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Rocky Mountain husbandman. [volume] (Diamond City, Mont.) 1875-1943, September 27, 1877, Image 2

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SU RL)N4I . i E itor. '
WE know otf rd thrlanch of industry in
Montana that has a more promising outlook
than sheep husbandry. Seven years ago
there was scarcely 2.000 head of sheep in the
Territory, and 'they were mostly wethers
driven in solely for mutton. Now, though
the businerS is but ih its Infancy, there are
at least 75,000 in the Territory, and our wool
product has taken-a prominent place in the
Eastern markets. The first flocK of sheep
for wool growlpg. was brought to Montana
in 1871, and, being free from scab or other
disease, they wintered.well. IThbis gave con
Ildence to those wio were lookihgin this
directlit tpr cnvestment, and in 1872 several
flocks were brought in. But this time'the
result# were not so good. The flocks driven
in were mostly scabby, and owned by men
inexperienced. in the business, and the con
sequence was that fully fifty per cent. were
lost tlhe first winter. This had a bad influ
once. ,Many who had implicit confidence in
the country as a sheep growing district
came to the conelusion that it was difficult
to,get a flock acclimated, and that Oregon.
or California sheep could- not be brought in
without a sacrifice ot at least fifty per cent.,
which deterred r~it myrOm pi&chasing. But
as time wore on the sheep fattened, those
that were scabby became cured and remain
ed healthy, and all were unusually prolific,
which won for the business an ocdasional
convert who was ,yilling to take the risk.
In 1875 the importation was quite large,
and the industry gave promise of becoming
:an important item in Montana's wealth.
The management of the flocks driven this
season convinced the majority of those who
were giving attention to the subject that the
mortality in the flocks here the 'first winter
was owing to the lack of proper treatment,
and the past winter htis thoroughly demon
strsted this truth. Where men have under
stood the business and made the necessary
arrangements, they have brought their new
ly imported flocks through without losses,
while others have losses in proportion to
their degree of negligence.
'The progress has been slow. First it was
demonstrated that Montana Was a good
country for sheep when once acclimated,
then it was demonstrated that healthy sheep
epuld be acclimated :without loss, and now
it is satisfactorily proven that even the scab
bieast of California sheep may be driven in
here au.d wintered with but little or no loss.
Of the large number driven n uthis fhll it is
safe to calculate that the mortality will not
be greater than would. have been sustained
had remained upon their native hleith, That
our country has no equal in promoting the
.eqlth of sheep, keeping then in good con
dition,. and keepitg, them with.ut expense,
has lqag been a conceded fact, and now that
there is no loqger a question as to the aceli
mrnatort of sheep, we may look for the indus
try to assume ,naumoth proportions in a
few years, Our paisorkal domain is almost
limiitless, anti Is permanent, and our facili
for eýpaorti. Wool are good:
It ts not require a iaitlmatician to
1igu~e up the protits in tbla industry. ManIy
of outr lockk npasters have paid two per cent.
Snoj cir nlvestwent and flourished, Wbe.
wool .a wavrth 3i cents per poufi 4U lBoton,
ai can be hliidd dqwn there from Mo!tanaa,.
fur 5 or tOles and when our floaksaverage
trot5tal to' pounids per head, and the oauy
's:E i )itai)tultniig them Is sa hire of a
hipiher.i to keep them together, it is easy
v.nougtqto nLi er taud that 4 ays, antl that.
i iiall tat iý uqees..~ r Jo~,n1li the business
Inc'eaaLe rA.idly;, Tlhwr are to-day bun.
drodes of thousands of dollars in Lontaun_
that wotild be iuycsted in s)lieep .were they
to be hita in tb&nt irket~tt rpasgpubie p ce.
Men iun every eanlugin lite w)o hbIv9 meanst
to invet are aazed, it; ithe profits realized.
