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OCKY MOUNTAIN HISBANDMAN, .
----~----------- ----- _____ ý - -- -- -- - ---~----- ---- _- - --- ---at A A Journal Devoted to Agriculture, Live-stock, Home Beading, and General News. " PER SI GLE COPY. VOL. 3. DIAMOND, CITY, M. T., MAY 2, '7788. NO. 24. N. N. SUTi HEF LIN, -;!'lal'.)it .AND PIRlOP) I-LTOR. ,RIt Ro,'-M T H \t :1r;MAN iN designed ', n , o ', : bll L 11.' L Itul it i . ( 1 3 v e.ry ,lan ,t . . .'lture, o tok-rain,-i g, 11orti an-i ,Il t l)o? I! i: l E ono . 15 $ 7 $ 1 201C $ etk 7 10 1 15 40 ;" ".le 1 3 1.i 21 401 ,onuh, t , = ;, ti 75 "0 I 1031 20 0 350 r ,il _l I .I (;n)7ti. l i 1,t0lhlO il 1S t )rly. p -litv;l Iti " ce:it. ;c.lien t fo)r spec.l aldvertise iII U TUR .1 AL. 'fisu ibjct of the growth of bi'rs upon toclk ralges h:lviig eniaged our iatteI to somei extent (luring the past few nth, we d.,esire to purnie i, until we nie ieilll orr.c'ect colitdiisiOil ha, beenll r :;it, for no1 Sbjoet is liraughti with great iiteret to o.u wool iindui.stry thati this. ai ratiges, whicih are now h.o rel:arkably . re t r rOliil so. the quality of otlur Sprodllct will will for it a reputation eli aniiot be excelled. In last week's e we admitted that there wore some bts as to whether or not our assertions torlner article in regard to this plant correct, but the bulk of the testimony ch we have been able to lather goes to tantiate theml. The first tiock.otfsheep ever troi the Missoutri v'a.ey were ight there in the tfa!l or wihlt,.r of 1835, we are assired by a nullmber of reliable fleueni that the bur to which we have ente existed even at that date along the bottoms throughout the valley. how it had grown there prior to that tila3, Il be impossible to tell. We are satisfied there has been abundant time aiid op lnity for themi to have spread over our. h hullds had these lands been adapted to growth. Had the driving of California p lffected this in any wa', we certainlyi l hnave noticed it on Smith river, this y having beeu occupied by sheep for. rl years past. Though quite well as upnll this point,, it is very probable the plant has increased in agr;oulturale iets. lost of our Montana flarmers are ,ustoaeal to it, an.l nob aware that it is a great nuisance. We are confident if they will turn their attention to it, it be extermuinated with a very little' ex i alid we trust our -agitation of the ct may enlist them in this worki PEN NOTES ABOUT TH.E FARM. FRUIT GROWING.-NO. II. e nllagemenit of the quince, pear and y trees should be about the same as id for apple trees. These fruits, ia hi Montana, are of usual size, and a very rich flavor. Ot my travels in errito"y last year I cannot call to mnind}, alts of greater pleasure than those ex IOe l in picking ripe cherries from the 'iu the trch rd. of W. E. Bass & Bro., soula c nltty. It was on July 4th, and erries were just ripening. The tree s which tllhey grew were but four years -ud not so higil. but that I could reach toptjmost branch, but the cherries were ge as th,,se groivn in Missouri and It and very rich and beautiful. Peach appears to be the.4nost delicate hard to grow, and except in a few of 0st favorled locations I do0 not expect a succe,,. In answer to a question \ E. E. Bass, o tine t since, concern the trieaUent of fruit trees, hit says: h trees should, be sheltered in winter. I, lan is to set up a shock of corn d each tree early in the fill, and re it!,,s3i t1he sp:"a= " Such a pr.occd uire would, be somewhat difficult to fo)low by the farmei's of Central Montana, trom the fact that they have not as yet. succeeded in the culture of corn to a:sufficient perfec lion to be used in this manner. This, how ever, is more from their own negligence than from any other cause. The smaller fruits, such as currants, rasp berries, blackberries and gooseberries, can be grown upon any farm in Montana, and it is Indeed strange that the people of Central Montana have lived so long in want of the excellent table luxuries so easy to be obtain ed. Of the varieties which I can recoim miend, the Davidson's Thornless, Black CG,), Red, and Thirstine Red Raspberries ; the Kittatiny and Dorchester Blacliberries, and IIoughton's Annual Seedling Gooseberries, are the best. 