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The Rocky Lountain THibadnlman.
R. N. SUTHERLIN, Editor. THURSDAY, MAY 2, 1878. WIVY learn. fronm.the Bozeman papers that a project is on toot looking to the organiza- 1 tion of a Fair Association at that place. This is a very important move, and if prop- : erly carried out will be of incalculable bene tit to Gallatin valley, and to all of Eastern Montana. We know of no better means o that can be employed to encourage the im- I portation of fine stock and induce the care tul study and employment of the most im proved modes of tilling the soil-than associ ations of this character. The experience of the old settled States has demonstrated this. An agricultural fair cannot fail,to become the means of doing good, and the better it is managed the greater and more lastingwill be the benefits resulting therefrom. The farmcns.of*Gallatin valley are wealthy and prosperous, and abundantly able-to or ganize.an.association of this kind that may not only-do credit to Bozeman and Gallatin c:ounty, but to the entire Territory. Galla tin ow s a fair share of the fine stock of Montana, and Bozeman is a point of considc erable commercial importance,.and as good., :,location for such an exhibition as could have been selected. Besides commanding a considerable home patronage,.it will draw a large attendance of the fine stock of Madi son, Beaverhead, Jefferson and ;Meagher counties; which would represent:the bulk of tine stock of the Territory. W~ would say to tietfarmers.there : take a liberal amount of stoqk. ;> sg tp.it that you owv the control ling interest, that you may conduct it for. the advancement-of, your callins. Do not enter into it with.the hope that it.will prove a, great finanelal speculation,, and do not conduct it withthis view. Lot your object be the adv.ncement of the industrial inter est of the country. Look for your divi clends, not in dollars,, but.in the general im provement and progress.which such institu tions are calculated to inspire. Horse rac ing, which has become the leading feature in our modern fairs, should not-receiverany more consideration than other branches of the stock business. The premiums offered for different kinds, classes and grades of stock should be governed by the importance of each class to the permanent wealth of the country. If bref aind wool ara our most important live stock interest, if these seem: Aestined to add most materially to the rev enue of the country, they ,are entitled to re ceive the,, most important consideration. We do not deelaimnagainst racing. It is a gr'eat sourc of, amusement. The thorough bred horso is the. finest type of the equine race we have in purimidat, bjt tieir produc tion can never', become. such a source of wealth as oqr other stock interests, and the latter should have the preference,, The pool box, which has become so universal at fairs, should never be introduced. It cam contrib ute nothing towards the development of the horse, and if an association cannot, flourish without the paltry revenue derived from this source it woyld be better to abandon the oliterprise at once. If ,we wold, not raise up a generation of gaiphlers, we should not make gamtllntg , part of. the industrial, in .itutions of oyr couwjtry., The propeisilty of "Young America" to. become sports.is lby far too great alge.dy,. It is nonsense to claim.that a fair associatioq cnnot succeed t hiat is based olely upon and for theepcour agement ot,the agr~ultuupl, mechanicp l and minueral industrieg of the country, a~l we trust that the Bqzeman Fair Assooiation may be organizf with atview to the,verifi cation of this, truth. THE prospect ot a pimosperous season to the montana fit'rmer is not so good at pres ent writing as it.,has beep for a mouth past. We advised early sowing in order to get'the benefit oe the mgisture, and with tlpe hope. that the graidn thus sown would be too ftr :dvanced tfo be destroyed by the 'hopper.s, ibt contrary tq the general rule tite."pesky things" ar'q on~a mo ntht in advance of for iner years, and earlysowig is ingreat d'n :~er. These wliydul thegrontd ready 1and ;;ft grain in as soon as it was. sufltenltly thlwecd, have some fields which are.lokiiing well, 'l Thait, whichl was a little later dkld not iome up at once, on account of its being too ltry, and the irrigation has had a tendency .e ch,'c. it, until it is now only just peeping through the ground, and, we fear,.will be mowed down as fast as it grows, since wa ter, which is the most efficient means of warfare against the 'hoppers, is very scarce. Many farmers have not sown an-y, and most all have made some reservation for the pur pose of taking the chances on some late sowing: To these the prospect is fair.. The young 'hoppers, having come out mucah earlier than common,. will get their growth; and take their departure earlier, which will allow time for late sowing to mature. We have seen a good quality of wheat grown on fresh land that was sown as late as the 25th of May, and oats will often mature when sown even later than this. A diligent effort will protect many fields that are now just up, since the 'hoppers are so young, and by the time they become able to ferry a good-sizet irrigating ditch the grain will have such a start that they will go for fields less advanced. rThose who'have adopted $tie plan of waiting must wait a week longer to,be safe. SOUTH AFRICA. We are indebted to our faithful co res pondent, Jack McGoey, for the following from the new