Newspaper Page Text
R. N. SUTHERLIN, Editor.
THIURSIDAY, OCTOBER 18, 1877. A LAIMnE percentage of our people who follow placer mininig for a livelihood are on ly engaged during the summer months. Their minles are often located on bars and can only be worked during the water season, and before autumn is endled they are through cleaning bed-rock and ready for a long win ter's rest. This class of miners are usually energetic, persevering men, and add greatly to our country's wealth, but there is more that thet could do if they would only set themselves about it. The long winter months could just as well be spent in pros pecting as not. Upon nearly every hill side there are rich leads cropping out, which, it developed, might prove a fortune. But the idea seems to have taken fast hold upon our people that unless a person has the com mand of capital he cannot develop a quartz mine, though the facts are that capital will not take hold of an undeveloped lead. Let the miner take hold and develop his quartz sufficient to prove the existence of a lead and the worth of the ore it contains, and then it will have a market value. Any min er has capital enough for this. All that is needed is the necessary tools and a winter's supply of grub; the latter he must have anyhow. Two men could easily sink on most any of our leads to the depth of 100 feet during the winter, and in nine cases out of ten it would prove more profitable than cayoting around on rims for a dollar or two per day, or loafing a bout town. There is scarcely. a quartz mine in the Territory to day the value of which was not tested by laboring m;:n, and there are hundreds of other leads that could be worked with the same facility if the people only thought so. Capital will not come to invest in our mines until we prove that we have mines worth in vesting in, and sach mines can just as well be developed by laboring men. ....... ...... ',. ,,-- - - - SoME time since we mentioned that it was the intention of the stock ment of this coun ty to prospect a new road direct to Bismarick via the Mluscleshell, Porcupine and Glendive creek, witlh a view to finding better facilities for transporting beef to market, and also with the hope of opening up a route over which mutton sheep could be driven at such an expense as would leave a fair margin to the grower, Since then we have made dili gent inquiry aboltt this route, and have ob tained reliable information in regard to that region lying between here and the new post at the mouth of Tongue river. The rout designated by us is entirely practicable and much better than the present trail known as Sanford's road. which leaves the Muscleshell not far below the mouth of the American Fork, and cornes down on the Yellowstone at Baker's battle ground, passing west and south of Bull moulmtain, The country over which this road passes is broken and poorly supplied with water, there being no fresh water at all until the Yellowstone is reach ed, and it is not good or convenient to get to after it is reached. The route referred to by us, and the short est and best, is to continue down the Miuscle shell river, passing north of Bull mountain, then, leaving the river, crossing over a low dive about twelve miles to the head of the T.ittle Porcupine, and following down it to the Yellowstone. This is a beautiful level counitry, well supplied with grass and fresh water, the Little Porcupine being a fresh water stream about the size of Smith river. It is estimated that the distanoe from the new Post to Helena, via the new route, is not greater than from the noew Post to Boze man. Thids is.uot only a good country to drive stook over, but it is an excellent nat ural wagon road. It is.the most direct route and the one that will most likely be chosen by the Northler Pacilia should it ever move West to the Rocky mountains. Drovers who contemplate driving beef to the new Post, or E:ast via Bisltirtack, need not wait for any ftlrther opening of tile road, as It is not idif iicult to find. Beyotud the mouth of Tongue river the country along thie Yellowvtone is 1tew br'oken thtl athov\'e. After crosU.ng the river we have 1no k~nowledge of the country ,xe.pt truUi the report of the X(rtheru Pl' a rilW. surveyors, -wielt was good. We hope to. 1 travel o;m thli road( 1ie.t year, and are confident that we will should the N. P.com muence to move west from Bismarck. FINE FAEMS AND PLEASANT HOMES OF THE WEST GALLATIN. From the Gallatin Female Seminary. my route was up the west bank of the West Gallatin. To my left, along the river's edge, the land was a little broken, and pebly bars and shoals are to be seen, but out to the westward the bench-land is level and wide, and the soil is deep and productive. Three miles from my starting point I passed through a large gate, and then traveled a mile along the brink of the bench-land by the side of one immense field. When I looked to the left, I admired the long grassy parks and shady groves that graced the riv er and lowlands along it, and when I turned to the west, my eyes were delighted with the sight of the long rows of wheat shocks and large stacks of new straw, while fur ther back and in the same enclosure, was black, fresh plowed and seeded land over a hundred acres in extent. About half way up the field, just over the rim of the bench land, nestled down in a beautiful grove, is the modest yet comfortable home ot G. S. Lewis, the owner of this princely domain. Mr. L. selected ti:is spot as his home in 1865, and by industy, per-everance and economy has swelled his fence from a little garden spot until it now encloses 700 acres of as fine farm land as-is to be found in the country. His farm Is well adapted to the growing of winter wheat. For a number of years he was the first farmer in Gallatin