In tlai brandac., liusibndry, .lnd are eager,
to e.al4rk ji.n the business, ~ps!n the day is
ntot r. i . whn . th' w1a1 prou.ct of
ýi(attzit il. hp her greate, 4qugree o(
As p icted by us sonme time nag.; the
:at'ilas kaIyt sW1ung a)routa' the idreleiand
i :t atttila-.FlatI., A.ýaiteld their' oil win
t' .rli*gteipgrOuands :on the Mhtielesheli, and
,onwhuittuwutlchti-teir uriad upon our talleys fo,
;rtltiuslh2 !tth Sfil muiisIke4,' the Itliteun
wt ahett g h o 3. gaoiling there,
it is 1.al hi thI goýerni ent inirefuis
nugo in the qpterldr iW.his attempt
to capture them. l(ad subsistence beeu pro
vide4l, the citizens of Montana would have
rdllied, as did Deer Lodge county to the res
cue of Minoiila, 'antd have wiped the Nez
Perces from the face of the earth long ago,
with less loss of life and property than has
beenl Snstaiedl; but now there is no indica
tion that the war is any :etrer over than
when first be.wn. Howard was at Baker's
battle ground, on the Yellowstone, oh the
16th, waiting for supplies, for which he had
sent to the new Posts down the Yellowstone,
while the hostiles were on Careless creek,
Muselesliell valley, full 60 miles distant, with
General Sturgis at their heels, keeping up
a running fight, but not in sufficient force
to engage their eintire attention, as is proven
by their raid on Smith river. They are evi
dently,feeling that they hiay~,virtually es
caped. They have now an open road to the
British Possessioiis, for .which they are evi
dently making. Should Sturgis, however,
succeed in routing them, they will probably
break up into slimall bands and take refuge
in the mountains in the vicinity of the Jud
ith. But it is more than likely that they will
keep out of reach of the. cavalry and sendI
their families and stock across the Missouri,
then turn and keep the army at bay until
their families are, safe beyond our border.
The warriors will then break up into small
bands, making the Judith region their home,
and inaugurate a regular series of raids up
on our settlements, hurrying their booty
across the line as fast as captured. We have
never been so enthusiastic as to even indulge
the hope that the war was over. On the
other hand, we believe that to the people of
Meagher county, at least, it has just begun.
We do not wish to cause any alarm, but
would say to our people: go about your
daily pursuits as usual, but go armed, guard
your horses day and night, and never let a
prowling Indian escape. Every one sent to
his last home is one less to contend with
hereafter, for the trouble is liable to turn in
to a regular guerrila war, to be fought out
in Moagher county.
From Mr. Jolhn EdwIard's my route was
to the northward. Five miles up hill and
five down the opposite side brought me in
to Nevada Crleek valley. A mistake was
certailnly made when thi , valley was named.
It should have been called the stock-grow
ers Paradise, for nowhere in Montana-and
I may well claim that no valley upon the
American Continent can surpass it tor fine
grasses. My stay here extended through
one day, during which time I visited most
of the settlers, and in passing from one
farm to another on horseback, 1 was con
tinually in the midst of one green meadow,
the wild timothy and bunch-grass reach
ing up to my feet nearly every step of the
way. The valley proper is quite small, but
the tributaries, parks and sloping bench
lands, reach far back on every side, while
to the north idsns the Bi Bilackfoot through
an open country eight or ten miles in
length, which, when taken with the Neva
da creek valley, ittakes a large country.
There are about tvwdnty ranchers in this set
tlement, abdut halt ot 'whom have families.
Th'ley have pleaasant home, large herds tind
Jive with ease. The fall of snow in winter
Is deeper than in most other places, requir
ing their gireatest exertfotni in making hay
and f1iedtiug. Not until recently has there
been an effort made to produce grain' here;
but those who have tried It hliave succeeded
verprell. Of the'i'esideni, of this valley, I
rernenmber the naies of Chhmt. BIrown, A.
Lincoln, Thos. Coletiian, J. H. Helms, O.
Karr, J. W. Bltir. neii;t Jetiuxr and 14. B.
Berlljqte. ,Lu t)te fiaelds of the last four
unam ,gg ntleiutiý, ,[ticed lsome uine oat.
and considerable v etables.
Coningu out of the ii valley I followed up
Nevadai creek to near its Lource,. and tlhe
crossed over th le toqble lati to t.) h At
tie Blackfoot, pasin upon my , onte, some
te sto.k rim unhey, ownod by X, Gallhgher,
t~ake Fi nn att' hael li ley, who have
large hel &.
'The exciteieut at the tipe of Ynmy ist
about thae ltidin rid ;tiiftb the c.uhtVy 'hav
ing t:aktn a 'ii'nlber of the resid its froth
their homes; prveynted Ite from mineetthg
themu ttkes oan.etit rm liuited ,'tutt of
theQrase herttlsy _1 -.
