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B HOR1THORON SPECULAT10N. Upon the subject of Shorthorn interests and over speculation in this most valuable breed of cattle. Turf, Field and Farm reads a sermon to those who have aided in bring iifg the present state of thigs about: The fruits of over speculation in Short horns are bitter indeed. The fever was the greatest in the Blue Grass section of Ken tucky. and where the fever raged, disas*er has come. Large Land hollcrs, who, had ac quired wealth and reputation for safety by attending to the legitirnmate duties of. a farm er's lite. were induced to embark in the speculation. They lost their heads, paid $5.000, $10,000 and $20,000 for a calf, a cow or ahbull, and flattered themselves that the bubble would never burst. 'They laughed down, every man who pointed to the future with. warning finger, and refused to believe that there was not money enough .in the comntry to purchase, at the extravagant prices asked for them, the annual produce of their herds. They sought to multiply prices with the multiplication of herds. Blinded by false lights, they risked not only their own substantial possessions, but the rstates of those held in trust by them on the ,uncertain sea of speculation. it was plain to us that the speculative -prtces conld not be ,maintained, and we sought to avert the impending disaster.by pointing out the danger before it was 'too late to retreat. We were scoffed at for our trouble, andl now the scoffers repent in sack Scloth and ashes. Not only have their own estates been swept away; the property of ,widows and orphans held by them in trust has been swallowed up, and lamentations .are heard on all sides. Thisis not the worst feature of the case. These " safe" men ha I the right to laugh at the croakers so long as they risked only their own ; but when they ,placed in jeopardy the estates of .widows and orphans solemnly confided to their management, they did-that which cannot be ;too severely condemned. The tears of re pentance which they.shed to-day will not atone for their fault. Although the specu lators have ,given the-Shorthborn Interest a .black eye, the interest Is not dead. Short ,horns are of permanent value to a great grazing country like this, and they will ul ways command a price which willremuner ate the breeder for his trouble. They are lower now than they are ever likely' to be again, and we should say thattit is a fit time for prudent men to make :investments itl them. Prices have touched bottom, and soon an upward tendency will be marked; When thoroughbreds sell nearly as low as ,grades, the hour in which to buy has come. .ONTROLLING SEX. Having publisthed a number of art.ieles.on this subject, the following .from the pen of Jonluthll Talcot, nt Country Gent'iemann-a theory whitch we believe to he the most plauwible-will prove of interest: When we consider how much is written .and pnhlished by practical farmlers and oth era on the best methods of raising stock. ,fi'nm their birth to maturity. and of crops best adapted for such purposes, one might well he pardoned tor thinking that no more could bC learned on either subject, than is already known, and that thllere needl be no fhrther search 'after Iknowledge in that di rection. -Ttroare many:v prarutipal tarmers, good ones too, who differ in opini1n as to the best me.thods of ralising the ,vr:iouus crops; also in the raising of stock. tto say iatthlng about dillereent blreieds. If these dlfttlrenes of (plilon lead to a cardful con ahleratim, of the subJect by those who adlvo c(te them, good imust result eventually from suclh differences--lI not to those who hot! lhemn, there, wilt cert:dIly to those i utlq'ersA attor the best methods, who;enl deavor' to prolit by the practices of their .oehghbol', [u your paper of Nov. 29, page 760, Mr. Frauklintl Sherman hits a letter on the sub jeSt of "'Sex in BreeIling," in which he says,: "To control, or even greatly to in Iluence the production of sex, woudl he a power of such great value to the human race tflnt thie and'space devoted to the dis oelslon of this otl.cure question is not mis used," Mr. Shermant also says, it there is at trtth to he discovered, he thinksa the searech for it will be helped, not so much by comr batting the ideas of others, as by seeking ad ditional evidence in support oncis own. I like Mr. Sherman's letter, as he seems to be seeking after truth in the art of breeding, rather than theory, or the support of a the ory. Having had some experience in breed iug firm stock, and having a theory of my own (or perhaps I should say, noticing prac tical results in my own herd), I will state them, so that if any person who is engaged in the breeding of cattle can derive any ben efit therefrom. my time in writ ng will not be lost; and if not, it may be tile means of causing some one better qualified to give his experience. In 1812, I purchased my first Shorthorn bull to improve my daiiry stock, and, as was natural to most youg farmers, I was desir ous of raisingas many heifer calves as pos sible, but how to aecomplish it I did not know-and I might add thatLdo not know even now. The bull came on the farm June l4t·t, having been on the road four days on foot, consequently he had been reduced in flesh in 'vigor durimig that time, although