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'Te Rocky Mountain Hsbanman.
R. WN. SUTHERLIN, Editor. THURSDAY, APRIL 25, 1878. THE garden spot of the United States is the belt of country lying along the eastern base of the Rocky Mountain, from the Rio Grande to Her Majesty's dominion. Of this vast and fertile tract, reaching from north to south across the country, and embracing nearly every variety of climate to be found on the continent, that portion stretching north from the southeastern point of the Big Horn mountains is most inviting. Of this extent of country, 'that district, between the Big Horn and the Yellowstone is the most coveted, but is all embraced in the Crow reservation, and, consequently, is not open for settlement. Next to this comes the beautiful and fertile peninsula between the Yellowstone and the Missouri. This region, embracing an area of 10,000 square miles of arshle lands, 10,000 square miles of grazing lands, and half as many of mineral and timber lands, is scarcely less inviting than the Rig Horn country, yet is more ex posed. North of the Missouri the country is also possessed of many advantages to set tlers, but, with the exception of the Sun River valley, It, too, is rather too much ex posed to settle up rapidly, besides, a good portion of it lies within the Blackfeet reser vatio'. ; Th~' rapidity with which the Yel lowstone Nalley has settled qp since the es tablishment ot Forts Custer and Keogh is coneluslye eyldence that adequate protection is all that is required to, ensure the trans torm.ation of this entire extent of country into a thrifty and prosperous common wealth, The policy of. the government, since the days when, ciyilization first scaled the Alleghalnnies and took up its march across tke broad valley of the Mississippi, has been to advance the Posts oqnly after the bold frontiersmen, have gone ahead and cleared the way, the Posts an the Yellow stone being the only exceptian to this rule, and,. sin4 this experiment proves that under the new departure a wild country bristles with I.d.,atry and teems with agriculture as if by mragic, we trust the government may vontinue to adopt the new plan. The great est need now of Eastern Montana is a new Popt at the mouth of the Muscleshell, or at some potrt in that vicinity. A large garri son ma~tained at this point for a few years would, cause the valleys of the Muscleshell, Sweet Grass, J~udith. and other tributaries of the Mlssouri and Ydt'owstone to settle up. so rapidly that they would soon become self sustaining. These valleys are already con sidered safe by. old Montanians, for they are of too bqlfl and hardy a class to, await the slow action of the government, bust we ofler our appeal for protection ir behalf of the eunJgration which is beginning to flow into our country. These new-comers snow n-othing. of habder life, many of them are from, the very shores of the Atlantic,, and the mere mention of Indians flUs theat with terror. A goofdly number of them are men of modelrate means, and come here for the purpose of entering into the live stock bosi ness, a4d, heitee very nat,'ally desire elbow noom, and would build their homes on our unsettled valleys if offered the proper secur ity.. A post at the mouth of the bMuscleslell river would afford protection to a larger scope of desirable stock and agricuturtal couptry, than at any other point that could be selected, h sides, the facilities for getting the necessary supplies for the garrison are glpo, superior, as it can be reached by steilim ers at all tittls during the boathiig season, and would, not necessitate. the land, trans porlation so frequent in th. m4intenance of the military. It is adjacent to a fine hay, agricultural and beef producing district along the foot of the Little SoFvwy Mou, tains. These mountains would also af ord a aupply. of wood and frlst-clhss ltilding tim ber. '.there are thousands of people in the crowded, overdone States, who are bound to qeek.bpmes in the great 1est,, and we can not conceive of a surer and mpre raid, way of arrifiug at the final solution of, the Idian r.obDem than the encouragement, of these honielesaa peop4e to comp west and possess thp land. T.se . ilId savage of the moun.. tutlns and plains would soon, out of shear necessity, leave off his hostile ways, settle dulwn upon his reservation, and become as : .'pe as the ta ibes along the sQ thexp bor ..~ of Kansae. IN an article, a few weeks since, in regard to the growth of burs and seed-bearing plants obnoxious to wool growers, we stated that burs would not flourish in our climate and soil without careful cultivation. We arrived at this conclusion from the fact that the variety of burs found here when the whites came to the country do not seem to multiply to any considerable extent. It was our opinion that there being no burs here could not have resulted from the lack of seeds, as the herds of buffalo that have roamed the plains for many years have cer tainly brought them from the south. From information gained since, it seems probable that we have committed an error. We were presented, a few days ago, by Sample Orr, with a handful of as large and well-matured burs of the variety generally known as "cuckle-burs," as we ever saw anywhere, and which he gathered from the ranch of James Mayne, of this county. The Judge also assures us that he has seen nu merous thrifty plants of this variety of bur growing by the wayside on the Crow Creek valley, and he is confident that the seed was scattered from sheep. If the specimens are a sample of what will grow on our ranges without cultivation, then, certainly, this may become a serious matter to our wool grow ers. We have talked