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The Rky olltIl lluBan nal.
R. N. SUTHERLIN, Editor. THURSDAY, APRIL II, 1878. WE give elsewhere an account of the ter rific storm which swept over Colorado and W .oming a short time since, entailing great loss to the live stock interest of those sec tions. We regret to learn of the misfortune of our neighbors, since the disaster, though terrible enough, will .be greatly magnified abroad, and is liable to deter many from en rering the business in that region. It is for tunate, indeed, that such do not happen more than once in a deecade. Were it other wise, the stock business could not flourish under such heavy losses. Well may our stock and wool growers congratulate them selves that they have cast their lot in the favored land of Montana. Here our pastoral lands are not crowded, and we have no parching drouths to cause starvation among our flocks and herds: no floods to deluge our valleys and sweep them away : no mer a'less storms of snow. sand and sleet to en tomb them alive or drive them headlong over perpendicular bluffs into the rivers. Montana has been inhabited by whites for sixteen years. and no such reverses have yet occurred; nor have we any evidence that nich ever have, from which we draw the the conclusion that such are not liablle to occur. We have had some long, cold win ters, yet we have always been able to find beet on our ranges in the spring. The win ter of 1874-75 was the roughest, on stock of any we have witnessed, yet the loss was comparatively small. Out of a herd of more than 100- head of cattle. which roamed at large on the Muscleshell, the writer lost but three fall,calves. The greatest loss of any valley did not exceed five per cent., and did not reach this except in a few places, mostly agricultural districts, where stock were kept about the place on half rations. We do not pretend to deny that we may, some time, have such a storm as has swept over Color ado, and we may even have a flood like Cal ifornia, but as we have no record of such ever having occurred in this region, we cer-. tainly do not anticipate anything of the kind. Those of our people who 10ve to bor row trouble, or always climb mountains be fore they are reached, may be deterred from entering into stock speculations here, but the calm, reasoning business man sees no cause for fear. The only objection that can , he urged against Montana as a stock country is its distance from market, but our facilities and Plight risk to be incurred greatly over balance this, and place it in the front ranks of the stock and wool producing sections of the world. IN our issue of March 22d, we made men tion of a correspondence of ' O0. J." in the uIndependent concerning mail robberies, and it is due him that we correct the error. We tind from a more careful notice of this let ter that he made no ebpecial reference to any particular postoffice or person, and we very much regret to have so mistated it as to reflect upon any innocent person, There. is no question but that letters containing money from PhIljppsburg has been stolen, by whom we have no kno.yletde or. means of knowing. The safety of the mails ftir the transmission of money, is a matter in which every citizen is much concerned, and it is the duty of every honest postmaster and citizen to lend their influence in hunting out the guilty per-son. W~ publish herewith, at the request of. the writer, a copy of a letter addressed to the several county school superintendents by the Rev. Clarke Wright, our Territorial superintendent of Public Instruction. \We are pleased to know that this fiuctionary is taking a lively interest in the welfare ot the cotmmon schools of our Territory, for etdul cation is the surest source of greatness that any country can possess, and the training of the rising generation properly is a matter which should lfirst engage the attention of any and all people. '1 a young Territory. such a, our;, the placing or the, coninon school int,.rest epoan. proper basis con-ti tutes the tiist step Stow.ards political emin ence, and it i· higlY;y important that every inmeans calculated to advance this interest be jimdliciously employed., That thousands of acres of our school lands have been located h. settlers and deeded away to them .by the government is a well-known fact. But no means of remedy has ever yet been provid ed. True, the law provides that the several districts whose lands have been settled upon thus shall have other lands in lieu thereof. but it does not designate how, where, or by whom such lands shall be selected. The appeal to the several school superintendents, so far as this matter of restoration is con cerned., is without avail, for they have no authority in the premi -eý whatever. Neither can our Territorial Legislature provide the remedy. The matter rests with Congress, and until that august assembly see tit to give it their attention the people are power less. OFFICE TER. SUP. INT. T. MO. TER., ) IIHELENA. April 2. 