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Rocky Mountain husbandman. (Diamond City, Mont.) 1875-1943, September 27, 1877, Image 4

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bIV-a L &TUCK.
ISIN-ARJ R BiaREZDING -A CAUSE OF
DýSNIr$LTION AXD I8?IZASE
The great warnjerity of wrIters on this +sub
jeot*C [email protected]~l tke. &woede', dir the most earn
*st! 2. u I3wElr, sgaiiist strrying .ian-awn
l- tkrmMng furi~ther than oene *or tao gezera
,tit41tik4uakflyT4re t4treray rppod t to At, and
tlene I 8a eryý :gerieR d opinioni ationg
ht (T'~4oa thituft a t1C ie followC(1 by injuri
ous > (i~iir. ' i ·ýg 7 stj paper;' howecver, I
.pointed out sewarl intdications for it, in all
of wIui1ch, t aaake i perfect suceess, it InuIt
1` c,&riied to a coil itherabie extent. It is
therefbore Imatter ot the utnro't. practicLL
is 4erest toI eitdue if in-breeding has a Ji
ccay. iujul'ious etffect on the ofispring; in
-oter vr~rds., is 4egeneration or disease the
1n f 1 iiesk t ol tts1 ig thS isit&]h'd of
breelrýabg? I hve irh (nO4Abtt a large aw, jori
1yot tMeders w0411(1 answer Miis queatioaý
unhedir tittJlyfta trc ja ttrf c ;;Indeed I
:iin greatly stti ri~ 4 ut tihe wide-sprt(nI
prejuaIdiee, a ira' t bi? its .f9'rn nearly re
I t t 4tl djM , uootsmierung. the , extent ; to
*wtiuh:iit hias be~ol (eraried by lhe inojt Suc
tesftul breeders, anyd the invaluable av!suCtts
W414Qý t(y So x¶eC)eI±t ý, ,t iUM
iinjuriQy q ,8 ett efhtriaoid bfeehlukt burped
ulron' , anllso ltCOC.CSS IY isit tdnt .hreedtrMs
.~;1O1J44 y tIY 4ette-rt urLd orstaLtding of the
wmtll, that iaun f'or'eda. into more .dktails
than I hlad at 1irst'ln ·ded ter1ran± of these
papers., .j1I ý,t.
S.lutcl~ s ig ter-.lctlig .-we of ,itPef in J1
,rlous, Lhi +4eflleatwoud clrtlinJy be contintt
dut and wtiV hlu:'etV.e w ilth the tlime
tthediillh 'thicehthei ý,ub ' extended t' ; Sq
queiitlye; tliilgh soiile constitutions would
be the result of all continued in-and-in
liaFtegt.itl .tOwpi;as thislti eu the case, and
f( pt.p is iVt'b.. rrhead ~6 t. sultieint cx
4ut-iun the cases of apparent snccess to enit
ihýtuI t otz.e to y p iak i "~d i' .r,
gard' to iV T( ' eft"lefiact!,wiihl fl i low, si.
lectet as tiley ile iromn mIany at our coll
inmand, are to my milnd a sufli icnt :answer to
If we take tie En. lh thoroghlred
horse, we find it has been in-bred to a qiuar
ter or less e fit 4r f".lI~"r thli.i one hun
4ro t1 anrtl~4ty,years, atud according to Stone
".etiý '!'. tef~t tp lIrppossiate ,to ndtt; to
houseas litautra oe .relatedi; and the names
three contemporary descendants of tlthe )ai
ley3: , y c .T;;f' qu tihe U adlol
phiin ar~, or one of theirte inmedlate des
crdantss, wrll beshon ,hi the liftlh, sixth ort
seventh remove of all our tlhoroughhred
ol l!1ld tgu eit l ;i f ql afl thrt' will
be f Y irefitricd 'i|tt"k lie oir sit. t~,ces
apWetes Mery nauny bceederw havoe bredl in
T :lýý:';?ý)ý , p ý'jI iý t. .n ie r, Jiaaave in
thlit dIy' h.lte eftt t l ltt'ir 1it'tlt' i ly ll I nts.
