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IBREEDING TROTTERS. Breeding trotters is checkered with inany disappointments says Observer in the Miceh igan. Farmer. Most breeders start out with higs expectations, and anticipate more than theyrtralzp. rThey expect to raise colts of invinuule courage and auperlAtive action withojt aying tbe foundaion . for it. A large majority ofý.tereeders. cqnmmence> with common mares.th.t never had the trotting action, or any,.rttural propensity to ac, quire It, and send them to stallions that are unworthy of the name of speed. They have violated the law of propagation by not adapting means to ends, and will be doomzxed to disappointment. I6 would be a miracle to get speed where it never did exist. Tetc sire and dawn must be trotters, and inherit the propensity throurh a trotting family to have a reasonable certainty that they will produce their like. A long list of celebrated trotting progeai tors concentrated in, the blood of the sire is a good starting point. The dam must equal, the sire and trace ,back through both branches to trotting. apcestors, so that if the colts cast back after ,either branch of the fampily they cannot help inheriting the trot .lpg instinct. Not one in. ten of the mares ,jaed for breeding can show a fair road gait, jnor have the majority of the stalhons kept ,for public use any pretensions to speed-a ,chance trotter may belound in the family 5to which they belong, and ft on this connec tlon they are palmed off on the community ;as a breed of trotters. Their.ancestors were ynot trotters. they had no speed, and the log ;feal conclusions woildfollow that their pos ,terity would not be worth training. Capi ptal invested in ill-bred mongrels will seldom ,produce a fair return. It is the pure-bred .or high grades that yield a suitable return on the capital invested. There are honorable exceptions to this in .difference for pedigrees in the art of breed ,ing. The most enlightened breeders place their whole dependence upon the pure .blood of the sire and darn, and the superior ity of their progenitors as a test of their tiansmitting their inhcritrince to their oft spruing. Those who have selected choice tiares from a speedy tamily, and high bred atdllians that were their equals, have met 14ttih unbounded success. Lt establishes the *At that skillftul l reeding ard suitable train ing is the code of improv'eiont. The colts that have made their debut on the trotting ,course this year are enough to convince any anan of the progressive eftects of scientific breeding. It has been a great year for the Rtrlumph of youngsters. h'hey have lowered the record of their predecessors in all classes. They have trampled in the dust the best timxe to be found in the history of colts. At Hartford the four-year-old lowered the rqeord which stood at x:23. At Le x. ington they reduced another notch down! to 2:24 1-2. Look at the three-year-olds foy ,the past year. 4t Hartford Elaine by Mess ,enger Duroc trotted one mile in 2:2S ; Red Jim by Abdallah Pilot trotted at Lexington fi 2:28. The two-year-olds have penformed thet most wonderful trotting of modern times. Orient by Angler wins a heat &t Lexington in 2:$$, and So So by Geo. Wilkes wins a sceond beat in 2:31 1-s, and a third 1ieat in 2:31. 'TEE LEG8 £N4 )'EET OF HORSS8. It I a well 19nown fact that horses will work and stand sound for many years, with jogs apparently much out of order. En Aargemtients take place in the sheath of tend nous after strains; also from blows, where he parts become lined with a thick coat of Aymph; and sometimes the body of the bone Itself is found thickened, from a depor aftion of bony lamina over the original bone. When all *this has been in progress, we question the propriety or any active rmeas tures, unless, as is generadly the case, a fei ing of soreness is expressed after work, by a shitting, or favoring of the limb or limbs in the stall; or by a "feeling" manner of go ing on first quitting the stable. When the legs are really callpus. Attle impression can be made upon them, unless by actiue ,reas pires; but rest and proper attention are the best dre etvativne oLt tltese most essential members of the jAgres Bramie; with the friendly auxiliaries of bat water, flannel bandages, and freedom in a box stall, after evere work, and good shoeing at all tunes. Provided no internal disease attack the feet, they will not only be as sound and healthy, but in better form, from having been properly shod, than if they had not been shod at all. Some hoofs, however, having a greater disposition to secrete horn than others, and thus called strong feet, should never remain more than three weeks without being subjected to the "drawing knife of the blacksmith, and the shoes prop erly replaced. Neither should stopping with damp tow be omitted ; as moisture, not wet, is beneficial to the health of the foot. Do what we may, however, horses that are required for work on hard roads, or to " go the pace," will always be more or less subject to diseasefeet, quite unconec ted with shoeing. The action of the hinder legs of horses, reminds us of one useful hint to those who have to use their horses on long journeys. If we follow a well-formed horse, with the free use of his limbs, on a road upon which his footsteps are imprinted we shall fiud the hinder foot oversteps the fore feet in the w:lk, but falls behind in the slow trot. 