents, with
interest and costs of suit.
Given under my hand and the Seal
of the Probate Court of the.County of
sla.. Meagher, Territory of Montana, this
6Ith day of March, in the year of our
Lord one thousand eight hundred and
G. A. HAMPTON, .lerk.
CATALOGUE FOR 1877,
EVERYTHING FOR THE GARDEN
Numbering 175 pages, with colored plate,
To our customers of past years, and to all Furchas
ers of our books, either
Gardening for Profit, Practical Plorieulturo,
or Gardening for Pleasure.
(Price $1.50 each, prepaid, by mail.)
To others, on receipt of 25c.
Plain Plant or Seed Catalogues, without plate, free
PETER EENDERSON & COMPANY,
Beadamen, Market Gardeners and Florists,
35 Cortlandt St., New York.
January 25, 1877-2-10-6w.
THERE IS MONEY IN I''.
ZllXFT 1r0e lzzyTIOTZ, A=ID oT Pll~IasLn
Special Inducements to the Trade.
]rerywhere for the
Pa'ly sat aianhtotelag
0tWl !Ma, $175.000. reY isar nra
limplest, Lightest Brinnin& Best Made tad Host
fellable Sewing Machines in the world.
(oes tdh4 out and rememlber i.)
""drs Wesw lsing Lhine Ca.,
e U. 208 £ 205 Wabash Ave., Chioigc
FIRST NATIONAL BANK
Deign.ated Depository of the United Stati.
S. T. HAUSER, - - - President.
D. C. CORBIN, - - VicePresident.
it. W. KNIGLHT -- - .-- Cashier.
T. H. KEINISCIMIDT, - Aass't. Cashier.
We trasiact a gdnl8Pi Banking business and buy at
the highest ratess
GOLD DUST, COIN,
GOLD AND SILVER BULLION,
And Local Securities; and sell
Exchange and Telegraphic TransftrB.
Available in all parts of the United States an Can
aas -Great Britain, Ireland and the Continent.
Colleetlons made and Prcel remitted promptly.
Halena, Jatuary 20, 11876-ff
No. 14 SOUTH COMMERCIAL STREET, ST. LOUIS, MO.
MISSOURI STATE GRiANGE
(Bonded in the sum of $100,000.
THE GRANGE WAGON,
w Light Spring Wagons and Bugg
RedItuction in Brices for 1877.
THE GRANGE WtAGON.
2 1-2 in. Thim Skein,Vkil vcry light2-h'se 1001(J ls. $45
S3-4 i light -horc h 500 lbs. 49
3 in. , medimh -hore 4801}lbs. 50
3 1-4 in. 2-h, e -h 400 1s. 53
3 I-2 in. 3-h'e (light 4-h) 32(0 lbs. 65
3.-4 in. , 4-horse 40001bs. 65
1 3-8 in. Iron Axle, very light 2-horse 130011 bs. 53
11-2 in. liglht 2-ihorse 16001bs. 54
1 5-8 in. 2-horse 20001]s. 55
1 :1-4 in. ' 3-1'e (light 4-h'c) 25(001bs. 62
2 in. 4-horse 4000 1ls. 70
Spring Seats, $4.00 extra, Two-leaf Springs, oil
tempered. Wheeler's Patent Brakes, $4.50 extra.
SPRING WAGONS, RnoM $95.00 TO $130.00. BUGGIES, FROM $120.00 To $..%
We desire to call the special attention of
to the fact that they can realize
The Highest Market Price
by consigning their
* WOOL, HIDES, FURS AND ROBES
to our care. Prompt attention given to the pub
FAMILY AND FARM SUPPLIES, AGRICU.I
SRAL MACHINERY, Etc., Etc.
Printed instructions and information for the ben.*l
shippers, and Market Reports furnished on applicatios
WALTER W. DELACY,
U. S. DEPUTY MINERAL SURVEYOR
HELENA, - MONTANA.
