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WYE copy an article from the Courier of recent (late written by C. Edwards, wool grower of Gallatin county, in answer to ,Cbha4es Anceney's article copied by us some aweks ago. The question a- to which par rticular branch of live stock husbandry is the most profitable. is one not easy determined. We, like Mr. Edwards, are somewhat in clined to the belief that wool-growing rath er stands at the head. The figures, at a casual glance at least. would readily incline one to the conclusion; but when we sit down and carefully consider all the facts, ,weigh all the advantages and disadvantages, ,consider the risk, the relative amount of care necessary, there is not so much differ ence, after all. Sheep husbandry has not existed in our Territory on a large scale long enough to be able to make a full esti mate of the risks and losses of a decade, .while the beef industry can be figured on ,with cer:ainty; yet we have full confidence ,that the average success attained in the .wool industry in our Territory, will be fully -maintianed throyghout all time. It is a ,well known tact that either, or we might say every branch of stock husbandry in our .midst so far exceeds anything that can be ,attained anywhere else in America, that .cavil as to which is superior is useless. AVe :think the Courier's correspondent creares a wrong impression, or errs somewhat ij his .statement respecting the beef prodipcing business. He is no doubt a good sheph.erd, a thorough agriculturist, but we beieve ,that his inference in regard to the cattle in terest of our Territory were drawn from ob servatious made in thickly settled farming ,districts, and not from the facts as they ex :ist in our valleys where stock is the para mount interest and the plow, spade and hoe ,are rarely ever employed. We cannot agree .with him that because an animal rpals$ at will over hill and dale and beconmes wild ,from not being accustomed to the haunts of ,men that it necessarily deteriorates, geither .can the fact of wild feed have any great ,ef feet. or if it did the argument would not hold good in AMontana, since our bpnchi grass isunot to be excelled in nutrimnezt by the vegetation of tny land or country. The thoroughbred, ifleft to run and feed solely ,upon pasture and hay, will, of course, pot remain in as trim shape asit grain ,fed, ;but necessarily belly out more from the con stant use of coarse and bulky provender. But the symmetry can only be eflected in this particlar. The deterioration of cattle in Texas is caused -from the practice so strongly condemned by iMr. Aullcey's, .that of paying no attention to what b>l;eed. grade aplt,guality of bulls are ullwe41t to ,run upon the range. The Dukes and Dutches, qf the States have the,cream ofev erything-hat is good, and a home lte a .alace. They are kept for show aniuals and made to carry every possible pouail of ,flesh, but their offspring unless subjected to the same ptmpering will develop no better points than f .their ancestors had only re ceived ordinary care. Our winters are sometimes long and cold, and many a bul lock has to r ass the long winter ,qights humped on .the lee side of some fri~idly " cmlar bush," stivering with cold, bait the surprising glgtres at which they kick ,the .beamn when they come to the slaugh~ter house, is a4undant evidence that they tre neither dwarfed nor stunted thereby. T'tey ,tie equal, and in Itauy cases, superior to States' raised beeves. If our horned stock have deteriorated any\vhere, it is in thickly settled tannring sections, where little at tention is paid to the class of bulls turned .oot and stock are fed enough in winter to keep them around the farm and fron learn ing the important lesson of how to rustle for then.selves and not fed a sufficiency. On most of our valleys our beeves are imn proving, but a careful system in regard to bills is maintained, though there is still room for improvement, and we hope the clay is not ftar distant when there will be noth ing short of a thoroughbred bull to be found upon our range. . . . ......... ' - -Il . . . . . . A R.ETURN pre.sented the parliament of Great Britain of the quantities of dead meat imported into the United Kingdom from the United States fromn August, 1877, to the end of January, 1878, shows that the total amount was 24,819 tons. RONTANA BLOODED STOCK. The arrival a day or two since of Mr. H. G. Ward, a noted trainer of Kentucky, with another lot of blooded horses for the Fash ion Stables suggests a mention. They now contain undoubtedly not only the finest collection of blooded horses and mares in Montana, but the best collection of top crosses w.est of the Missouri river. There are now eighteen fine horses in the the Sta bles, including " Ieadlight," thoroughbred, by Bayonet by Lexington, and ' Sonny Coon" by Allie West (5 year-old, record 2:2!) by Almont, half-brother to Gold smith's Maid, 1st dam by Kentucky Clay ; 2d dam by Ericson. Montana has proven to be a choice location for raising fine hores, rivaling Kentucky itself, and the years are not far distant when it will compete for the palm. Larabie Bros. have entered earnest ly into the Importation and breeding of good stock and next fall Montanians inter ested in good horses will have a chance to ee the speed and action of their horses, ex w'nine pedigree and judge of their value. TI.'