county to reach the IIelena markets with new flour. This season he was there ahead of every one, and sold his flour at $6 per one hundred pounds, a top price for flour in Montana. Besides farming extensively, he is one of the foremost stockmen and wool growers in the country. Ills herd of cattle numbers several hundred, among which are some thoroughbreds with the celebrated "Diamond bull" at their 'head. His fleck of sheep now in Smith River valley, Meagher county, number about 2,000 head, and clip yearly about 8,000 pounds. I neg lected to mention that Johnnie Lewis is as sociated with his father here. lie rides the sulky plow and attends the farm during the week, and on Sundays,. sports sadashiing turn-out. Besides his extensive. uctvest in the farm, he has a good herd of cattle graz ing upon the grassy meadows of Smith riv er. My stay here was somewhat extended and very pleasantly spent in roving about the large field and among the shady groves along the river side. Continuing my journey up the river above Mr. Lewis' farm, I passed over some most excellent agricultural land, the extent of which that is not claimed and is as fine as could be desired, is six to seven square miles. It can easily be covered by water from the river, and will some day be made into valuable fields. Mr. JacobVan House, whom I met at Mr. Lewis' farm, has recent ly located a farm upon the land above nam ed, and de.igns rearing his home upon the same. His location is an admirable one, and I am glad to note his fortunate selection. Some four or five miles from Mr. Lewis' where the foot-hills narrow into the river, is the home df David Kughn, a substantial bachelor farmer. The prosperity of Mr. K. evinced by the valuable improvements hlie is making. His large new barn, which graces the bench near his home, would be an or nament to any home in the country. His income, as given me by a friend, was 250 sacks of XXX flour fr'om twenty acres of winter wheat, which he marketed early in the season at an average of $6 per sack. Be sides this he had a larger field of spring wheat which I learned turned out in round measure, forry bushels to the acre, and that of XXX wheat. After passing over a few rolling ridges, I again come down on the valley, striking J. A. Elliot's farm first. Ile is a new settler and is improving one of the prettiest bench landl farms I have noticed. Ihs crop this year, judging from its looks, is fully up to the average crops, raised along this river. It ripened a little later than Messrs. Lewvis and Kughn's, but this is probably from the ftct that it was sown later in the spring. My next call was upoti Brzigham Reed, one of the foremost stoekmen ann ifnrmers of this seotion. lIe has a farmn well adapted to the business and is procoeeditng in a man ,lr murch to he adlwihnd, t tooi a look at his Shorthorns, and they are the prettiest I have look at for a long while. Mr. Reed has been engaged in stock-raising a.nd dai rying for several years, during which time he has selected the best breedts's and milk ers, selling off the common stock until now he has a herd of stock that has few equals in this country. Last spring he pur chased several choice thoroughbred heifers from Seadman and McGregory, and other fine herds, among which I remember the names of" Chance," and " 1st I)ntchess of the Jefferson" which are perfect beauties. His farm lies upon the bench-land, but ex tends down on to the bottom where he has one of the prettiest meadows I have seen. Just back of here and near the river is the honme of Sampson Landis, one of the solid stockmen and frmners of Gallatin county. I called by his home, but failing to meet him there, prevents me from more extended mention of his herd. About a mile above here I called upon James Comings, another of Gallatin's sub stantial farmers. His farm lays up near tile hills and is represented to be less apt to catch early frosts than some other farms in his neighborhood. This farm for the past two or three years has been a favorite place for the 'hoppers, and not until this year has he succeeded in raising a crop. This year his barley and oats are about one-half de stroyed, but his wheat is No. 1. lie is en gaged extensively in the stock business, and has an exceptionally good location for the business. The grassy hills which rise up near his home, extend back a dozen or more miles, thus taurnishing him an almost inexhaustible pasture. WILL.. September 10th. --- -100-40-4W - THE JAY COOE ISOTHERMAL ROAD. The Cincinnati Coinmercial has done ly nlg and railing enough in times past about the Northern Pacific railroad, it lies were ties and railing were rails to build a rail road across the continent of every parallel of latitude from the Gulf of Mexico to the Arctic circle. And still it is not satisfied. It now says : The Northern Pacific railroad is a great fraud. * * * Does the editor of the Ar alanche suppose that the Jay Cooke isother nmal road was any benefit to the people of the North? If he does, he is mistaken. The editor of the Cincinnati Commercial does not seem to know that the Northern Pacific railroad has survived Iris ridicule and falsehoods; that over 400 miles of this rail road have been constructed and have been for years In operation from Duluth to the Missouri river, traversing one of the richest and most productive wheat districts on the globe; that it forms the main outlet and adit of the Canadian province of Manitoba, and the continuous districts of British A iner tea, with which it is connected by rail and river, and is shortly to be connected by a continuous line of rail ; that it has contrib uted very largely to the settlement and de velopment of the lertile wheat acres of the Red river valley and northern Dakota, where on one farm alone 150,000 