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The Rocky lontain Hlusban ,aI.
R. N. SUTHERLIN, Editor. THURSDAY, APRIL 18, 1878. THILE propensity of the human family to borrow trouble is perhaps no more strongly developed in the people of Montana than in those of other countries, yet, go where you will throughout .our Territory, wherever there are two or three gathered together discussing the events of the day, you will hear more or less speculation in regard to calamities which the signs of the times indi cate are soon to befall the country, of ex tremes extraordinary likely to be reached, and a thousand and one unheard of difficul ties to be encountered, which are the sole coinage of a class of chronic grumblers to appease their fault-finding appetites. Six months ago they busted themselves paint ing the terrors of the pending winter, and enumerating imaginary losses to be entailed upon the live stock interest; but the clerk of the weather, not deigning to be dictated to, remitted the winter altogether, thus teaching the would-be seers their total in ability to prognosticate events. Yet we find them on hand again in early spring, foretelling the result of the summer's labor with the same confidence as ever. Of course we are informed that a drouth is to ensue and cut off our grass crop, and that scarcity of water for irrigating purpose, together with the grasshoppers, will reduce the pro duction of cereals to one-half or one-third of a crop, while the lack of water for mining will reduce the yield of gold in the placer mines to a merely nominal sum compared with other years. Now, this is all idle speculation, und liable to fall as far short of truth as did the predic tion for a hard winter six months ago. Even should we have an extraordinary dry season the prospect of the Territory is good. Our pastoral lands are so extensive that it will be impossible for our present limited amount of stock to so exhaust them as to create want or starvation, even though the grass crop is sholrt. Neither will a scanty supply of water have a very telling effect upon our farm products. In some localities, where farmers depend on small streams to supply their ir rigatlng ditches, the prospect may prevent the sowing of a large acreage, but the ma jority of the farms in the Territory are wa tered from rivers, and the supply will be abundant for their purpose, whether we have the usual high waters or not, To such a drouth nmakes no difference, as each farm er will have the season in his own hands, .tnd can make it wet or dry as he chooses. What effect the 'hoppers may have is hard to foretell. Where there is a great abund ance of water they may be kept from the. fields by large ditches, but we think they thrive best in wet weather. More of the little ones just hatching out will perish in thlee days' parching sun than would drown in a week's rain. As to our mines, it is true one class of our placer mines would suffer from a short water season, though another will flourish, k:rom present indicationJ, but little will be acomplislied this year on bar, gumeAnud hydraulic 4igglugs, but those who have gulch groutnd to be worked by drifting will reap a rich harvest. A dry season will also facilitate qciart rMining and quartz prospecting, as there will be less surface water to contend with, and since a large perceptage of our revenue is derived from thils source, the prospect is not so uninviting after asl. In addition to thEse sources of in qrease, we may very naturally expect a targe additgon to our country's yvelth in ahor ao94 apital (fom the States. The Nez Perce war last year brought 1ontana some whl t into notice, and the favorable reports 9t our grass lands by army officers has awakened considerable interest, which, to gether with the eqnstruction of tile railroad in this directioqn the shipment of bullion from our mnine, and the discovery of the Penobscot, cannot tail to bring us more peo ple. So it would appear, by a air review of facts, that the season bids fir to be one of wrosperity. IT is a well-ktow.ii tat that there are thbo.nsads of acres of mineral lands in M( nI tna which have been gobbled up by greedy -arties anId ar:e being held without title, while the de:p.opnmunt has cased. These btl;s have been surveyed, the advertisement l.b!Jl~PIed sixty ia:ys, and hei.e the i~tteor has stopped. The required amount of labor necessary to the securing of a patent has not been performed, in fact, all work has been stopped, and the ground virtually abandoned. The pigeon-holes of the Land Office are filled with the files of these appli cations, the applicants presuming to sippose from the wording of the advertisement, which reads that if adverse claims are not set up within the sixty days period of pub lication they are forever barred, that this constitutes a sufficient title, and that any further proceedings are unnecessary. And this would, from the wording, seem to be the case, but such is not the purpose, intent and meaning of the law. Should the claim ants to such lands continue to work and de velop the same, it perhaps would be, but where all improvement has ceased, and the premises, to all appearances, abandoned, we believe such lands may be relocated by other parties and hie claims of the original claim ants set aside. Such lands have never been purchased from the government, but are thus fraudulently held. Of the immense number of placer claims surveyed since the passage of the