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ROCKY M OUNTAIN HU1SBANDMAN
. AN.00 . A Journal Devoted to Agriculture, Live-stock, Home Beading, and General News. CO - -----------CITY, . . NOVEMBER 8,----1877. NO. 510. V').2. DIAMOND CITY, M. T., NOVE.MBER 8, 1877. NO. 51. __nnu.~m7~~I~·sP~lla~~~ Iun nunumu nmI u ýý~ Jlll;l1EKK-L BY N` . SUTHCOE~p N 1RNSLJTH ER LIN, jIJ)i1i7J' D A ND PROPRI 1iYi'Qo r1 ý [ il,:K .J)F' iA! 1TVl;4RANlM AN N~ (lesiL~nfle ýý a fllk"Ii '' 11~it'wt'i 1 ila h'i !lhiidna !i. 4¶.Cry Fljtlll B· 511 i:iCl lll 'liý t'Ii 1 i 1ýIiI ~ r -- C S I rrr10' 8 $. iO $jq, k:i $ ;$$ 52,4 10Ith~ .I H :Ii 12 1.' 9 40, 1 15 1 21, 46 o z 60 ti1 1 *il '( '0' 120 lm,~lj Ih I 3 41 b" 65 20 1200 f,, 'tillo I. I j 105 1 180 2150 Sivrenty-Dce per tcuit. toit le o tfo vpcca,;.l I ertiee ýIiiGIILTTJRAL._ MANY of our farmers are in thle habit, at li sca.on of the year. of galtheringl tIheir .t k from the fBlot huills. andl turning herm tl:) their e(nclolur'll. They do not seem to a (ke into o)nsideOttioe foir a lloi(ent 1he Il1re of the s(ock, b)lut applear to think y, ctur get a:longi any W1y, their bjec(t, rlpueallly beiJgt o ikep t(hem. W-ithouii; re tlrd to the coltit ion tie'y :re liable to. be in h.la .pl1r'ilg co(:e'. T'he collseql.lelle( is. Iat by mid-11witte otr, iie tine .stock should ,are fiedu t a tenltiol, if at all, their si u) ,e tidl and pa:sti.ure are eat, out, their straw picks fllthdown, and their stock left; to wan ,or about over 1,the comllnols, neair the settle ,ints, thl:t Ih;ve been grazed oft all summer, tal whenv isrinr comes they are poor, and uing cows not unfrequenitly die. It', in rald it gathering stock lfrom the range, our uin:rs would collcet. all those in the habit of avyinm a;bout the ranch, except such as are rlededl or canll he provjrled with 1111 ample feed ie tl ha .winter, nid takel them to the hills. hey woull fare miucl better. It is a clearly Ctblii,hed lact that stock inust he ilda sullf ieney t,) keep them. well or left upon tlhe ,ills to lotg, lfr themnselves, for Ihlf ied 'reck will o4t rustle, and (1do not thrive, but ing u'olllund, the corrall antld loo)k wistfully the Iiay ricl k . Montana has nio ieqpal as a stock country, ert een lhere there is a right way and a irong way to. mnllnage. It is.better for the amer to. stenl a few weeks in the spriug hinting uIl. sock than to keel) them around l pl:'e all wvintcr on half tred. The best :a.a to adopt is.to dr iven theamoa t of the se mien;ts altogether. In no (as,.- should Iy be gathered about the plremiises unless l1e)rovision has beent made to-provide ke tl n until spring. LOOK FAM)IN;. 'Ir.,uass of the farming communities are e eillet113ny conservative, says the Farmer's fonfyh!y r:.ie, thalt the tentlecyv is to brace against u y pieijiians of chanlge, or c.tu of imIlrovement. U nfortlunately, as a ',a farmers do not like to be disturbed, ithey tafnot bear a plow that goes straight )wu to hard-pan and t urns. their ideas ihi E'le out; they are frequent ly too well con-= itied w\ith present knowledge. Old cus atns, 11bitt, prej udices, are like (lear friends, ' to Ie parted with, except for strong and t")Mihhi g renatso is. Tleouv,;rd., march of tlougtht and pro. ts has Chou:,rned every otli her production, S~ roved ev.r'y otherl manufactulre ; why ilt hlnrlit thet;-.wr:m:hl i and invigorating life t iUestigaion, and. advance every oppor untlity to increase our stock of knowledge ti irrni.g our daily. pursuits. And how i"1i thlls best be don,, Piainlý= by reading ,i,.atrl books and wall euduct.led agricul lUgijotrlnals, as well as byv Inceting at the 1 tic a ieu.i,. ssinUg m4etlwd)t of culture and lkaor- TIhe accuulated knowledge of bl elrll should be utilized as 'far as possi tly eac1h i(dividual.. Man