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The Roci0y Moltain lllusandJlal.
R. N. SUTHEERLIN, Editor. THURSDAY, JANUARY 21, 1878. THERE is, we think, a strong probability that the oresetnt Congress will extend the time for the completion of the Northern Pa dflo Railroad for another decade, at least. The promises of the company to the IHouse Committee are all that could be expected under the ciurnstlnces ; we tliinik It is wis 4mtn, on the part of the company not to promise more than they can reasonably hope to accomplish, audeshould. Congress accede to their wishes we see no reason why they may not carry out the'ir pledges to the very letter. They are men of wealth, have gpod tinancial.ability, and are as noted for their Integrity as railroad men generally arec Their tailure to fulfill their promises in the past is, we think, due to the many unforeseen Qbstacles they have had to encounter rather. than their Indisposition to carry them out in good faith. When Jay Cooke was in his. glary,,the press everywhere was loud in his praise, It regarded him as the greatest ofhanukers, and his road-as the N. P. was termed-the greatest enterprise, ever undertaken; the land grant wag proclaimed the richest and most fertile belt on earth. When Cooke had failed, how quick the opinion changed. The company and its leader were a failure and a fraud, and the magnificent land grant wa8 suddenly transformed from a paradise 1ito a barren waste, an alkaline desert, a howling wilderness, swept by,boreal winds and uninhabitable by :mn. T'rie project had fallen flat, andwhile down everybody. was ready to give it a kick. Rirval lines eagerly grasped the opportunity to pile their maledictions upon the company and coun try, and the overthrow was so complete that the only wonder is that it ever recovered from the shock. A few.,clung to their en terprise, reorganized the company. and set it upon a business basis again. The com pleted portion of the road has been nuccess fully operated, and , the country through which it passed developed until, its comn merce has forced an admission of the, fact that it is neither a desert nor a wtlderness, but a fertile and produptive region; and one that boasts of the largest and ltapst produc tive farms in the world. The profits from the traffic on the road, and the revenue from the sales of land, render it within the power of the company to push the road forward at the rate they propose. We look upon the land grant as an ui wise piece of legislation. It paralyzed the, progress of the country throughout, the rail road. belt of,,our; Territory, and placed an onerous btwrden upon our people. It is not a gift from the nation, but .by the dqubling of the price of government lands, and the reduction of the prp-emption and honmestead rights one-halfP.it is a subsidy whitch those who live .along~ the line, nmust pay. We would be glad totee the government take back the land grant and.lissue guaranteed bonds. It would insure a more rapid com pletion'of the road, and :the burden would fall alike upon the shoulders of the entire nation, and not alone upon thosewho live or, may settle along the hlie of the: road-a casa, who are generally poor and lily.able to giye.auch a subsidy. Tl'e interests of tile general government denmand the road-rde mnandt.at once-and thie whol, people, who are to r.eoove the benefit, should share tile burden,i But, if a continuatitotof the land grant is theotmly means by which the road cin be.secured, it wotlld be far preferable to seeingith, project fall to tlhe groud. WE are glad to note the Interest manifest eý by the people of 3itter Root and Misso. Ia, i the wagon road towards..Bannack. The Missoulian of the Iltlt contains `he sub seription list to the road, w.tchý is, indeed very creditable. The ainou.t .snbsernbed, we believe, is sufficient to construnct the rqad, and the committee who have. the work in the charge are progressive energetic gein tflamen and we .eel confident that it will be ecrried forward to compIe tion at an early -i4y. Tlls ro,(d wi|j bee,f great advantage it Banat ck.ant Missoutl3, and of incalcttla l,l value to the Bitler Root valley. Tins is alr'e:ndv one of the toremost sections in the 1t rrii.ory. Its farmers hiave good comfort N hlme 8 anti are prospering. With the new thoroughfare to the south, the com merce of the valley will be greatly enliven ed and the business redoubled. Immigra tion will soon gather in and till up the va cunt leagues of rich agricultural lands. Schools will be established, and churches erected until it possesses all the social ad vantages of the States. OUR Helena cotemporaries, we see. are still agitating the question of a direct wagon road toButte. This matter has been under consideration ,hy the people of the tnetropo lis andtthe greilt silver city for, the past, 18 months, but thus far there ihas-heen but lit tle acc:mplished. We are a little surprised to see such. enterprising cities outstripped by the handful of grangers aon the Bitter Root.. When the latter-saw the necessity., of a road they put their mites together and set. about the work. WE publish elsewhere the proceedings of a-mass meeting in Custer county, protesting against their, separation from Montana. Such a dlisposition would certainly place them in as inconvenient a situation as is now experienced by the people of the Black Hills. Besides, in a mountainous country rivers do not form the proper boundaries for States and Territories ;:they should be reg ulated by mountain ranges. The people of the same valley havelidentical interests, and it is much easier for them to cross rivers than ranges of mountains. To make a (livi sion of.the Yellowstone valley would cer toinly be unwise, . If it becomes necessary to reduce the limits of our Territory, the water shed, between the tributaries of the Yellowstone,and the Platte or:,the Cheyenne would form the natural boundary. Much incomvenient;e would have been avoided in out county affairs had this rule been adopt ed in the locating of their boundaries. .