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Rocky' Iooutai Hllsbantlman.
R. N. SUTHERLIN, Editor. THURSDAY, JULY 12, 1877. THE Indian war in Idaho is now engaging the earnest attention of the people of Mon tana. It is not only feared that the success of the Nez Perces may induce other friendly tribes to take up arms, but it is reasonable to presume that if ever driven from their stand they will retreat in the direction of Montana, falling upon the settlements in the eastern part of the Territory for revenge. It Is only about three days' ride from Camas Prairie, the present scene of hostilities, to Bannack or Bitter Root, and were the In dians so inclined they could deal a dreadful blow to the settlements in either or both of these sections. But by examining the cause of the war and the situation, we find that there is at present no probability of their making such a move. Camas Prairie is a high, level plain, about 50 miles long and from 10 to 25 miles wide, cut at intervals and on either side with deep canyons. The can yons are wide, and filled with a dezse forest ot large red pine and spruce, Many are 150 feet deep, with banks risig sudden and abrupt, and stretch back into the mountains, forming a wild and dismal retreat, and at* fording a rendezvous for Joseph and his fol. lowers almost as seeae as the lava beds, and it is nobimprobabl~ that the scenes of the Modoo war may be repeated. Most of the Salmon river country is of the same nature. It seems to be the disposition of the Indians to hold this country, and they will most likely do so, until forced to retreat, which we may sately calculate will not be very soon, judging from the rate at which the government generally moves about such work. In view of these facts we do not see that we need borrow any trouble from this quarter. But it is well that our people be on their guard. Thei to companies at Mis soula, we understand, number only about six men each, not enough to ~otect the Post, to say nothing of t. e settlements of Bitter Root and Missoula valleys. We do not wish to create any unnecessary alarm, but it is well known by all who have been brought into contact with the Indians that Sthe victories or melr race in the past two years have fired the Indian heart with love. aor deeds of blood, and a general war is im ginent, THE main cause of the Indian outbreak in Idaho istheir had treatment at the hands of. the governmeat, or rather those with whom the governmena entrusts its business, and an outbreak of other tribes may be reasonably expecteda for a similar cause. The fact is patent to every one in Montana at all ac quainted with the managesment ok Indian affairs, that they td not veceive one-half allotted to them by the goverameiat. The F ±lathead Agency, which has had the name of being carried on in better faith towards the Indians than most others ivithin our bor Sdrs, has been far from what it should be. The Flatheads have been entitled to annui, ties every year, but have received scarcely anstldng, They are reported by Agents as farming arl raising lorses,, cattle. etc., and the truth ot, thql, mitter, i thmb they have not now in cultiLptipu 49 acresof land all told.. They arc reported ev.ry year as attending school, whew they are not., 'lhey have no education, amd larqnot receiving any., We wederstand that thq.present incumrbet, Mr. louan, is giving: bettqr satisfactJon than his predbeessors, and cl trt.t thlat thefaith of the goveyn nulpt mppa be better ~rse.erved, It is evident that uplqss there i a clhayge in! the management of Indian aafti;s deprdA:l tions and outbreaks will niev~r cease. If the onslaugI!ts could le made upon those res pousnible for their maltreatnlent it would ipal.o little or no. diflerence, but they are muidn upon the lhooes and, families of de emncelesS se.tWals,,to wahor. thq I/dian.owe far more ito their subhistence tbhainthey do to the goveruPtnol Tih h Ity of general :eformatiou,.we trust, is not tar distaqi. WHIEAT shipnlmeuts having beeni prevented whilt*.wheat, could hstae been. sold, in E]u glandat a lhigh psit4e,, by thq iremarltpbl managemen t of putti ..p.pr!ing in Qhicago too high to admit of !.s for cargoes to Europe, the decline in aztes hlasbrought out tie hoards,:'14l there is grt:t qrxiety to re FROM DEADWOOD. ICDTonI HtUsnANDMA N: I write to inform you that I leave 8per fish in the morning bound for Montana. I will take in the Big Horn country, its In dians and gold excitement. 1- will drop you a line every opportunity I have, and let your readers know if any gold discovetes have been made. There are huundeds of people leaving here for the Big Horn, as they cannot find employment here. There are good placer and quartz mines here, )ut not enough to give employment to the vast amount of people that come in. If there are no diggings found in the Big Horn, ihe majority of the disappointed gold seekers will find their way into Montana this fall. The Indians are again making their ap pearance around the hills, committing mar ders and stealing stock. On the 17th inst. a man named McClaren was killed and scalped at the same place where R. M. Pro viuce was killed. A few days ago Chas. D. Adler, while hunting a mule near Spearfish, was fired on by three Indians--agency pets of course. Bugs and grasshoppers are troubling the ranchmen. George B. Mann, Judge Beck, and Mr. W. Sypes will make a splendid crop at Spearfish if not troubled