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wards the Sandy. Small tributary streams,
1odtlv dlry, with standing pools at intervals
io clntliels, belrilg in spring mountain tor
litl. lorwnard to Milk river and the Missouri,
t, cro r"rsscd, the Bear Paw looming up,
i.,?rntly tell or twelve miles away. Snow
uinell to fall. whlich increased present
l tt) 1 storm and drove quartering into the
it .. t.iCes, shutting oitt distinct vistas for
'li let.CS in any direction. At this
uli , who had preceded the coluilln,
1,up Iilinig btack, informiing Miles that the
lid: camp had been found, and was then
,iitall about three miles. The coumliand
,,lutiniled on to within less than two miles
, thie hostiles when the soldiers and Indians
uiTlreed each other at about the same time.
;reat li;alarmt showed itself in the Indian
a,li). which was increased as the conmmaud
rapidly ,ianeuvered and formed for the at
tack. I'roteetion of the train had been
Iolked after, and the field guns, some miles
ti the rear under satfe escort, ordered to
rove up with all possible dispatch. In the
,large that followed, Gen. Miles' heaviest
losses were incurred. Before the interven
iil ground could be covered, the Indians
hall disposed tthemselves to the best adlvan
age for defence, separating the squaws and
children fromn the warriors, and ahlost mag
ically had heave I tip dirt breastworks in
places where the ground offered no natural
protection. The charge, heroically execut
ed, was as bravely met and at several points
repnlsed. horses and riders going lown be
fore the steady. murderous aim of the In
dians' repeating rifles. The Seventh cavalry
showed indomlitable pluck and courage in
the face of a withering fire, and before them
in several places Joseph's warriors broke
and fled for safer shelter in ravines, which
were no sooner occupied than invested by
the brave troopers. The Infihtry, mounted,
d:d excellent execution, but were less ex
posed and suffered fewer casualties. A por
tion of the command, specially detailed,
went for the herd. Followed by speeding
bullets, they did not stop or halt, but bore
down upon the rambling ponies and swoop
ed up wore than 600 of them in a bunch. In
this engagl:nle:lt, sustained after the fi.rst
asa.ulls hi a strategic form, the Indian loss
was twelve killed outright, several who died
soon after, and a list of wounded numbering
about thirty in all. Failing in all attempts
to st.anpede or drive the Indians from cover
the co unlanul wlts so disposed as to cut off
escape. In1 this the field guns, which had
been got to It;;l front, materially assisted.
Towar<I. evening, tile Indians, realizing
their precarious situation, first showed signs
of weakening. Soon after, an Indian bear
ing a white flag was seen advancltlg toward
the soldiers. He proved to be Chief Joseph
and was taken direct to General Miles. He
asked for terms of surrender--a guarantee
of pardon and escort btaek to the Nez Peree
reservation, which, if granted, lie wduld ae
cept ant return to Washington Territory,
where he would abide in peace. The Gen
teral was not able to promise, and demanded
a11 nlllConditional sturrender. This the Chilet
would not accede to, and Miles placed him
under guard, holding him during the night
anud untii October 1st. D)uring this time the
dead were gathered up and buried, and the
wounded cared for. Lieut. Jerome, ot the
second cavalry' wtas sent under truce to tile
Indian qliarters with instructions to induce
the waiting hlostiles to surrendler at once.
T'hey asked for a sign or token from Joseph,
Iut the Lieutenant bore inone, and the In
dians ldeclinlled his overtures, and held him a:s
hIostage for Joseph.
On the evening of Octo'er 1st fighting
ýwas resumed, and was kept up until the af
teraoon of the 2d. Firing was then again
dlUcontinued, and Joseph was released and
euchanged for Jerome. This effected, the
!lght reopened, and tie investment ot the
Indiaus made thoroughly secure. They
hIeld out t naoH:,usly, and not till the even
ing of the 4th d1d they again ask for terms
surrener. On the 5th thee 5t they capitulated,
with th e exception of a few renegade out
laws, 1 h ) effected their escape. Joseph,
t l bulk and best of his warriors, all the
"quaws a:d children, and the horses, fell in
,o .[iles' hand:.
l'ransportation, medical and other sup
Dlies, have been dispatohed from Fort Shaw
4 Ben&iton. It is believed the wounded
will be briught to Shaw, and the captured
las, uer escort, to Benton,
SCIENTIIC COMIMSxoIt FOR WONDER
Wi: learn from the National Journal of
Ediucation that this subject met with some
conistleration from the American Institute
of Instruction, at its 48th session, which was
Montpelier, Vt., in July last. The Journal
says that during the evening session on
Tuesday, Union hall was packed to its ut
most capacity to listen toea lecture from Mr.