perhaps scarcely perceptible in his appear ance. On his arrival at the farn there-.was a cow in heat, and( they were coupled ; the cow being tresh, the bull tired. The result was a heifer calf. The bull bad been kept up and fed meal before i purchased him,, but being a very.quiet animal, although three years old, I turned hiint into the pasture with the cows, and did not have any grain fed him during the remainder of the season. lie fell off somewhat in flesh, which de creased his vigor, while the ~cows were of' course increasing in vigor,. ,especially the heifers that were not giving milk. The ftol. lowing spring I had ten heifer calves and two bull calves. The bull served some for ty.cows in 182, a large proportion of which were heifers. The bull w.s :kept on the farm for a number of years, and during the winter, with ordinary feeding, he would in variably gain in flesh, wh ie il the working season oil grass lie would fall off in flesh, but.in no year so decidedly as.tlhedirst year hecanme on the falrn. During the years lhe was kept I ildways had more heifer calves than bulls. My theory jince h!s been, that tosbreed heifers. the cows must be well fed and in full vigor, while -the bull should not be so well fed, but be gradually reduced in flesh during the serving season. ,In no ease however has there been any absolute cer ,tainty what tile set would be, and as il -ready stated, no definite knowledge has has been obtained that could be rehlied on, but in tmnafy cases the sex produced was in direct opposition to the theory. The theory that in order to produce a fe male, the cow should be served as soon as she cdomes in heat, .has been tested very thoroughly by the writer, and after years of persistent trial I have been forced to give up the idea of the breeding of sexes at will by that withod. I believe it is generally .conceded that there are nearly an equal number Cl the two sexes usually born of the dillerent varieties of anizmals as bred on the .'farm, so that ino great preponderance of ei ther sex in a series of years is usually ob servable. This being the fmact, it would seem that an allw\ise Creator had established certain immutable laws that could not be changed, amind t'wirelore the sexes would con tinue to sustain the samen rejatioils to each other in the future as in the past. If A1r. Stuyvesant's theory proves trlue when tried Ity breeders mat large, it would seem that there was provisions made bly the Creator or eqqalizing the sexes, so that by careful. observation the different sexes, (co!ul be ploduced at will in those animals that nuually bring forth only a single young at a birth. If the writer fully understands Mr. Stuyvesaut's theory, it is that by serv ing att the first hea.t in a female the pro duce will be a ni.de, the second under like eircutiutat;llces. will produce a lufemale, anld so on a:lternately. Mr. S! uyvesant's statement was wholly new to me, and doubtless itwas to most oth er breeders of farm stock, and whether it will prove in practice what lie claims fi.r it, time and the practices of a few breeders on ly mni(t dletermine, as it Is not to be sup posed that it will be generally tested at pres ent by the mass ot ftlrmers and breeders. Since the publictioon of Mr. Stauyvcsant's theory of the writer has taken some pains to look over his past records, and was sur prisedl to lind aso much in them to corrobo rate Mr. Stuyvesant in this. i have tound only a single instance in twenty-ilve cows that did not corrobori'te that theory. E.EK8HIRg E HOGS. Standard ot excellence of Blerkshire swine adopted by the American Berkshire Asso ciation. Color-Black, with white on feet,face, tip ot tail, and an occasional splash on the arn........... ....... ............. 4 Face and Sout--Short, the formier line .,and well dished, and broad between the ey es.... ................. . . . . . . . ......... . Eye--Very clear, rather large, dark hazel or gray.......................... ....... 2 Ear-Geuerally almiost erect., but some times inclined forward with advanc ing age, mediuwn size, thin and soft 4 Jowl-Full anti heavy, running well on ne,k.................... ... ...................... 4 Neck-Short, and broad on top.......... 4 Hlairl-Fine and soft, medium thick n ss. . ..................... . ... ..... .. . 3 Skin-- Snooth and pliable................. 4 S.houlder-Thick and even, broad on top, and dee!) through chest............ 7 Baek-Broad, short and straight, ribs well sprung, coupling elose up to thip ............................................... 8 Side-Deep and well let down, straight on bottom line............................ . 6 Flaiik-Well .back, and low down on leg. making neat ly a straight line with lower part of side........... ... . 5 Loin-Full and wide..................... 9 I;am-Deep and thick. extendinog well up on back, and holdinug thickness well down on the hock................. 10 Tail-Well set up on back, tapering and not coarse....... ................... . 2 Legs-Short, straight and strong. set wide apart. with hoofs erect, and ca pable of nolding good weight......... 5 Syinmmetry-Well proportio ned through out. depending largely on condition. 5 Condition-I11 a good healthby growing state, not over-fedtl.................. Style-Ativaclive, spirited, indicative of thorough breeding and constitn tional vigor ..................... .. ...... . 