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lRoclJ Mountain Husbanu man.
R. N. SUTHERULIN, Editor. TIIIJRSD)AY, AUGUST 9, 1877. A FEW weeks ago the country was in a tfever of excitement from Idaho to Baltimore. The Ehillroad strikes, the destruction of property by the mobs and their collisions with the authorities, was no less exciting than the Indian war in the West. Now a change has been wrought; the Idailroad strikes have about subsided, the Indian war has been transitrred from Idaho to Montana, and is quite incitive. But from across the ocean comes intelligeuce of hard fought battles. The Russians, 60,000 strong, at tacked an entrenched army of 40,000 Turks. Thbe Cossacks charged again and again across the plain upon the Turkish works, led by as brave commanders as ever cheereu men on to death, but were as often repulsed, for the Turks, too, were brave, and stood in defence of their homes. Once the the rtus-. sians gained the outwork, bmut were finally dislodged and defeated. This defeat of the Russians will probably- prove disastrous to their summer cam;paign. It has at least taught them that the task of subduing 'l'ur key is not so easy a one as they had anticl pated, and that their way to the City of the (olden Iorts must be over a road paved with humnan skulls and crimusoned with blood, (every inch of which will be closely contested by the stubborn Turks. T'ln. great danger which threatened liUs soula county one week ago has sotmewhat subsided, but the position is avything but secure. The latest dispatches frori the Bit ter Root indicate that the Iudliaus are still there, and although they profcss friendship for the people of that sectice and have thus 'far kept their pledges, their attitude is very ueunlcing, and, we know not what lhur may brinpg us the Startling WeW;s of a massacre. After having lea;uei.d, the poition (f)af fairs, we believe th.e ludi.an shoIund ot have been allowed to, enter the sitter LRoot valley, but since, they have gaiaed an entrance peac ibly, and lhae.given pledges that they will not molest the citizens, we believe it would be unwise for the people to bring on a fight, for such w.ould necessarily result in the loss of life and the destruction of mnany homes. T'he regular troops are marching after the Indians, and should they subcceeld in over taking them the latter would cd)nutless conm imence to,pithlge the co.untry, iu.ut we need ilot be at al:l neasy about this nmatter, as the regulars are not an suteiciut iorce, and do not move rapidly enoughl to. coupelt the In dians to tfght mnless, they choose. Under the circunstances, we thmink the. citizens of Bitter Root ;ustitled in their peace polley., We also think Governor Potts actetd the part of wisdom in disbanding the volunteers,. the failure of the government to recognl*e or listen to his entreaties warrantina this disposition. The rising of Deer Lodge and Missoula counties Is .iidlceice tlMit the' peo plerearebrave ad. resolute,, and should' the Indians begin lostitlties It will require but a tmoment's warning to reassemble . the little army for aetion. The thanks ofi time formers of Bitter RIoot are especially dhie to' the tli*ers oL It er Iodge county for the promptness: with which they responded to tlhr apl.pil' for help, and we fel: that we euil as~sure.thCemi, in behalf of th~se fawtnurs, that luld they rea:ched them, 4kere was not a $m9'u house oni the valled bu(t \wonld have beets thrown open a0n1 its store slhared(I witl4 theim. The country ihas ahretily sustained a great loss, even should the matter rest as it is. ''lhe grain fields of MlSjssoida county, already ripe, Ihave been neakected. Tie mills and mines of P'hllippsburg and Butte were stop ped, tihe reveuLe of that section cuttoff tfr the ie ln being, and business almnost etiiraly slusplenledl The fiarmers of I)eer iipdg have also lost heavily ; their hlorses,.which were fulrnlshedtl grataitoi1.sly -have'many of t ..h..)been ruined anlld son!l killed, ft'or ill the rlush to the front lhor~e esit '.wis not spared. Not a 1ni1 who vohlnteered hei i,.i~t front 40 to $~) cash, tau(di lanll° tiln out' illch more. Governgr, Lotts mlyi.hlvrLt~ur'y Mills hlave beutl:t\islh i1) ,lem.gendittir.oe'thmeir it'd that nptiutlug !i. tl ht''t dole. they dleserve v'.IveriluIeit ttthitis' (lEfi tO thte intere lts ot ies p.Phue l s i ue i s U rvhg ofnt' uetI taithtul FROM MADISON