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III CELLA N E OUS.
THE MOOI8 O$ MARS. A discovery that will rank among the most iniporranit in astronomy was made at Washington on the night of the 1Rith ult., by Professor Asaph Hall. The planet Mars, since the invention of the telescope, has proved more convenient for examination, and there is more known about it than any other celestial object, not excepting the Moon, since that only one side is ever turned toward us. ,Venus, though nearer us than Mars, is never seen to as great ad vantage. All who have studied the charac teristics of Mars have been struck by its similarty in many particulars to the earth; such as having continent and seas ; frozen poles where the progress of winter and sum mer can be alternately, traced; a day of about the same length as ours; an atmos pliere over pQr3tiots of which clouds are flit ting. But the one thing in which Mars was sup posed to differ totally from the earth , wfis the absence of a moon. That reproach is now taken away from the red planet, thanks to the twenty-six inch refractorat the Unit ed States Naval Observatory, and .the labors of Prof. Hall. At the present time Mars is in a better position for close observation than has been the case for several years. The refracting telescope of the Observatory Is the best instrument of its kind which has ever been turned toward the sky. For, strange to say, the existence of a satellite of Mars had not been suspected, while the tra ditions of modern astronomy are rife with speculations as to such a companion to the pin net Venus. The question now is, not whether Mars has a satellite, but whether it has two. This great triumph, which will go down into history along with Herschel's dWcov ery of Uranus and Le Verrier's prediction of the existence and place of Neptune-.is purely American. It is not the first tri umph of the great refractor, whiose object glass is probably the mqst perfect piece Of wprktnanshlp thiit Alyip Clark & Son,,Qt (Crxbridge, Mass., have, ever produced, 'l or that instrument signalized its entry into the 1&ld ofresearch by determining the number of the moons of IUranus, That though im portant to astromical science, was not a dis covery with any ultimate bearings.. The fact that Mars has one or more satellites will be held as a new proof of the nebular hypothesis, as their supposed absence had been urged as one of the weakness s of that theory. The discovery will make such a noise In the world that possibly it may. get to the cars of the numerous Congressmen and bring z blush to. their cheeks when they remember their niggardliness in cutting down the appropriation for the excellent work of the Naval Observatory.-N:, Y. Tribune. UNDERGROUND TELEGRAPHS. Between Berlin and Halle an underground telegraph wire has been in usefor one year, and underground wires are absyut to be laid between Berlin and the citiesot Frankfort, Cologne, Strasbourg, Breslau, Hanu urg, Kiel, and Konigsherg, thereby dispensing with posts and insulators, and avoiding the cost of their maintenance. The c.copper wires which convey the electric cu&fent are enclosed In wrought 1roti pipes, and,are her metically enclosed by insulating. material, which protects them fr-rm the action of air and water, and prevents oxidation. A CHEAP vinegar ColsIstS of 25 g iHous of warm rain water with 4 gallons of molasses and 1 gallon of yeast. The mixture can be used after it has been allowed to ferment. CONSUMPTIBJ COTEZW An, old physician, retired from practice, laving had placed in his hands by an East India nmissiotrry the 6wrmula of a simplep vegetable retpedy for the speedy mnd pcir manent fgireot consump n, bronqtittis, ca t'arrb, asthma, and all thr'.t and, lung af feotipus, also a positive and tadicitl qure for nsrvous dqaeiity and all,,nepyus comnpint+, a er having te~t..t4 ta. ?'9pderful puxative pqgwurdi tho u.Id4 pt pates, has fel4 It his dlqty to make it qMaL to;Jiis, ,uftpsng tel lows. Actuated, bl.,thiis motive, andl 4 de at to relieves ql an suff ing, I will send, Ft e 9f,0lq'gk,. to all who desire it, this reel in Gerus w, French or Enplish, with full directions for preparing and using. Sent by mail by addressing with stamp, naming this paper, W. W. Sherar, 126 Powers' Block, Rochedter, N. Y. B. F. MARSH, U. S. DEPUTY MINERAL SURVEYOR, HELENA. - - - MONTANA. H-ELENA AND DIAMOND CITY, 1 LSTAGE L INE . UNITED STATES MAIL.. P. B. CLARK, - - Proprietor. Coaches leave Ihelena Monday, Wednesday, and Friday, at 7 o'clock a. m. Leave Ditmonui City Tuesday, Thur.day, and Saturday, at 7 o'clock, a. in. HELEN.'