------.. S4rITH RIVER-ITS FLOCKS AND HERDS.. NUMBER SEVEN. The White Sulphur Springs are lopated upon the south bank of the east branch of Smith river, at the altitude of 5,155 feet above the sea, near-theesouth east corner of, township No. 9, range 6 east, close to the foot of the.Belt mountains and upon the di rect roaddeading from., Camp Baker to the MuscleshellS Judith,, Carroll, Colson and Tongue river. Originally they were called Big Medidine Springs, a name.substitute, in place of the various crooked names by which they were ealled by the Indian tribes who, it is said, use,to come hundreds of miles with their famlieg and camp for months upon the surrounding plain, to .enjoy their healing virtues. So: widely were they known, and .so famous, was the surrounding country as a hunting ground, that Smith River valley and the adjacent country, was never recog nized as the lands of any particulan Indian tribe. By the southern and western Indians it.was termed a " free land," to which they' traveled from their far off countries over the well marked trails that lead out across the valley through the mountain passes in many directions, and spent their idle days in hold. ing "pow-wows" and mingling together fishing and hunting. With lthe northern and easterrn Indians they were termed " a kind 'of disputed ,possessions," and often this nmuch prized resort and hunting grounds were made the scene of hard fought battles, dim traces of whichiare still visible. My titst visit here was when returning trom aq Indian expedition in '68. Then tile pool was small, but, the bath-room was leagues in extent, had a high ceiling, and, though the refreshing March winds gushed through the open wimdow, the bath was pleasant, Their discovery, however, dates further back than this, for I believe as early as 18i65 it wts the eustom of mniners,- pros pectors and hunters passing in tile vicinity to call by and indulge in a luscious swim. In the early days of. the opening of tile gulch mines of the countrymany a decrep Id miner hIa passed over to these springs, tired, sore and stiffened,: aching with rhcu natic pains, brought on firom the effects of aiboring in the wet mines. and after a short season of battling, returned again to his l. >or feeling as' well, nimble and fresh as if ten gears youncger. I the tall of 1868. Jas. rewer 'J. iHamilton laid claims and built a snal cabin, butit wins not until the-year S70.,qtt atmuchl imprQvmnenlts were.,made, or mict. kqwkml n , their medicinal qualities. Sitne.theu tn mraemelrmjat have arraduallh gone on, and the news of their wonderful cures continued to spread until now they have a wide reputation and are becoming the most popular resort in the country. The, springs rise in a cluster, i.ut the different streams though close together, are of differ ent temperatures. The water is heavily im pregnated with sulphur, but no analysis of it having been made it is not within my power to state of what all its parts are corm posed. It is known to contain one-third more solid matter than the famous springs of Arkansas, andiby filnaty w~hohave visited both places theise are the mlost7 preferabl1e. It is palatable, and, when accustomed to it, the aplpetite increases.; .causes food to di gest and i gulates the system. For cutane ous rheumatic aflictions, and, old chronic diseases, it is truly a wonderful success. Within the short space oft tine which the Springs have been unrder the present pro prietors management, Dr. Wmn. Parberry, .a number of very critical cases have been ef fectually cured who had to, be lifted when moverdl that could not sit alone or scarcely guide a limat)and bad'not passed a night of rest for weeks, lhae been brought to them selves again, .and have gone home rejoicing and praising the Springs.. The water is conveyed through pipes from. the Springs to 4he several ibath houses and is so arl auged that the desired temperature cat be had. .Re sides one large bath pool there are a numl ber of small rooms. Some of them are buil.t adjoining well furntshed .bed rooms and so arranged that invalids can be treat ed with care, and without exposure.. The hotel in connection with the Springs is kept ias first-class style, and the accomnmodations are good.: The cost of living is as reasona ble as in other parts of the countryk and, in deed. the place is a home in the true sense of the terrm, The surrounding country is beautifuL . To the southwest and north the vast plain stretches out miles in extent, dot ted here and there with farm. houses, bands of horses, herds of cattle, and flocks of sheep, grazing at will. upon the shores of the beautiful streams that course over it, bringing dow.u the crystal waters from the snow clad heights, :and lending their nuiLe to its wealth and beauty in nourishing the nutritious grasses chat grows in abundance all over'its surface. On the eastwal~ the country is mountainous,.but of easy access, and abound with game, while in the streams there are nmyrids of fish. Dr. Parberry was attracted into the purchase of this property from haviing received a cure from them. of himself of rheunmatism, with which he .had suffered for several years. Having tested their qualities in this way he determined. to make them his