The Roci0y Moltain lllusandJlal.
R. N. SUTHEERLIN, Editor.
THURSDAY, JANUARY 21, 1878.
THERE is, we think, a strong probability
that the oresetnt Congress will extend the
time for the completion of the Northern Pa
dflo Railroad for another decade, at least.
The promises of the company to the IHouse
Committee are all that could be expected
under the ciurnstlnces ; we tliinik It is wis
4mtn, on the part of the company not to
promise more than they can reasonably hope
to accomplish, audeshould. Congress accede
to their wishes we see no reason why they
may not carry out the'ir pledges to the very
letter. They are men of wealth, have gpod
tinancial.ability, and are as noted for their
Integrity as railroad men generally arec
Their tailure to fulfill their promises in the
past is, we think, due to the many unforeseen
Qbstacles they have had to encounter rather.
than their Indisposition to carry them out in
When Jay Cooke was in his. glary,,the
press everywhere was loud in his praise, It
regarded him as the greatest ofhanukers, and
his road-as the N. P. was termed-the
greatest enterprise, ever undertaken; the
land grant wag proclaimed the richest and
most fertile belt on earth. When Cooke
had failed, how quick the opinion changed.
The company and its leader were a failure
and a fraud, and the magnificent land grant
wa8 suddenly transformed from a paradise
1ito a barren waste, an alkaline desert, a
howling wilderness, swept by,boreal winds
and uninhabitable by :mn. T'rie project
had fallen flat, andwhile down everybody.
was ready to give it a kick. Rirval lines
eagerly grasped the opportunity to pile their
maledictions upon the company and coun
try, and the overthrow was so complete that
the only wonder is that it ever recovered
from the shock. A few.,clung to their en
terprise, reorganized the company. and set
it upon a business basis again. The com
pleted portion of the road has been nuccess
fully operated, and , the country through
which it passed developed until, its comn
merce has forced an admission of the, fact
that it is neither a desert nor a wtlderness,
but a fertile and produptive region; and one
that boasts of the largest and ltapst produc
tive farms in the world. The profits from
the traffic on the road, and the revenue from
the sales of land, render it within the power
of the company to push the road forward at
the rate they propose.
We look upon the land grant as an ui
wise piece of legislation. It paralyzed the,
progress of the country throughout, the rail
road. belt of,,our; Territory, and placed an
onerous btwrden upon our people. It is not
a gift from the nation, but .by the dqubling
of the price of government lands, and the
reduction of the prp-emption and honmestead
rights one-halfP.it is a subsidy whitch those
who live .along~ the line, nmust pay. We
would be glad totee the government take
back the land grant and.lissue guaranteed
bonds. It would insure a more rapid com
pletion'of the road, and :the burden would
fall alike upon the shoulders of the entire
nation, and not alone upon thosewho live
or, may settle along the hlie of the: road-a
casa, who are generally poor and lily.able to
giye.auch a subsidy. Tl'e interests of tile
general government denmand the road-rde
mnandt.at once-and thie whol, people, who
are to r.eoove the benefit, should share tile
burden,i But, if a continuatitotof the land
grant is theotmly means by which the road
cin be.secured, it wotlld be far preferable to
seeingith, project fall to tlhe groud.
WE are glad to note the Interest manifest
eý by the people of 3itter Root and Misso.
Ia, i the wagon road towards..Bannack.
The Missoulian of the Iltlt contains `he sub
seription list to the road, w.tchý is, indeed
very creditable. The ainou.t .snbsernbed,
we believe, is sufficient to construnct the
rqad, and the committee who have. the work
in the charge are progressive energetic gein
tflamen and we .eel confident that it will be
ecrried forward to compIe tion at an early
-i4y. Tlls ro,(d wi|j bee,f great advantage
it Banat ck.ant Missoutl3, and of incalcttla
l,l value to the Bitler Root valley. Tins is
alr'e:ndv one of the toremost sections in the
1t rrii.ory. Its farmers hiave good comfort
N hlme 8 anti are prospering. With the
new thoroughfare to the south, the com
merce of the valley will be greatly enliven
ed and the business redoubled. Immigra
tion will soon gather in and till up the va
cunt leagues of rich agricultural lands.