is superior to l i len animals, nilinly from the tact that a "Mill hiiJself of the rvecor lid experi ence of the-, wtvho have precedxed him for his guidance, and hence (does not need to commence at the bottom, round of the lad der. The maa who doc+ net avail himself of such opportunities, signifies his willing ness to be a child in knowledge,.to be a slave to ignorance, to spend his life and strength in vain battling with nature's forces,. which wiser heads have learned to conquer in a far easier manner. A reading farmera book farmer, is simply he who avails himself of facts already dem onstrated by men of thought and practice, thus giving him. greater strength and capac ity in life's work;: and saving to him the chagrin of faiilure, and the loss of valuable' lime in laboring to solve similar problems by himtself alone. The train of thought was suggested dur ilng a recent interview with a substantial succesStful f'armer, who said he never thoulght much of what he saw in books and papers. Relating to a method of pruning trees that Iis neighbor across the way had practiced.simpl y because he rea:t it in a book, our worthy old. farmer says, "I know a way to trim apple trees wortih a dozen rules like his, andl it did not; come from any book eith er." A.t our request the successful eultivat ou gave is his method, and bidding him gool day,. we determined to publish his rules for trimming in our next issue, which we did. Meeting our practical tliend a week after, and, showing. him "his rules in print," we as'ked him quietly if they were any the less true because published in the paper?. lie admitted the force of the reasoning. 'The highest mission of the agricultural journal is to publish and disseminate exper iments and experiences, thoughts and de ductions, methods and results of thoughtful anld practical men, so that its thousands of worthy patrons may receive the benefit of the stimulus of the labors of their brother cultivators. Evoen if a farumer reads a theony contrary to his own j.fdgmnent, yet his own thoughts and reasoning powers are aroused, and the agricultural progress of America is fully assured when the sound, common sonse cultivators of the soil will set to think ing for themsel ves, assisted by such thoulht.s of others as may serve for friction in excit ing to renewed effort. PRODUCTIONS OF SBATES. Idiwa now takes rank as the greatest wheat prodtucing State, Minnesota coimes next, then Illinloi', Wisconsin taking the fourth place. Ohio ntkes the most winter wheat and, wool, Illinois grows the most corn and o:ts and produces the largest number of tat cattle and hogs. P'ennsylvanta grows the most rye, amounting to neirly one-fifth the total production of the cereal in the States. California protluces the greatest'barley crop, andl also the most silk cocoons and wine. Nei" York gives us the greatest amount of hay, hops, potatoes, pens adtl beains. Sweet potatoes are most largely produced in North Carolina. Southl Carblina is the gretit rice producing 'state; Beorgia comes next, and then Touisiatin; these three states yielding iienrly the whole iece crop oif the country. Louisihina also produces nearly all the cane sugar and nmolasses. Vermont, the most of the maple sugar, or one-third of thei .w;ole product, New Mork coming next. Indiilia gives the most sorghum, one-eighth,s and Ohio nearly as much. Kentucky pruduces over 110,000,000 pounds ot tobacco, or. con siderably over one-third of the whole crop; also oa.