with a number of the farmers of the Missouri valley, who state that these burs grow on their farms, along the water ditches, etc., but they coincide with our statements, and do not think that they came from the driving of sheep. How ever, as there are conflicting opinions upon the subject, we shall make dilligent enquiry and endeavor to arrive at a correct conolu slon. To this end we invite communications from any who may know of the existence of this plant. The date of its first appear ance in their vicinity, whether or not it will grow on bench lands without water, and all other points of interest should be given. PR.OM BOULDER. EDITonR HUSnAIDMAN: The seasons have changed. We had spring weather all winter. Indian summer through March, the miners had commenced operations, the farmers began seeding, when lo, winter sets in-in old style. It has been snowing for two days, with no signs of letting up, and we have already six inches of snow. The weather prophets are puzzled and the oldest inhabitant aston ished. The general inquiry is " when is the storm going to abate?" and leads to many surmises and predictions in regard to the season and prospects, which are, of course, all favorable for our property, if specie re sutnptton anh contraction of currency did not stare us in the face. The eastern mails have resumed regularity again. During the recent blockade passen gers and freight came through on time, but the naails were corded up somewhere on the road until the freight was all through. Why such things are thus, also astonishes the oldest inhabitaut, and it is a pity that Beeeher says there is no hell, when there is so many anxious to believe it. It there is no hell I think there ought to be one for swindling mail contractors. Why passen gers and freight should take precedence of the malls, when the government contracts for the mails only, is a problem that many are interested In and are anxious for a solu tion. Xt may be a military necessity to 'bring the freight and passengers and leave the mails, or it tmay be because there is no hell.. In either event the stage company might put on another jerky and bring now and then a letter, as evidence tlhat they meant to do well by the people of Montana. Q~ur district school commenced last Mon day and the young ideas have commenced to shoot (snowballs.) The teacher is a young lady from Helena and comes highly necommended. I notic', the " old baches" are putting o~ their nice their behavior, and. that Capt. Cook's hotel does a thriving bics Iness on S\ucktys. It maybe on account oA the postoffie. Boulder Star Lpdge I. O. G. T. is now as,. incorporated body, the first I believe of the. order in the Territory. We have com menced the collection of a museum or cab inet of minerals and, curiosities. Specimens from friends thankfully received. "Monumental" is sound on the subsidy question. Our indebtedness and taxes are burdensome enough now without ,oting a evtsqly t a a fk-uh Qet at. t a4 sem to. coma here without a subsidy as with one, .s sure as water seeks its level. No sane man out side of Helena and the railroad company ever thinks of a subsidy. Be men and vote subsidy No. O-RES-TES. COURT QUERIES. EDITOR H1USBANDMAN: Permit me to make a few enquiries through your paper, which I desire you or some of your readers to answer for my information. Why is it that we have but one term of the District Court in Meagher county each year, and all the other counties where courts are held have two? Why is it that Mr. Beattie has to place the Records ot the Diamond City court in a sack and travel back and forth with the Judge to act as Clerk? Is there no man living at Diamond City or its vicinity qualified to act as Clerk? and what is meant by the following language in the 6th section of the Organic Act: "Each District Court, or Judge thereof, shall ap point its Clerk, who shall also be the Regis ter in Chancery, and shall keep his office at the place where the Court may be held," and by section 4, amended Organic Act in full? We are a portion of the Territory of Mon tana: we pay our taxes about as promptly as other people. And this is becoming one of the most interesting counties in the Ter ritory, because of the capital invested in the live stock interest, to say nothing of the mining, agricultural and other interests in common with other counties. And why it is that we can only bring a suit on a plain note of hand once a year, or seek redress in any matter only annually, is strange to me aftter reading the above sections of the Or ganic Act. We cannot look at the Records to ascertain if there is a judgment, lien on a tract of land without going to Helena. It the Organic Act means what it says, the Clerk of the Court shall keep his ofilce where the Court may be held, and not i|n another county, and not less than two terms shall be held at each place of holding Court each year, regardless as to whether the County Commissioners desire it or not. It we cannot have a Clerk, and can only have oneterm of Court each year to settle the pleadings for a trial next year, how would it do to attach Lewis and Clarke to this county, move the county seat to Canyon Ferry, and live in peace. TAX-PAYER. REWRITTEN. -It speaks well for the TuLrks as marks men that one Russian in every six has been killed or 'wounded. -Two hundred horses per week are being purchased in New York and Vermont for the English government. --A child two years old at Leeds, in Eng land, was suffocated to death the other day by a cat lying on its fite while asleep. -.Greece is now beginning to be:a favorite English traveling ground, the Mycenm dis coveries having given a new impetus to the archaeologist. -Norfolk, Va., has