. AND BOZEMAN. Coaches leave Helena eveI y morning, (Sundays excepted,) at 4 o'clock, a. in. Leave Bozeman every morn mng, (Sundays except ed,) at4 o'clock, a. nm. Passepgers and freight carried at moderate rates. OFFI('ES: HErraNA-Davis & AVualsce's, Main Street. BOZEMAN-VH llSOn & Rich'S, Cor. hinist and Doze man Streets. BOZEMAN AND VIRGINIA. Leaves Virginia City every Monday, Wednesday and Friday, at 4 o'clock, ,. in. Leaves Bozeman Tuesday, Thursday and Satur day, at4 o'clock, a. in. OFricr-In Virginiaa n. Raymond Bros. HAY MARKET AND FEED STABLE JOSEPH HORSKY, Proprietor. LOWER MAIN STREET. HELENA. Accommodations for ALL KINDS AND ANY NUMBER OF STOCKi Is prepared to COMPETE WITH ANY STABLE IN THIE CITY. HAR.FAIRpANKS' HAY SCALES. I have 0O acres of the best hay land in Prickly Peitr Valley, six miles from town, from which 1 get all'my hay. Higheat Market Price Paid for Grans. June 29, l17.6-32-tf. NOTICE TO MINERS. United States I4tnd Qfge, Helena, M. T , October 24, Th77. John Futterer, whose post office address is White Sulphur Springs, Meagher county, Montans Terri tory, has this day tiled his application to enter as agricultural land, under the.pre-emption laws, the N. half of the S. E. quarter, section 21, and the W. half of the S. W. quarter of section No 22, in township No. 9 north, range No. 6 east, whicb land is suspended from entry. Notice is hereby. given that a hearing will be had at this office on the 8th day of December. A.D. 1877, at 10 o'clock a. m,,, to deteiniine as to the mineral or non-mineral character of said laud, and testimony to be used upon said hearing will te taken before \Vm. Gaddis, Abotary Public, at COnit. Baker, Meagher county, M., T,, ot the 3d day of t)ecembrr, A. D. 1877, at 10 o'clock a. m. It i, alleged dr. 'e are no known imitiets, nor mining uniprovemaents upon said );pid,. 2-5-6w" J, II. MOE., Register. N OTICE TO M1I-lSý LUitpd.$ States Land Ohce, ;V4,s T1. , Noveintypir 10, 1877. Patrick iI. Claik, Wose_ post otlice add're s i White Sulph a. Mesgter county, Montana, has this4eayf Iji l u:tpi riction to enter as agrical turad l1nd, tinder the. pPre4eption laws, the S W quarter of ti,'N WY quarterof section 13, the S hue of the N t.c uartowand the S. E quarter of the N Vt quarter of beition 14, iii fownship No. It north, rague N'. 6 east, which laud. is suspctyded from en. try. Nisfrio is hercliy given that a hearing will be had at this olliceon tlhc20th day of December, A. I). 1W77, at 10 o'clock a. mn., 1o determine as to the mineral or nqj-mineral character of said land and testimony to be used upon said hearing will bi taken before. William Unuddi, n Notary Iublije, a Camp. lIaker, M. T., on the 14th day of December, A. 1) 1877, at 10 o'clock a. m.j It is alleged their are yuo known ruiipers, nor mining inmprovemeutt, upon said laud, 51 J.)1. SMOE, Re ister. ('¶o. 556) APPLICA T'ON FOR PiATENT. U. 8. LAND OFFIrea, Helepa, Mo'utzpna, November 5, 1877. Notice is hereby pubs ishetd that Ihitsr ell B. Loonmis. William O. Warner, Samuel Marshall and Jacob Fischer whose. post ofice address is Canyoc Ferry, i ea hercounty, Montana Territory, hart this day fles application for pafent, under tgeMin ing laws of Congeos, fitr fourteen and seven hun dredths (14 7.100) acres placer mining ground, des. ignited as Lot No. 3d, in township 10 N, range 1 east, situated near the mouth of Avalanch Gulct, (no organized mining district), .Meagher county, Mon ua, which claim is described in the official plat and field notes on file in this oflice as follows: lleggnniuug at the, N W corner a post marked I \ C 18,Zsid runain, thence N rl2 deg E 1.60 chains t, a post !arked 2 DI C 38; thence S 15 dog W 13 8l chains fo a post inmaked 31 C 38; thence 8 10 deg 1 10.50 chalus to ai post marked 4 M C 38; thence N 6s deg W 15.00 ciuitns to a post marked 5 M C 38: thence N 36t deg L"' iini F 21.04 chains to the-place of beginnr g, emtbrgung iougeeu and sevksn hun dredths (14 7-1C0)'ntres. Notice.,nf said apjulication, together with official plat of this prarnise, claimed, were posted on the ulmrt da oit November, A. 1). 