patent act, fully two-thirds are in this condition. These lands, or a ma jority of them, would pay $3 and $4 per day for working, and would be worked were they not so held. The patent act, so far as it relates to placer mines, is a complete fraud. It retards the progress and prosperity of the country, and is bad for the government since it enables individuals to appropriate and hold large tracts of government domain without giving compensation therefor--and should, and we trust may be repealed at an early date. But if this cannot be accom plished, action should be taken to set aside the validity of any and all, such claims as those above referred to, and to open this large mining area to the industry of the country. A BILL appropriating $30,000 for building a telegraph line to connect Forts Keogh, Custer and Ellis with the East, has been in troduced into Congress, and, from appear ances, bids fair to become a law. This line is much needed, and we trust our Delegate will exert every effort in its aid, The bill should be amended so as to extend the line between all the Territorial posts. REWRITTEN. -Charley Ross' father has taken the lec ture field. -Dakota's new Governor, W. A. How ard, of Michigan; was installed on the 12th inst. -At Marysville, Canada, last week, Ber tha Wynn aged 15 years was killed by a school teacher, whose name is unknown. -Edward Wheeler, who died in Nasha, N. H,, worth $11,000, ordered the expen diture of the whole of it on his funeral and tomb. -The British army in India is composed of 146,000 infantry, 23,000 cavalry, 3,600 en gineers, 13,000 artillery, and 4C0 field pieces. -Legislative authority has been granted for laying a pipe line for the transportation of petroleum from the oil fields in West Virginia to the Ohio river. --A telegraph cable has been laid through the Dardanelles to Cartal, affording direct communication with Enrope without pass ing through Russian stations. -The Duke of Genoa, King HIumbert's cousin, and the Princess Christine, daughter of the Duc de Montpensier and sister of the the Queen of Spain, are to be married. -Mr. Mackay, the Bonanza King, esti mates the joint yield of the California and Con.solidated Virginia mines for the ensu. iua year at from $18,000,000 to $20,000,000. --T'here is a more aggressive unbeliever, tlhan Col. Ingersoll in Taylorsville, Ohio. Failling to draw the R1ev. Mr. Bingham into a controversy, he put on brass knuckles and knocked that representative of orthodoxy down. -At the San Anto.la Wool-Growers' Convention~ on the 11th inst., resolutions were adopte l reomuesthn~ their representa tive in Congress to oppose the reduction of duties on foreign wools, as proposed bt the pending tariff bill. -The telephowu posses.es tIs powerfl virtue of prese\rving the voice of a nman's irst wjife; hecanu bottl, it up An4 ke-p if for years. There are such things as aGCond marriages, and what awkward revpelt[s the well Qraseorroel voi mb4Pht maok e. -The Canadian section at Paris blas made more progress than almost any other, and French authorities say that its exhibition of woods as displayed in the show cases will be a remarkable feature of the show. -Col. Rufus Ingols, A. Q. M. G. W. S. A., is to be relieved from duty in the mili tary division of the Pacific and report to the Lieutenant General commanding the di vision of the Missouri, to relieve Lieutenant Colonel S. B. Iollabird of his duties. -Gen. Fitz John Portcr has applied to the President.for the appointment of a board to reconsider his case, with particular ref erence to new testimony that could not be had on his former trial. The President is. considering what action he will take in the matter. -The Utah Northern has been purchased by S. H. Clark, of the Union Pacific, for $100,000. The purchase was made for Jay Gould and his associates. The road is to be reineorporated, bonded and stocked for less per mile than originally, the new issue of stock to be two-fifths less in the whole amount than the old issue. -A Washington dispatch of the 12t, says the Senate Committee on Public Lands to day agreed to take up Windom's Northern Pacific bill next Tuesday, and to hear argu ments in its favor from Col. Grey, attorney, and Billings, Director of the railroad com pany. l'he arguments will be mainly in behalf t the railroad company having en tire control of its land grants. -A concurrent resolution was offered in the House last week to issue tour hundred million dollars in U. S. notes, to be known as national money. It recites at length the present business throughout the country, and directs the issue of four hundred mill ion dollars in U. S. notes, to be a legal ten der for all debts, public and private, and to be placed in circulation at the earliest pos sible moment. Referred. -A train was robbed the other day at Mesquite station, thirteen miles east of Dal las. When the train stopped at tile depot, the engineer and fireman were taken from the engine and placed under guard. The express messenger and route agent barri caded themselves In their car, but the rob bers saturated it with coal oil, set fire to it and forced them out. The express and mail were then plundered. Conductor Al ford and two robbers were wounded. The plundering party numbered fifteen or twen ty. The passengers were not molested. -There is a fair prospect of a compro mise on the Northern Pacific railroad ques tion that will unite its friends on one bill. T'he plan is to have