Net the njutlh otf :ie iLttle B ck t~t 4 s
bne t the bei appdinted stoll huhi esii
thlssection. It is presidled over l)jt lctr.
Miller & Kimberly. These gentlemen have
a large flock of healthy sheep, and are en
joying good profits from their increase and
the sale of wool.
On Snow Shoe I called upon Mr. J. R.
Price, a stock-raiser. He manufactures a
fine article of butter which he sells to the
miners of Blaicktoot at the regular price of
40 cents per pound, the year round. He is
improving a pretty location further down
the creek, where he will reside perma
Crossing over the hills to the southward,
I called at N. Sweetland's station oin the
main road. lie is probably the largest
wool-grower in Deer Lodge county. I hand
the pleasure of looking at his flock, last
sprinit, and made mention of it in. my Deer
Lodge letter. Until recently lie has been
somewhat sonmewhat discouraged at the
business, but since his lock has become
nearly cured of scab, and he has received
good returns for his clip of wool, lie is high
ly pleased with his investment. WILL.
'T'he Nez I'erces beinv hotly pursued in the
mountains, Howard in the rear and Sturgis
in the front, Sturgis attempted a move
Inent by laking a (letour, which gave the
Indians their only chance to escape, by flee
ing precipitately down Clark's Fork, cross
ing the Yellowstone. They burned M`r.
Rouse's house, blarn and corrall. Joseph
took possession of the United States mail.
While driving up the road he perceived Stur
gis in pursuit, cut the tugs, jumped on one
of the horses striking out for the hills in the
direction of the Muscleshell. Sturgis
brought up and fought them twelve miles
west of the Yellowstone. Three soldiers
are. reported killed and seven wounded.
Sturgis is still in pursuit with about five
hundred men and some Indians. No de
tails have been received since the fight of
day before yesterday. I can learn no par
ticulars from the MeAdow mill settlement.
twelve miles below. It is thought that the
Indians did not go below this point. The
statement of Fannie Clark, a passenger on
the stage, says they looked up and some one
exclaimed : '" Iere comes.:the whole Nez
Perce tribe-let's run. The men all seized
their guns and took to the brush. They
passed the stage station (the next station
below Rouse's) and set it on fire. She says
she rode down the road yesterday in conm
pauny with two men ostensibly to see what
damages were done at the McAdow place.
she says she saw so much sign, she declined
to go further, having no desire to witness a
scene of horror'. JACK MCGOEY.
General Hloward's camp, Clark's Fork Bot
tom, Yellowstone River, near Rouse's
Ranch, Sept. 16, 1877.
Everywhere the eye meets the gilded signs
and show eases, proclaiming that DI. So and
So is prepared to perform all operations
pertaining to dentistry. A man who has
had no education or experience except it
may have been in thime office of a fileind who
has shown himi how to put tip a rubber set
and plaster in nu amalg i ilg illinig, buy~ a
show ease and fills it with old spec'iulns and
a lot of tin and gilders' 4fil, hangs up his
sign, gets his circulars printedl which pro
claim himni s Dr. --, who is prepared to
execute gall operations In dentistry in the
m•Ust artistic and workl.anlike style. it is
an :utrageous slhilie that they should be
allowed to practice. They not' only injure
their fellow-being:, but they dlaiv from and
east a stigma on decent, legitimate dental
surgeons, who have spent time 'ind toil in'
beominlig priiticient in their specialty. .There
certaiihly onglit to he tila w pissed coli
pelling every olie who wants to practice
dentistry to pass an examination before
some boiard of legithnfite dental surgeonis
Other professionus rlic them, and wli.y cat -'
not we ? States have them, tiid whliy cain
not Territorites. '~'hese questions semi to
occulip' thei 'thd tht. of somme of the' best
men in our noble profession. I don't' mean,'
MrE'litor, that a rtin n trust iecesstrily be
a gradtiate to lie a r~gd dentist; btif I do
s;y that i nanim should 'liFav'ieen edueated
"r:"hii laforfolson;' ser'ved his time withi a
aw was .orce - , tnA it s.
p*actice,"t would h~ra blhsin t eh
imunity at ihomie 1and at l'arge, nu d tIe
would certainly know the right tootlhl efoh
the left. " 1). TS
The following letter was received a,
days since by Gov. Potts, fron the .»
of the lamented and heroic Gen. Cnster:
NEw Yolr , Selptember 9, 1877
GoVERNOR POTTS'r :-Dear Sir-B, wtas er
much touched land siiterely gratelul for tl.
resohittons adopted1 by the Legislature,(
Montana. I regret that tmy loou illn(.
left ine unlit to li5swer letters, muld that l
must so tardily acknowledge a kindnes I
so keenly appreciate.
