ROCKY MOUNTAIN HUSBANDIMAN
I .4 I . A Journal llevoted to Agriculture, Live-stock, Home Reading, and General News. 1 PER SLE COt'.
VOL. 3. DIAMOND CITY, M. T., APRIL 11, '78. NO. 21.
)L;BLISIIED WEEKLY BY
R. N. SUTHERLIN,
ED ITO1t A )ND PROPRItETO1I
Tho locv MotU rAIN IIusuANDMAN Is designed
to, as the name itllcatte, a hisbtanldinar_ tL every
;,.,ceof the term, ellulcilng in its coiliflns every
Itm;peitnlt of Agriculturelll', Stock-raini3g, lHorti
, tlre. Social anid Domestic nEconolilv.
Al VE1ItT1ISING LrATES.
Ik $ %3 $ 5 $7I $: $11 1 $20 $30
2 weeks 3 4 7 10 12 15j 28 40
Smouth l 5 8 12 15 19 21 40 60
3itonths 10 16I 24 I30 36 4' 80 120
6 molnths 1 23 30 45 54 (i I 120 '200
1 yeýi 310 40 60 75 900_ 105 I 180 ~
'fiisiciit idlvertisen-ents paval,-ie in advance.
ItReular addvcirtiseinents payiable lIa ll terly.
Twenty-lvec per cent. added for specal.1 advertise
Tl~E Avant Courier concludes a recent ar
ticle on the prospect of Montana farmers
with the following:
"'The people of Montana annually con
snime an enormous amount of bacon, that
could, and should, be produced in Montana.
Every pound of hog meat used in Montana
could be produced here with profit to the
f:rmiers, and benefit to others afs well as to
themselves by keeping the money in the
country that we are compelled to send out
to purchase this staple article. We are
awtare that nimany farmers in the valley think
that because we cannot produce corn to ad
vantage the raising of pork will never be
cmue extensive here, but perhaps these men
arc not aware, that, with the exception of
the cost of seed, an acre of peas is twice as
vanluiable to the farmer as an acre of corn,
the produce being more to the acre and far
superior for fattening purposes. Other ad
vantages accruing to the farmer fromt rais
ing peas are that the fodder is not wasted,
and he can raise two crops of peas in one
season fromn the same ground. It is one of
the easiest crops raised. Sown and harrow
ed in the spring, it needs no further care un
til the peas are full and plump, when, before
they are ripe, and while the vines are alive,
it is mown down, allowed to cure as hay is
cured, and stacked in the Fame manner.
This is an industry of inestimable value to
tihe entire Territory, and 'we hope to see it
encouraged in every laudable manner and
our farmers making, a success of it "
One of the chief advantages that Montana
possesses over the States is that a great por
tion of our wealth is dug from the bowels of
the earth. But the supply being steady, we
do not miss the continued drain made upon
it for supplies, nor stop to count how much
more rapidly it would increase if kept in our
midst, which should be the aim of every cit
izen. Our country should be made self
sustaining, and everything that can be made
protitable should be grown here. Our Ter
ritory is so isolated that the laws of political
economy may be applied with profit.
This matter ot bacon and, lard is one to
whichll we have often referred, urging our
tatrmers to enter more extensively into the
business. It can be produced about as cheap
here as in the States, and the saving in the
transportation would constitute a profit that
n a few years would make any ftrmer rich.
hit, like everything else, it is a business
hat must be understood to be imadq protit
ible. Some argue that we cannot grow
logs with profit in Montvpa because we
ave no wild mast, no tree dog pasturage,
eC. Now, experience hhi demonstrated
hat the turning of a hog out to miake his
wn living is not profitable in any cQwntry,
It that a pig should, be fed all It can eat
rom its birth until nine }i uths old, when
Will be ready: fopr the slaughter-house.
'ogs of this g net fromn 13 to 250 pounds
f fgood breeds, according as they are
aredl for, and make by far the mlostr alable
ork ut, onC~.or .al, ýe.:oul. wy that
the conmmon long-legged, slab-sided, sharp
faced hazel-splitter is not profitable here or
in any country, not even in Texas, where
they grow wild in the forest and are hunted
with horse and hounds like deer. The man
had better not attempt the business who is
not willing to adopt the thoroughbred, for,
if he does not, he cannot meet with more
than ordinary success at best. The profits
of' swine growing on peas is not the coinage
of the imaginative brains of editors, as some
suppose, but we have information that veri
fies it from good, practical Montana farmers
who demonstrate it yearly.
THE ART OF HUSBANDRY.
The most renowned authors and civilizers
of the race have written upon the science of
farming and practiced the arts of the agri
culturist; and well they might, for certainly
husbandry is one of the most useful as well
as most honorable and delightful of occupa
tions. Could we make an accurate investi
gation, says a writer, into the actual state of
nations, we should probably find that the
nation best versed in the science and art of
agriculture was also most advanced in civil
ization and enlightenment.