tr. iuekIey lh is collected a long fist
of such ti4ti ..l iltttifblg WA~lithf'i! tpear the
ont.ne# o It,''lk.'ig 4;lýdei;hrs,:..tlghi, tfl.' ,. Old
F6:''& .'.S1tWiieh', ri't l•, 0 ,, , r-,
dle-Sait-GeorgcsESiilnson); and this has beeC
<gegn Mgggagggagggg Hthe
produce losing their fertility, their eonstitiu
i'e ii. firs4M! tMiF~ ft a W
sult of a reuia lt.etie4 e . yfparate but
a few generations. True, many of tihese
horses are lackilg hi bottom alnd sound
.css,'but all admit thit Is ls tlhitol timper
fect soleoton'1nd not to'relntiblislip. If we
Sitti ie th Itgirces Ob ou" iost p ~tebrat
et trdttinig iorses, we shall find thaifot 4 ai
few of them are the rettlt of every close in
terigtyfa" 1np li. lt kLP~f)4itaeirall ll 1lge
of the physiglogical principles involved ati'
more rgorous selectioun, there is everly rea
son to hope that they caa' f b º.r.~t 'ftim
proved by the same means.
It-ti to W' litdla od & -ht t id .i s of
the breeding of Shorthorn cattle-they are
too well ltutie 4- ' No elearer evidl6eb coild'
be desired of the absurdity of charging in
atItl4ttt'heedihl. ltli :pr .!..ung. dege;era
tion and diseasee, 'ITie fullwi z tqts f llti
ialdall's Practical Sltephtertil, p. lI), gives
a Alk it*iltd - Alile ht('lo which C'oling
" The biull Jtliu.lgbroke and then cow P'he
w4 ahulelt e .'e op o ltele4y, rgýatetl to
each other thran hslf-brother atif sister,
w-ere couplet,lii phirducti hle, blietl`' iiiv
I ri:
lite. 4Favorite was tthen coupled with hisi
own ltim an(d produced the cow Y1,ng
Ptenix. -l e wai s thell coupled with his -bwn
datighter (Yioung Phenix), and their pt
duce was the world-famed (Comet. Ow of
the best breelhig cows in Sir C. Kniightley's
herd ;(Restless) was the result of still mflore
continllons in-awl-in breeding. I will state
li part of the pecligree. The bull Favorite
was put to) his own daughter, and then to
his own grand-datighter, and soon to the
produce of his produce iin regular sueeessioC t
for six generations. The cow which was
riae result of the sixth inter-breeding; wits
then put to the bull Wellington, deeply: in-.
ter-bred ol the side, of both sre and dam in
tile blood of Favorite, and the produce was
the cow Clarisma, an admirmble animaizaaml
the mnother Of Restless. ' Mr. Bates, whose
Shorthorns were everi oxcel led (if equaled)
iti England, put sirei to daughter and grand
danghter, son to;diturand grand danm, and
brothr to sister,. indiflerirtiy, his. rule be
ig 'always to put the best animals togeth
er, regardless of av:y affinity of blood,Las A.
B. Allen intforlrAs'me he direc!ly declatredl to
him, and indc.l, as his recorded practice in
the leil:d Book tally proves. " And now if
"e eu.rnenber that the bull Fi~t orite was
used ia 'this h4rd for sixteen C onsecii·tive
ye'ar:s and tlh it sii.c then other breeders.
have followed [r ,(Colling's example even
.to tifs dince, we must acknowlcdgc the great
ithluetie of the ihit success or fulitire at
the derttoli of our qLue lion. A.ld what is
thle esult.. .h fouir years ago, eti..
niie 3 ( its ifter t(oiling it de ( isi beuu n
w'saw a tahi all of tlis hi( ed '-.l It pIt b
lic sa:le for ibredling purposes. for the tin
icrise snrii of fort-y thouisi'ad dollirs, aidd
two others for oth ver thity thotsaind eachi .I
I:'icnl' of' the impi oved biteeu' of Sheep
'migih' be citedl ti ian e'Inphe oif the lt: 'p
c1 es of hitmulin .biccing; ibit - ýýiff'G
further tliaii this, amti give a few cases
wlhe're in-breedinglii r 1s been pr ctkti td in par
;tictmlir flocksi, without iliteiru'i'titºioii `f(r a re
mark abll~e Iteimgtlil of ..ttiii o;: C;Cilltd fa(?tlatLQI
thme flock of' Rltaulli iilet, whlich( wa bred
o'sIty ini-amid-inl for 80, {rllCurtiOuiS-i a
nuinny as co 1ld be expected in the hm um
species, li Via}s ii two tthous imd, y3iº14h
eouise'queutly, if it was a hutlt il mm tulu of
breedingi. such efftcts oughrlit. to har'e nianaii
afeme'd d tiem ehe. " '[1e Messrs. ' nrBmoii
ttl'r'inOg rea'i's; have°e zin eem' ini ftited fre'h
blood in iit thfexeelldit'tiloclk Of Ltfe~i tens
aind in Fiance. ttime ;dz tioti' lu b~~eeii bi ed
ffoi"'(SO year's «xithouit the l itltl dfn tiivn of dffti
sing"le siang rt ' (Iawir " r
C'hetinbb&laimu's Si ki:i e us ha\ve not received
any cr'oss, ora'"tii4esh blood'frosi either of
time drtgrnai furilk, within halnf ·ai."<ºenV ;
yet they are 50 her e 1nt hulinge'r thanY t:he
sihop they origh anted fiota.;m tnk1' mire en 1ire
ly henlhy. " 1\ir. tlnmniimrlotd'.' flnfatntiop
presntiro mi still stronper.'i iieJA 't 'ti werrte
bred ln-anu(=im by Coa IIu4rmphrelvs .11 td
the per~oio lif itr tWU(1l': p)Ii retfas Mr:.
