OCR Interpretation


Rocky Mountain husbandman. (Diamond City, Mont.) 1875-1943, July 12, 1877, Image 4

Image and text provided by Montana Historical Society; Helena, MT

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83025309/1877-07-12/ed-1/seq-4/

What is OCR?


Thumbnail for 4

1THE DAIRY.
CENTENNIAL NOTES ON BUTTER MAK
fNG.
Whilo vi.iting the dairy, I conversed with
a dairyman: of twenty years' experience,
who gave meo quite a lecture on the subject
of butter-making. On most points lihe con
tirmed nly own experience and observa
tionh; buht when he made the unqualified
a,.sertion that " no one can make good but
ter who allows it to be gathered in the
cthllhrn," I felt a trifle disconcerted, for,
hadn't I always gathered my butter in the
c(hurn? a ud didn't my mother and grand
mother:before 'me? Perhaps tie suamised
cily feeli.lps, for he inmmedlatdly added:
•" You mray make a good, fair article, but
not gilt edge, butter in that, way." The
re:tson hlie gave is this ; 14 the butter is gath
e(.red into a ,solid mass; or mnasses of coisid
er::ble size, it requires too iiueh ihahdling
to wash out,the buttermilk. His plan is to
cease churning when the milk begins to
separate, and the butter Is lmi little grains
like wheat, or a little larger,. le prefers a
rectangular churn, from which the milkcan
1 `' drawn-m-ottberwise skimli out the butter
:ald wash veft- thtrtwghly withcold water,
reunewing it. until it comes off the butter
clear. Let it drain, then add the salt, mix
ing.thqrotghly }y sprinkling It Over, and
shifting the butter with a ladle, but not
washing or working it 'with a sliding mo
tion Set it in a cool place till the.next day,
whet It should be worked suflicietitly to
press it into a compact mass, and it is ready
to be made into rolls for market or packed.
Rather more salt is req.dreqredby this plan,
as some water remains with the .butter:,
which .e.b~ tie, ý~d is expelled, at t: t.e
secoh ii wrilh;Tg. lie' recoinmidljs the N.
Y. Onondaga dairy salt, .OQC aud C half to
two ounces'to th6 poutnd, us 'here 's less or
more wsater left in the.butter. Pure. brine
does htt injuire t4l0'kehping qual'ity of, but
ter.
The plan is one which had occurred to
me before, but I hardI. tlioltght it practica
ble, from the fact that the butter does not
alt*ys, ,' .i e' fte, her blut is .ttasily
be'tfst lt rf.,noSiiviii ed tha:t doomiiuch
worlingt asivell: as.tlio presenoe ot hbutter
mnilhl:1.tlh hilttnr, i tr tre it$ckeeping q1ual.
iyl . -,, F~tmm:s' \IFW .
Dairying receives more' or less ,attention
on all ftrins, but too oftet`is dbue in a hur
ried aj J dr'efi c ic th ie r igt in
only a half success. Tile best butter of the
year is made. it 'lt 'scearblh,~i vli tgrass is
tender' anud fresh ; it .gives the best flavor,
bIt , re'tipze the beqt rcsilts~,gal iumst, sit
iatsotory rtu rn,ý iis ueces~muWy .,to,, give at-,
telition from, thet.begin.niing, Good .cows
lirst,;good pastutie ad ilfeed ieXt ; lhbnest
and gentle milking by. <areful lands is es
sential to r ceive thy most milk. The milk
shottlctb ;be'~strttle th tioi n or'6a tufti pis
--Iin are as "good, 'and lighter to handle--'
possible; from 60 to 65 degrees is best tem
perature, a ~ptt , tti th¶t (y. It is
also stated l bith~Vluthlor.ty° fe' orincccd
d:miryi.fdl that it sithfll''t1bE siiin" inced bdetore
becoQrj sonr .tdjut in'to J. . ', ..Ttme ,t t,
ter from crelfn only .sightly acid is prefera
bleNi tthat i r.ditlced Tfrpo' t. 'psour creau,
Ic'hurning slhokil be* done with care and at
tendtion; qt4pq t hu .. f vyg and
steady motion, it is a question if the old
the best. As soon as the buttter hlis come it
soaWmtfj Y iidAtt~d 4m4 al1# bt jter- vilk
by pressing irtthoroughly, jItq. .hlijel. a"tj1
the salt; an for inxuediafe Use put in rolls,
ellrY ITEM5.. so.,. . . ;.
Buttet Was in use 4,000 years ago.