In the colonizing of new countries, the
fertility of the soil and the facility of prac
ticing this most important art is constantly
kept in mind as the inducement to emigrants.
And it may be said with truth that no com
munity or country ever prospered if agricul
ture was neglected or suffered to decline.
The sciences which underlie the arts of ag
riculture and horticulture should be taught
in our common schools; and we have but
little doubt that, in the not far off time, this
needed improvement will be made in the
system of common school education in this
our beloved land.
Among all the industries of life, none re
quire more thought or patient investigation,
and persistent toil, than agriculture. The
care and study of grains, grasses and domes
tic economy; the management of animals,
their breeds, uses and advantages; the pre
piaring and marketing of crops; the disposal
of surplus herds and flocks; the education
of ftamilies and the beautifying of homes
all demand attention, and employ most ear
iest and serious thought. By diligence, in
dustry and perseverence, the coy goddess,
Nature, is won-"fiehds whiten to harvest,
orchards bend under rich burdens, and vines
yield their purple clusters."-Rural World.
OUTLOOK OF CALIFOO.NIA.
Tile Pacific Rural Prsss, in its week's stmn
mary, thus rehearses the condition of affairs
in the State:
Work is swininging along under more pro
pitious skies. It is true the sun is operating
under the eight-hour law, and takes out
meal time from that, but many things are
better than if his fervor were prqlonged
throughout the solid days. Thle surface soil
is parting with its moisture grladually, and
does not bake as under a severe heat. Grass
and grain are sending blade and rootlet
quietly through the moist and mellow soil,
and perhaps betore the torrild heat comes the
earth will be shaded from the sun, and held
tram no'ng injury to the tenider roots. This
moderate weather also holds growth to
slower maturing,, and warns the fruit trees
not to put to much trust in the springtime
until the chance of nipping frosts is over.
In the flocks there is great activity. While
in the counties north of the bay there has
been severe loss of ewes and lambs by the
drenching and chilling storms, the flock
masters of the south and the great San Joa
quin have rejoiced in most favorable wea
ther, and lambs are gamboling ovewrthe rich
pastures in a mnmwer to delight the owners'
hearts. Aside frem preparations. for shear
ing and dipping, the Sanm Joaquineris now
turning a wider sea to summer faHiow than
ever turned before, and the only limit to the
work seems to be in the scarcity of horse
anun.ipulQ povwer. The harvest comes [email protected]
The lover of nature takes a sweet delight
in gazing upon the earliest flowers of spring
-the snowdrop, the crocus, and the deep
blue violet, that seem to stand upon the
edge of winter-coming, as it were, with
timid looks, like unbidden guests, who
dread being driven over the threshold again
by stern Winter, who sometimes makes a
frowning appearance even in the kingdom
of Spring, and causes her subjects to shake
and shiver ii the icy atmosphere he creates.
But the pale snowdrop continues to grow in
grace and beauty, and the crocus rings its
gaudy-colored bells of purple and gold and
white, and soon the summer flowers will
bud and bloom, and make the earth rejoice
at their presence.
Our window gardens should now be in a
full blaze of beauty-a wealth of bud and
flower, to which every clime under the sun
has contributed its quota ; and if we have
only made a good selection from the florist's
stores of wonderful plants and flowers, we
can glory in our riches, for every plant will
be in luxuriant bloom, and even the passer
by will stop to admire the lovely flowers,
and perhaps sigh for their possession.
Anemones are now in bloom, and will
need to be well supplied with moisture, and
the soil of the pot should be frequently stir
red up. If the plant is kept a little in the
shade the flowers will last longer. Assoon
as their buds cease to appear, and the leaves
begin to turn somewhat, cease watering by
degrees, and let the roots dry off, and keep
them in paper bags till next October, when
they can be planted. in rich soil, and four or
'five roots can be placed in a seven-inch pot.
Azaleas make a splendid show in the win
dow garden, when they are in full flower.
They require a good supply of warm water
every morning when budding, and a fre
quent showering hi the bath tub or kitchen
sink will aid their luxuriance of growth.
When they have done flowering (which will
be by the last of May) it is well to re-pot
them in a good, rich compost, made of an
equal mixture of sandy loam and peaty,
dark soil, adding a little very old manure
which will crumble in the hand, or some
leaf-mould. Then place them in a shady
spot in the garden, and let them remain
there until the last of September, or until
frost threatens, as they will not bear a chill.
It the summer is dry, they must be watered
occasionally, and they will make a fine
growth. They are easily propogated from
cuttings of the new wood as soon as they
have completed their growth. Plant the
cuttings in moist sand, and keep them cov
ered with a glass unil they have struck
root; then plant in separate pots, and treat
like the old plants.