17S. DEAR Sir.:-Permit me to call your atten tion to section 1S of an act entitled '' Town Sites." found in the Codified Statutes of Montana,. page 551, and to Inquire it any town in your county has availed itself of the privilege- contained in said section 1S, rela ting to setting apart twenty acres or less for' college purposes. and.if it has not been done. and is still feasible, will you please call the attention of the proper authorities in the diflerent townships to it at your earliest con venience and aid them in securing the beae fits of this act. By. referring to the laws enacted by the Ninth.Session of the Montana Legi-lature. page 14S, entitled, " An Act in Relation to Schools," you will find that lands thus set apart as above for college purposes may af terwards, by compliance with the law as set forth in the said act in relation to schools. be diverted from the same and become the property of the school district for the bene fit of public schools in the township where such land is located. I therefore urge upon you, as County Superintendent, to see that the provisions of the act securing to the school district twenty acres in every town site located and surveyed are carried into effect, By inquiry at the Land Office in this place, I learn that several thousand acrecs given to the Territory for school purposes, as designated .by section 14 of the Orga'nic Act, have been patented and'have thus pass ed into other hands, and although Congre=ss has provided that other lands may be se lected, there is no law designating the per son who shall be authorized to select lands in lieu of those alienated, and so making the law inoperative. The future welfare of our schools demands that we should avail ourselves of every pro vision of law donating property, or which will in any way hasten the time when we shall have a permanent endowment fund to aid in their. support, and thus reduce the taxation now necessary for their very exis tence. Believing this matter of vast importance to educational, interests in your county, I earnestly.ask your prompt and faithful at- tention to the subject. Very respectfully, yours, C. WRIGHT, Supt. Pub. Inst. Mont. Ter. THE Congressional: Record, of March S, contains an able address delivered by our Delegate on the timber bill. On this, as on all former occasions, the Major has proved himself equal to the emergency. The ('on dition of the Territories was pointed out in a most telling manner, and the policy of the SSecretary of tl.e Interior andi its damaging effect upon :the prosperity of the great West so vividly portrayed that the unprejudiced Scould not tail to riealize it.. We regret that our limited space precludes our publishfidg tile address. ... . . . 1" ---- ,,.1- ....... . FROM DEER LODGE COUNTY. EDITOR .rII ANDM.A-N : My attention has this moment been called to an article published in your paper of March 21st, calculated to reflect upon the mnanagement of the Philipsburg postoffice not justified by the correspondence to which, it reters. I have no knowledge of any mi; management at. that ofice, or any other particular postotioe. bo tar as the robbiug ot registered letters is concerned the guilty pa:tties may possibly be found among the recently arrested postal agents upon the Union Pacific alod other Eastern roads. But the picayune scoundrel who so adroitly tiu gtrs subhscription funds ;.ai other unregis tered moneys from letter* enltrusted to our I Uncle's mail cau scarcely liHe East and op erate within this Territory, or between of fices located within this Territory, as seems to have been the case in your instance. That it has been revived and practiced of late to a considerable extent, notwithstanding the rather dubious remarks of friend Mills, I for one am fully convinced, l catnot think the extreme caution attempted to be exercised in this matter, at all judlicious, nor do I think that the recorls of the department justifV it. Nearly every weekly i.-sud contains the arrest of solne heretofore nn suspected thief wearing the livery of the Postal Department. and it is reasonable to suppose that some time will elampe and many more robberies be committed by oth er petted criminals in the same department before the official milleniuim shlml have ar rived. At least there is one thief left con nected with that department. unless he has been removed or warned off recently, and as he is evidently no chum of ours, we have no especial sympathy for him. O. J. Clear Creek, 3. T., March 2, 1878. REWRITTE. -Oflicild returns state tlhat the Rnli:in .onses in killed and wounded during the late war amounted to S9.304 ofticers and nmen. -The depreciated Turkish paper iimoney is valued at t2.G) against $1 gold; that of Russia at SL.GO; of Austria, $1.19; anl of It alv. $1.11. -'Ihe Czar of Russia is partial to inferior brandy, and drinks it is large quantities mixed with hot water and sugar. His wife is a chronic invalid. -Queen-land, Australia, is troubled by a mo(lern plague, viz; a superabundance of kangwarocs. Each one eats as s much as two sheep: consequently there is a great dearth of grass. The tail of the kangaroo makes excellent soup. -The Germans are making large ndli lions to their war navy. Nine small ve.sels are to be commenced on April 1. and will t)e used principally as traininig ships. &e, and three large ironclads and the splendid new Imperial yacht, the Hohenzollern, in May. -Moody is particularly strenuous in his advice to young converts not to marry utn e believers. lie thinks the time will soon conic when miuisters will refuse to perform the ceremonies in such cases. lie also ceti sured Connecticut valley deacons who raise tobacco. saying it was not done for the glo ry of God. -In H;art county, Kentucky. there 1s a man by the name of William Bownian, who was thrown away in the Apalache muoun tains, North Carolina, when an infant and was found by an old bear and adopted as a elr. At the age of about ten years he was captured, tied hand and foot, and then his captors toundl that he could not talk, nor could he be persuaded to take any 0ood but milk, which lie sucked from a bottle, show ing that he had lived solely'by the mursing of