by those pests. JACK McGorY. XISSU01LA AND ITS GRDErNS. Missoula is one of the most pleasantly lo cated towns in Montana. It is upon the plain just out of the great Hell Gate can yon. On the north and east it is fenced by beautiful sloping mountains, while on the south runs the Deer Lodge, Hellgate, Mis soula, or Clarke's Fork of the Columbia river, whose banks extend many miles to the north. The town covers over a space of about a half mile square. Ther'e are two principal streets and several fine stone and brick business houses. Besides a number of elegant dwellings it has a large two story court house, a brick school house, and a Methodist church, which adds to the city like look of the place, also a good hotel kept by Mr. Kennedy, aud in the way of improvements, it is doing' iore than any other town in Montana, except Bt.dtte and Pony. There is one very laige. stone stnre building, and a numbetr of other'T ,ae buildings being finished an.mlepaired. The Missoulian, undcei the' niangement . of Chauncy Barbour, hAs. a good advertis-. ing patronage and enjoys a good subscripr tion list, andp is doulbtless remunerative to. its proprietors, since we noticed that he is building an addition to hishouse--enlarging his composing room and sanctum. Mr. B. is a fearless advoeate of Missoula county's interests, and is doing much service in re forming the county affairs, by his long ed itorials upon its financial condition. Worden & Higgins were the first locaters of the place, and they still car ry on a large wholesale and retail business. They are the proprietors of the Missoula minill, . to which we paid a visit. These mills are run by water power and have two.nuns tf burrs, and turn out a good qualil okflour.. They are now adding some new machinery to the mill which will enable them tostill im. prove the quality of flour' aiddget a'bettern yield than before. We have forgotten the new lAnled name of the improved machin ery. There are more elegant fr~ls and gar-. dens here than we have seen, anywhere in the Territory, and the proprietors thereof appear to be quite well skilled in thle horti cultural llue. In company with our old. time friend, Mr. Jas. I..ue, we took, a stroll through some of thegardens and were "delightcd at finding such a variety, of frlits ,and shrubbery growing in them.. Capt. Ihggins' garden, which.is amotieg the lIrgest, i surrounded near the fence with cottouwdod and quakingeas trees.. In side, besi~es filid(lng every variety of grow-. ing vegetailes,, we noticed plum,. cherry, appricea, crab.apple,.atl, apple trees which were baripg fruit. In Judge 1Ponley,'6 garden we pas"sed an hour ypr pleasan~tly in, lboking ait his beautiful :blaomig~. tloveers, colunrnisig probably. fifty veties,, besides a, general assortmxent of vegetabls,.ali: well adqulc~ . His peas and potatoes were largt en.qgh !or.u eeagd hakstrr bos weaes ripening and( looking exceedingly..tiC,. From here we accompauied 3'1,,IICuse to his osv, mn~aneq&nt e j gari., r, Ur, ,1. anl partner have two large gardens, but the I lateness of the hour prevented us from see- a ing but one. In it we found the greatest c quantity and variety of vegetables and c fruits we have ever seen in Montana. They have several hundred apple trees, but as r yet, there is no fruit on them. The currant a and gooseberry bushes were well filled and looking, finely. The'raspberries and black- c berries were also looking well. In the veg- * etable line, they have cucumbers, squashes, watermelons, onions, peas and beans. They c have potatoes large enough for use and will soon be prepared to supply the markets with peas, beans, parsnips and onions. We f noticed several varieties of cabbage, large I and growing finely, and a number of other i vegetable plants which we cannot now enu merate. They intend to supply the Deer Lodge and Butte markets with vegetables this season, and if we may judge from their promising crop, the miners up there need not want for anything in their line. In their lower garden they have two acres of hops, which are running and nearly ready to bloom. The vines now cover the rails higher than we can reach. This is, we be lieve, the tirst erop of tame hops that have been grown in Montana, and from the pres ent outlook it will be a success. We shall visit the hop held before we leave this see tion and may have more to say of what he has there. WIu. Juune 20. TWIN BRIDGES. EDITOR IIUSBANDMAN' It has been a long time since I have seen anything in your valuable paper from this part of the country. The farmers here are all happy and contented. We: have had rain enough to bring the grain up, and it looks well, but it is too wet and coil for corn. If the grasshoppers leave the farm ers alone this summer, they will get out of debt. Then we will have some money and be able to send East and purchase supplies through the Grange, saving from 10 to 30 per cent. Then we will not have to work for middlemen any longer. The stock men are 'also in good spirits. Grass is good and stock loi.s well, and it is still a little on the rain. There are a num ber of men here to buy beef steers to drive East, and some parties, here also to buy stjck cattle. I understand'that Wilcox & Harvey are about to sell their fine herd to Marti.), & Meyers, We. have a gogd time at the Grange meet ingas-..arge turn outs apd everyone seems in good spirits ..