Marshlll, of Fitchburg, upon "Yellowstone
Park, as illustrated by the stereopticon."
'h'le lecture proved of rare interest. At the
close of Mr. Marshall's lecture, which was
receivedl with universal approval and praise,
the Institute proceeded to complete the un
finished business. Mr. Hlagar, chairman of
the Committee on Resolutions, reported the
Whereas, The Yellowstone National Park,
in Wyoming Territory, has been set apart
by Congress for scientific and pleasure pur
Whereas, Its peculiar position and remark-.
able phenomena offer unparalleled facilities
for the study of the meteorology of the
Rocky Mountains, the metamorphism of
rocks, the lossilization of animal and vege
table remains, the whole range of geysers
and hot-spring action, and the connection
thereof with earthquake and volcanic mani
Resolved, That, in the opinion of this In
stitute, it is highly desirable that mq scientific
commission should be located at the National
Park for the continuous and thorough study
of its present and future physical condition.
Resolved, That we respectfully recommend
the establishment of such a comnmission by
the National Government; and to this end
would specially commend the subject to the
careful consideration of the Senators and
Reprbaentatives in Congress from the New
A correspondent of the Chicago TImes,
writing from Plevua under date of Septem
ber 15th, gives the following graphic de
scription of the battlefield, and pays at trfb
ute to 'T'urlish valor :
rive Iundrcul cannons are roaring over
the slopes and ridges of Plevna, and thou
sands of hissing shells are coming and go
lng ol tlheiu mis.aioi of destruction. The
great central redoubt of Gri-vitza has b'en
stormed and taken, and it front and the
long uncovered glacis of each of the solith
ern lines of Turkish works are strewed with
6,000 dead and wounded Russians--the re
sult of only three short hours' flighting.
The long central ridgep that pass through
Plevna till they lose themselves in the Vid
are a series of volcanoes, each of which is
an eruption of furious flame, smoke, thun
der and screaming shell. Along the side of
these central ridges, and commanding ev
ery line of approach, are small redoubt,
placed on either swell, from which one, two
or three gun batteries sweep every foot of
the advanced ground with the waves of
consuming fire. All these small redoubts
are connected with each other by deep and
capacious rifle pits, in which wait fanatical
t.housands of the Moslems, with their fin
gers on the trigger, ready for an assault.
Here no amount of artillery fire can dis
lodge them. They can be reached only by
the bayonet, and long before the Russian
steel can be brought into play thousands of
Russian corpses must be left upon the
stretch of the approaches.
On the opposite side are the Russian
works. On all the low, outlying heights
are Russian guns. Ilere a collection of a
dozen monstrous siege pieces, throwing al
most their own weight of metal at every
discharge, are pounlding away with a dull,
solid roar, now pitching shells directly into
some bare spot of earth which indicates a
Turkish parapet, and again varying range,
satisfied to drop a shell into any portion of
the area within the immense curve of the
Turkish lines. Nearer the Turkish outer
works, far down the slopes, the smaller
guns, field batteries, smoking and flaming,
giving back a sharper tone than their gigan
tic companions farther to the rear, are vi
ciously beating the further slopes with a
,,hail of shot and shell.
In the event of lie eoss of .lovna, the
Tures have every rei1on to be proud of
what they have accomplished. They have
withstood for months the advance and the
flusla.ught of the nmihtlest uaticu in exist,
ene . They repelled the Russianh advance
beyond the Balkans; they inflicted uponi the
enemy a stupendous defeat at Plevna; they
have raised the siege of Rustch'uk,, driven
the Russian force from the Lom to the Jan
tra; they have defeated and checked the
Russian advance In Asia Minor; and, final
ly, they have seen the mighty colossus of
the north obliged to invite to his assistance
I-oumrrania, Servia and Montenegro, and yet
with all this accession of auxiliaries, the
Turks, although outnumbered and out
weighed, have been able to hold the Rus
sians for a week before an entrenched camp,
and inftlict upon them such losses that even
a victory will be almhnost equivalent to ruin.
The Turk, knowing and feeling all these
things; knowing that he has redeemed his
tighting qualities in the estimate of the
world, can afford to lose Plevna, and yet
conset to treat for peace without loss of
THE CROW INDIAI.