Niqo hundred , miioi pomualrt.oe butter
and ceheese, valued at nvi~P' $124,0,000,O
were produced in the United S.tkh 'durlfig
tile ydat 1676,
Milk producers in Woroester, Mase., and
vicinity, who make milk t~i. t~t s;oIph'ii
theofi.y, grow tn.qget. irzels to add to
the hay and meal \'Ihich they,to ttheix cO\ij,
A compau ison of th!e .(airy itarest witli
the cotton crop, shows sonime peculiar reqults
r::ther ad'vese to. cott&mn's' higgilP, 'Thl'eI
l)i,0t0,0)00 mulli cows in the G- netrty are
0 ,.,.1 i-,OO:)? 0.,mit Ithi Ziwicutu realized,.
from their production f)tos up to .$25,.l42?,.
35i, while the last cotton .crop was wortll
-only 80,00,000.U(O.
LIV E STOCK.
SHEEP IIUSBANIDRY.
We e ve the following extracts from an
essay read before the State Board of Agri-I
culture ,c' 1Miminesota, by George Lawrence,
Jr., on sheep husbandry:
Our improved grade Merino flocks will
average live ive pounds of washed wool per
head ; take the average price for thirty-five
years before the war, 42.8 cents per pound,
we have $2.14 to the fleece, which would
pity for the cost of keeping and leave the
owner a sumall profit in money. The in
crease of lambs will average 80 per cent. at
a low estimate. Then the rn:uure, besides,
which is a very great item, is, to be added to
the profits. Summer and winter manure of
the sheep is far more valuable than that
of the horse or cow. On the rich lands
of the west and southwest, manure is not
reckoned as profit, :aid the cost of trans
porting wool to market is from one to two
cents per pound. Then the western wool
grower gets his lamb and about two-thirds
his fleece as profit on each sheep.
Good grade Merino sheep have averaged
about $2 per head in the fall for store sheep,
and when fat have averaged. $3. The in
creasing demand for nmutton is steadily in
cr,.iing tile price.
,The lamb and manure will about equal
thei fleece, 'or the increase and matiure will
pay the keeping, leaving the tlece for ac
tual profit. Judging the futurie by the past,
we need fear nothing. "We have not pro
duced near the- demand of wool at home,
and the prices realized exceed the 'Cost of
producption. :
Although the increase in p.umbers of
sheep since 180J up to 1S76 anounts to. 3,
564,02r, seemingly a large num!iler, but it
we stop to consider the increasec pp)ula
tion in that time, and the improved facilities
to manufacture goods, you will seet we have
not reached the desired, jointt, nor are we
any ,nearer producing wool enough, for,
home consumption than we were sixteen.
years ago. It we could have 20,000,000mlore.
ABoop, h L.u v.we tow havo, wO wqould only
supply Qurselyesýi but when we consider tie
time it will take to increase our 'number-to
those ,figures, and-the still increasing popu-.
lation in this time, you will see at a glance
we will not have an over prodhiction in our
time, or this gener ttion. .; * *
Growing wool, .i 'peculiarly adapted.,to
the pe:infiary Sueans' and the circumstances .
of a large proportion of our farinmg popu
lation. Their~sapital -ts umostly on laud.
Hired help is.cosely, anid good: help is hard
to. get.. Sheep husbandry renders' all. these
clear lands profitable at a. less ,annual ex-,
penditure tfer labor thatu any other branch
of fu!muing. Sheep.increasq rapidly, givinm
a great.t:cility to prormptly improve inferior.
ones and stocking :thie farm more expedi
tiously, with fuat: lessiputlay :hau aniy otlher
stock.
.The mode, and manuer of handling.,sheep
witlh quite good suocess:ls readily. acquire kr
ýau -pl otherdomestie animal is the thazzard
of loss by death so sqmall. :.. * .;
l'aken as a whole, :we -of. Atin-uesota and,
Wiscoasnhn, c:a compete;with any State or
territoryin i.the Union growing wool. and
mutton, pmgying th. ,producer a profit Over
cost ofprodatetionh But to. be tlloroughly
sucPesrul, wo. should raise nothing but the.