'Exclusive of relief to the mus cles by change of action, then, it is safer to vary the pace from atwedk to a slow trot on a journey, as causing less fatigue to the hock-joint, by which curbs and spavins are frequently thrown out. Add to this, the slow trot is the safest pace a horse goes, be eatuse his step is shortest. These colts that stand foremost on the record appear to derive their speed from Rysdy k's Hianmbletonian combined with other stout families to give them stamina. The speed of the Iiambletoniatis, and the stout blood of the Clays, Normans, Pilots and Mambrinos, hiive culminated in great speed and bottom in the present generation of trotters. So So, a two-year-old by Geo. Wilkes, record 2:31, runs through Edwin Forest in to the Norman fiimily on the side of the darn. Elaine. a three-year-old by Messene ger Duroc, record 2:28, runs into the stout blood of Henry Clay in the maternal line. Red Jim, a three-year-old, time 2:28, par takes of the blood of Alexander's Norman Mambrino Chiuf and Brown Pilot. Keen Jim, a four-.year-old by Keen's Lookout, time 2:24 1-2, inherits through his dam the blood of Mambrino Chief and Stockbridge Chief. Gov. Sprague, with his five-year-old record of 2:20 1-2. was sired by Rhode Is land out of Belle Braindon, by I ysdyk's LHambletondan. The blood of Hawbleton +Ian has hit with several strains In the pro ,duction of our most famous trotters. Espe cially in breeding back to the grandsons of Messenger has the blood of the ol1 hero of Chestershone conspicuous in the great con stellatiqn of flyers. The Durocs, ;)ionieds and Trustees, of the north, and Bertrands, Pacifies and stock holders of the south, have fostered the trot ting element and assisted to give great en durance to the roadster. They were simi lar to other strains, but had run under ground so long that when they come to the surface new blood served as a new cross that gave a new impulse to their descen dants. It is the thoroughbred element mixed with Spanish, French any! English grades, that has made Kentucky the stamp ing grounds of American trotters. Maw brino Chief never sired a trotter till he went to Kentucky 10 years old, where he found a family of trotters. Alexander's Abdallah, the great son of Hambletonian, was far .more successful as a sire after he ;left New York and went to the Lblue-g ass region to cross with warm blood mares. The same may be said of George Witkes, whose colts recently have been so sucessful An annihi lating time. The rich soil or salubrious climate of Kentucky developes the young to an early maturity which prepares their colts for an early market-if not for an ear ly grave. STOOL ITEMS. A sale of Shorthorn and Jersey Battle, and Clydesdale horse., belonging to the Queen of England,. lately took place at Windsor. The cattle were represented as being in good keeping condition, lean in Mesh, but heavily hired and healthy. The sales seems a very good one so far as prices were con cearned, ,except that lhe Clydesdale colts sRed low as compared with the fillies-or for almost $230 each; the fillies brought over $500 each. The Shorthorns, females. rarnge in nrieo from 800 to 5411l nnch 4 hi 40 head averaged nearly $167. The bulls, 4, averaged nearly $144. Six Jersey cows and heifers, averaged over $222. Dalsy swelling the average lay selling for $335. Three Jersey bulls averaged $80. The oldest herd of Shorthorns in England was sold on Oct. 18, being that of L. 13. BRLg shaw, established by his predecessor in 1813. The sale showed an average on 42 cows sold of £36.1. Nite bulls averaged £23.11.4. The 51 animals aggregated £1726.4, about $S.630. Another English herd, that of Mr. Ffdlll ott, at Hollybrook, averaged ftor 31 cows £23.4.7, and 9 bulls, £24.1.10. The aggre gate for 40 animuals was 41246.17.6. At. Mr. Swinglers sale of Shorthorns, at Langhani, 36 cows averaged £32.13, and 4 bulls £35.3.6. The 40 animals brought £1310.3.6 as a total. At the Lyme Park sale of Mr. W. J. Legh, Biruuingnanh, 24 cows sold for £S05. 10, and S bulls for £131.0, a total £936.10. At the Shorthorn sale of Chauncey Hills, Dover, 0., twenty-two head of high bred Shorthorns sold for $2,725. Twelve females averaged $134.16; ten bulls $111.15. A three-year old Shorthorn steer, weighing 2,000 pounds, brought $121 ; and $141 was paid for a four-year-old steer, weighing 2. 200 pounds. At a late sale of the English herd of Here fords, belonging to William Taylor, near Ledbury, comprising thirty-six breeding cows, and fifteen bulls, the thirty-six cows averaged '$130,000, and the bulds over $370. One bull Tredegar sold for $1,300, and in other, Thoughtful, for $1.250, while the low est price obtained for lulls was $155. Twelve heifers sold at $80 to $155. These should be counted big prices even if they were Shorthorns, rating the present seasons sales. At the sale of Mr. Hewer's Herefords, at Marden. England, on October 18, twenty five cows and heifers averaged nearly $120, and nine bulls averaged over $206, one bull calf sold for about $273. BESOLUTIONS ON PEDIGREEg. At the late National Shorthorn Conven tion muchidtliseussion ensued upon the sub ject of pedigrees, It has been a vexed question since the organization of the socie ty. Hon. T. C. .Joues, of Ohio, offered a set of resodutions which were referred to a committee of which General Desha was the chairman, who reported favorably upon all except the second. These were to be con sidered as rules governing tahe registry of pedigree in the Shorthorn Herd Books, and were as follows; 1. All animals imported from Great Brit ain and Ireland whose pedlitrees are record ed or entitled to record in Coate's Herd Book are entitled to registry in the Ameri can Herd Books. 