5 100 THE' periods of gestation are the same in the horse and the ass, or eleven imonthe •each ; canmel twelve months; elephant two years; lion five mionths; bufhflo twelve m;oiiths; cow nine months; sheep five months ; dog nine weeks; cat eight weeks; sow sixteen weeks. The goossesets 30 days; swans forty-two ; hens twenty-one ; (lducks thirty ; pea-hens and turkeys twenty-eight; canaries fourteen ; pigeons fourteen ; and parlrot y forty d;.la. _ T_ E DAIRY . PAY close attention to your milk cins, es ,pecially to seams, Covors and faueet.. In hot weather he particilarly vigib.nt. A thorough rinsing, washing, sealhlinl1g and sunningi ill the morning, will suttlle,tthough it is very de(sirable that in hot weather the cans and tancets be scoured with stlt twice a week. For scalding milk utensils the wa ter must boil. ABOUT FOREIGN-MA.D) CHEESE. Some va~rieties of cheese have long been known to the epicure, but l.tave only recent ly become articles of cornparmtively com mon con smnptioi,. Such is the Gruyere, which by right of size conies naturally fore most-a great cheese, weighing one hun (dred pounids,, rich and luscious, from Switz erlahd. It sometities meagtures a yard in circutnference'. But.upon this huge mass a delicate skill, and at least a twelvemonth's attention, has been lavished, to bring it to the exact consistency of a species of firmer butter, disappearing. as it were, upon the tongue. T4ae process is carried on in sum iner almost beside the glacier and avalanche and one part of the system is said to be a gentle simmering of the curd. It sells in London at 'about a shilling a pound. Quite a centrast is presented by the Mont d'Or cheesie-firom ;EranCe-a yellow disc, say five inches across, like a cake of solid honey. The taste is delicious, alu it has a tempting appearance upon the table. T'hese cheeses are usually obtained by the dozen, costing tenpence each ; which is also the value of the Camembert, still le-s in diame tt er 1:-' ," 1.*.ý i A cheese conummandingi a wider sale i. le Roquefort (French), the price of which, twv shillingls pournd indicates a slpcrior qtli itv-. It is a fean c~leese, couteud with till foil, :ndl weiighing about 1our pounds. It ih mantde from the milk of sheep, aind when tat open is flecked with the peculiar (Iec(ay ,. dear to the artist in eating. This moulllii= news is the chief object of the maker, 'wh,, assists its develo)pment by the use (o a little hariley bread. 'The cheese is matlued in a s~'ries of natural caveirn's, the dr:.nhiit throughl which efltcts the ripening. R lh. fort. and Gorgonzola (Italian) mnllln.ei rest'cll)le Stilton ; the laitter is also nmade from crre'ai only, is very rich, and about the same pr)ic. --Pall nlall lGazette. LIVE STOCK DIRECTORY. G . I. E)DWVARDS, Importers and Breeders of IMPROVED AMERICAN MERI ,O. A FLew CHOICtE RIAMS FO;Io :~AALE. Elk Grove l:uch, 7 miles west of lfol:emn1tt, I'. t Addre.5s, .Bozeman, fo T. cn:it BENNETT &.GOODAL2, Importers and breeders of pure-blooded COTSWOLD SHJi EP, Are now prepared to supp'ly the wol-grow('rs of the Territory with pure-bluods of eiriltr sex. Rams, 1 year old, $50. Early Lamlbs, $40, Inspectlioh iuvited. 1. O. address: ( :mp Baker., Montana. _ sep - ,;;-; a 1 I3ERKSdIHRE I HOGS. I claim to have this celebrated breed In all i.1+ purity. PigsweAIll beleoted in pIirl' or lrinh, ti t akin, at low figures. T. WJL4;O,. Cold Spring Ranch, three .ilce ecast ,of Ilcler.fl: JAMES t.AULDEN, BREEDER OF Percheron--Norman Horses. YOUNG STOCK FOR SALE. Correspondence solicited. Address, Watroa BIe:iverhita(i Countly, Montana. 4- *a . W V. COOK & BRO., IMPORTERS AND BREEDERS OF Thoroughbred Cotswold Sheep, Offer for sale a few choice thoroughbred rain, and have aulo some line grades-o-ct-half arid three-fourths bloods. l'ostollice addre~a: ('aup Baker, ioInntlnat. e -: - LEN. LEWIS, Importer and Breeder of Pure-blooded Alderncy or Jersey Cattle, And Breeder of PURE-BLOOD AND HIGHI-GRADE SHORT-HORNED DURHAMS. Address: I4EN. LEWIN. Camp Baker, M. . ' pEOPLE'S MEAT MARKET. KROFT & FLEMING Keep.constantly .on hand the best quality of BEEF, FORK, MUTTON AND SAUSAr i Nearly opposite the Ilusbandman Oflice, MAIN STREET. DIAOND CTTY, M. T. DOWN WITH HIGH IPRICES! CHICAGO SCALE CO. 68 and 70 West Monroe Street, Chicago, Tlls. Have Reduced the Prices of all kinds of SCALES! 4-Ton Hay, Stock or Cotton Scale, $00 Former Price, $160. All other sizes at a great reduction. s- EvrtO SCALE FULLY WAIRIANThD. All orders prmOJputi filled. Circulars, Price List and Testimonials -rt upon application. BUY THE I:;IEAPEST AND BEST. Root's Garden Manual For 1878, Full of Instruction on Gardening Topisi; and price list of Cliu ICE SEFDS, hent forl0U cents, allowt on first order for oecds. Addres.s, 8 J. B. ROOT, Rcckford, Ill. CANADIAN POULTRY JOURNAL. A Handsomely Illustrated .onthly, Devoted exclusively to Poultry! It will be tbof a good, practical journal, escential to the ,':u1r.f Fancier, Breeder and Amateur. Having recently purchased the Fancirrs' Ilf4' it now has the largest circulation of any ) ,rer doH canss and poultry-breeders will Ptd i: at alUs advertising medium. Terms: $1 per annum. Address: Canadian Poultry Journal Publisu :s -" -auntford, Ontario. Canada.