VALLEY. EnDTOR IT!SBANDMAN: It has been some time since I have seen anything in your pal)er from this part of the Territory. Crops on this valley are good, and promise a large return to the farmers. though the late heavy rains, accompanied by wind storms, have caused the grain to lodge in some places. As yet there are nio grasshoppers on this valley, although we hear of them as near as Willow creek, where they are destroving the crops, and the sky has been full of them here for several days, but none of them have come down. Mr. Hunter, cattle dealer, of Illinois, has paid our valley his annual visit, and has driven off a fine herd ot four year old steers for the Eastern market, for which he paid on an average $24.00 a head. Many reports of hostile Indian demonstra tions to the west and southwest of us are being cireulated, and a few farmers on the lower Ruby river and on Beaverhead and Jefferson valleys have taken their families to Virginia, City for safety, but up to the pres ent time we know of no depredations being comnimitted. A coll panly has beeni orgaiurzeu on the Madison anid 80 names enrolled, with A. N. Bull as Captaiu: they are now receiv ing, arms fromi the Virginia arsenal, and if poor Lo comes this way he will receive a warm reception. I No. Madison 'alley, August 1. FRQO. FISH QREES. EDITO0,a IIUSIlANI)MAN : 'Th'e people here are at present somewhat alsrtUed, oexer the Nez Perce Indiatn news, and togu.a~ d against any surprise from themn have organized themselves into. a company, with lIon. II. Jordan as Captdiln. and Jos. Bunby, 1st Lieutentant, and have construct a stockade by setting heavy timbers on end and sodding it some five feet high. Forty gulls were distributed to-day, with 40 roundstl of ammunition to each gun. The boys here are in earnest., and will make it warnm work (ou. Mr. Indian. LVE AND LET LIVE. Fish Creek, M1. '1., August 2d. THE: INDIIN EXCITEMENT-INCIDENTS OF THE MIA1ºCH TO THE FItONT. A few muinutes after closing my letter last week, Li was anchored in my saddle, face toward Missoula, and going- at double quick speed.. Since. then a week has passed by, taking witld it the war clouds of the West, and I ami back again in the quiet Queen city with ais hbar ' o'leisure, in which to tell the IIU:s AN1r.)A..L readers of what promised to be an inter;sting drama, but which has ended in a h.s.iidating farce. When it was known tha.t the Nez Perce Indians were approa.ling, the Bitter loot valley by the Lo Lo trail. Capt. Hawn, comn Imanlder of the military post at Missoula, with two comnpauies of infaiintry and a part of Co. A., ot the Missoula volunteers, marlchd to the et4iyotu on the Lo Lo creek. here Ihe conn cuoei ddiggiug en trench ments. Daily hisU messcigers were sent into Misson la announcing the position of the . hostiles and. aslidg r f inmoe men. Governor Potts who:h;.il. arrived at Missoula called upon all citiz*ns. who had been furnished go\lern mienlt arI'.s to report for service, to which there was a liberal response, some 200 citi. zois of "the county having joined lRawvn's command in less than thirty-six hoturs after.,! the issuing of the Governor's pt;oehunation..[ On the 27th, Capt. lawn,s icfofimed thaj Governor that hie had a su.tliient number of volunteers to hold his. position -that the Governor should. t,4:e cotttinuanl1, of the oth er volutiteers. ter in1 the afternoon o0 the same day,, iiutct~Igeuce reaehted~the (}overuoi; to thie ei~jit tjitl eottt. ii iciti ou1 betwýrteeu I Rtavw,!j's ctmp andl MJl1soula haul, been, cut oft by the irtovenleut. of of the Indians. '.iq tGovcrnor ilfmtmodialy tly disatclhed a toe zSeg er to Deer Lodge, urgirng that ev ery.nrtjr il who could be furlnih.hed with armins, ht= senuoforward to the front with 3all 1wosi.. lhlu host, .h)oping to get a snluicient ºtiitiber; Ity IIorniurg to openi the communication., The uaesseuger e hurried uip the road at :t [ga;llop ,peed, utsin ; ilpiv-r" & S alisbury's st(tage Iprses, e'Alaugring tt,. L4, :}+ 4tSI hIorste ait every ;na~tioni, u-ver halt Iiu, but hiutling~ the stsr1it gl news to every- (;4; Il e pais.ýed'. -all hut, fitty of uS r men are smiilrouudttt-t~ i'cuc etits1tr IcwIj()Ilg4. tjiy;w~l OlQ." 