2. All other Shorthorns whose pedigrees show no less than seven crosses of bulls du ly registered, tracing in all their crosses to imported Shorthorns. or bulls showing sev ,en such crosses arc entitled to registry in the Herd Books. 3. The re-entered pedigrees shall state the namne, color, date of birth, the name of the breeder, the name and residence of the own er or the party sending the pedigree for record. 4. Bulls ruay be registered at any age, but shall not be registered a second time, unless to correct ,An error in- the first entry, in which ea"e the pedigree shall be entered in t 11l, with a new number, so that subsequent reference may be had to the corrected pedi gree. 5. Cows are not to be registered until they have produced jiving- progeny, when the pedigree shall be entered in full, as in the case of bulls, and the progeny under the dam, with color, date of birth, name of the sire and breeder, and cows may be re-en tered after the birth of subsequent progeny, with abbreviated pedigree and the progeny, with reference to the original entry. Each rule being yoted upon separately they were adopted with the exception of the second. This invalidates animalis having even seven crosses Qf herd book blood, and we think is right. Nevertheless for all practical purposes, for use on the farm. ox for any use except the breeding of "highJi cattle" these are fully as good as the best, Mr. ROUND, a member of th. British Par lihament, referring to the Report of the Cat tle Plague Qommittee, said that he believed that something like I,00, - were produced at home' whiletons om supply of live stock only amW tile forei 000 tons; so thalt the to L from their home supply roportion om Pep whereas that from torel 83 cr per cent. In his opin1ion preveasioly better tihan cure, and restrictionseo portation of foreign cattle were, hon tie t more likely to check the disease ethought ing to themt. on cow). There is no rinderpest, or other i a kindred nature among the cattl ae of United States. To keep our stock free, thN most stringent laws are necessary, 1t iug to cattle brought here froth abroad Oro laws are lax, at best, in thin re'peet an i should be rigidly enforced.-Prairije p The shipment of dressed beef and from Colorado and New Mexico to thew eo. era markets has only *been an experi ejet t the past few years, and althougih the bust. ness has been carriedion with the usual hi. perfections attending all new enterprise k has proved a complete success. it appears evident to us that with thegreat iimprovements which have recently been made in the refrigerator care, which now de liver the meat at any point in the east in the most perfect condition, that this is likely to be adqpted by our cattle men as the prinoi. pal mode of transporting their beet to mar ket. LIVE STOCK DIRECTORY C & II. EDWARDS, Importers and Breeders of IMPROVED AMERICAN MERINO. A FEW CiiOuCE RAMS FOlt SALE. Elk Grove RJantch, 7 miles west o0 Blozenin. P. 0. Address, Ilozeman, M T. MIa B ENNETT & GOODALA, Importers and bneeders of :pure-bloode, COTSWOLD SHEEP, Are now prepared to supply the wool-growere of the Territory with pure-bloods of either sex. Rains, 1 year old, $50. Eary Lambs, ta Inspection invited. P. 0. address: Camp lt'ey Montana. seph.g3 BEI.KSHIRE 110GS. I claim to have this celebrated breed in al} hi purity. Pigs well selected in pairs or trios, set akin=, at low figures. T. WILCOX'. Cold Spring Ranch, three miles cast 41 Ihelen,. JAMES MAULDEN, JRERERDER O1 Percheron--Norman Horses. YOUNG STOCK FOR SALE. Correspondence solicited. Address, Wlatls Beaverhead (nnntv Mnntann ...flram VW. COOK & B3RO., IMPORTERS AND BREEDERS OF Thoroughbred Cotswold Sheep, Offer for sale a fhw choice thoroughbred rans and have also some blne grades-one-bklf a4 three-fourths bloods. 1'ostothee address: CuSp Baker, Montana. sepl4.43-l8 L EN. UEWIS, Importer and breeder of Pure-blooded Alderney or Jersey Cattl., And Breeder of PURE-BLOOD AND HIG1-GRADE SHORT-HORNED DURHAM Address: LEN. LEWIJ. ___________ Camw Baker. Mil. pEOPLE'S MEAT MARKET. KROFT & FLEMIN.B Keep constantly on hand the best quliy of BEEF, PORK, MUTTON AND SAVE Nearly opposite the Husbandman 0D1,* MAIN STREET, DIAMOND CITY, M.° Nov. 25, 1875-tf. CANADIAN POULTRY JOURNAL. A Handsomely Illustrated MontilY, Devoted exclusively to Poultry! It will )e o a good, practical journal, essential to the MOW, Fancier, Breedet and Amateur. , Heaving necontly purchased the Fanciers' o it now has the largest circulation of any; fe class and pouIt -breeders will find advertising m ),umn. Terms: $1 per~smauzn. lsh Address: Canadia Jmoultry Joarnal r1bu a Company, Brantford, Ontario, Canada.