WYE copy an article from the Courier of
recent (late written by C. Edwards, wool
grower of Gallatin county, in answer to
,Cbha4es Anceney's article copied by us some
aweks ago. The question a- to which par
rticular branch of live stock husbandry is the
most profitable. is one not easy determined.
We, like Mr. Edwards, are somewhat in
clined to the belief that wool-growing rath
er stands at the head. The figures, at a
casual glance at least. would readily incline
one to the conclusion; but when we sit
down and carefully consider all the facts,
,weigh all the advantages and disadvantages,
,consider the risk, the relative amount of
care necessary, there is not so much differ
ence, after all. Sheep husbandry has not
existed in our Territory on a large scale
long enough to be able to make a full esti
mate of the risks and losses of a decade,
.while the beef industry can be figured on
,with cer:ainty; yet we have full confidence
,that the average success attained in the
.wool industry in our Territory, will be fully
-maintianed throyghout all time. It is a
,well known tact that either, or we might
say every branch of stock husbandry in our
.midst so far exceeds anything that can be
,attained anywhere else in America, that
.cavil as to which is superior is useless. AVe
:think the Courier's correspondent creares a
wrong impression, or errs somewhat ij his
.statement respecting the beef prodipcing
business. He is no doubt a good sheph.erd,
a thorough agriculturist, but we beieve
,that his inference in regard to the cattle in
terest of our Territory were drawn from ob
servatious made in thickly settled farming
,districts, and not from the facts as they ex
:ist in our valleys where stock is the para
mount interest and the plow, spade and hoe
,are rarely ever employed. We cannot agree
.with him that because an animal rpals$ at
will over hill and dale and beconmes wild
,from not being accustomed to the haunts of
,men that it necessarily deteriorates, geither
.can the fact of wild feed have any great ,ef
feet. or if it did the argument would not
hold good in AMontana, since our bpnchi
grass isunot to be excelled in nutrimnezt by
the vegetation of tny land or country. The
thoroughbred, ifleft to run and feed solely
,upon pasture and hay, will, of course, pot
remain in as trim shape asit grain ,fed, ;but
necessarily belly out more from the con
stant use of coarse and bulky provender.
But the symmetry can only be eflected in
this particlar. The deterioration of cattle
in Texas is caused -from the practice so
strongly condemned by iMr. Aullcey's,
.that of paying no attention to what b>l;eed.
grade aplt,guality of bulls are ullwe41t to
,run upon the range. The Dukes and
Dutches, qf the States have the,cream ofev
erything-hat is good, and a home lte a
.alace. They are kept for show aniuals
and made to carry every possible pouail of
,flesh, but their offspring unless subjected to
the same ptmpering will develop no better
points than f .their ancestors had only re
ceived ordinary care. Our winters are
sometimes long and cold, and many a bul
lock has to r ass the long winter ,qights
humped on .the lee side of some fri~idly
" cmlar bush," stivering with cold, bait the
surprising glgtres at which they kick ,the
.beamn when they come to the slaugh~ter
house, is a4undant evidence that they tre
neither dwarfed nor stunted thereby. T'tey
,tie equal, and in Itauy cases, superior to
States' raised beeves. If our horned stock
have deteriorated any\vhere, it is in thickly
settled tannring sections, where little at
tention is paid to the class of bulls turned
.oot and stock are fed enough in winter to
keep them around the farm and fron learn
ing the important lesson of how to rustle
for then.selves and not fed a sufficiency.
On most of our valleys our beeves are imn
proving, but a careful system in regard to
bills is maintained, though there is still
room for improvement, and we hope the clay
is not ftar distant when there will be noth
ing short of a thoroughbred bull to be found
upon our range.
. . . ......... ' - -Il . . . . . .
A R.ETURN pre.sented the parliament of
Great Britain of the quantities of dead meat
imported into the United Kingdom from
the United States fromn August, 1877, to the
end of January, 1878, shows that the total
amount was 24,819 tons.
RONTANA BLOODED STOCK.
The arrival a day or two since of Mr. H.
G. Ward, a noted trainer of Kentucky, with
another lot of blooded horses for the Fash
ion Stables suggests a mention. They now
contain undoubtedly not only the finest
collection of blooded horses and mares in
Montana, but the best collection of top
crosses w.est of the Missouri river. There
are now eighteen fine horses in the the Sta
bles, including " Ieadlight," thoroughbred,
by Bayonet by Lexington, and ' Sonny
Coon" by Allie West (5 year-old, record
2:2!) by Almont, half-brother to Gold
smith's Maid, 1st dam by Kentucky Clay ;
2d dam by Ericson. Montana has proven
to be a choice location for raising fine hores,
rivaling Kentucky itself, and the years are
not far distant when it will compete for the
palm. Larabie Bros. have entered earnest
ly into the Importation and breeding of
good stock and next fall Montanians inter
ested in good horses will have a chance to
ee the speed and action of their horses, ex
w'nine pedigree and judge of their value.