the bear. Bowman is now a farmer near Omega, and any one doubting the truth of this statement can have it verified by seeing him. --The Duke of Bedford on one occasion asked the Marquis of Sligo to dine with him at Woburn Abbey, and being particularly anxious that his guest should taste some of his choice mutton, of which lie was proud ordered his shepherd to single out one of the finest sheep for the coming repast. Th'le time caime, and both the Marquis and Duke were seen to turn up their noses, and evi dently not relish the flavor. The fact was that the shepherd in his innocence had sin gled out a very tine ra:u, for which the Duke had paid the large sum of £300. milking sure that that particular beast was the choicest in every way owing to the large price paid. --At London March 20,:.Miss lanunah I) R~othschild was married to Earl Rosebery : The bride wore a morning dress of broca ded silk, a gray cashmere cloak, lined with ermine; a white bonnet, pearl gray trimmed, and wilt rose-colored ribbon, white ostrich feathers, tipped with pink and a border of pearls. The only jewelry visible was a p)lain gold bracelet on the right wrist. After the ceremony, the wedding breakfast took place at tile bride's house. ''he- bride and groom lest Victoria station by special train for Pet worth House, in Sussex, the seat of the bridegroom's brother-in-law, Lord Lecoit. f ldd. The presents were exhibited in three rooms of the Rothschild.,.mausion in Picca t!Uy, the tables on which they lay Leing magnificeutly adorned with flowers. -The Russian military a ethoritiesofe a reward of a thou'land roules for evida ot Capt. Burnaby's death. -According to the Mark Lane rpreq the grailn accumulated at Odessa and Xi laieif during the blockade of the Black ports amnoutits to albout 1.125.000. I:i timatled that the loss to conmmerce by l Iloc(c.kae at Ode-sa a:loile ihas been fro0 $50.00C.000 to $;i0.000).000. -There have 1 e'*n fifty--ix Atlant teami ers loit durii g the 1?st tlirtt-se. ,t erism, in which 4.430 l sonil Perislihe Ni.e ve.sels werIe never healrid f'roi1 flt liavin1r port, foir were bui'led, thlir wr,-i.5ked, live lost througlh col i;ion i" other vessels . n.. _ tw\o (, liy (:eloshil \v'ithi bergs. tw\o fonl(ldertc i , and t\-o were loti o<. f tI-atioollitie., llrty-t \\o 'erel 8 i-ii. five A timerican. four Freich, four Ge ilan. one ielgi,_t'. -Pl.tlrescentltive Page, o:n Mar:c: 26,.i troduiced a cop)y of Sargent's lbi ll for 11 iale of timber lands in (Cali;,rimia, Neova Orerom and Vashiingstoin Territory, ri, anl addlitional section, provi(liig thatallp5 ties indicted under Section 2,401 of tie l vised Statutes. for cuttint5. timber on pu lands. shall be relieved from civil and £ri imal prosecution by the paymlient ilto ( oll'rt where the suits are pending of $i per acre for all lands on which they lia cut or caused to be cut. or removed orea ed to bo removed , any timber in violation said section. The pa'ynent is to be a as a penalty, without conferring any title the lands. The amendmemet also propo: to repeal Section 4,051, which provides I informers, molities, etc. The Califo delegation tinanimously favor this pi'o lion, *Bootll,.as a member of the Se Public Lands Commnittee, will endeavor secure its adoption as an amendenat to, gent's bill, which is hbetore that conunitti andii WVigginton will make a similar ellort o't:iiti lavorable action at the lnext iiee' of the iHounse C(nniiittee. THE UTAH NORTHERN. From the Salt Lake Hlerald of Malreh9 we condense the following items of the gress of the road toward. Montana,. RIicks & Hendricks have the contract ablout thirty-six miles for laying track, will continue as fast as possible,. expe to reach Bear River, two and a half a from the end of the track now, in a days. The bridge over the Bear I built by Knox and Thurston, is couple with the exception of the stringers, will be ready for the rails by the timie t reach it. Alter crossing the river, the follows Battle Creek at the old grade; feet to the mile, until it reaches a pointl same height as the sand ridge south, from: that the grading is not gene hean\vy The work done on the extelý last season was about 240,000 cubic y the largest job being Ricks & Ilendricks on Battle creek, containining 600.000 C yards. For this work $60,000 has paid out, all finished work being settled monthly. In addition to that anmout a $30.000 has been paid for iron. Mr. Dunn, as agent for Jay Gould, d for such sums as he needs and there is delay in securing pay. Last month a $10.000 was used. and it is thought, - the work is welt started again, that $nn per montih will be required. On his to Fanklin. Mr, .Dunun received a tel authorizing hint o proceed with the i-lg as far as \Wtson's-f-oriy-six norlth, and to make the best termls lihe It i- probable that Bishop lMerril of I mondl, in behalf of the people of * c u uty, \\will take the contract for all i work. ''The price will average 5o,0i I near ten cents per yard. \VlWea the track gets ifrom six to tei beyond the Bear.river it is the intenti0l Sput up a warehouse 60 by 135 teet, to 0 Itreighlt that maybe shiplped this way. t New iron is being received at the rtl three-fourths ofa miile dalily., and th# e enough onl hand to lay t\\elve wliles. lili\ve i3,000 ties onl.hand, and on J3: will receive about.- 0,000 more froi ' er and Youngll, 'whose coitra.ct 1or1 will then bC filled. Pro pects arte very -cutraging, and the U:ltah ",hck" h; C to open uilo l ai era Qf pro1l)pritl -.new eingagemenlt is sev\erly l i d as soon as .the road is sol, _ doubt pnush aheaul.with all possible