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The lRcky Iont ainll banlamaa.
R. N. SUTHERLIN, Editor. THURSDAY, APRIL 4, 1878. IT is not at all surprising that persons who do not make agriculture a study sometimes fall into error. ~1p speaking of the magnifi cent stock ranges of our Territory, and the advantages it offers to the wool grower, one of our Helena cotemporaries last week urg ed upon drovers from the Pacific coast to be careful to select flocks tree from burs or seeds injurious to wool; that the seed might in this way be brought to our country, and our ranges, now so clear and free from ev erything of this kind, become foul as those of California-citing that State for example. Bur and troublesome seed-bearing plants, which, in an early day, existed only in the extreme southern portion of the State, have, by the driving of lockns, been scattered all over the State and into Oregon. However true this may be of California, such will never be the case with Montann. Our soil and climate are not adapted to the growth of burs or any of the seed produc ing plants injurious to wool which flourish so spontaneously in more southerly coun tries, for, had they been, our valleys and bills would have been covered with them long years ago. Of the immense herds of buffalo that roam the eastern slope of the Rocky Mountains, many have traversed the entire extent of country from the Rio Grande to the Missouri, bringing with them the burs, Spanish needles, etc., so obnoxious to wool growers.: But they have never flour ihed in our climate. A species of bur may be found o.1 the valleys of the Yellowstone and Mxuscleshell, and perhaps farther north, the seeds of which were no doubt transport ed in this way, but they do not thrive here. They, are a very dwarfish plant, and grow only in limited numbers along the creek bottoms,, which is evidence that they could. only be produced il any quantity by careful cultivation. Sand burs, so numerous in the region of the Platte, are unknown. T`-he only plant here whose seeds at all affect sheep is the variety of bunch grass known as Stipa Spartea, or Trin. The seeds ot this grass carry a beard, and are sharp as a neer (die, and sometimes enter the skin of the sheep and lie embedded between it and the flesh, but seem to cause no inconvenience to the animal, as the parts thereabout show no signs of irritation. These seeds in no wise affect the wool\ We would say to California drovers: bring on your flocks to our boundless, free, cleani pastures;: we will extend to you a hearty welcome. Take no thought of the burs; they will not grow here without cultivation. The opportunities.,for producing grades of wool which requir to be kept clean and free from trash, etc., were never better in any country, and these advantages will remain Ipermanent. WE noticed an item in the Bozeman T.ies, a few weeks since which reported that the amount of flour in store in IIýlen:a was small, and seemed to convey the idea that there was a scarcity in thi Territory, and tqiat the price was liable to advance before harvest. Now, this thing of guessing the market is one of the hardest an editor ever undertook, since so mulch depends upon cir cumstances yet to transpire. The T2mes errs as regards the supply. The store houses of Helena are.well filled with flour, and we are of the opinion that the supply int the Territory is such that there will be no materlal advance in prices the coming sum nier unless, the grasshoppers bid fair to cut short the present crop, in which case the :idvance will be in proportion as the 'hoppes raids are destructive. Prices cannot advance is in former years, since transportation is less, and flour can be b.rought in from; the States and sold at a loss price. As a general rule firmers succeed best who sell when they can get a fair remunerative price, leav i;ng the profits and losses of the market fluc 1 tntions to specqtitors. We think the pres .at figures wi'l. be maintained' for the next twelve months at least. The large iunai eration so liable to flow into the country t his summer, together with the increased demand tromn government, a ill have the ef feet ot keeping the markets firm, but there is scarcely a probability that it will make nay declied advance. Our farmers have learned to fight the 'hoppers with enough success to ensure at least a two-thirds crop of wheat, which would be an average. How much the scanty supply of water may aflect the production yet remains to be seen. But as flour can be laid down here from the States at $6.00 per sack, it will not be to our interest to try to force the matkkets too high. Farmers should always manage their tarms as economically as possible, but never sell their product at a less price than is profit able. There are times when it may not command this, but it is bound to rise sooner or later, as no class of men can continue long at a business that does not pay. THE METROPOLIS. So great is the buzz and whirl of wheels, the rattle of drays and tramping of busy feet upon the streets and walks of the Capi tal, that the visitor from the country or the quiet villages of the interior can hardly fail to be favorably impressed. Just now, I am told, is the dullest part of the season, still my stay of a few days has enabled me to meet persons from all parts of the Territo ry. The antipathy which existed a few years ago towards Helena seems to have worn out and grown into nothing, and now citizens of