'l'hese fruits grow and begin to bear the second year, but are best at the age of four or fii'e years. Their cultivation is easy. Plant them in dry land, and keep the ground moist through the growing sea son, and they will grow and produce berries th.,t, when once you have them,- will be anl indispensable luxury for the table. Messrs. Elijah Chaffin, W. E. Bass & Bro., and a niumber of other progressive farmers of Mis soula county, raise bushels of these berries iii their gardens v.ery year, and besides hav ing solrie for tmarket they preserve enough for table use the year round. Of strawberries, the Wilson's Albany an(d Jileullla have proven best. They flourish well and yield largely. The first-named is best for shipping, but is not as fine a berry as-the Jucunla. The latter grows very large, and is the richest flavored of any I have seen. The cultivation of strawberries is simple and easy. Set them out in long rows, about three feet apart; plow and cul tivate the first year as-you would-born. Af ter the first year, do nothing with them ex cept to cut out and ),.n the largest weeds. The Bass Bros. plow tup and destroy their strawberries at the end of every four years. They so manage as to plant a certain amount of newsets every yeari and to destroy the same :nmoinnt of old ones. The vine usually bear some trs'it the first year, and-:or two or three scaso us following the yield iticreases,. but afterwards it appears to decline. They never use any mulching or protection for winter. WILL. T'HE OWNERS OF THE 5fIL. The man who stands on his own soil, who. feels that by the laws of the land in which: he lives--by, the laws of civilized nations he is the rightful and exclusive owner of the land which lie tills, is, by the constitution of our nature, ander a wholesome influence' not easily imbibed from any other source. lie feels, other things being.:equal, more strongly than-any other the -character of man as lord of the inanimate -world. | Of this great and wonderful sphere, which, tasLhioned by. the hand of God and upheld by His powers is rolling through the hea vens, a part is his-his from earth to sky. It is the space in which the generation before "i'm moved in its round of duties, and he feels himself connected by a visible link with those who are to follow him, and to whom he is to transmit a home. Perhaps his fitrm has come down to him from his fathes. They have gone to their last home, but he can trace their fotstips over the scenes of his daily hibors. The roof that shelters him was raised by those to whom he woes his being. Some interesbiag domestic tradi tion is connected with every Inclosure. T.he favorite.truivtsee was planted bygthe father's hand. He- supportwl in childhood beside' the brook which still winds through the meadow. Theopath'to the village school of earlier days lies through the field. : lie still hears through the windi..wthe voice of the Sabbath bell which called his father, to the house of God, and near at hand is the spot where his parents lay. down to rest, and where, when his time. has come, he shall be I id by his children.-, These are the feelugs olthe. owners. of.t xsoil > Werdl, cawiot paint them--gold cannot buy them. They. flow out of the deepest fountains of the heart; they are the lifespring of a fresh, healthy and generous national character.- Irving. The Scientific Famner having requested the views of its patrons upon the seed dis tributing department at Washington, a Maine farmer notes: " I will say that the farlmers in this vicinity look upon the de partment very much as Ezekiel looked upon the valley of dry bones. A few of us down in Maine still have faith that with a live man at the head (or perhaps a decently lively corpse), it might be made of some benefit to us. Can any good thing come out of Nazareth?" STHE POULTRY YARD. EXAMINE THE NESTS. See that your nests are kept clean, and well supplied with fresh hay, straw, or oth er good nesting material. This is an abso lute necessity, and ali'good poultrybreeders recognize it as such. Those who complain ot getting few eggs, are usually the ones who do not supply their hens with plenty of good, sweet and c.ean nests or them to lay their eggs in, leaving the fowl to find places to layJ wherever they can. The re sult is, that only part of the eggs are found. the remainder going to sustain and fatten the numerons rats and other pests which are always found under and around farm build ings, especiflly old ones., One of the greatest reasons for fowls be ing infested vith countless numbers of lIee. is the general carelessness in regard to nests. A new nest-box is put up and filled, nicely with suitable material ; here it stays, nest aun nill, untilit literally wears outuv.od afP ter brood being hatched on the same straw; Here, too, lice find a congenial place, and, breed in safety- and in great numbers, for they have plenty of the filth they delight in. No wondor that, occasionally,.a fine hen is found dead on the nest, for even a humsan: being would soon be worried to death if in fested by such myriads of parasites. Then farmers, fmnciers, all, burn your old nests, clean the boxes and purify theml, inside and out with whitewash, make new nests, and never let a hen attempt to hatch out a brood on old and filthy straw.