-half of all hemp produced in the UtiitedtaStates. Tli'u -while we cannot flrnish an entirely correct idea of the crops of our own coun try, it will be seen from the foregoing state ment, which of our states produce more largely of tl~ important crops of the nation. It is to be hoped that before the next census is taken, Congress will adopt means to do this work each five years. Thus a great in justice to the gowing population of the ,wY.est, in .represetptatiQo i, .our.: mtaioal..a - scmbly, will be dine away with. It should also yrovide for taking statistics of the indus tries of the comutry, twice as often as we now get them. We opine that when the next census is takern many persons will be sur prised, not only at the vast increase iihe the population ot the West, but also at her im inense production of all that goes to make up the natural prosperity of the nation. Prairie Fuarmtr. FLORICULTURE. PRESERVING. ROOTS AND BULBS. Dahlias are easily kept through the win ter,.if only proper care be taken. As soon as the stalks ane killed) by white frost,. they should be cut dow.n to within three inches of the ground, and'a mound of. earth raised over the stubs-t cover them.. They, may thus ripen, or until. there is dangor of frost. suffllcient to freeze the surface of the ground. Select a dry day for liftiig. them. l)ry them thoroughly in the air, and " tacd in dry sand, and place them in a cool: loset where frost never reaches, or in a warm and dry. eldlar. Thus they may be safely kept w itlout dan ger of damping off--that is, de€nyingabt the crowns. Gladiolus bulbs may be left intdhe ground until there is danger of pretty hard frosts. Then they should be lifted, dried, and pre served in dry sand, or each bulb wrapped-in paper and kept dry, as recommended for dahlias. The bulbs of young tuberosos, de signed fbr planting next season, are saved as are grlaliolhs,.,except-that they should be taken up beJpre-they become chilled in the ground. C'anitth, and other roots of like nature, should be taken uph dried and' kept in dry sand fhtlheellar where they will not freeze. Geraniumns should be heeled-in in a light cellar, in dry earth, or nearly dry sand, and kept dry and entirely free from frost.. Ten der roses are preserved by planting in pits, or a light cellar, where they w'ill not freeze severely0.. They need not be taken from the beds until about the time that hard freezing occurs. Ca:'rnatLion pinks from seed, intend ed for, blooming next year, niust be protect ed from severe trost by covering. This may be done by pllacing a frame about them, banking up withl earth,. 'and, covering with litter to secure from frost. It is not to be delied,. however, that they. are difficult to save out of. doors in the West.. If potted and kett cool in the house they do: better. Paniecg should be protected, as advised for pinks. They will stand considerable fseezr ing. HAOINji BASKT L There is nothing more beautiful: a mongr floral- ornarients fQr wmilter than a well filled antd eared for hanging basket, such as niany have been accustomed to see oly miserably glled and more miserably cat'ed for. Such persons cannot be blaiaed for not having any p4ftiCular liking for thema.fo.'the really beauti l . hanging gitrden," asit mreight be called, is lnknppwn to thiemi A g~ eat many suppose a hanging basket is mercily at small, round receptacle of some kind, filled with. aiew common climbers and drooping plants. Tihee may be made quite pretty, but the finest s:yle of hanging basket or garden is made about as loIg as the window is wide, and about axfoot~;tl] to be ,qspeuded so wa to bhe above the- NOt tom sash. Any rough box.of above dimenl sions riade of half-inch boards, about flye inches deep, and covered1t with pieeis of birch bark, nicely tacked oatlhe'sides and bot tom, makes a very tasty rd, pretty, ap pcarance when tilled with plant '. The soil in aluaimg!.g b}sket;need not.b.very ri ch, as a.raok growth is not depirabe, .forthe rich I.lts would soon outgrow their proper space;. soil composed Qf rotted sodi, leaf