Schools will be established, and churches
erected until it possesses all the social ad
vantages of the States.
OUR Helena cotemporaries, we see. are
still agitating the question of a direct wagon
road toButte. This matter has been under
consideration ,hy the people of the tnetropo
lis andtthe greilt silver city for, the past, 18
months, but thus far there ihas-heen but lit
tle acc:mplished. We are a little surprised
to see such. enterprising cities outstripped
by the handful of grangers aon the Bitter
Root.. When the latter-saw the necessity., of
a road they put their mites together and set.
about the work.
WE publish elsewhere the proceedings of
a-mass meeting in Custer county, protesting
against their, separation from Montana.
Such a dlisposition would certainly place
them in as inconvenient a situation as is now
experienced by the people of the Black
Hills. Besides, in a mountainous country
rivers do not form the proper boundaries for
States and Territories ;:they should be reg
ulated by mountain ranges. The people of
the same valley havelidentical interests, and
it is much easier for them to cross rivers
than ranges of mountains. To make a (livi
sion of.the Yellowstone valley would cer
toinly be unwise, . If it becomes necessary
to reduce the limits of our Territory, the
water shed, between the tributaries of the
Yellowstone,and the Platte or:,the Cheyenne
would form the natural boundary. Much
incomvenient;e would have been avoided in
out county affairs had this rule been adopt
ed in the locating of their boundaries.
S4rITH RIVER-ITS FLOCKS AND HERDS..
The White Sulphur Springs are lopated
upon the south bank of the east branch of
Smith river, at the altitude of 5,155 feet
above the sea, near-theesouth east corner of,
township No. 9, range 6 east, close to the
foot of the.Belt mountains and upon the di
rect roaddeading from., Camp Baker to the
MuscleshellS Judith,, Carroll, Colson and
Tongue river. Originally they were called
Big Medidine Springs, a name.substitute, in
place of the various crooked names by which
they were ealled by the Indian tribes who, it
is said, use,to come hundreds of miles with
their famlieg and camp for months upon the
surrounding plain, to .enjoy their healing
virtues. So: widely were they known, and
.so famous, was the surrounding country as a
hunting ground, that Smith River valley
and the adjacent country, was never recog
nized as the lands of any particulan Indian
tribe. By the southern and western Indians
it.was termed a " free land," to which they'
traveled from their far off countries over the
well marked trails that lead out across the
valley through the mountain passes in many
directions, and spent their idle days in hold.
ing "pow-wows" and mingling together
fishing and hunting. With lthe northern
and easterrn Indians they were termed " a
kind 'of disputed ,possessions," and often
this nmuch prized resort and hunting
grounds were made the scene of hard fought
battles, dim traces of whichiare still visible.
My titst visit here was when returning
trom aq Indian expedition in '68. Then tile
pool was small, but, the bath-room was
leagues in extent, had a high ceiling, and,
though the refreshing March winds gushed
through the open wimdow, the bath was
pleasant, Their discovery, however, dates
further back than this, for I believe as early
as 18i65 it wts the eustom of mniners,- pros
pectors and hunters passing in tile vicinity
to call by and indulge in a luscious swim.
In the early days of. the opening of tile
gulch mines of the countrymany a decrep
Id miner hIa passed over to these springs,
tired, sore and stiffened,: aching with rhcu
natic pains, brought on firom the effects of
aiboring in the wet mines. and after a short
season of battling, returned again to his l.
>or feeling as' well, nimble and fresh as if
ten gears youncger. I the tall of 1868. Jas.
rewer 'J. iHamilton laid claims and built a
snal cabin, butit wins not until the-year
S70.,qtt atmuchl imprQvmnenlts were.,made,
or mict. kqwkml n , their medicinal qualities.