bushels of wheat were raised this year; that it is the main avenue of communication with the gold fields of the Black Hills, and with the military posts on the Missouri and the Yel lowstone nearly all of whose supplies reach them by this channel ; that the net earnings of the Minnesota and Dakota division for the year ending August 31st, 1877, were nearly $400,000 and will probably reach $600,000 next year, so rapid is the i.crease of its trade; altogether next month when the Brainerd b)ranch, connecting it more di rectly withl St. Paul, will be completed it will have constructed and in operation 650 miles of road, including its Paciftle division. Perhaps the editor of the Cnommercial, who is condemned by his geograpical situation to a sluggish rural isolation trom the great currents of colonization and commercial ac tivity which are pressing westward across the great northern zonle of wheat, may thilnk the Northern Pacific of no benefit because it is beyond the verge of his little local hor laon and dues not pay tribute of pork and whisky to Cincinnati; but we who live within the sound of tlhe rattle of its trailns as they start every day on their way to the fatr Missonr., ladcn with merchandise for tile people o i' the new settlements it has built up, know\i that it is of vast benefilt to a region of country eighlt or ten timnes as large as the State of Ohio, and that it is opening fields I.Q th~e c'Qloztioy x Q4' the wlwmlloycd lt-. bor of our;Northern cities and hewa agricultural production which are f proving of great benefit to the whole le;,Y and will be of incalculable benit orth whole country. Andl Slce, i tll . ito t stale sneers and staler lies of the i Commercial, the Nortlerl P'aciiie is l0,i to be completed, step by step fnd t atu u stage, till it reaches the gold tichl( of or tans and descends the great Valley ot tf, Columbnia to Puget Sound, that evelot il em:mancipate the interoceaule coromlre oI the continent from the oppressive 1n.re1o0r ly of the Union Pacific, and because it.ill furnish a shorter route from New Yor;k i0 Liverpool to China by several llmsedr]] miles, anld reduce the time of travel ýiul, four or five days, it is tolerably certain Ilit the Northern Palcilic will become tihellil highway of the colnmmerce alld Iravjcl r. tween the two oceans,. It is tolerably t'r tain that the coilipletioin of the 'Northeri Pacific railway would, by better gradient, in the direct course of tradle between Liver. pool and Shanugahi, which would eltabieit to carry at cheaper rates thanu theUiii0i,,o ciflie, and by reason of the comlpetition lk. tween the two, greatly reduce the coStol transportation for mlan and u erchandid across the continent, and thus prove of in. calculable benefit, not only to the whol0 North, but to the whole South and to the whole world. In what, then, is the Nortlh ern Pacific a fraud'? A tew years ago the Cincinnati Commercial devoted to itýlf the task of inisrepresenting the climate alibi soil and agricultural capabilities of the country along the Nor'thern Pacific. - There is three times as much good farming land acre for acre in the belt of the country through which the Northern Pacific ruis and is to run, as in that traversed by the Union and (Central Pacific. There ar'esome tracts of arid territory and some interior lands which the former must eross, but they shrink into insignificance in coapari. son with the vast deserts over which the Union Pacific runs. The climate along the whole ronte cast of the Rocky Mountains is the climate of Minnesota, and Minuiesota has a population of probably 700,000 souls and has just raised a crop of 40,000,v buihdglJ of wheat, to tsay nothing of' eo, oats, barley and other crops. The veyd& trict of the Northern Pacific country liicih the C'llcitlati Commercial a few yeut ago declared to be utterly sterile and unnihabit able is being covered with mnagnificeItfarms whose extent and the .teeming aburdante of whose crops are the wonder of tl. worldl. We have already mentioned one fain in that region which the Commercial coldetned to eternal sterility and desolation. o! whkci was harvested this year 150,000 bushels o wheat. It is not, then, the Northern l'a citic which is a fraud. It is the Cincinllui Commercial, which, on thin subject at least, is a persistent aid stupendous, fraud.-St. Paul (Minn.) Pioneer Iress. . . .......-~ -1--k 9 -- ., . END OF THE NEZ P.iCE WAR. We 'take the followiag account of the late battle with the hostiles and their suibsequlel surrender, from it reo1ut issue of tile HW.ld: Advices, believed tc be authentic, lurnishl highly interesting particulars of Gen. Mile' march north of theMissouri and the impori ant events which followed, resulting iii tll discovery of and Aght with the Nez Pere, and the subsequent surrender of Joseph atd thie bulk of his 5amp and followcrs. Te crossing of tlieMlssouri was eflected with' out serious ditculty at the MlesheU Bend, below Cow Island. Field pieces,0O sons and wagons were expeditiously laJded on tile nortl bank without injury to ansnu" nition or in 'ry to supplies, and wvithoutdc" lay the whoe column n.lld train movedlorl toward Milk river. Ou the 26th of Septet" ber tihe conmiasl camped on a 'mall tribu sary of Milkriver, and on the followingdA ly (29th) skirte the Little Rocky auilge alLot its eastern ad nortbeni base. flere ou0i' advices trolnMajor lges, Seventih elaully forwarded fman Cow Island, reClWl Ce Miles, appring himu of the route thke!' b the hIostiles and where to look for tiel. '-'he Generalapidly advanced that withlout disc·verillg any trace of theli bivouacked Br trl uight. du cld On the nsrnihg of tihe ,h flai' cheerless, tli:onunl Ild •oe .sdt" ing the ~oltl.easterly base oftl dowt'e in ienl Quuiry sloping gradu die '5ce seventh 1age.c