largely increased in wealth since the war through an energetic handling of oysters, and the cultivation of fruits and vegetables. -~,ver $4,000 a year is the value of the aunls of a Bonanza miner's wash. The dirE washed from'their shirts has been found to assay $259.10 to the ton. What a field for Nevada washerwomen ! -The Duke of Sutherland, who owns ov er a million of acres in Scotland, has obtain ed leave, his heir consenting, to disentail his estates in that country. They have been in the family five or six centuries. ; "-The University of Cara-ass posses es the first music book printed in America. I1. is dated 1604, and the music is printed on a stave of five red lines in the ordinary Greg orian method. The volume is a small folio. -There is a dog at Swift Falls, Minnt that keeps his master's family supplied 'yith fish. lie has been known to take out as many as thirty pickerel in a day. When ihe espies a fish, he will make a dive and be sure to bring it out. -A.ustria can put in. the field for war pur posesa standing army of 800,Q00 men, in clud ag reseryves, besides landwehr, ers. tz, reserve and landstrum. The compuls, ryi system will attain its full development thl, year, 1878, and it would, not be an exagger ation of the results of Baron Kuhn's orgal - i-ation if we estimate the force now avail Ole a~t 600,0QQ regul~r troops., -In Province of Costilla, Peru, the upon the high mountains, which hags be there for time imnmemnorial, luhs melted, eai1. ing great damage and distress. -Shakespeare's favorite fltoers Were the violet, pansy, and cowslip. It is Within cowslip's bell that Ariel hides, and eowslips are Titania's prisoners, on whose ears the fairies must hang pearls, and when the fieldi of France are desolated, the , freckled cow. slip" does not grow there any more, and thl mole on Imogene's breast is "like the crinl son drops in the bottom of a cowslip." -Paris has had a poor season this year and is hoping great thhlgs from the Exposi. tion. Prosperous as she has been since 1872, a revenue of three milliards is no trifle to raise, and this has to be raised to meet France's expenses. All the world is so harl up nowadays that even it Paris be crowded the buyers are likely to be comparatively tew. It is one thing to have mnoney enlough to go there, and quite another to have P'are cash to spend there. -An Arab of Algiers, claiming to be French subject, was lately imprisoned wjtlk out sufficient cause in Tangier, Morocco, The French Consul, after procuring his lease, demanded that the Pasha in commalnd of the district should call at his house, with his whole suite and a troop of soldiers, and apologize for the man's treatment. 'The Pasha refused to submit to the humiliation, The Consul informed him that unless he did so two French men-of-war in the Straits ot Gibraltar would open on the town. The Pasha sent for instruction to the Emperor, who ordered him to make the apology in the required form, and avoid trouble. --The young Maharajah of Cuch Behar, in India, is to take for his wife the eldest daugh. ter of Keshub Chunder Sen, the great Bin doo reformer. The proposed marriage will mark an epoch in the social history of India, The Maharajah succeeded his father in 1863, and will, when his minority terminates (he is now 16), reign over a province of 1~,3 square miles, the residuum of the dominions of his ancestors, which at one time contain ed the whole kingdom of Assaum. The young Prince, it is said, will (eclare himself a Brahmo (a pure Theist) betore the wed. ding takes place, and no compromise with, heathenism will occur in the marriage rites. ---The chfief discovery made by the party under Capt. Elton in their hazardous jour ney through the unknown interior of Africa, north of Lake Nyassa, was that ot an exten sive range of mountains, called the Koudl mountains, from 12,000 to 14,000 feet high. On the northern side of the range extends an elevated plateau seven thousand feet above the sea level, which descends abrupt ly to the valley of the Rufiga river. 'his discovery is one of the most important that has recently been made in central Africa. It is doubtlul at present whether the Kondi range is really continuous or not with the Livingstone chain discovered by Mr. E. D. Young on the northeastern side of Lake Nyassa. the latter trending north and south, while the Kondi mountains have almost a due east and west direction. THY NORTH PACIFIC. A compromise has been affected between the opposing interests in regard to Mithiell' Northern Pacitic bill, reported from the 5er railroad Commnittee, and the propositiol ft'amed by the Northern Pacific Colpany, which is now before the Senat~e Public Lanf Committee. Both bills are to be placed i1 the hands of the Senate Railroad Committee and a substitute reported shortly which will secure the earnest co-operation ef'the entire Oregon delagation and the Northern Pacific Company. It will provide for the speedy opening of the Columbia river by the COn. struction of a railroad around the Ca.se'a within two years, and around the Dam within two and a half years. A filure to comply with the conditions is to forfeit the company's grant along the Columbia to th Portland, SaJt Jalke& South Pass Company' who shall co imonce the construction of . road at Portland withip three months aftr such failure. The rodpl between Portland and Umatilla is to be open. for the commnt' uie of both roads as. provided in Mitchells original bill. Thei proposition to traler to the Portland, Sltt Lalte & S~tlIh P Company an amount of lands 4qutll, a tl1oe heretofore granted to. the Northern, lftelli. for the abandoned branch across the, Cf c'de mountains is to be reported as ua . 4 e bill.