'witi ( y, 'Vas armd a the. 1(c.4t.. W. A. C'lhrke, of BItte.. \ who h,;Ji received the GUOvlrnor ' proclanatioi in tie forenoon of that (tay, had rode on horseback to Butte. f shut down his mills and mines, organized ilanid tlot101111lte a compa:ny of Illiners landl re- V turned to Deer Lodge. Another company ' of Butte men had organized, choosing E. T. s Owens as captain, uand were nearnllg Deer v Lodge on their march toward the front. .J The fading light ot tho.day was growing di(m upon the mountains, when the half de- ' serted town of Missoula was made glad by t the arrival of the first comlpany of Deer Lodge volunteers, under Capt. Thomas Stuart. It is not difficult to imagine the relief this little band of forty men was to his Excellency, who had vanlly exerted ev ery etfort to secure enough men in the I place to go with him to the field. But, had he known how prompt the miners of Butte and Pioneer and the farmers ot Deer Lodge valley had been in responding to his call, and with what speed Captains Clarke, Ow ens, Turner and the 200 brave men were moving to his rescue, his troubled mind could have rested in peace. Soon after sunrise, Stuart's company who had taken a good nighlt's rest at Missoula, were mounted, and, in comnpauy with the (;overuor', were moving towards the nlldian reni4ezvorbs, but before they had traveled foiubr miles, a courier froml Capt. Hlawn provedl that the alarm of yesterday was false ; that comllmunicatioln was still open. The intelligence hle boare caused the move which proveot faital to the whole aflhir. Bawn's order to the Governor was " hold the Bitter Root bridge and guard the O'Brien trail." Capt. Stuart and 10 men halted at the bridge, and Thos. L. Nqapton, 1st lieutenant, with 30 men went to the O'Brien trail, where they spent the day in a tramp. of 30 ritles over mOlnltainls, 20 mileCS from the campl of the hostiles. It was near 10 a. ao, when Capt. Rawn was informed by citizens i his coummand that tihe Indiains were escaping from the canyon by passii;g over the Mountain on the north side of the Lo Lo, but it was iot; unutil several hours had 1)passed that he gave credit to this state mnenlt. II then ordiered omit a detacllment of 45 me1n under- Lieut. Andrews, to (1do skirmish duty. A member of this party says their leader was a military man of mer it; that the first order received was to, take the chl:arges from their guns, and ad(vance two abreast. This order was followedt by a number of others which may possibly l)e found in IRawn and Andrew's taCtics, but ina. no others. Prominent among them was halt-take a drink, reload guns, advance single file ten feet apart." The company had scarcely ogot in line for the last order wheat the front halted, and a detachment was sent to Raw\n for reinforcements, to which a replly was received, that the men would be Ltimished in a half hour. Here was the c.imax. 'The company was in gnn shot of the red skina who were.quiorly pass ing out. A quick vetreat returned Lieut. A. andl his eomnmand to R.awn's headquar ters. About tids time a conlmpany of 14 mien front Pildllipsburg,. who. had; crossed theRlock Creek trail, tatv.eliug, nig).t and day, with Capt. McLean a:n Lieut. ht1erdee in coni:altl, rail the gauntlet, passing i;ear and between the Indians, reached Hiawn's camp. The captain of the Phillipsburg company pointed ou't the hostiles to the ~conmmander and begged of him to allow ' them toopen lhre, but was baffled and awe 1 stlrunk by tihe. odlers. "don't shoot! don't shoot!" Of 0 .nit'e\s' companyI)IY, however, there were tl:re men, vwhose lnames my in forlm:Mt'does.liot r~nlmbelnr, who were brave 'enougjh to admiac 'e in. speaking distance of t~le Ilnlians, Lookilng Giass stated to them that he dtid not wish to imole.t thea eitizens or their plroperty. and would panssthroughl pelaceabll y it allowed ; but wouildi tight the soldiers at any time. When thisi. became known\\l. the citizenls ill RawlI's campll, (about 50 out of the 200, volunteers.). exppressed their willingness to.aeeeplt the proposition-; lndtl .i.en it, hail beell tfully demaonstrate(i th::t under tilir p.esenlt commander thoy c eonctthave no opporltlulity to avenge the I bl.olcf thleiir Idaho. friends by subduilg the Cenetltw\iho. at~.lhat time, had; escaped Sfronom their ltoiico4,:andl. were thee en route "t between tit.. c:itizens :~utt their boutes, a ilmore ofltfirlnt, coLjt4,al.lider, andl Iore, per Sfeet.-ovrganiztious bei .g* mecessaiy. naeither of vwhich coul be had. thIeyv reluctantly ace Scepted the terms. as dietited by the red .