home. He proposes to im prove the property from time to time, as the increase of patrollage demands. Besides this property he is largelyen gaged in wool-growing. His flock numbers 2,000 head, and feed upon the hills near the, Springs. At this writing the flock is looking ftile. Nearly all of them are under three years of age. They are probably as well bred in Merinos as any sheep in this see. tion. A glance at his flock of Merino bucks, thirteen in number, to which his -sheep has bred, is enough to satisfy one that. the text ure of the wool must be good and the yield large. WILL. PROM BITTER ROOT' EDITOR HIUSBA5DMAN: Corvallis Grange installed its newly elect ed oilicers at the first regular meeting in January. The G range is in a prosperous condition and has reeived a number ot new members of late. Theofflcers of Ft. Owen Grange were publicly installed on the 12th, b~,the master of Corvallis Grange. They have their haU beautifully decorated with evergreens and flags, andsthey boast of the finest hall in the Territory, outside of Hel ena. 'Thley propose to give a mursical and literary festival on the 17th for the benefit of their library, to which they expeet to add 300 volumes this spring. TI'h library is well patronized both by outsiders and Pa trons, and is now on a firm footing and a complete answer to those who assert that the Order can accomplish no good here. Cupid lhas ben noticed hovering among our members for sometilmepast, and as are suit there were married ohi Jan. 6, by the Rev. Winm. A. Hall, at the residence of E. Chaftin, Corvallis, Mr. Gilbert Sinmmons an(ti Miss Mary Chaffin., and Mr. John A. Som ,.n'rs to MKAtg JdSia Chafdn, alt of .rval4 . Grange. Our worthy Steward has chosen al worthy assistant, and tile Goddess of Fruit has gathered in the perl1inum1ons, and it if too much to hope that each 'succeeding. wi., ter in the future may be less long and dreary ( that a little Somniner tmay be added to make the season more pleasant and cllher ful. 'There has been over $3,000 sulh.crilwd by the citizens of this valley and Missoula for the construction of a wagon road( from the head of the valley to the Big H1ol4 Pass: The people of Bannack an vicinity offer tao Iinish it from the ['ass to Bannack. ''The work will commence as early in the spring as possible and be prosecuted to anI early completion. The following are namedi a the ioard of trustees to supervise the work: WV. E. Bass, J. S. Robertson0 W, B. Har Ian, E. Challin andl J. B. Catlin. Vhtmen thi road is finished all thel freight fromu the rail. road for this co.4lty will come over it, bt. sides it will open up a large market in Bea. verhe:ld county for our'prod"t.e. Sy. Corvallis. M.l T., Jan. 14, 1878. - S cc~l·- ·'*·----' IE WRITTEN. OgDEN, Utah, is the centre of six coal ha. sins. ABOUT 11.200 acres of grain was sown in San Fernatldo valley, Cal., and is already, up. I'r is stated that about 15,009.000 oranger are handled by San Francisco fruit dealers, an n ulty. A STjAMER sailerd from Liverpool on the 3d of January with £200,000, gold, destined for New York. AT Poughkeepsie, on the 7th inst., the Hudson river was frozen over so that a musl could cross on the ice. 'l'HE Russian losses in the Eaistern war are estimated at 150,000 men, vwhile the Turkish loss is conddered much greater. AnOUT 30,000 miners and laborers we thrown out of employment by the sispl. sion of operations in the Stuhnylkill coal mines of Penusylvinia. . Mn. WITTEN, a m nber'of the Virgini Hlowlse of Delegates. f nlm Tazewell county is said to be the father of sixteen childre including five pairs of twins. '1'Ht a:tCiumtulatiou of . capital from ill productive industries of California at pr. ent exceeds the Idrge amount of one hIn dred million dollars annually, and is yead increasing. . Tu'Ix'H fine, bullion shipped from Mont last year is -stated by 8.'. T. auser, Pr dentg:of the Pirst Natioial Bankl, of Helen and verifitled by . C. Child,'igent of Wel! Fargo & Co., to exceed $3,5000,000. H-FnrY M. STAxxE.,.the Africtan explo arrived in Paris on the 16th inst. Il solvih the greatest geographical plr)blenl of t age he has won a ftime that will never d but it is stated that while he was gone girl married some other fellow. THE Bank of France is giving up the sue of notes, and insists in p tying in gol to the disgust of the public. The rea.son that the directors find it does n6t pay to sue- notes on which a tax of 1. per cent imposed, when they can scarn ely. obt more than this sum for'discounts.. A' NEW ORLEANS dispatch of the I inst. says the revenue cutter McLean I returned from her second cruise in search the MicAllister, and reports finding portia of the dredge, estab'ishing almost beyond doubt her loss. The schooner Vernal, ported missing in tie dispatches, is safe Smline pass. Ta Executive Codmmit tee of the Natil A-sociation of Trotting Horse Br have decided to call ameeting of the A cl ation early in February. The cougree tlh.lNational Association for tihe Piromll of the Interests ofdtheAmenricaln 'l'urf be held at the Fifth Avenue IHotel, N York. February 13. IN view of the excessive cost of patetl is .said, .inventors are considerinlg I vwhireby radical changes can be m1ade ill patent laws. It isproposed to abolish el. X al examination, granting patents to who apply, Itas iln E;Lnglindtl, leavinlg the ri to invention to be contested inl courtSi. irnventor is to¶pay the Patent Office fo10r drwing, the printd speidf a ionm, a d' patent, which t igether, on ian a\vernge, cost a;bout $5. Thi. . will leav\e tie retal ing $95 to aid the inventor in intro.l iis ilnvmy4tiqn, wv.ich. is the greafte culty'.