Another brilliant plant, which blooms in
winter and early spring, is the Aphelandra
aurantiaca roezli, which has bright, orange
scarlet flowers, and is very attractive. and it
is also easily raized from cuttings of the new
Begonias of the winter flowering varieties
are always desirable foerthe window garden.
T''hey need a mixture of. leaf-mould, peaty
loam and old manure to make a vigorous
growth and fine tlowers..
Coronilla glauca is not a novelty, but it is
always handsome, and. its bright yellow
clusters of flowers contost very pleasingly
with those of paler hues. It is also a very
attractive p)lanllt in shape, and grows rapidly
from cuttings. It will bloom more luxuri
antly if kept in a snmahll pot, and its root
growth somewht restricted.
Thie single, semi-double and double varie
ties of the Chinese primrose are very valua-
ble for the window garden, becamse they
bloom so continuously. The double, white
vairiety is much esteemed among 1lrists for
floral decorations, but the flowersare usual
ly mouied upon wirea. Most of the varie
ttye ccah bQ lelcqdltQc(.4. fro r s4l4, wshinh.
should be sowed in April, in pots, which
should be placed in a hot-bead, and as soon
as the plants are large enough they can be
potted in small pots, and they will come in
to bloom the following winter.
Bouvardias are great favorites of mine,.
and deserve to find a place in every window
garden. The prettiest variety is Bouvardia,
longiflora, which has pure white flowers and
is very fragrant. Bouvardia brulandi is more
compact in its growth,. but the flowers are
smaller and not as fragrant. Bouvardia Ho
garth has bright scarlet flowers, which are
very showy, and contrast finely with the
white varieties. cattings of these plants
can be started in March or April, in wet
sand, and when they have struck root each
plant can be potted in a three-inch pot, and
as it fills with roots it should be transplant
ed to a larger size, uMtiJ it is growing in a
six or eight-inch pot, iW which it will flower
Bouvardias, like roses,. are greatly injured
by the attacks of the aphis or green fly;. but
if they are dipped into a strong solhtion of
Jaques' tobacco soap, which is sold at seed
stores, their depredationn will cease. 1 find
that this soap, when nide into suds like
soft-soap, is an excellent fertilizer, and
makes my plants vigorous and healthy,
while its use also destroys the minute white
worms which infest the soil, of potted: plants,.
and wizL kill the angle worms which coil in
the earth.-Daisy Eyebrig , ia ;the Country.
Minute Pudding.-Put three pints ot sweet
skimmed milk over the fire, in a porcelain
kettle, or something that will a good deal
more than hold it. Salt it, and the minute
it boils, stir in rapidly as much flour as it
will moisten. Take it quickly from the fire
and serve hot, with butter, and sugar or
Corn Starch Blanc Mange,-Nearly boil one
quart of sweet skimmed milk, and add five
tablespoonfuls of corn starch, wet smooth in
a little cold milk,, and a little pitch of salt;.
stir till it thiclens. Serve coklY with quince
or other jElly, or, if it is to be eaten with
sugar andi cream, add one teaspoonful of
vanilla when taken from the fire.
Germana Tloast.-Make a thin batter with,
one egg, one cupful of milk, salt and flour.
Dip' in it thin alk.es of light bread, and try
to a nice brown. Serve hot, with butter,.
and sugar'r syrrup.
Floa.t.-Measure the milk in teacup, place
over the fire to boil; for every cup of milk
take yolk of one egg and one tablespoon of
sugar, and two tablespoons of flour for every.
eight eggs, and flavor to suit. Beat all well.
together while the milk is boiling, then pour
over, stirring briskly all the time; if nob
thick enough put over the fire and stir till it
thickens; whip the whites to a stiff froth,
sweeten and put over the top whiie hot.
Float, No. ,--Take one pint of milk, two,
eggs, one-half teacup of corn sta lch; put
the milk on, to, heat, reserving a little in.
which to dissolve the corn stahrch, Separate,
the yolks from the whites, beating each, sep-.
arately. WMx the yolks wilth the milk, and;
corn starch and pour in the hot milk just
before it boils..; let an) boil for a minute and.
take off; sweeten and: flavor to talste, and
set aside to cool . Next beat the whites to a
stiff froth, and have skiglet and boiling wat-.
er, andt slide the beaten whites on the top..
After it has cooked, place it over that pre
viously cooled,,and y ou, cannot but be pleas
ed with your efl'rt,
Float, .Z1o, .--lo. one-half gallon of new
milk, add, the yoltks of six well beaten eggs,.
one cup,ofi sugar: * bring the milk to a boil,
by settingthl vmessel in a pot of boiling wa-.
ter, then adui the eggs and! suga'r, stirring all1
the while. Beat your whites to a stiff froth.
and addlast; stir until the consistency of<.
thiRlg cream ; flavor with 1eiuto,.,
xml | txt