G. W. Frost, U. S. Agent for the Crow
nation, writes as follows to the Courier:
The reports that are being circulated with
regard to the hostility of the River Crows I
am happy to inform your readers are whol
ly false and unreliable. Nearly all of the
tribe are now at the Agency, and runners
that I sent out some days ago have just re
turned with the information that none of
the Indians have crossed the Missoorl, and
that all tile tribe will be at the Agency
within four days. A larger number of both
tribes will be here to receive their annuities
this year thatn have been here for several
years. The supply is ample for all.
Men, I believe, are to be judged by their
words and acts, and Indians are no excep
tion to the rule.
The Crows profess the greatest triendship
for the whites. They say in council, that if
the whites should turn against them that
they should be crushed out of existence be
tween them and the tribes now hostile to
them-the Sioux and the Nez Perces.
They 'lhavetaken eight Nez Perce scalps,
ieveral hundred horses, and two prisoners
triat they lirought to the Agency. They
have'kept their word in every promise they
have made to the agent, and have volun
teered, without pay,to tight with the whites
and they have broght in one wounded scout.
i'ie ad been without food. for three days,
e ptcherries, was badly wounded, and
would probably have died without their
They have been friendly in this way, al
though they have been without their annui
ties for two years, and though emissaries
have been sent to them to incite them to
join the Sioux in a general war against the
The spy now confined at Fort Ellis, one
of the shrewdest of the young Nez Perce
warriors, was taken prisoner by them and
sent to min at midnight, and would have
been killed but for the interference of white
The record of the Crows in word and act
in this Indian war is good. It could scarce
ly be better when we remember that these
men are savages. They have shown their
friendship by their needs, they have kept
their word, and they have done this for
many years. They should reeelve due cred
it for this, and the thanks and commenda
tion of every good citizen of Montana, and
of the whole country.
CHURCH'S MUSICAL VISITOR
For the New Year
Will spare no effort to maintain the position it now
occuples as the
LEADING MUSICAL JOURNAL.
Every silubsriber is entitled to one of the following
elegant and. reailiy valuable Premiums,. It will be ob
served that theso V'ISITOR Specialties are arranged
to suit nil tastoes, from popular songs to class.oooll
positions by the great masters of nlusio
g~fUNDERITAND, ther, that $1.50 pays.
for the VISITOR one year, and one of the follosing
premiumn, which will be sent, postpaid, on reeelpt
of the subscription prioe.
No. I. SONG PREMIUM. (Beautiful songs
with piano accompaniJment.)
No. ., PIANO PRE lIUx. (Popular in
asrnmnlntal piecs lor piauno.)
No. 3. CLANSIC PREMIUM. (Musio of
the nwasters, for ad vanedi )layers.)
o4. , ENTENNIAL PREMIUM.. (A
larre seleccion of easy nmusic of the olden time.)
No. 8. TIE VISITOR AUTO-MUSIC
ALBUM. (An elegant novelty for all must.al
Full particulars and list of oantonts of the prem
ium volumes will boe sent to any address on receipt
ANY TIME 18 A 0OD TIME TO SRUBSRIh E.
'Tui BEsT '.IMe Is Now!
Address JOHN ChIURCH 4 CO.
.OLD AND SIu.VEI'STEIM(AND KA N W~D -1StD
, 4, and oz. cases, All watches fully war
ranted for one year.
All kinds of Watch repairing done in a work
manlike manner, and warrantted for one year.
Ladies' Setas in Solid Roman Gold, Csmee,
Amethyst, Coral, Garnet and Pearl.
Solid 14 Karat Gold
GUARD, OPERA AND VEST CHAINS,
ROMAN AND PLAIN GOLD NECKLACES.
FINGER AND EAR' RINGS,
STI'DS, SLEEVE BUTTONS, E.Tr
I-Solid Silver and Plated Forks, Spoons, ete. 2
FIELD AND SPY GLASSES
Of the best French mantufacture.
Special pains taken in fittipg Spectaclce and Rye
Glasses, to secure a glass suited to the eye. Ordwr
from the country lilled with care. Watches and
other goods sent for selection on receiving sttls1Me
tory reference. W. '. 'BAIEY,
____ _ 1C'A;M. T.
Came to 'my ranch, 4 miles beilow the month of
Prickly 'oear Canyon, on the Missouri river, in
Meagher County, one Blue Roan lMare, about 7
years old, branded L P on hip. The owner of the
same will prove property aceorFing to law, pay for
this advertisement and take her away.