best stock. It costs no more to keep a No.
I auintal tlhun it does an inferior one. As it
isswith the improved cattlfor beeft so it is
(vitlh the improved sheep.: fo: 'wool. The
|flI1ireat kinds,of slhee.;pjr the best on most
Ititable kind tO keep is a theme I caskuotl
tLar diseuse; sufleiit.to say, any vailety':
pays it hept in the *ight place and. nniner-.
'Ijle delmund is :for.aH of tlhem;, and We cat.
pot;du very weCl) Without the different kinds.
T'e grade g eMeriu.,. iS the mcst sought to.n
rad enters into the mot general use, path.l
ltt 4tauple for wearing apparel and the imut
totfor couinumption. .'Ihey: are the staple
and stalndard sheep of our country,:
There is ,ait tihe present time,·a .vast
amount of: mouney and a great deal of siejen
tifie knowledge used to iwprooe the comw
uaoo or gr1do.leruho. Wisconsin has ac
quired cous1derihle fi;.mne in this line. T'ile
border- of our Statc have spared neilher
time nor m neans to procure the ,best tlhc.i
onglhbred stock in our country, as our grade
tflock adjoinlil our breed flocik will certify.
They have improved from three and one
half p1ounds of washed wool to six and eight
pounds per head, and their carcasses are
large, weighing from 90 to 130 pounds.
This has been acconlplished by using noth
ing but the best thoroughbred ramus. Wool
growers rent ratlls and pay as high as $50
for the use of a ratn for a single season in
our state, and the reason they do it is be
cause it pays. They have the use of the
rains that $300 or S500 would neit purchase.
They improve their flock as lmuch and more
in one year, with these best rants, than they
would by using inferior rams three or four
years.
OREGON CATTLE TO KANSAS.
The Willamette Farner has the following
interesting paragraphl t Mr. W. S. New
bury, of Portland, has just returned from
an extensive busilness excursion through
the Upper Culminl)a farmning country, and
furnishes u1s inter(esting facts as to the pro
gress of the country andll the increase of
prosperity. For one thing, a regular trade
is'established between IKansas rancihers and
stock men and the c:ttle me:n of )astern
Oregon, and ilready this spring severiil pair
ties of cattle buyers have gone e through the
Upper Country from thel Dalles to Pelouse,
purchael ing beef cattle to drive East. One
firm had purchased 2,700 head and was still
buying, aind others were in the ficeld making
large putrchase:-. These cattle are started
Eastward by way of Boise and Snake i:iver.
through Utah, anid are driven all the way to
Kansas by easy stages, reaching there, some
of thlme, early in the fall. Later in the sea
son those that are iln good order are shipped
East by rail and the rest wihtered in Kan
sas ready for shipment next spring, as soon
as they are in good condition. Somne of
these buyers have purchased stock iil Ore
gon for three years past, and it is beconming
an old settled business, one that will grow
and increase and that calls for the improve
ment of stock to iilake it as profitable as it
should be to the 'raichlthen of Oregon aind
Washington.
FEEDING SERVICE STALLIONS,
The following i'roa the North BrUiti4. Ag
riculturist, gives the practice there of feed
ing draught stallions during their season:
A cart stallion over 16. llhands high, ex
pected to serve s.venty or eighty lmalles--a
full complement for any horse-and having
probably to walk his ten miles a day, will
eat daily fromi fifteen to eighteen poiintds of
gbod sound heavy oats, which should be
given with hay or sweet corn chaff, and had
better also be bruised. Three or four
poumnds of white peas are a useful hcddition,
and are less apt than beans to cause itchlin
of the 'legs, to which such liorses are prone.
The liest of fodder will of course be providi
ed for the sttd hIorsf. e should hil e a
little' at ,, time, and it he clbtars up his corn