Will you thank the people of Montantf her
their testimonial of praise to the nlelnory tf
Gen. Custer. lie dearly loved the WVest
and counte(d it no sacrifice to spend niu,
years out of his young litfe in dlcdi(llig Ir
borders and protecting the fi'oltiersIa1,,
I shall always cherish the tribute Mont-,.
na has paid the heroic dead, anat the new
name of the river will serve to remlind uI,
while I live of gratetul Western people.
Very respectfully yours,
..... --._.___.·
Gen. Sherutan sends the tfollowing to (Gn.
ernor Potts, dated Walla Walia, Sept. 19th:
" I arrived here yesterday ib tifteen (dav
from Missonla, bringing our wsgwns tl!rough
all in good order. The road was only lass
able by hard work on the part of ourescort.
It is the best road between Montana mid
this part of our country, antd I will endeav
or to have troops pass over it :nuimully so
as to renew travel. To facilitate this cud l
shall endeavor to have a good uniltary post
like Missoula established where the ('a+tr
d'Alene Lake discharges Its snrpius water
by the Spokane river, or thiereabouts. The
road thence to Walla Walla is good, and tl
country is settling up.
You may publish this as I believe at a~i
ble tra(le may grow up between Montana
and \Vashilgton Territory.
Among other things that the Uellet~t Fair
Association are doing to make the .thuiag
exhibition a complete success, i. ,the erec
tion of a reportorial tent on the gmals '
near Floral Hall, for the especial benetit of,
the reporters of the press throughout illt
Territory. A bnilding of t.his kind will
prove a great convenience, for the speedy
preparation of reports anti notices of each
day's proceedings, and will be a suitabk
recognition ot the efforts of the press tiI
Montana in its work to foster adul promote
the interests of the Territory. Fqr our
selves and in behllilf of the fraternity gegltr
ally, we hereby extend our tlhaks.tc to t
President and 1)irectors of tie assoeiatiow
for this considerate recognition of the eti
nent services in all public matters of news
paper mtent-Herald.
r-- - - ý.--s -ý,- -
SAN DEGo, Septeimber 15.-T'he Uzion's
special of the 15th, from Tucson, Ariuzwo.,
sa s reliable advices received ye t'da.y furolm
Ciamnp Bowie and .'lifton say pte Iirnin
Sprinig Indhians, vwh recently left :• V:1 ar
los, have killed at least tourtee, men,
wounded eight, captired one fireiglt .train,
kiflled the teamsters and destroyed thle
goods. Seven horses were taen trqout tlhl
ston and tihe statio ibandotned. There hlt:
been no rhdail from Silver City for a week.
The Loutgfellow Copper Mining ComPaf''!
of Clift9u, lost 30 teams of mulecs by th Pfli"
diatn, and hl'e httd to stop operatiOis.
T'hree det:cihiments of Arizona trpops tid
all tie tavaihile ones in 4ew Mexico are e-f
tet; thie Indians. ...
ISAN DINEGco, September 15.-The Uson's
spechtl from TIffcs'Inhst s a dispatdch to.l{
froin'Calmp Graniif, sany MgjOir"' Ul)iPpr an!
oinmtlandu struck 'thIe Indianis ai t KM
ianthilind killed 40.
'TlV: Ljidiana Statue Faiti i in pr~ogreY at
dllianapolis this week.
77--- -. .nofTeer
TrE eight *annual exhiitton of ,the'
ri". '..al Fit" As ociatioo l. .h hits nioV tti
prdgrss, ci.ild in;t hlaiv .ell upo n iO.
detlItful ti.inme. Thi 'eatr tlts r Is
h4~ad xery w Liool .idid diY4

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