-Ameriaan Poultry Yard. POULTRY: DIET. Cayenne popper, mustard, or ginger, can, with great benefit, be added to the food of fowls, to increase their vigor, and. to stimu late egg droduction. This apparently artificial diet will be seen to be natural if we renumber that wild birds of the galilnaceous species get access to very niany high-spiced berries and buds; articles that give the "game tflavor" to their flesh. Tihe ordinary food of the domestic fowl is not, indeed, entirely without some such ad dition, since there is more or less of an aro matic principle in wheat, Indian corn, and all other grdlns. Nevertheless, it is not sut ficient in q}antity to supply the place of the stronger spices, a taste for which is part of the fowl's inherited constitutio". A':noder ate quantity of cayenne, etc., added to the ground grain is al ways productive of health and thrltt in poultry. It is a very careless method of feeding fowls, which we see so often adopted, where the grain is thrown down in greai heaps on the ground ortloor. It is not only wasteful, but injurious to the fowls, because they get over-ifd, and it is in an important respect contrary to their habits. For their nature is to "scratch.". Watch tlhe-old hen vith a brood when sihe is just let out ot the-coop. She hardly stirs from the spot, but as soon as she has realized her frtidomi, downI'.go her claws into the soil, and afterwardfwhen over you see her, she is at it. SAlways eed, then, no more than can be eaten atrea ee,..-and,tako.ea~. that..thi-is .so. scattered amongst some light rubbish,, that they may have the luxury ot scratching:for it. If teed is buried, in fresh eat th, then they get, with their, mouthfiuls of grain, something of use to their peculiar digestive organs. Grain, howvever, should not be~al lowed to come in contact with the filthy, tainted soil too often found in the poultry yard.-Pouftry World.' COOKED FOOD. The experienced poultry breeder H. Todd says: "We think fowls cost less, and re turn more, if fed warm, cooked feed once a day, early yin the morning. A mixture of corn, oats and bran, and middlings, ground fine, is good ; or the corn may be boiled un ground. It is well to add a portion of boil ed potatoes, apples, or turnips, and vary the mixture occasionally, for a change. The teed should b6 well cooked, and not made thin. In the breeding season, 4ine bran and oats, with vegetables, make a feed sufficient ly rich for Asiatics, which are disposed to get so fat an to prevent~ laying, increase broodiness, and render eggs unfertile. In fact, they should lre fed very sparingly, and kept 'hungry and lively.' '-I prefer whole grain in variety or mid day and evening feeding.. In cooking daily there is quite a saving, as mucLh- stuff and scraps can be converted into foodcthat would go to waste. There is nothing but what fowls will eat, if properly. 'dished up.'" THE HOUSEHOLD. RECIPES. Curd and Whey.-Sweeten and flavor to taste one quart of sweet milk; add one tablespoonful of.liquid rennet; set in a warm place till it sets oo looks like clabber. Serve cold. Baked Rodl.-Make a rich crust, as for pies, roll and. spread on jam, berries, or fruit of any kind, then roll up and place in a pudding dish; make e nough of these to fill your dish. f or sauce, take one pint of boiJ ing water, two tablespoons of sugar, one of butter, one-egg well beaten, one heaping teaspoon o[ flour ; set on the stove and stir until it thikens; flavor to taste. Pour a small quantity of this over your roll, put in and bake uttil a light browi". -. Serve with the remiainder0of".sauee. Pound Ca.ik--Take one pound of sugar, one pound of flour, two teaspoons baking powder, ten eggs, twf4ablespoons of rose water ; beat the sugar and butter together as lightlpas possible, -tien add gradually the rose water and about one-fourth the flour; whisk the eggs until very thick, then stir in the butter and sugar gradually, thre the remainder of the fibur, a small quantity at a time ; beat all well together; line your pan with' white paper,; :put in yourn'batter, smooth the top with a knite and bake in a moderatifoven about two and a half hours. LemorCTustard Piei-.-One and a half cups white sugar, one and a half tablespoolis of of flour, one heaping teaspoon of butter; stir these ingredients together, then grate in one good-sized lemon, add three cups boil:: ing water, stirring it alt the time ; beat four eggs, the whites and yolks separately, add the yolks first, thena the 'whitemt-this will make three pies. Dropped eggs.-Have ready the skillet' half filled with saltem water scalding hot, break each egg into a cup, and'slip it care- - tilly into thl hot water, so as not to break the yolk. While the egg are boiling,.throw the water over the yolk\rith a spoon V Whenl the white looks firm, take them ou!with a . perforated skimmer. 'lrimi them- neatly, place each on a piece of buttered toast, and send to the table hot. About -one-third of: the weight of an egg is solid nutriment. The vfegetariams of England use eggs freely, live to be very old men,.and are remarkably tree , from illness. Eggs contain a large amount of phosphorus, which is. neceseary..to ailu4 whL-use their brrins.. .