Atwviool birod iittcIi mtt1 loekirroxa' niio ewe,
Int1 Jiever ula eNituIimt ihtirnre1 i·ilth phrays
ramis; Ir. Ilamnmnoid has pr ihtlsed: thie
$anhi bluoil eutirrly jii1aetw4*in, tdm mthus e:1t
l Ir s6i*twuin I t rulmi mlli dywflbt ýfrom "attm une
iixed lp41imiskl vnbaita, thmeoy iiavebtsn br>e4i
Su-amid-iii in t~iU'lmic ;1 tAtitam,: ir 'aupwtwtd
Sof.(;4lerorbý''ý t·(l~rlsitidft~lim· It r . ý.:'
I vis nu to' Cfn1athemittnito 1le 'itr
tiomi of the ipck of. Manchanl nap poe
o[ tt( iltaist 1 eiinfl mfbW ase f of' me e&, by
itii- a- ease "l'ei'& tjme closest' mum-anc -l
breedlmi~n for~ n:ý I tj .I t not `o'i'4tf dc1`inQ
cause d( 6,. ilL ease °b~~s;3 ;-wwhel" r
titker ftlbi'edl cohtmipu., iimnirroveci ?tn in
thl lom Ii i i ad et nistttiition: ' 1 us ii5 rin y of0
shieeel 'in itid, hi 182S by' thc& " nmtIi of a
st4n # ms kriihooledm irii Lamb n lhim(ie fto o1t
M. tGhilf. Amid ow t ýha vmasle' Mitra&
ter of (Iriu' nu fio:k' 14nd imf'i& `tQ rIe
ate "mtif ýitui ttesstbtt::I `,that` tiu IkS-} 1, em
lnab was hinoi"iuogl ref betwtleni mthitM le} umO
aitu some on=ý \eoolleiid 0 ii/t vr ('Pime CieiI.
wmIlepherid I] 41J-1), `nuti K1ea11 see ani,
reaison' fit' Suc1i 1 i 1ip1osittojI' FI{Iphi` sel
eimti8t1s w ho havem inv estitrgde'4'The 'caese tree
that the hlock w'as pure Merino, that it hind
been teuiefttlly bred for a iohg'' L at nt
t.lit thnle the1re was tth'liio~t r im omtis elec-'
tion to produce lie;i y4 ces of extra' liie
wool, ;imcl*+t~itm~tý(ýlt ttoxPe M'wt HG ^iacetdl in
ther I1rst ranMkI by' the- tmrniuracm'etni "of
Renimmns. }vl'3ently4 to'mse wtirx no~ Iimttiee
mleet to! ero' Lulh '&floek *khtI>, mmong
Wolcl ra Win. n possible aLuse was there
I then, for such al variation ? lanndall did not
believe suclh .a variation from purely bred
ancestors p1ssible. To tme it seems plain
dlat it was CauJed by some diseiase of the
eimbryo or mother; for the lamb, a:ys Gay
'ot, was small, badly formed and puny. In
fatct, there was only one good point about it
-the long, tine, silky character of the wool;
it was the opposite of a good mutt(xl sheep,
a-nd the fleece was extremely light an(d lack
ing in otl'er respects. After long consider
ation the lamb was spared and the attempt
made to form a silky-wooled variety; the
tirst season, 1830. two lambs only inherited
the peculiarity of flecce ; in 1S31 t here were
(ice, of which four were males. From this
time there was little trouble, the animials
were necessartily bred in-and-in, one ilnper
tection alter another was ellminted. by se
lection till the fleece became all that coul(t
be desired and the variety to-day, says Gay
ot, Is considered among the best fbrnied and
tnmot easily fait':ened.