-kizis. a. the les.ser of the two evils. Here ends my, mperfect ,sketch hie fair, taken front the statements c fge lea <.who were with Rawn's oiliflaild, st)n who is to be bl:named need nlt be stated herq , The commander will doubtless, if V ,ar"," sober nmiomenllt by lit 0 wi Wile grlassp volunteers in faIult, but tlheli the re modrt judge. SThere were many ilncidelnts rcot with the miiarch to the tront whlchl i't w"l be pleas)1lt to mention if space liermitted brit which for this reason are omitted It may be well, however, to ulention tlialt 0r correspondent will onei of the baker's dlolz of young men from Butte and Deer IMd, who took breakfast at Deer Lodge anuld sl lper at Whliteside's. 45 miles away, iilid tlhe turned back Itt the Governor's Orderlf01 hours later, 30 iniles further on, andl butt miles fromi .Raw\:'s ailip. Oiurs w~t soinewhalit mixed crow\d, buit good eioltl to do fair service .ntd win Inurels on the field. Our company was headed by a ,t . tuckian. an ex-Captain in the U. s, with a right clever Episcopalian minhl.ter fr Lieutenanit, while the next ofiee' ilii nti was a professional barber of Butte city and a'l Inldian fighter of western slope notoh.,ty, anlldl the high privates were luilers, olei,,r. veyor, one dailry man and one scribbler. T'l, namles as they appeared onl the roll are N, L. Turner, Captain ; M. N. Gilbert, Lieutel. allt; D)ennis Simpson, Serge;lnt; Private. Iin McFarland, Nat. Evans. Mike Callahiii, Mace Warren, Chlias. WVhiitford, Win. Wood. ward, Ed. Stock, W. 11. ~ltherlin, and two ote'rs. It will lie seen that the list ofoll1. cors was lot conmp)lCte. This was occasioned by the s tiallness of the company. It was our eXl ct:;atiol, however, to lhae bell joiled by it party of lifteen b)rave Ililne frolm '-ioneer. who were wait a few aiile..Li5 hind is. Withll this addition to our little coll plny we conl ld have reachedl, tbltild by 7 . a.., 5.lon Sunday, awld iL:oLa respoetaltei reilinfol'eenielmt to Sttitrt's com4ipamy, while lbullt few lhours eotll. hIl\Ne itmtenveniedlbe. fore the arrival of Capts. Cl.lke ltlmd 0wens with their coliillipaes., But; now it; is ovrt.; a blihmsiitian disanter.. suchi as hais never- t'ore been placed uplln recolrdl. A ciUsast.tr~ not only to, the goverl ulelit. but toM overiou'll otts, Secretary iEilI. '.nd. unully citiz'ens .L D)eer Lodge county. Vwo (141 n ed in tit. acid who, though in all. situcerit,. doing. that Wt.4icl they thoughtwa~ for tle best, have not ntow the sligtTelstshow et being reimbursed in purse,. orev,.0ollh a eeiving the thanks of their neighbors. Itis proper in this connection to state that Capt.. 'Turner'; company and. imany other vo0uu, teers tender their thanks to Mrs. Child'.lf Pioneer, for the kind proffer of a dinaer which they did not have time to stopfoir, allnd to.Mr. Ileroa; and other firmers of the vallsy ah)ng the route for like ourtesits.. 'cLii s- little mnmifestations of kindtness and symlpnthy wlil always he remembered. piecially when it is known that at maty ot1 the stations alhng the road, and evsi iln the city of Missout;, men who had bought their own horses at.ti outtitasft,r the expresspur pose of giving assistaa.e to the Mlissoul county people, men w\.'heat in haste atd ftr aught they knew their lust weal if:life,werc required to shall out.. O.u' readers must not think that tht w:itier is air advocateo: f keelh ing open house for- all travtI.ers, bult in thi. a'llair the high charges for necessafleI hIad;lt Missoula aund on the road by Weu w1io went in sincerity to light for thl.eir strauger fried' was in striking contrast with thy amlnner'i which the menw from Butte and el'swcc . were treated in Deer Lodge, where the lhO tels, and especially the McBurney house. refused to accept pay from the brave mel who were hurrying to the defeice of 1o soula. There are men in Deert Lodge , ol who have expended several huuidred do i'e in this affair, w'ho would not regoet.it eve! tlouigli no good had been accomishned, a"' they and their represcutati.as recee . respectable welcome. of. or After a11ll thle t uarioil and tnaing a no' ,\% st Side triendu, it is cout$ g.. toh thuatl~u t a gun has been tired,.tlt.et I h.hi the hoijUe Nez Perce Ln(ians cauLsta Bitter, P)ot valley acknowlud , t .be .: and ekhibit the scalps of citizecs of ."i'. they arne eaceably disposed. towan .. een transferrSTANDiN to theb B Ot or t~oo1, h minuder of the Ar'ny hua ne0 t heGe