towns once enthusiastic with Capital aspirations, appear to enjoy a peep at the prospering metropolis. Perhaps many of them have a pride in seeing their home interests and institutions improved and advanced, but when they view the met ropolitan city-like shape Helena has assum ed since winning the Capital suit, the ap preciation for her permanency as a center is increased. Of the many wide awake cit izens of which our Territory can boast, Hel ena, I think, has a goodly share. I refer to those men whose genius and talent ena bles them to, comprehend the situation from every point of the compass, and who are ca pable of combining their influence to. mas ter it. Their united aim seems to be for the welfare of their town, the accomplishment of which is as the ripening of the field for their own harvests. In building residences and adorning the surroundings of home, they show a spirit to excel each other, but in ef forts for the city's intents, they move in per fect harmony and concert. Besides the ea terprise, however, I may mention that HIel ona is the moneyed center of Montana. The gold and silver yield of nearly all the mills and mines of the Territory is either shipped by or stored with her banks, who receive and distribute more than half of the cash of the country. Scarcely a sale of a freight train, flock of sheep, herd of horses or cat tle in, the surrounding country, but that these banks pay or receive the money. Helena is the largest market for the farm products of the country, and also the largest depot of supplies, wagons and agricultural implements. The location of the Territori al Capital here seems to have been an impe tus for a second growth and progress of the place. It now boasts of a large well appointed and patronized graded school, the U. S. Assay office and several fine churches and church organizations, sup. ported by generous congregations, the mili tary district headquarters.has also been lo cated here, and will in the future be of val ue to Helena, since it will be the means of the erection of a garrison, and, general sup ply depot. And last, but not least,. Helena has and supports two daily papers, the Her ald and Independent. The high prices at which these papers come will not admit of their circulation in the country, but to the business men of Helena they are valuable. Jfor without the telegraphic dispatches and news furnished morning and evening by these enterprising journals, life in, the me tropolis would be indeed: monotonous. A sbtroll through the business part of the town revealed a better showing than. usual. Stocks are well run down and nobody grumbling about hard tinmes, the sequel to which is when the farmers prosper, all oth er branches of business prosper. The farm ers having. got off fiir crops last year, the open winter has given :hemn a chance to market the farm products and lay in sulp plies. The outJloo for the future is there fore encouraging. To-day has been one of unusual Axcite ment and stir, on ancount of the supposed sale of the Sow )Dritt, Penobscot or Vestel bonanza mine. It seems that Mr. Veste! halving forfeited, $5,000 rather than part With his ? tine for the sum of. $9OQ,00,, Ihas continued operations the past three weeks, employing five or six men in sinking a shaft, during which tinm he has hoisted out with a hand windlass nearly $100,000, something over $65,000 having been ground out with a small arastra. The shaft is now down 55 feet. The crevice is about six feet wide and runs perpendicular into the earth. Of the six feet, about half of the ore yields $60 to the ton, and the balance-well it is hard to tell which predominates, the gold or rock. To look at it one would guess it more than half gold. Yesterday a rather unassuming rdiinarily dressed individual made his ap pearance at Mr. Vestel's shaft, and after be ing admitted to examine the mine, immedi ately offered to purchase the property. Mr. Vestel's proposition to deed the mine on the payment of $550,000 at the end of 15 lays was accepted, and papers to that affect were drawn. The purchaser states that he is a representative of Flood, O'Brien & JIacley, of California, for whom the mine was bought. IIe has plenty of cash and pays as he goes. To-day he has gone with iome parties up Grizzly gulch to look at other mines. He registers as Patrick Smith, but says this is not his real name. The short interview I had with him convinced dne that he is well posted on mines and min ng, and has traveled and knows considera de of the world. The impression here ap pears to prevail that he is a hoax, but no ,ody knows. The only reason I have heard issigned is that "lie is too poorly clad to be lhe representative of moneyed kings." WM.LL. Helena, March 26. _-- -Ica--*-~--- REWRITTEN. -A negro songstress is creating a sensa tion in Indiana. -A tour of Alaska is being made by the Roman Catholic Bishop of Vancouver's Is land, with a view of establishing missions there. -Since 1840, the number of sheep in Con necticut has fallen fromu 500,000 to 4,000. P'rot Brewer attributes this extraordinary decline to dogs. -The Italian exploring expedition, which attempted-to penetrate into the interior of Africa, has been attacked by the King of Shoa, and compelled to return to the coast. -There was frost every month of the year 1810, and it was known as " the year without a summer." The New England far mers called it " eighteen hundred and starv ed to death." -The latest news from