African Eldorado. C. K. Riale and W. H. Lutz left Crook City, Black Hills, ,on the 7th of last June, for the gold fields, and this is the first heard from them. since their departure from New York. RMale for ,merly did business in Helena, and Lutz is an old resident of Meagher county. F.RIEND MCGOEY :--I have delayed'writL ing much longer than I expected to,on ac- count of not being settled down so as to know just where to have my letters-directed to. 1 suppose you got the particulars of our journey from Lutz, as he wrote to you after landing,, but, for fear you did not get it, I+ will give you a short sketch. We left New York, July 12, via steamer State of Indiana,. for Glasgow, Scotland, and from there via Liverpool and London by rail to Southamp, ton, where we took the steamer Danube for Port Natal, ,South Africa, arriving there on the 28th offAugust, all safe and sound. We had a pleasant trip, with the exc.eption of a heavy storm encountered off Cape St. Fran oia-,.the farthest point south of Africa. We had.three-ot .the seamen badly injured, and a postion of the bulwarks carried away. but we ;t through all right. There were qLý te a number of women and children on beard. but they all behaved very well, that is,.they did not go about screaming and crying.' as I 'have read of them doing under like circum stances.. WVell,.after arriving at Natal and investi !ating, the reports from the mines, L con ludell that I did not want any of theim in nine, so I came out in this direction .while Lutz wvent on to the mines via DelegokBay. [ got, a letter from him some time, sg,,. He mid he was paying $8 per week board, and hal nQt done anything as yet,. an,,had not been.,able to work froin a slight. attack of the fyer he had on his way into ,the*meines. He said it was the hardes& p$ace for a broke man.that he ever saw,4 as the Cafftes (the natives) were woreking. f6r from~ $1.25 to $2.50 per month,. and a:white man had no show for a job'.. He said he had lent his gun to George WilUe to go out prospecting, and that if he had! the gun he would start the next day. lie said tlere were two or three places that he wanted to prospect, and that i- he did not start in a week ha would write to me. I have not received any letter from him since, so L suppose he must4have left, at4, for what I know, he may be in America beftore this reaches you. From what I can learn,, the mines are very spotted and diffi cult to prospect,. and not very extensive, al though theyhave taken out some big pay and some very large nuggets.. I gun now stopping in '"the bush,'"as they call it here, and am trying to make arrange ments to work sqope of the timber up by machinery, as it is now mostly done by hand. It'belongs to thet government, and they charge.$5 per month license for using. a saw ow.l.ze. by hank, and 1 am trying to get the privilege. of using a saw by water, power, and, it I succeed in doing ,so, I shall make enough to take me. back to my native, land again, and to Moutana, where I expect to make my home if i ever get back. I am about 150 nmileý frohm Port Natal, near the Drakenburg raig. of mountains. Natal is a British colony, and is on the east coast of Africa. They rai'd almost all kinds of tropical fruit here, stuh as oranges, lemons, banannas, etc, Alonug the. coast .t, never freezes, but where I am, they tell me, it freezes to the thickness of a pane of glass in winter. This is south of the Equt:tor, and the seasons are just the reverse of what you have, so that this is the lhst month of sum mer here, while with you it is the last mouth of winter. Peaches are about all ripe now, and apples and pears are just coming in. I don't suppose there is any use in me tel i.ig you not to come to Atrica, as from what I hiave said you would not come anyhow ; but 1 say, stay in America and stick to the stock business. Truly yours. C. K. LIALE. Ulandi, Natal, South Afr'ica..Feb. 26. REWRITTEN. -Ilenry Ward Beecher is to visit Salt Lake this summer. -It is believed that Mr. and TI's.. ilton will go to Europe together. -Italy proposes t\ hold an International Exhibition at Milan \ext year. -The German gov\ernment is discussing the proposition to incibease the tobaceo tax. -Ctngress is about to make an appropri ation for the building of a bridge across the Willamette river. -St..Petersburg is said'to conttiih 670,000 inhabited houses.. Tfhe first brick house was built in the year 1710. -There are still 400Q000 sheevin Los An gelos county, Chlifornia,. as tlhe remnant of the drouth and flood disasters.. -The present rulers of' the laws of eti quette have decided that it is only good style to bow after the lady has bowed. -Idaho Territory has .been furnished 220 rifles and 12:500 cartridges, to assist in pro tection against the Bannack Indians. -The percentage of lambs in the State of California is represented to be so small that pit will not cover the lbss by the floods. -A- .T. Stewart's W~oman's IIotel in New York is doing a flourishing. business. Over 200 boarders-have already:taken rooms. -Two new+ German naval statibus-one on the west coast of Africa, and the other ;on the Mediterranean-will be established ithis year. =-The Oregon people are becoming eiithu siastic on narrow-gauge railroads. Meet ings are being held, and stock subscribed at a brisk rate. -The subscription for a new issue of fifty millions of roubles, Treasury bonds, at St. Petersburg, began at 10 o'clock one morn ing last month, and was completed by 3 the same afternoon. -The bounty installment