Sitne.theu tn mraemelrmjat have arraduallh
gone on, and the news of their wonderful
cures continued to spread until now they
have a wide reputation and are becoming the
most popular resort in the country. The,
springs rise in a cluster, i.ut the different
streams though close together, are of differ
ent temperatures. The water is heavily im
pregnated with sulphur, but no analysis of
it having been made it is not within my
power to state of what all its parts are corm
posed. It is known to contain one-third
more solid matter than the famous springs
of Arkansas, andiby filnaty w~hohave visited
both places theise are the mlost7 preferabl1e.
It is palatable, and, when accustomed to it,
the aplpetite increases.; .causes food to di
gest and i gulates the system. For cutane
ous rheumatic aflictions, and, old chronic
diseases, it is truly a wonderful success.
Within the short space oft tine which the
Springs have been unrder the present pro
prietors management, Dr. Wmn. Parberry, .a
number of very critical cases have been ef
fectually cured who had to, be lifted when
moverdl that could not sit alone or scarcely
guide a limat)and bad'not passed a night of
rest for weeks, lhae been brought to them
selves again, .and have gone home rejoicing
and praising the Springs.. The water is
conveyed through pipes from. the Springs
to 4he several ibath houses and is so arl auged
that the desired temperature cat be had. .Re
sides one large bath pool there are a numl
ber of small rooms. Some of them are
buil.t adjoining well furntshed .bed rooms
and so arranged that invalids can be treat
ed with care, and without exposure.. The
hotel in connection with the Springs is kept
ias first-class style, and the accomnmodations
are good.: The cost of living is as reasona
ble as in other parts of the countryk and, in
deed. the place is a home in the true sense
of the terrm, The surrounding country is
beautifuL . To the southwest and north the
vast plain stretches out miles in extent, dot
ted here and there with farm. houses, bands
of horses, herds of cattle, and flocks of
sheep, grazing at will. upon the shores of
the beautiful streams that course over it,
bringing dow.u the crystal waters from the
snow clad heights, :and lending their nuiLe
to its wealth and beauty in nourishing the
nutritious grasses chat grows in abundance
all over'its surface. On the eastwal~ the
country is mountainous,.but of easy access,
and abound with game, while in the streams
there are nmyrids of fish. Dr. Parberry was
attracted into the purchase of this property
from haviing received a cure from them. of
himself of rheunmatism, with which he .had
suffered for several years. Having tested
their qualities in this way he determined. to
make them his home. He proposes to im
prove the property from time to time, as the
increase of patrollage demands.
Besides this property he is largelyen
gaged in wool-growing. His flock numbers
2,000 head, and feed upon the hills near the,
Springs. At this writing the flock is looking
ftile. Nearly all of them are under three
years of age. They are probably as well
bred in Merinos as any sheep in this see.
tion. A glance at his flock of Merino bucks,
thirteen in number, to which his -sheep has
bred, is enough to satisfy one that. the text
ure of the wool must be good and the yield
PROM BITTER ROOT'
Corvallis Grange installed its newly elect
ed oilicers at the first regular meeting in
January. The G range is in a prosperous
condition and has reeived a number ot new
members of late. Theofflcers of Ft. Owen
Grange were publicly installed on the 12th,
b~,the master of Corvallis Grange. They
have their haU beautifully decorated with
evergreens and flags, andsthey boast of the
finest hall in the Territory, outside of Hel
ena. 'Thley propose to give a mursical and
literary festival on the 17th for the benefit
of their library, to which they expeet to add
300 volumes this spring. TI'h library is
well patronized both by outsiders and Pa
trons, and is now on a firm footing and a
complete answer to those who assert that
the Order can accomplish no good here.
Cupid lhas ben noticed hovering among
our members for sometilmepast, and as are
suit there were married ohi Jan. 6, by the
Rev. Winm. A. Hall, at the residence of E.
Chaftin, Corvallis, Mr. Gilbert Sinmmons an(ti
Miss Mary Chaffin., and Mr. John A. Som
,.n'rs to MKAtg JdSia Chafdn, alt of .rval4 .