Samoa makes it more than ever probable that Great Britain has headed us off in that quarter,, and that the islands will be added to Victoria's exten sive empire. -The aborigines of Victoria, Australia, who, when the colony was formed, some forty-five years since, numbered 5,000, have dwindled down to 1,000, and are decreasing at the rate of thirty-five per cent. a year. -M. Fibre has introduced to the notice of the French Academy of Sciences an American vine of the species riparia, which is not attacked by phyllhxara, gives cuttings readily can be gratted easily from French species of vines, thrives in almost any kind of soil, and grows rapidly. -California is cheerfnil over the benefits which will result from the late flood. The Colusi Stn says it is estimated that 10,000 acres ot land heretofore eomparatively un productive have been covered from six inch es to two feet with a rich alluvial deposit. The ''hard pan" covered with this sediment makes the very best grain land. -The famous sea lions of Seal Rock,.near San Francisco, have been presented to the Legislature as a nuisance demanding abate ment. The Fish Commissioners declare that unless salmon be protected there will not be one in the Sacramento river ten years hence.. ''The seals devour 3,500,000 fish every year, and are themselves protected by a law which makes it penal to kill them. -Steven McCorkle, of North Carolina, a 1 leader among the colored men, pldvocates the. establishment ot, the whipping past, on the plea that u3der existing laws the average offender cyanot afford to pay the fipe usual ly imposed for petty crimes, and consequent- 1 ly has to work in the chain gang for months, I thereby losing much valuable time, when by the proposel law the offender could hug the post, take his thjty-uinet lashes, and go fre n, an , -The latest novelty i0 advt gratuitous barometer. It consis trait of an old toper with at proboscis, which by an insgeniou e application turns blue when dry wF approaching, lilac when the pro, for cloudy weather, and pink When is imminent. It is irreverently nani Probabilities," or " the spirit bar.o --'rhos J. Darling, a veteran of of 1812, wrs buried from his late re 216 Park avenue, Brooklyn. Ilen, a drummer boy, served two year, the youngest of the survivors. 01ny his comrades were at the funeral.p us Doxey, Steplhn Sampson, Col. Dalley, and Capt. Jarvis Couhb, y last ten years he has not been, able t at his trade, and for eight mouths been confined to his room with drop was married twice and was the father eniteeui children. -One of the attractions ann011 connection with the great Internation day School convention to be held atA April 17-19, is a mammoth jubilee in thorpe Park. Many thousanlds of ( are to be gathered in this jubilee. act nature of the exercises is not yet liahed, but it is tolerably certain, fr fact that one of the deacons of a pro church in Atlanta has just been expel allowing dancing in his house, thattl fantastic toe will not be tripped greensward on this occasion. The tions appointed from the various St Atlanta are already filling up, and its able that at least 500 will attend the vention. -A romantic story is told of Marth of Northfield, and Ellen Manough, diebury, Vt., who have just got ma ter a long separation. Mary years a, qubrreled and. broke their enga, Martin went to sea, dug gold in A and California, served' in the Union a the war, worked on the Plcific f, was captured by indians while tralvil the Black Hills, but escaped and retc Vermont. Ellen had long since f her recreant lover, acid, having ad in vain for his return, devoted herr saving silver dollars, 800 of which their way into one of her old stockin, the two are one, and the past is forgo -There are two animated baroine Sacramento, Cal., that have proved wor:thy, even where artificial ins have failed. One of them is a catfish, is kept in a water trough.. No matte clear the weather may be. this fish before a storm, makes it a point to about with his head below the water tail. above. When the rain begins to goes out of sight until the weathere The other is a couple of frogs und floor of the police office, which have yet been seen by any of the oflicers,b presage a storm several hours in advs the barometrical indications by a discordant croaks. No matter how and bright the night, the nolice ofilee make it a point to prepare for a stor the warning has never proved' in vain -In an article entitled, "Learni Health," in the Gentleman's M.a' Benjamin W. Richardson earnestly cates the too early forcing of e minds. "Health," he says,."is never period of life so tried as in the first Then it is confirmed, or destroyed unmade. For children under se whole teaching that should be n conveyed should be through play, body is to be trained up healthy as er of the mind, and it is wonderfult amount of learning can by this leti attained.. Letters of language taught;. conversation in different lis can be carried on ; animal life can be tied; the surface of the earth cal b clear; history can be told as a story. number of other and most useful tru be instilled without ever forcing the touch a book or read ar formal lesson der such a system the child gro knowledge, makes his own inv'ntog world, that surrounds him ant d ti. that are upon it, and, growingtP: learn, learns well, and eats, and sl plays well. In a child trained a method, not only is health Set l happiness likewise-a most il 0or ii, this pexiqd of ,life.''