It seems unInecessary to go into turtherde
t:ils, tlie facts which I have just mentioned
prove byond contr'adl(hetioii that in-and-in
breeding is not necessarily injuriom.s, :and
tlh't te only eftlect tliimt.'emtil'be 'Ascribed di
ectly to it i an increase ilnreasen the )ower (It
hereditary ;trawismni sion as explaiued in
former art.ieles.-D. . ,. Salmoim, 1). V. Mf in
" ..-- ý1ýT"(1LIý1:T`MODý'ýU. '"'R,, IVI.1ýN :.
EffG TLEG OKily K Iya N y 3i
An ar'ticlo ifl'Land dihd tVaie, dleciiilhiigr
the mode says: The milk pans were :ob
lng iu shape, made of zinc. I think thice
feet long and 2} feet broad, an(d aboutiS
inches deep (, did) not mnasure theml atthe
time). and the o!) tom of the milk Ihlder
ats about one inch smaller ar.ould than the
topl, and each zinc basin was tirttedl ntoh a
wooden frl.ne oin four legs, which. cnrikd it
ntbout2. feet front the floor of the dairy, In
the I)ottoim of each zinc basin, near cift cor
ner, there was a hole nlade, and in tlihat hole
wiis soldered a' piece t6f'zine pipe a:bout two
miehe's lmng projeeting undir the ba.sin;'i ild
of .ich li dihinieter thait 'a coommon "b6ttle
cork would iit into it. The method of us
int the above appartatrts was as folotWs
When \cistiing to get the cream, the (tilr.
maid placed aijar imilet the pipe. and whith
draw. itre .ie'ok illo'wcI 1 the 'milk to flow
il a rapid slticti;i :lidld jnlt'before the tacit of
the niill was t;eldy to escape(, she repleed
thle cork and tihe result wat thait in. abqit
onie nmiunti or less, an 11fibrl1 ien Ilnss pt
cream was left in the basii--it leais it"..~
ollv, b)rokel around, the edge,, I think the
:ilov p'rocess ~wll wvIthy of' Ieing adopted
in ill large tairii~s,, as it seems to me to be, i
very griett sa.iigtof time a.aid it protluie.
imore creamt. .
" TE T'EI &X1 O: .1 NG
A corr(spon.lideit to the' Nbni of "th'.'EPti
agives the following method for prr9dlhetiug
dQuble'the orhna'ry <(:ittity of butter 4t'oi
ta lven qunt of llnlul U "e -ollliuot ayl
lia t wee edlo:se the. plait or l lhetrve i ts
truh, but tve it tp. /wl at it is vo'th
Strait 31ur1 millk, i 1to h ilow pnas, flul
In tlhm, two-tthirds or tlre e-<u1rter, full
set them on the stove antit cahTi. g Iot
(iint boiliit), or scald tti, ndih i ,n
col)eC qri tii kettle set t aava hin cool
prtce foir tyventi-four hours, skin when yot
have sullicient cream for churning, pour tie
creaClatirot) ;the,}i4aW -rock or jar inilM a
large boQil, . eitllier earthle. .or w.odetl.
(wooden I;tiUnk is th lqbest),,tho, trith:u .i
0opodet. bRatttr ,p~tdle stirit back anti firthJ
aui 4it,. a,very shopl': ttioitmie'lamihl will settfl
to the bottorn and thel bttrtine,t.heto ;h
nu w pour off th|e mill(, Wash,tlibhe bntter;i.ir f
qd0J WFet;, salt aid set itt awayv unlii the
ueC til, rl)ioigg hen, work, and ptlltttwayi. in
witii itL At possible. ' ': v.