MAIN STREET, IIHELENA, M. T.,
Wholesale and Retail Dealer in, .and
Manufacturer of Saddles and Bridles
Riding Saddles, Riding Bridles, Horse Collars, $E4
sess Oil, Pistol Holsters, Linen Sheets, Gig +.
Saddles, Spanish Bits, Mexican Spurs,
ROUND AND FLAT BRIDLES,
Ivory and fHorn Martingale Rings,
Stage Lashes, Buggy Whips, Ankle Boots, Slipper
Stirrups,H ill's Concord Harness,Buckskins,
California Saddle Trees, Side Saddles
Curry Combs, Brushes, etc.
All Sales made at Lowest Cash Rate&
January 20, 1876-ly
pEOPLE'S MLAT MARKET.
KROFT & FLEMING
Keep constantly on hand the best quality of
BEEF, PORK, MUTTON AND SAUSAGE
Nearly opposite the Husbandman Ofaee,
MAIN' STREET, DIAMOND QGITY, M. I.
Nov. 26, 1875-tf.
HELENA AND DIAMOND CITY,
STAGE LIN E .
UTNITED STATES MAIL.
P. B. CLARK, - - Proprietor.
Coaches leave Helena Monday, Wednesday, and
Friday, at 7 o'clock a. m.
Leave Diamond City Tuesday, Thursday, and
Saturday, at7 o'clock, a. m.
HELENA AND BOZEMAN.
Ceaches leave Helena every morning, (Sundays
excepted,) at4 o'clock, a. inm.
Leave Bozeman every morning, (Sundays except
ed,) at4 o'clock, x. m.
Passengers and freight carried at moderate rats
HELTXA-Davis is Wallace's, Main Street.
Bozn A .-Willsui & Rich's, cor. Main and 306.W
BOZEMA2 AND VIRGINIA,.
andm V every Monday, Weinwna'
and Friday, at4o'clock, , m.
Leaves Bozeman''Ueda, Thud ad '
da, at4 o'clock, a. Thursday ad
Orriica-l V gai, at Raymond Bres.
B R ,ER'S
WHITE SULPHUR SPRINGS
LSMITIH RIVER VALLEY,
MEAGHER COUNTY, MOXTANA,
These Springs are situated on the Helena ando
roll road, 40 miles cast of Diamoud. Thebesutif l
location and wonderful curative qualities of tl
Springs have already induced hundreds of invslidi
and pleasure seekers to visit them.
Visitors will find good, comfortably furnbb
rooms, and the table sulpplied with thebesttbhe
p* TERES REASONABLE.g."
H. B. BRIIN&I
June 29, 1876-32-6m.
C OSMOI'OLITAN IIOTEL.
Nos. 37 and 39 Main Street
Schwab & Zimmerman, Prop'r
This Hotel is centrally located, has elegant b l
well furnished rooms and parlors, and is the chap
cat and best house west or St. Louis.
We still retain the St. Louis Hotel for lodl04
only.. With the
TWO FINEST AND LARGEST BRICI II
STONE STRUCTURES IX TlEA
LINE IN THE CITY.
we can offer
to the traveling rublic than any other houNIt
city, and defy competition.
With thie promise on our part, we ask tihes.
to satisfy themselves.
SCHWAB & ZIMMERMAN, Propriste
Feb. 1. '77.2-11-tf.
IFRED J. KIESEL & CO.
MON4TAN-A A1ND IAIB
CO~mIZ, - - - Ut
h ark goods
CARE '. J. g & C0., COIIJI, 1%
May 4, 1876-24-fm 6
SR E Y , • now dtl. byhe s f
DRY WooD's is
HADRY, a BTORIVI
FADED TMd IMPROVED AhR '
now taking the lead 09 1
AND era, leaving the Ibfr .
and glossy. * .`.
Falling co., chich,,.
for the Unitedra9tta te
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