\ following are the horses imported this spri,' r and it will be seen it embraces some of the ,st blood of the American Turf: Black L "tmond-Scant 16 hands, 4 years old, sired b.. Mambrino Patchen (full brother to Lady Thorn) by Mambrino Chief; 1st dam by Cassius M. Clay, Jr., record 2:26k, (half-brother to George M. Patchen, record,2:231, dam by Abdallah, sire of Rysdyk's Ilambletonian) ; 2d .dam by Old Denmark, (thoroughbred); 3d dam by Parker's Brown Pilot, etc. Superior-Blood bay, 3 years old, 16 hands, sired by Administrator by Rysdyk's -Iambletonian; 1st dam Mambrino Queen (2:35), full sister to Mambrino King by Mambrino Patcheln, (full brother to Lady Thorn-2:1D ); 2d dam by Alexander's Ed win Forest; 3d damn by Birmingham by Stockholder; 4th dam by Bertra:nd by Sir Archy; 5th dam by Sumpter by Sir Archy; 6th dam by Imp. Buzzard, etc. Assignee-Brown. 15- hands, .2 years old, sired by Administrator by Ryslyk's Ham bletonian; 1st dam a thorougbbrsed, pedi gree not yet received. Christine-Sorrel mare, 7 years old, by imported Australian; Est dam b)y ~exing ton ; 2d damn by Eclipse.; 3d dank by Sump ter, etc. This mare while en route drop ped a fine foal filly by War Dance by Lex ington. This filly, Gypsy, is half sister to Old Widow McMeekiun. Miss Ella-Chestnut filly, 4 years old, by Enquirer by Leamington sire of Longfel low; 1st dam by imported Austrýlit:t; 2d dam by Lexington; 3d darn by Eclipse; 4th dam by Sumpter, etc. Persons posted in pedigrees will perceive at once that all of the above stock are from the finest famihes, richest in blood, and those that have produced the most winners, both trotting and running. Superior and Assignee are the only grandsons of. ld Rys dyk's LHambletonian in Montana. Their sire, "Administrator, is not only a horse of great substance but a trotter. With but lit tle handling lie secured a record of 2;3,3 af ter serving 100 mares. lie has sired many fast ones, among which is Memento, a year ling filly, that trotted a full mile with 150 lbs. up in 2:56f. She is the trotting wonder of the world.--New North West. MATT CARROLL. George Steell's young stallion, Matt Car roll. is just five years old, a bay with black points, and represented to be a perfect beau ty. He made his tirst season last year, at -un River crossing, but, on account of his age, was linhlted to ten mares. IHe is sta tioned at Sun river this year. The follovw ing is a copy of his pedigree: Got by Wissahickon; 1st dam got by Red Eye, a noted Kentucky thoroughbred. Wis subhickon got by Win. E. Welch; he by Rysdyk's HIambletonian; dam by imp. Trustee; grand dam by Mamnbrino. Wis shlickon, dam Lady Montague, by Mam brino Chief, out of Bellamira ; she by imp. Monarch, out of Kitty HIeath; she by American Eclipse, out of Pomona, etc. La dy Montague is half-sister of Lady Thorne; is the damn of the celebrated horse ils marck. OUR STOCK INTERESTS. I do not like the manner in which Mr. An ceny hatndled the sheep in his letters in re cent issues of the Courier. I do not think he gave them a "fair shake" at nil ; anu being in the sheep business in a small way myself. cannot refrain from coming and say ing a few words in their defence. I also wish to make a few remarks on the subject of ranges and the improvement of stock. Like MIr. Anceny. I don't see how any one can afford to raise stock and not nmke every possible effort to impro\:e it; and I wish every one in Montana was equally anxious as he is to see only the best kind of animals eating bunch grass on our hills. I consider the distressing pictures of depas turage drawn by Mlr. Aulceny as unwarrant ed by the real condition of our ranges. I think the facts of the case are that we ex pect too much of the range, and conse quently are disappointed in our endl-vors to improve our stock. 3My observations convince inc that the altered con(litions to which the cattle of this Territory have been sub;ected accounts for their deterioration. and deteriorated they certainly are from the original stoek which was brought here from the States in the years of 1804-' and '66, particularly, specimens of which may yet be seen in our herds. The experience of the past ten years ought to prove to us that the nearer we follow the mode of keeping stock in Texas, the nearer we shall come to raising Texas stock. All authorities agree that it is " the tendency of all improved breeds of domestic animals to relapse to their original status when they are neglected or abused, and all improvements in stock can be fully maintained only by a reasonable share of the same care and judgement by which the jmpprovement was originally ef fected; that irregular feeding, an occasion al scant supply, undue exposure to cold, or temperature uncomfortably high, is ,disas trous to