of $100 per month to J. W; Marshall, the discoverer of gold; in California, has been discontinued, the Legislature of that State refusing. a fur theri appropriation. -Among the stories floating about in London is one to.the effect that the niew Lady Rosebeiry presented her husband' on their wedding-day with a box in which,. ol opening it, he found a check for $1.500,000, -In the passage of the Thurman bill by the Senate, it is clired thllat Jay Gould's scheme is defeated.. The Union Pacific and Central Pacific are, by this bill, required to set aside one-fourth of their net profits as a sinking fund for the payment of theinterest on their debt. -John Bunyants tomb was, up to ,Ia;few years ago, a disgrace to the Euglksh people; but, fhanks to IJord Shaftsbury., a penny subscription was suggested, and 'a large sum was realized in coppers.. The tomb was furbished up and :the remains of dead cats surrounding it carted oflZ -Among the bequests. of the composer, Rossini, are two annual prizes, each of 3.000 francs ($600); ole to be given to the author of the musical composition, lyrical or: relig ous, which shall most abound in melody, and tihe other to the writer of the most fit ting words to it in prose or verse. -Tihus far the county conventionsih, the States along the Western coast have been unanimous in favoring an immediate modi fication of the treaty relation with :Ch ina, such as shall speedily check the influx of Chinese to the Pacific coast, and] make pro visions for the emigration ot those now in Atuerica. -The Philo-Celtic Association, an assbci ation formed for the preservati.n of the Irish language, have issued a call for a meet ing at 84 Pacific street, Brooklyn. The ob ject of the meeting is to form classes. Books will be furnished free to all those wishing to learn. Renowned Irishmen will addrfes the.m eetin .. -The late Victor Enantltell hal a queer lot of titles. He styled hhlsell eially Ilng of Cyprus and Jerualern , he was not so de jure or de faci.1 t vately intimated his belief thati h le rightful sovereign of Great Britai1t -(C:iuier, Byron. and the tirt j a reqtaired'larger hItn thlan the rairn. Bisnareak and'M'ltke measure more the crown than the Empemro William head increases in volume with theor mortal until the age of 45. - omen small heads, but, a deal of Iisc-hief is times in them. -Uitder the title of"'The Gardener the London Gardeners' Chronicle glve, scril:tion, with an illustrative wood frr ain ol1 i',inatl sketch drawn on the by Signor Beccani, of a bird which 1i onily an expert architect,. buildin, a like the bower bird of Australia, but garcidner. laying. out a garden in front The bird is a native of New Guinea, nmakes a nest of'the stems o an orchid, front of the nest a dressed lawn oft s formed, on which the attentive h places day by day, for the delectation mate, flowers and fruits of bright colo1 pleasing flavor, -Some experiments have been in Brussels in breaking horses by means electric bridle. The apparatus, e1nll Engstrom bridle, after its inventor, simply in a couple of reins, along wh' electric wires. At the end of ithe small electric battery is attached,.w entii'ely in the power of the experl BIr pressing a little knob-the eleotrie acts on the corners of the horse's and after a few consecutive or ijite shocks the anim'al becomes perfectly A very intractable mare was broken in' one experiment with the bridle. ventor asserts that runaway horses linmediately brought to a standstill apparatus._. "_ . .. . ....* *. ! . , -. . ... NEW WOOL HOUSE. The following is an extract from m received by D. II. Weston, of lHelen E. Gwriser & GO~,. wool dealers of Sua cisoo": "Our Mr. LIealytlas rotunmed and us such favorable accounlts of his re and of the future of Montana as a w ing country,. that we have dete make the experiiment;o$t starting la 4 wool gradiugnand. packing house.. few days we will fovrward two pr they imay reach HIelena ianample se handling as nmuch of tl* next clip have the op.ostunity.. With twbe presses 25,000 potunds oft wool perd be pressed. Wheaevcr.there is enou iuess to warrant iscreased pressing we will makeatlie necessary increase. the seasons opens we intendi send1 IHealy withl.one of dur graders and so tiat weca\ n .ave the same syste we, use here. If the wool growers wisI, to have us grade their wool send it to .HIelena, we could pack wouki be, delivered to us in ample after July.lst, so that shipments nmade either by overland or by river. "Besides grading and packing We prepared to buy any wools wlhich tbeO are willing to sell at such a pelte think' we can make a moderate P slhipping4to.the Eastern marKetr.. also give growers the benefit o.ord tions in the various Eastern IrI shipping their wool for them i.tI.tY The business we are in here is grad packing wools we buy, and thoseboe other parties. We also bny for ourb0 count and ship to.Easternl matrets, so buy, on orders for Eastern mea. pose to do the same business i n In establishing a grading lhouseail wegive those who send woo, to u the benefit of our reputation as g which.lwe have gained by Ihaviigbg , business since California began tora Lastyear we handled, as graders ers, 11J750,000 pounds, besides nearly 21)00.000(. pounds. Ic ldl t we have handled we have not reC complaint, and our customers at t tell us that theynever ihave a -y need any bales, and that our work ha; factory. The price of gradt ing now n ame. .s we are not sulticle .Y as to what it will cost, but our will be prepared to name the plrid