TI.'\ following are the horses imported this
spri,' r and it will be seen it embraces some
of the ,st blood of the American Turf:
Black L "tmond-Scant 16 hands, 4 years
old, sired b.. Mambrino Patchen (full
brother to Lady Thorn) by Mambrino
Chief; 1st dam by Cassius M. Clay, Jr.,
record 2:26k, (half-brother to George M.
Patchen, record,2:231, dam by Abdallah,
sire of Rysdyk's Ilambletonian) ; 2d .dam
by Old Denmark, (thoroughbred); 3d dam
by Parker's Brown Pilot, etc.
Superior-Blood bay, 3 years old, 16
hands, sired by Administrator by Rysdyk's
-Iambletonian; 1st dam Mambrino Queen
(2:35), full sister to Mambrino King by
Mambrino Patcheln, (full brother to Lady
Thorn-2:1D ); 2d dam by Alexander's Ed
win Forest; 3d damn by Birmingham by
Stockholder; 4th dam by Bertra:nd by Sir
Archy; 5th dam by Sumpter by Sir Archy;
6th dam by Imp. Buzzard, etc.
Assignee-Brown. 15- hands, .2 years old,
sired by Administrator by Ryslyk's Ham
bletonian; 1st dam a thorougbbrsed, pedi
gree not yet received.
Christine-Sorrel mare, 7 years old, by
imported Australian; Est dam b)y ~exing
ton ; 2d damn by Eclipse.; 3d dank by Sump
ter, etc. This mare while en route drop
ped a fine foal filly by War Dance by Lex
ington. This filly, Gypsy, is half sister to
Old Widow McMeekiun.
Miss Ella-Chestnut filly, 4 years old, by
Enquirer by Leamington sire of Longfel
low; 1st dam by imported Austrýlit:t; 2d
dam by Lexington; 3d darn by Eclipse;
4th dam by Sumpter, etc.
Persons posted in pedigrees will perceive
at once that all of the above stock are from
the finest famihes, richest in blood, and
those that have produced the most winners,
both trotting and running. Superior and
Assignee are the only grandsons of. ld Rys
dyk's LHambletonian in Montana. Their
sire, "Administrator, is not only a horse of
great substance but a trotter. With but lit
tle handling lie secured a record of 2;3,3 af
ter serving 100 mares. lie has sired many
fast ones, among which is Memento, a year
ling filly, that trotted a full mile with 150
lbs. up in 2:56f. She is the trotting wonder
of the world.--New North West.
George Steell's young stallion, Matt Car
roll. is just five years old, a bay with black
points, and represented to be a perfect beau
ty. He made his tirst season last year, at
-un River crossing, but, on account of his
age, was linhlted to ten mares. IHe is sta
tioned at Sun river this year. The follovw
ing is a copy of his pedigree:
Got by Wissahickon; 1st dam got by Red
Eye, a noted Kentucky thoroughbred. Wis
subhickon got by Win. E. Welch; he by
Rysdyk's HIambletonian; dam by imp.
Trustee; grand dam by Mamnbrino. Wis
shlickon, dam Lady Montague, by Mam
brino Chief, out of Bellamira ; she by imp.
Monarch, out of Kitty HIeath; she by
American Eclipse, out of Pomona, etc. La
dy Montague is half-sister of Lady Thorne;
is the damn of the celebrated horse ils
OUR STOCK INTERESTS.
I do not like the manner in which Mr. An
ceny hatndled the sheep in his letters in re
cent issues of the Courier. I do not think
he gave them a "fair shake" at nil ; anu
being in the sheep business in a small way
myself. cannot refrain from coming and say
ing a few words in their defence. I also
wish to make a few remarks on the subject
of ranges and the improvement of stock.
Like MIr. Anceny. I don't see how any
one can afford to raise stock and not nmke
every possible effort to impro\:e it; and I
wish every one in Montana was equally
anxious as he is to see only the best kind of
animals eating bunch grass on our hills. I
consider the distressing pictures of depas
turage drawn by Mlr. Aulceny as unwarrant
ed by the real condition of our ranges. I
think the facts of the case are that we ex
pect too much of the range, and conse
quently are disappointed in our endl-vors
to improve our stock. 3My observations
convince inc that the altered con(litions to
which the cattle of this Territory have been
sub;ected accounts for their deterioration.
and deteriorated they certainly are from the
original stoek which was brought here from
the States in the years of 1804-' and '66,
particularly, specimens of which may yet
be seen in our herds. The experience of
the past ten years ought to prove to us that
the nearer we follow the mode of keeping
stock in Texas, the nearer we shall come to
raising Texas stock. All authorities agree
that it is " the tendency of all improved
breeds of domestic animals to relapse to their
original status when they are neglected or
abused, and all improvements in stock can
be fully maintained only by a reasonable
share of the same care and judgement by
which the jmpprovement was originally ef
fected; that irregular feeding, an occasion
al scant supply, undue exposure to cold, or
temperature uncomfortably high, is ,disas
trous to any high degree ..of improvement.