Grange. Our worthy Steward has chosen al
worthy assistant, and tile Goddess of Fruit
has gathered in the perl1inum1ons, and it if
too much to hope that each 'succeeding. wi.,
ter in the future may be less long and
dreary ( that a little Somniner tmay be added
to make the season more pleasant and cllher
'There has been over $3,000 sulh.crilwd by
the citizens of this valley and Missoula for
the construction of a wagon road( from the
head of the valley to the Big H1ol4 Pass:
The people of Bannack an vicinity offer tao
Iinish it from the ['ass to Bannack. ''The
work will commence as early in the spring
as possible and be prosecuted to anI early
completion. The following are namedi a
the ioard of trustees to supervise the work:
WV. E. Bass, J. S. Robertson0 W, B. Har
Ian, E. Challin andl J. B. Catlin. Vhtmen thi
road is finished all thel freight fromu the rail.
road for this co.4lty will come over it, bt.
sides it will open up a large market in Bea.
verhe:ld county for our'prod"t.e. Sy.
Corvallis. M.l T., Jan. 14, 1878.
- S cc~l·- ·'*·----'
OgDEN, Utah, is the centre of six coal ha.
ABOUT 11.200 acres of grain was sown in
San Fernatldo valley, Cal., and is already,
I'r is stated that about 15,009.000 oranger
are handled by San Francisco fruit dealers,
an n ulty.
A STjAMER sailerd from Liverpool on the
3d of January with £200,000, gold, destined
for New York.
AT Poughkeepsie, on the 7th inst., the
Hudson river was frozen over so that a musl
could cross on the ice.
'l'HE Russian losses in the Eaistern war are
estimated at 150,000 men, vwhile the Turkish
loss is conddered much greater.
AnOUT 30,000 miners and laborers we
thrown out of employment by the sispl.
sion of operations in the Stuhnylkill coal
mines of Penusylvinia. .
Mn. WITTEN, a m nber'of the Virgini
Hlowlse of Delegates. f nlm Tazewell county
is said to be the father of sixteen childre
including five pairs of twins.
'1'Ht a:tCiumtulatiou of . capital from ill
productive industries of California at pr.
ent exceeds the Idrge amount of one hIn
dred million dollars annually, and is yead
Tu'Ix'H fine, bullion shipped from Mont
last year is -stated by 8.'. T. auser, Pr
dentg:of the Pirst Natioial Bankl, of Helen
and verifitled by . C. Child,'igent of Wel!
Fargo & Co., to exceed $3,5000,000.
H-FnrY M. STAxxE.,.the Africtan explo
arrived in Paris on the 16th inst. Il solvih
the greatest geographical plr)blenl of t
age he has won a ftime that will never d
but it is stated that while he was gone
girl married some other fellow.
THE Bank of France is giving up the
sue of notes, and insists in p tying in gol
to the disgust of the public. The rea.son
that the directors find it does n6t pay to
sue- notes on which a tax of 1. per cent
imposed, when they can scarn ely. obt
more than this sum for'discounts..
A' NEW ORLEANS dispatch of the I
inst. says the revenue cutter McLean I
returned from her second cruise in search
the MicAllister, and reports finding portia
of the dredge, estab'ishing almost beyond
doubt her loss. The schooner Vernal,
ported missing in tie dispatches, is safe
Ta Executive Codmmit tee of the Natil
A-sociation of Trotting Horse Br
have decided to call ameeting of the A
cl ation early in February. The cougree
tlh.lNational Association for tihe Piromll
of the Interests ofdtheAmenricaln 'l'urf
be held at the Fifth Avenue IHotel, N
York. February 13.
IN view of the excessive cost of patetl
is .said, .inventors are considerinlg I
vwhireby radical changes can be m1ade ill
patent laws. It isproposed to abolish
el. X al examination, granting patents to
who apply, Itas iln E;Lnglindtl, leavinlg the ri
to invention to be contested inl courtSi.
irnventor is to¶pay the Patent Office fo10r
drwing, the printd speidf a ionm, a d'
patent, which t igether, on ian a\vernge,
cost a;bout $5. Thi. . will leav\e tie retal
ing $95 to aid the inventor in intro.l
iis ilnvmy4tiqn, wv.ich. is the greafte
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