any high degree ..of improvement. The tenth Duchess ot Adair never attained ht r points of perfection picking stray biots of grass on-a ledge of rocks, and standing for days and nights together humped up ,gld nearly fr9zen to death under a cedar tlash. Neither rvas she the proceeds of wltolesale system of breeding ofeery little scrawny heifer on :the range at eight or nine months of age, no matter what kind of a bull you might use, and until we accept tIle aondi tions, and follow out the details Ithat have made the Shorthorn what it is, w.e have no reason to expect any success in maintain ing it in its state of perfctior, and when the day comles, and it will surely come, when Montana will conduct her stock-rais ing on such principles, she ewill carry hun dreds of cattle where she now carries one, and will be crowded witl ly prosperous and wealthy people. 'That " cattle are worth more to the coun try than any other kind of stock " is only an assertion, and I suppose a denial would have an equal right and balance it, but I wishl ;to show, by actual working tests, that if you estimate the worth of the arti cle by time 4lount of money it will return to you as . clear net profit on the invest ment, inl comparing cattle with sheep, the former would not stand a ghost of a show. We will take Mr. Anceney's statement as a working basis ; that is, buying a yearling steer at ten dollars and keeping him until he is four-year-old ; that he will grow in valuae at the rate of four dollars a year ; you 'aMve twenty-five dollars, provided he don't die jlst before you get ready to sell him. If he dloes, you don't have much of anything. In the chances of death, the sheep has every advantage, for in no other domestic ani nrel is the hazzard of loss by death so small." " If decently managed, a good shmeep can never die in dlelbt to a mna ; .if it dies at birth, it has consumed notlhingg; if it d(ies tile first winter, its wool will pay for its consumption upl to that period ; Wit lives to be sheared once, it brings its owner in debt to it, and if the ordinary and natu ral course of wool production and breeding goes on, that indebtedlpess will increase uni formly and with accelerating rapidity, until the day of its death. If the horse or the steer die at three oft four years ot age, or the cow before breeding, thie loss is alnost a total one." Your ten dollars invested in four common ewes, would in tIhe same time give you thirty-cighlt head of sheep and thirty-tour dlollars in money. If any one doubts it, hle can prove it in a small pasture on almost any farm in (lallatin county in three years. I will also refer to the statement of S. F. Christian in thle agti cultural report for 1879, page 380, sh.owin a clear net profit of eighteen thousand . ie hundred and six dollars in five Years fronl twelve hundred ewes.--C. Edward Courier. FRANCE is a large importer (f forei4 s.tock. In 1877 she imported 185,000 bhlk cattle. 1,5000,000 sheep, and 130,000 Pigs, al of which are examined in the fronntier c tom houses by veterinary surgeons, T maintain the necessary staff of N;eterinary officials, the expense being 125,000 franca yearly, a small .tax is exacted per head of stock. HERDSMEN'S PIREOTORYf G. L. LEWjIg. Range---Smith river Valley, from Camp B( ker to the canyon. Post Office... Baker, M. T. MAin K.-Dulap. Crop off of1 right ear and ahole in left. JOHN T. MOORE. Range-smith riter Valley, from Camp Baker to the canyon. Post Office---Camp Baker, M. T. MARK.-Swallowfork in left ear, and wattle on right jaw JOHN G. LEWIS, Range--Smith river and Muscleshell valleys. Post "Oflice---Cental Park, M. T. THOMAS COONEY. ' Range---Missouri so99! Valley, from Confed erate to Cave gulch. Post Oflice--Canyon Ferry, M. T. GILBERT ECKER, Range---Smith river Valley. Post Office-Diamond City, M. T. P. J. MOORE & BRO. Range--Smith river and Muscleshell Val leys. Post Office-Martins dale, M. T. MARK,-Half crop in left ear, and wattleon each jaw. JONAS HIGGINS. Rang e-- useclesall Valley. Address--F. Gaugler, Martinsdale, M1. T. BREEDERS' DIRECTORY. C & H. EDWARDS, Importers and Breeders of IMPROVED AMERICAN MERINOS, A FEW CHOICE RAMS FOR SALE. Elk Grove Ranch, 7 miles west of Bozeman., P. O. Address, Bozeman, M T. .4-0 BENNETT & GOODALE, Importers and breeders of pure-blooded COTSWOLD SHEEP, Are now prepared to supply the wool-growel o the Territory with pure-bloods of either sex. Rams, 1 year old, $50. Early Lambs, $S0. Inspection invited. P. O. address: Camp Bake, Montana. sep-43-0 1 BERIKSIIRE FOGS. I claim to have this celebrated breed in Fill i purity. Pigs well selected in airs or tries, akin, at low figures. 'V. WILCOX Cold Spring Ranch, three miles east of l 'eli JAMES MAULLDIN, RBIEEDEE OF Percheron--Norman Horses. YOUNG STO K FOR SALE. Correspondence solicited. Address, Wyat1o0 Beaverhead tounity, Montana. W. COOK & BRO., IMPOTIRTaRS AND BREEDERS OF Thoroughbpedi Cotswold Sbeel Offer for sale a few choice thoroughbred ' and have also some fine grades-one-ba--,0 three-fourths blood; I'ostof.ice addres:co Baker, Montana. cep"