~ me of our members have sent last for goods, but we don't know yet what the result will be, as we do.'t know what freigbh we will have to pay. O-rds tes says '.and still the crg is why don't more ,uaariageable ladies. eone West and find hom~s and--" I think that Q-restes,. for the benefit of old bachelors. az 4 ma~[iteaheb ladies East, ought to agitatethe su et of a subsidy to ;induce those ladies to, comae to Montana 'where they will find ~1e ansI InoR RoD. June 26., I ROD. SFRIamR 8nY. EDIrToR, HSDAsn DAxA Acco~ring to promise, I send you a few foems from this camp. There have been no improaements in the town since last April, All the buildings are. about as they were when you were here.. 'There are three hotels,. three.grocery stores, one dry goods store, and three or four saoons: The latter are welh patronized.. Everybody is very hopeful, as the reports from the mines are· flattering. Mr. Mallory made a clean up a few days. ago, and report says he had about $1D,000i in retort. He has been crushing rock from, the Willow Creek and Netd lodes, wlth of wiich are said to be splendid leads. SGtchel's mill st4rted n]up lits .ondhy on rock from the Bise 'L.wa~llorlde., Mreltndc's mill hlas ber, ramning an rock. frin the Strawberry loct,.andri$, said to be. doing well. XM'. G.'s ndlli on, 0:taraet ereek, will be in oifration ina t few days.. Mr. Martlnville is.putting up, his mili on. Willow cjeek a half; mile above Pony, and. wil-have ieip operation by the 20th of this month. Fred Iehmrn :i onhis way here with, his II st.ump, iill, ard will put it uq.thove. JMorelaudb, ot·.rjiwberr. crpelCk iT ere is now hlrty-five and when all are compleeted tih course of construction, there Will b~ e one stamps in the camp, or near thi stly. The people are grading a road era mountains to the Boulder distirt, .e about 7 miles west of this place. A lucky tellow struck a very rich keh other day. He got seventy.fiy ve t.eb an ounce of the rock. - The one hundredth and first annl, of our nation's independence, was dulyo served. Hon. Witter President of the. y The Declaration was read by A. , g and orations by Dr. Schmalhause nd a , Isdell, after which a good dinner wasRsend in regular Granger style. They are had a ball at Mood's hall to-night. July 4th. It OULDUER VALLr., xrnTOn HaLban.~xx: The Fourth of July with us pas el.4 a very pleasant and country-like, ft The people of the valley, old and y100, assembled for a picnic in a shady grove on mile from Capt. Cook's hotel on the B der stream, and passed a cvry delightfiul refreshing season. Mr. Daly, a residento the Comet mine favored us with a brief oa. tion, and V. A. Cook read the Deelara of Independence. We had lots of rocalmu, sic, and a great a riety of good tlng to eat. Lemonade, ice cream and eonlecton. eries, and two games .ot croquet were ia constant operation. For first-clasbsoiabil. ity, genuine gooa feeling, and a liberal sup. ply ot choice refreshments, forever com mend us to a Boulder picnic. About t o'clock the assemblage dispersed, and those who were anxious to prolong the Fourth, repaired to the hotel, where, after alittle rest and some slicking up, dancing con. menced in good earnest and was continue until dawn tihe next morning. Fitty.tw numbers were sold, and between forty ani fifty ladies graced the festivities. The day was pleasant, and for once in many days past the elesents omaitted to visit us witha perfoemanee of the wasoist act. We bave an abuhnmance of water for hi gation aind ground sluicing, but too inmuch for hayinga and goodi roads. O-18-Tns. July 5th. INDIAN BwS-aRIC.K DIOOVUW BEAR SALKOK PS". The Indian exeltement still:prevels. The Gorvaaisnd a Skalkaho people are ioving their families to old Fort Owen. but arere turning to ther homes. I attended a meet. ing at Swgeethaesse yesterday, where the farmers met and organisaed a company adn applied to. the government for ars, h that sectiiat they have noc stampetded, sad the women do-not appear to be frightened. At the meeting 1 met lr,. Win. Turnage. who hadju.t returned a few days ago ftofl Salmon Cky.. He met olt the way or six: lodges.of Nt z Perce lndimns. They were friendly, and gave him a cup of coffee, an told hint they would remain iheanip,oathe head of -ligllHe ereek until thei siow melt ed, anitheu go down to the Canip pra counrp,.. Mr. T. says that, t is not possible fonladiianS. to come oser tie pass that lead to the head: of Bitter Root until the snow melts out, which will 'be at least:VeO weeks. He says theisame of the LoLo PIm8 He had heard. rellbuig of tfie'Inditan'trOb at Salmoin ity when he left, which we eight days ago0 having madb the tdpinfoar t~al .atd a hal.. He says the rich discoveries of silve ore 'about 10 miles frori Sodmon City are~e ihgh geat excitement. Sr. 1xdges have b_ found which. pay from $300 tosOO,50 atol some ot the ore shous native silver, small gpiece which he brougJ over is th richest I have ever seen.. FIloar .worth $8S per saak, and bawuon 20 to g ceat'. J'hree pack trains ~w.ne engged in PI ' out ore at fise cents per pound. &had a medicihae tallt with a big ciea smokted the pipe oft peace, and.think thew'% upon the Bitter loot will be over, pe made and qpist regained. Stewensville, .M T.,.June 289. Deano pasra your troubles beo Yu frien(ls-sany thia else-is mo re. e.bie for nine times-out of Ien they arr enirsnlit with sil~unt patincs. a storm a.et s'. that would malea tMh pety d pIalL araoso.fond otpar.lg to* thatr': iacptosinsigni.ti...,,