anmd chaff will not ett nbolrm than fifte'en
p'onds of hity. On Saturday nights, or on
ail' "oft " dais, a few handfulls of gnriss or
clover will provec.: salutary' change , but
vetches are to be iiiterdicted, for nditt'ieir
horss' or bulls, having a full 'supplj+if'
th',YA pirove certain stock-gettcrs. To co:un
teratct the effect of liberal supplies of imard
food, 'iiteesshty to maintain the kanimalPs
condtiitin, he should have tivice or ttihice a
weTk ,' pound df bruised tinsebd cike' t few
sIlces occasionally of carrots, sieeds 6r mani
gel, and on Sathrday nightS bai ....mash,
containini atl ounce each ifi nitre ifl cot
iobn: stilt. Horses judiueidtisy mnamiged
throuighout the stud seasdi. which doe's not
much 'exceed three months, sustained ddur
ig the' hlay by a few mouthfuls of b-mdv
f ed of coin; and Yrequent kiedss tow ttirr,
i~.a helped 'out by a-bucket otgruel, aftef "
lo. - r. g dayi will do theii- dutiy 'well;
mid witill ot need any further cnliages of
bfoblfthian thidse'indfeated. i
Tnt sheep owners throughout the States
are Waging a perpetuai war uagilst the can_
ime race..
F SlF Ill u; has sent a fine mlre to 3a1ul
di".'s to be servd by his.Percherola-Nor,
a,., lorse. . .
OU insterprisinug horse and wtude grower,
,nX. Leeduairdiv, has Lsent five. of his .linuest
umares to the Wilowburn rauchbto be s~rvcd
by Louis Philippe.
LIVE STOOl RA.
1ý E-NNETT &.G OODALiy,
Importers and breeders of lnrc-bloo0od
COTSW OLD SHEEP,
Are now preptireld to supIly the "ocll-gronrý
the l'erritory wvith lpurc-blu) l of either se 1 la
spectien inV~ite. P. 0. utldiesý: l alit Liýý!.\
Montana.'1j'lr
[ER iSIIIIE hIOGS.
I claim to have this culebrated h reod in an hý
purity. Pligs iwell selected u lpiirs or tvios no
akinl, at lowJiiIrsI. 7
Coldl Sprint; I:unch , three milesi east (qci tl
JAMES1ý I.1LD',ti
Y$It PE1)El Or
Percheron--Nornui it IIOrSCSi
YOUNG STOCK IOn; 8ALjkt
'orre. pondlenc solicithd . Acidreas'
Bieaverilead tnlty, M~tltxoi. ' WiiAt iº
CW. COK KBO
Tlhoroughbred- VCotsi' jvoiý&ol
Oilcr for sale a few clui) tilrlroull)redl.
anti have als oG lin~te 111 e. h gr(1+-4lle ba~f~
th ree-ftons'tl i l 1)ll,.:,ýci : l,'(ostollice arudlr" s:
3aker, 3io~ita.
SjTARt of thbe 'V`ju
GI2A Y JXCt,,
'Vill stand at Trepi) Bros.' lianahell, l[)oItg
asotoll c(]) lOIl'iiccs May 1, I)U·' ends JuPl'B·1 jug
fi lcu a Ati tasn )! i O "tnlilc L cjjl) nl tiakir (;reeop Itt
aill aiceiitliit.r tut( cecttl+Cj at ((tt" cCr s -risk. hlill,
inu t 1)1 settled at tines i31" scrr le .v: ithilltiish, urrJ3
niote due onI thre frst (,leptembher, Witlm.'4,1,e t~t
interest fronm that (tate.
T1i is $1-.' Rli
-he wCell-proved S iiio, i\1ll lMke thC sceln
the L'n7fl: 1pl a lld. tt'tV eamioce tert)y
2-23-C \ v Jr. i" "l' EP p, Sj ieinten frti
Th,,is celebrnated Stallion will stpill~dl!rlny h oo
earring c1O11a' f i .i s ° 'µ
Dian for 1d City andBde Rnh
His tiiuE vi" .lt Snntlo i oiipntltil findTils
tolitnn a Thkir k~tty; Frictlii mid t~sturit
aIt Patier"SJctl4( p 1S
lie will aerve lStores at the Io lowing
SINGL[E J1 AP,,$1U.&rOr ";):.. J, 11 $2.00
Molicy clue :: et~ck ozesýOt ,.
JOSIAH f.Ak
-r,.-TA L
Willowburj aoh
:·r :i'
:tDappl''re. ten -ayers ilfr ha
tion. Imnported r oth P'eruhe, F rance, il
Will servo a.L$4U the seaou,
Dayple geV, '1ý'iv~ rs' olily 1I-ý ZW
send weighs 1, 7Oo.1b8si ,WAIL s~re 4~~31'
1edigriee: sired by St. Laurent (43a.r -rýi~lnPl
from kt Ire "ll
'tlot l font ]r rauet~ in 18 vO1
:. .1 ··,·1 .ttzidZ ' · a- ~ tteC' ,(: 1
:1~
.. P .1 ii ,r
Bright bay, four years oM' * od
weighs a1boit 1,309 bss. SiroI m&ctr'e`bt n
douWia' Ilbo l (reg k nilt I V I4Y
seaaoli. not
fpllowinag'aesoo; All bi1llilhoUd4m
tzlne o service,. Qr hefor%3e r
4eId, Sl: tunre fii~ilBhed t ' -
taken of lte(; I)ttd tg
owner's risk.t1K:
Soeso eoutrytr sufgireilt gudro D
204m ~ u to a turFefl, l BPlVC1Uil

xml | txt