The tenth Duchess ot Adair never attained
ht r points of perfection picking stray biots of
grass on-a ledge of rocks, and standing for
days and nights together humped up ,gld
nearly fr9zen to death under a cedar tlash.
Neither rvas she the proceeds of wltolesale
system of breeding ofeery little scrawny
heifer on :the range at eight or nine months
of age, no matter what kind of a bull you
might use, and until we accept tIle aondi
tions, and follow out the details Ithat have
made the Shorthorn what it is, w.e have no
reason to expect any success in maintain
ing it in its state of perfctior, and when
the day comles, and it will surely come,
when Montana will conduct her stock-rais
ing on such principles, she ewill carry hun
dreds of cattle where she now carries one,
and will be crowded witl ly prosperous and
'That " cattle are worth more to the coun
try than any other kind of stock " is only
an assertion, and I suppose a denial would
have an equal right and balance it, but I
wishl ;to show, by actual working tests,
that if you estimate the worth of the arti
cle by time 4lount of money it will return
to you as . clear net profit on the invest
ment, inl comparing cattle with sheep, the
former would not stand a ghost of a show.
We will take Mr. Anceney's statement as a
working basis ; that is, buying a yearling
steer at ten dollars and keeping him until
he is four-year-old ; that he will grow in
valuae at the rate of four dollars a year ; you
'aMve twenty-five dollars, provided he don't
die jlst before you get ready to sell him. If
he dloes, you don't have much of anything.
In the chances of death, the sheep has every
advantage, for in no other domestic ani
nrel is the hazzard of loss by death so
small." " If decently managed, a good
shmeep can never die in dlelbt to a mna ; .if it
dies at birth, it has consumed notlhingg; if
it d(ies tile first winter, its wool will pay for
its consumption upl to that period ; Wit
lives to be sheared once, it brings its owner
in debt to it, and if the ordinary and natu
ral course of wool production and breeding
goes on, that indebtedlpess will increase uni
formly and with accelerating rapidity, until
the day of its death. If the horse or the
steer die at three oft four years ot age, or
the cow before breeding, thie loss is alnost
a total one." Your ten dollars invested
in four common ewes, would in tIhe
same time give you thirty-cighlt head of
sheep and thirty-tour dlollars in money. If
any one doubts it, hle can prove it in a small
pasture on almost any farm in (lallatin
county in three years. I will also refer to
the statement of S. F. Christian in thle agti
cultural report for 1879, page 380, sh.owin
a clear net profit of eighteen thousand . ie
hundred and six dollars in five Years fronl
twelve hundred ewes.--C. Edward
FRANCE is a large importer (f forei4
s.tock. In 1877 she imported 185,000 bhlk
cattle. 1,5000,000 sheep, and 130,000 Pigs, al
of which are examined in the fronntier c
tom houses by veterinary surgeons, T
maintain the necessary staff of N;eterinary
officials, the expense being 125,000 franca
yearly, a small .tax is exacted per head of
G. L. LEWjIg.
Valley, from Camp B(
ker to the canyon.
Baker, M. T.
MAin K.-Dulap. Crop off of1 right ear and ahole
JOHN T. MOORE.
Valley, from Camp
Baker to the canyon.
Baker, M. T.
MARK.-Swallowfork in left ear, and wattle on
JOHN G. LEWIS,
Range--Smith river and
Park, M. T.
THOMAS COONEY. '
Valley, from Confed
erate to Cave gulch.
Ferry, M. T.
City, M. T.
P. J. MOORE & BRO.
and Muscleshell Val
dale, M. T.
MARK,-Half crop in left ear, and wattleon
Rang e-- useclesall
Martinsdale, M1. T.
C & H. EDWARDS,
Importers and Breeders of
IMPROVED AMERICAN MERINOS,
A FEW CHOICE RAMS FOR SALE.
Elk Grove Ranch, 7 miles west of Bozeman.,
P. O. Address, Bozeman, M T. .4-0
BENNETT & GOODALE,
Importers and breeders of pure-blooded
Are now prepared to supply the wool-growel o
the Territory with pure-bloods of either sex.
Rams, 1 year old, $50. Early Lambs, $S0.
Inspection invited. P. O. address: Camp Bake,
Montana. sep-43-0 1
I claim to have this celebrated breed in Fill i
purity. Pigs well selected in airs or tries,
akin, at low figures. 'V. WILCOX
Cold Spring Ranch, three miles east of l 'eli
YOUNG STO K FOR SALE.
Correspondence solicited. Address, Wyat1o0
Beaverhead tounity, Montana.
W. COOK & BRO.,
IMPOTIRTaRS AND BREEDERS OF
Thoroughbpedi Cotswold Sbeel
Offer for sale a few choice thoroughbred '
and have also some fine grades-one-ba--,0
three-fourths blood; I'ostof.ice addres:co
Baker, Montana. cep"
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