Windom's bill trans ferred to the Railroad committee, and at the same time recommit the Mitchell bill. The committee will then modify the 3Mitch ell bill so as to give the railroad company control of the lands granted to it, and will strike out the sections relating to the Port land & Salt Lake railroad. The bill will then be acceptable to Windom and will have the unanimous support of the commit tee. A separate bill will then be reported on behalf of the Portland & Salt Lake rail road. The friends of the Northern measure will not urge it until the other railroad mat ters engrossing the bcnate's attention are disposed of. -The Department of State has not re ceived intelligence of the recognition of the Diazgovernment. rThere is no doubt, how ever, of the fact, as instructions to Foster oin returning to MLexico authorized him to do so should he find a proper condition of affairs to warrant it. The reasons are that it has shown a disposition to arrange all matters in dispute between the two govern ments, and given evidence of its earnestness in that direction, having among other things sent federal troops to the frontier to pre serve peace, thus supplanting inefficient mi litia. Consequently no serious raids have occurred on the Rio Grande for the last three months. Besides the Mexican gov ernment has promptly paid as they became due to installments of the Mexican idemni ty, amounting to $600,000, and recently thle Mexican government checked an attempt at 14attamoras to levy forced loans on Ameri can citizens. There has been no other such attempts far some months pa1st, and every Iwecaution will be taken to, prevenlt them in the future. The Mexican governmeat ex presses its readiness to cnter upon negatia ton for the adjustment o aEt questioC in LILrte. -Win. M. Tweed died inll Bedloe jail at 12 m. on the 12th inst. tried to do some good, it I haive good luck. I am not aftraid to die,, his last words. It is stated that bh have committed suicide sometime for the disgrace which would fall n children prevented him. The conf made broke the old man's heart. I] to the confession Dewey said: standing ex-Attorney-General F~ denial that Tweed was promnised hi ty, it was really a fact. -A black man named Vitalo, li FrAecll Guiana, impressed, a fewyea with the idea that the neglected gold of that region would yield handso01. g:an to work one with a capital of $2,000, which, before the year wasove incdreased to $40,000. 'L'he nextyearj! ed $100,000, and the next $160,0. year lle became richer by $220,01 years ago Vitalo visited Paris and a an offer of $800,000 for his mine. On ing to Guiana the sight of the minea gold washings caused him to regret gain, and he threw so many technical cles in the way before signing the - that the French capitalist relinquisn agreement. -A late report of the Board of TI Birmingham, England, contains at special interest to the United Statk says, among other things : "The oDll ping markets, indeed, which continue hibit any vitality are Australia and Zealand, and of their orders a largeae creasing proportion is going to the States. It is remarked that, altho trade of these colonies is steadily ex year by year, the business done with by manufacturing firms in Birminglas and Sheffield is not now a tenth party. it was three pears ago. On the other there is evidence that the Australian for American hardwares have iner the same period nearly twenty-fold,o it is alleged, to the superior quality, or finish of these goods, and in no their cheapness." 1ND' ZENTS TO SE%'TLTli, The Union Pacific Railroad Comn issued a circular letter notiflying the that it has nmade arrangements wil and transportation lines to Montani will issue through tickets from Oim Helena at the following rates: Firs $105; second class, $90; immigran First and second class go by stage Franklin or end of Utah Northern and immigrants by wagon. Firsta ond class passengers are allowed 100 of baggage free by rail, and 40 po stage; extra weight from 15 to 20 e pound. Immigrants, 100 pounds by wagon, and extra weight 5 cents per Immigrants will be furnished meals cents per day after leaving the rallroa circular closes with the following remarks about Montana : 'Probably no section of our country greater inducements to immigrantS Montana. Its mineral resources, al as yet but imperfectly explored, are to be immense and inexltustible. Its and silvei' mines have yielded one ~i and fifty millions of dollars, and the yield since 1864 has averaged eight half millions. An inmmense area dof est pasture lands, now trodden only hoof of the buffalo, the d(leer or the an can be made to support vast herds of and sheep, while numerous fertile only await the hand of the agrienlt prod uce bountiful crops, for whioch lh mining population will always f hone market which cannot be over s51 "'The lack of railroad commiane difficulties and expense of travel, a glreat cost attendant upon shipmtea stock "and mineral products to marks obstacles which have hitherto stood way of the complete developlmelit Territory. Thle low rates of pasSenfi freight transportation now oiflered wl great measure, remove those obst&n ulate industrial enterprise of all ki crease its population, and innugurat. of great and general prosperity, i completion of the railroad will rel nianent. A rare opportunity is sented for enter'prising men to go sd lish themselves in busliless a.d property, which the advent of the wil, ~y e., eha.p largely in ,.iJ.9