.H ..__1 V, VV d t'TZ
Notice of Sale of Real Estate.
IN TIlE PIOBATr COURT OF $EAGIItER COUNTY,
In the matter of the Estate of William Douglaas,
Notice is hereby given that in pursunnce of an or
der of the Plrobate Court of Meagtter county, Mon-'
tana Territory, made on the 5th day of October, A.
D. 1877, in tie mutter of the Estate of William
I)ouglass, deceased, the tmdeaigntetd, the AdflainUs
trater of said estate, will tell at public auction, to
the highest bidder for cash, and aubject to conairm
ation by said ProLb.te Court, on Saturday, the 27th
day of October, at 19 o'clock hi., at the front door
of the County Clerk's office, in D)iamond City, M.
T., all the right, title sutt iuteret of the sai( WVil-
liam Douglass at the time of his death, aqd all
right, title anud interest that the said estate has,
by operation of law or otherwise, acluired, other
than, or in addition to, that of the said William
Douglass at the time of his death, in and to at1
of the following described property, itiiatd 'in
Meagher county, Montana Territory, to wit:
One house and lot, situated on the -outth side of
Main street, in Diamonid City, known as the Doug
lass Billiard Hall, bounded on the eitt. ;by au al
ley and the residence of T. E. Collins, on the west
by the livery stable of J. Laney, on the south by
.7. Laney's eorrall; also, one house and lot aita
ated on the north side of Main street, in I)iamoid
City, known as the Roehm salooni bounded on
the east by the Coutyt Clerk's ollcee, and on the
west by the residence of L. Marks; also, all right,
title and inturett.of said deceased in and to a cer
tain placer mining claim situatetl ill Cenent gulcoh
and extending ftma the mou.th of said gtulch up
the said gulch 950 feet ptore or less.
Terms and conditions olSualce-Cush; ten per cent.
of the purabase money to be paid to the Adminis
trator on the day of sale, balance on collilnlatiott
of sale by said I iohtte Court; deeds at the exl;ense
of purchaser. T, J. iFL'MtING,
Diamond City, M. T., October 9, 1877. 47-td
SOUTHERN HOTEL REOPENED
MRS. MARY J. NOLAN,
PROPI ET.T .E5'.,
Di osamo City, Xoutana.
This house has been reopened, and will be carried
on in first-elass style. 'l'ttble tl'urnisbed with every
thing the market affbrds, prepared by the best eC'
curean skill. Thq pomforts of the traveling pubtl
consulted with especial care.
Board, $6.00 Per Week.
SALE OF COUNTY BONDS.
TIErutiaxT Y OF MONTAN,
County of Meagher.
OrrICK OF TmI COvxTYr CIwSaK,
Diamond City, August 27, 1877.
N. OTICE is hereby given that in pursuance of an
Act of the Legislative Asesuhbly of the Terri
tory of Montana, entitled, ''An Act to prvide for
the funding of the outtatnding twelve per cent,
bonds of 14Me:abher Countly, Montana Territory, and
for other purposes,'' approved 1.ebrurary litlh, 1876,
the Board of County Commissioners of1 said county
will sell, on Monday, the 3d day of December, A.
I).)}877, at the oflhce of the County Clerk inl said
County, Thirty Thousand i)olinrs ($S'J,(,)) of ten
icer cent. Meagher County Coulpou lItoalds, or so
munch thereof as may be necessary for the plrpos~
of redeeming all the outstantting twelve per cent.
coupon bonds heretofore issued by satidl County.
Said bonds will be dated .Janutary 1st, lb78, a"tud,
shall be redeenmable at the pleasure of the County
after three years from their date, and shall be dnua
and payable len years fromn their date interest
payable July 1st alld Jlanuary 1st of eat'e year, *at
the Treasuret 's olitco in said (;ountly, or ie, New
York City, at the opt iton of the holder. Said bonds
will be of the deeomlination of one hundread, flt
hundred and one thotewantd dollars. I'roposnls,
stating the avaount of bonds wanttead and thl. lrice
offered for the same, will be re.oived at his tiats
until 12 o'clock M, on Wednesday, Decemnber 3..
1877. T'he Cttnty ('ommithsioners reserve the right
to reject any and all bida. No bide for less tilatt
ninety cots on the dollar will be consideaed.
S Myit rder or the !honrd,
-4W T, E., COT.LINS, Counttr( lork,
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