CA COOIfcSPte INe wo1\ la/d
-Fi.eler. Iii an trticilerelating to the coonliun
of milk forthe i aiy. noitice. a Ilan, ion
ktowni anid esily iicoriilishled, 1by thiose
h66 htave `wells where tliqt cauls arl be suit
peitded. we havie foulid thtl ii)e ins it goo
one for keeping ipulk cool 't hei ice canntit
be had',l :i(l'it Is also V'luaibe for cooiill
ihe butteh froilt d yy tho t o or use ' i
table. 't it s fi I lolloi :: - • ~.Ii a .,. eý, ti
water Of hic m,?nhis'nait tiu i re'S.r
constantly, have b(eu exper-im_.~ -
milk placed iiri cariitind si ile ith
water. Of course the air directl th
the water and lhenceit is.u f edi fro15
merge the entire-e an, kr the ye 91)
the surlace iý as. goad, a.s 81o4 ,i.
shown by Mlr. lanrdin. Let ti -ca aona c
kl·peinded on a cord, so that,, :
may Vary, the can cui )0e keptn as t
will natur..ly sink; id.u il be liie
low the hevel of thb iiiude ie,
should have a cover to'fitf1ooely, with t
rint shutting over the outside, like ibGtlter
filkin, sQo as toc.eonvey otsid le "
irippings from condensation or oher.is
xitay appealV ou; the. top, f it. Lt.s 'll io
l.tve this 9tside rin'italy 1.,! i
more or less, that nothing tlay g!t iut0o.th
canl tlhat. mw.ay chance to c(awl o ( st: .
face of the' well,. as sotiitetinies bu~ , r .
Siidil-, e(ven iln that co.d corer.'
LIýýIVEI= s ro K ST C D-IR iýTj_
LT J
(, & 11. E[)W\ALIIDS,
J Tirnliorter~4 and .Irtceder bf' °
IMPROVEDI AMEd01t MEfyD,
A. FEh v ( (wIcE tZ..ýMS Ql S"Qil ,
Elk (4 roe ~R~~iih. c rnClo, i F O~BRZwIILO
-I'() (. dlress, I~oLzarrappbi. T' , :dTr
JiU))oi'ter. tlf r1hrebd&1rA uof'pti~d `bledel
COTSWOLD S IEb,
1 i o1 now tvcPal'Cd to sup1p~y the coQol-gr OM( y
tho'iTeri"toyi with liirtu hbbI da df 'elthensex.'
Ramns, 1 year old, ý5Oý' Llrly ~Lgrfb4) 4O
Inspc(ti4)n invited. P. U. idds ('all ]
-ni tniafw. .i '
I )ERK~rii1:l1LOGS.-' t.ýý
i claim to have this celebrated bFeed in all it
ptorttyi 1 ligs w~elWr d it.lii~ plutil or'triorgý uu
atkin, at low J!ure'. · ~ u44o~.
(-old Smin " " Rarch, three nmiles.,st ot f Il la.
JA V'l1ES MAULI)EN,
! ý ). I j i "e"B~fiFrk:1'ý'1"ý Fi. '`'. ,.,.i
P echecc i -4oi' nuv Hir '"nrs
YOUNG STOCK FOR HALE.
l ?'
IMPORTERS AxD I) IEDEDER OF
0J i' r to s ti fet .f oiuIjQy t1tMo p h l rn
sinie sm fe grd Ws-Drehalf ait
thre~e-1laurt hs h loods. P ostoit~i~ ilie'tt11 srdS r
Ba:iker, jlouttinu. --- sei14-43-dn
-j !j\7pl V i, iW 4.
aýwý1ort lQCci'4ºýlrýer `ý ý+1 C ý'nl'Aý1ºdc10tsdi u
Alderney or__Je y
ý AndtlJrre e. 0p' O ,ibtl n
'' IJR. kooi, A\17} #I(;xf-'lCi ý 3 A , . ,
St O týOItfLY
Address ,
JOSEPH HORnk irerfoL
, L i ý 1 .'i C I 'ii
ALL KINDS AND A4'ý'bitV
r 1 ; , ( ni lý'-tt ( ) L' ý,'",lý
C% 1jIOMPETE I' ý1IT ý? i.trI;I 3j tlý.ýt
HAS FAItU )MM1T' A41* '
atL.'i': I`} ' .,ii" tfSl "r+
1Utii~i4t txa e hcePiae i
.lune 29. 187tf f'l t.'I. _ i .' :
Devoted e. v ý.pi px1JýYý it}ý1
a good, ptral( . ea oultllrP, cscitltr ,tS-_ -e
FancierF, Breeder and munjttg.g
I ftwt~lipaget3Ylyr.t tplta LºI .
ý'c ias: !1 r annutli
:jICKi'S ILLUSTItA'I'Ef
..1;., tý i ''il.YlrM
c fiteA 4.' ý r% - 1,9ý
ptj~ Js4f~6etdstradMlin%)A d

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