1877. Any and all persons culaming adverspiv any por. tion of the above described pltemises, firehereby no tIfle4 that unless their adverte clai;bi are duly filed aecordlug to law, with tie Registo. f the United State ,and Office, at Helena, Sloetana Territory, wlth4º the sixty days period of fuiation hereof, theyilJ be forever barred by viur of the provi io',s of the statute. .1. IIH IO, Reglster. G. A. Kr.I.I.ous, U., 84l1ep .N'1.4 urteor,.. 51 nTii. M1. PR~ICE &S COM1_PAN- , No. 14 SOUTH COMMERCIAL. STREET, ST. LOUIS, Mo. CO MISSION AGENCY LI[)1 ~ 0 1i SIA Xj (Ia~ .~ "''(Bonc~d in tu oi m S1Jl . THE GRANGE VAGON" WAGON'- CARttV-tL. 1-2 in. 'hini.skeiu, ver-y ight 2-lyre I2 Uljs. $48 ?4 in. Jlirt2- IsO~ ib.,lh. 49 3 111 " medi~ttti2-h;orsOl 1 lO0 I I. :51 31 4 in ' 2-horr-e 23iuiJ lb. i; - 2 ill ' l-'e (lighit 4-n) 3:12uolb~. ~~ 334 in. 4-horse, 400tt 1b1. b5 13-r' in. Iron Axle, very li~ght 2-horse 13'001)x- . :;) 11 I-, in. " light `?-horsec 16001h b. b"4 1 `i S in. 2-horse 2(11)0 I1,., 553 I .3-4 in. 3-l'e (Light 4-h'e) 230010;,.- 0,2 2 10 4-ho- 4100) lbs.i Splitit 'e';ta. $4.00 extra, Two-leaf Springs, oil lelnpered. Wheeletr's 1'atciit Brakes, $ll.50 extra. SPRING-S WAGON S. FRlOM $95.6O TO FI8OcOM BU CE, At ýiO WeV deirer to call. the pe~tc~iil a ttVAttjtt of to the~ 1fie: that, they CIU realize The EI~j est lliarko t PkjicC by consigning 111e1r WOOL, HlDES, FURS ADD ROBES; to our care. J : rnpt attention giv-en to The pur. clitis- of ZA1MHAY AND FARM SUPP-LIES, va4B~lT%.. RAL MACIIINERY, Etc., Etc. Pr-in ted i n"I i-mt i, i ani in'in~ofintt in fitr the bene0 fe 'ý'ý.0 thip~er> and "li l:t 1 1.. tt1 '1)t1 Is ':t i.if l el i ott ilJJllitttioL. i$1SAYM~ Day the IMPROVED Sewing MIachine. AT It is Bo sirnmle in construction and runs so easily that a child can operate it. .t ** It has the straight, safy retling needle, our iwn proved ddu~tle, with a peufect tenwon., which does not change as the bobbin becomes exhausted. -i &*3 All the w~easinq pxoints are atjusta~e, andh combines every desirable improvement. *3- Every Machine is sent out ready for use, after being thoroughly tested. Now izthltandinn the GREAT REDUCTICN IN PRICES we continue to use the best naterXI and exercise the greatest care In their manufacture. VICTOR S'EWINC JIACIHNE CO., Westoen 3ra.ch ffloe, 381 West Madison Gt., Cicaso, nil. PEIfCIPAL OFFICu and Manufactorioa, Midditru, Cm S IG OFTHEBIGBOOT. NICIK 31ILLEN, Wholesale and Retail Dealer in 4oots, Shoes, Leather and Findings, HELENA, MONTANA. My stock for the wholesale and retail trade is VERY LARGE AND COMPLETE And consists of the best and largest assortment of Ledies', Misses' and Children's Ftench Kip, Pebble Goat, Morocco, Cloth and Calfskin Shoes. Men's Custom-made French and Kin Boots Kept constantly on hand, Also, GUM BOOTS. My stock being purchased exclusively for cash, enables me to offer extra inducements iii the way of low prices. Feb. 1-77-'?11-tr IERE IS MONEY IN IT. RZYMPT PRO ZBZCZOTIO, AAID MOT P3RISEA8LZ, Special Inducemeuts to the Trades AGENTS WANTED Everywhere for the ErTLa 3. lIE 1mlam uasthetuzias SE WINO MACHINES THEY ARE Tax et gtet oRunning, Bt Made and it.) Rli~hi~sSewingMachines in the .world. ('^J tid,t out 'wid rememberiot.) sadrý.WS Wll oMU if0 CO LAC ED HOTELý/ýýý ..-r......rr..AVn. 51 BJOZEMAN. MONTANA. A. J. & N. J. MAJJNI, PrcprietOfP. tl~i Xi~lo~an11y ftzrniiibdd, andl Firrt-C1Pne in elf'. X( ret pect. Rom n or bvte:de orwrrt t5 )ý 8fig~ab "'3 r ho tit CIO MARK r~ Wu PArh. J11LY 25. 1871.ea W1C CL.AIM FOEl TIlE IMIPR~lO Pr( WHITNEY IN. U Th~e fo1owin a} ciflc( t60 Suo t I-Great Simnp1Ai1tY ~in(~h u1-PerforfMs ,it Varieties of W O-uuelyty of VALDIDb an d WIje, 7-GREAT li l)TC 'ýý"$ Mwbý:itlie r~elit s t pi IlI I,P1()i wt' V-11tou1plu~tu''e o kep n eh~l'rZ o