mold.1dtd~iberal dressing of A~nid s the besta Furxtmljiand ..u. oo.inplanta select, only those ola clean;. heAlthy growth; fdo climbing nothing, excels the German ivy. ipomea mortonii,. tropmolon,. lobbianuni, ooboea scandens, sweet potato or Japan vaY iegated, honeysuckle,. annc for drooping thy, lysimaclhia numularia, saxifragas,. linarlia (coliseum ivy), tradescantias (especially thft newer variety t. aquatiea) vincas, mikanlit scandens, polygonum soaudens, sedums, lo beliuas, othonna, erasssulw and ivies are all excellent and f;Aclear rapi(l growth. For upright growth,.without support, the varieties of dwarf geraniums, the begonias,. coleus,. achryranthes, cuphea, dracaena, ferns,. centaureas, cyclamen, nurembergti,. petuni:s", peristrophe augustifolium and he liotropes are al:lgood, and the list might be made much longer and include many other excellent kinds, but the above will be sU.fl cient to maln a good- selection from. Do not undertake to put in too many plants, as it causes confusion and' crowding,. causing then to drop their fbliag.e andlooi. "so for lorn.'' A. basket-of size named-may hoif4 to, advantage germanium orticulatum, german inmo Jean Sisley, silver germanium Mt. of Snow, tri-color germanium Mrs. Pollock, draaeena terminalis, for centre, with a ceni taurea gymnocnrpa on either side, two nun renmhergia (a. truteseens), with lobolia.e ? esti na.os'ragcilis,.. and interspersed ewith liti- aria, cym Ialhlia for drooping, and ivies for climnbing. plrints,.. makingEa very handsome and attractive ornament, and if klept in good health,. and well watered, will lhst withiQlt renewing for a whole season.-Cor. Our ,Am. erican Farmer. TILE HOUSEHOLD. ------•r . ., Coolng Cabbage.-Chop .or, stlce fkie on- half head of cabbage,. put, into a.stevw-pa. with boiling water sufficiente to.ovei , adzfr. boil twenty minutes.;- drain', offthe "water and place on. top of the tMove to dry tht)iv season with salt, pepper, and three tabl' spoonfuls of butter; cook or fry againi stiri ring freqnently that it may not bwurn, untflF browned ; pour over It,half a teaeuptul iOf vinegar and serve hot. Sponge Cake.-Ten eggs; one ponud 'Of-" sugar; one-half teaspooufiul of soda and o04 of cream-of-tartar. Beat the' sugar and yelk - until very light and the. whites half an hour,. flavor to taste. " " Pamph I1 i FtU.-Pare and cut into smnall pieces a nice' pumnpki ; stew in a pipkin, 1. a little wvate, until soft; then mash throug!p a colaudeir. Take a q.'art of.pumpkin, ais ;i put into it, whlee hot, half a pound of buttlr. W'hen it cools ai little, add'twwo heaping cup fuls of brown sugar, a pint t o ream, eig well-beaten eggs, and a tablOspoonf,4 ground obiuamnon. Bake in ratheir dee pie-plates, lined wiith arich crust. Anothenr.-Ctitt the pumpkin into very small pieces. and stew it with very litite ~ .w ter,-it has-suffili nt moi. tale of its own, and softens by cooking, aird itirred frequenily it will not btirti. - 7et it 'tew one hour or so ilifter it bh6bimes.-oft; thet iltrain it throtidli a eolandor,..lndtl 'lnin it also if w atery. Po oachl-q uart of it Mk addarlartaof.pum'kij, . foureggs beaten separately, a pkic~i: of suaft a ds&e.rtspoo ulftl fO('lAtter, oneaand one' hialf cpfnfl of, sugar, : teaspronfuL of tinni mon, saen of nutmeg. water to: l , t'frolm burning ;'mush thor- otighi.l v~th a ii'oden aonon; to fi-e .poundas offpur pkIn'iid `one-quarter of a pound of l)tterr:one und'bf gratiulated sugar, tfl grattdtl rhid mnid ijtiie of two lemons; f:e*. eggs,- opeptip ofrcream.; to bbblaedlii a . rich crnusi. Another.-#thike. egg's, l tm separately . cup of milk, cup of "sgari. tatWtspoouful o®e butter, nutmeg, thikenk' witt:stewed pump- kin, that has been well;: drained .aud, theoa strainedt Jroug .a colander..