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Rocky Mountain husbandman. (Diamond City, Mont.) 1875-1943, May 02, 1878, Image 4

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LIVE STOCK.
THE wool-growers of Montana have two
harvests in the year; that of clipping the
fleece and attending the lambs. Of these
cares attention to the lambs is most impor
tant. In their success with the lambs de
pends the success of the business, and if it is
carelessly managed, the increase of the
dock must be small and the profits light.
T'en clays ago the hills and plains were cov
ered with snow, thePun hid by clouds, and
the chilly weather indicated a severe time
.for this work; but at this writing the day
is clear and sunny, and a continuance of
the same two weeks longer will be the
.means of saving many thousand dollars to
the wealth of our country. The favorable
'..weather makes the work easier, but does
not relieve the flock men of their duty to
the sheep. Not only do the lambs need
care and attention, but the health of the
ewes should be looked after. The folding
pen should be kept clean and they should
not be too closely crowded into it. The
best lesson, ;however. is experience, but
with new beginners especially, will the ex
perience of others be found valuable. Many
of ojir readers being new beginners in wool
growing will d.oubtless appreciate and profit
by reading the following account of the
treatment of ewes and lambs by Scotch
breeders, which,we clip from an eastern ex
change :
,ir. Scott wrote that he had the manage
maent of a flock of 800 breeding ewes on his
father's farm, and thltt last year he met
with serious losses from inflammation, the
pens and sheds being over-crowded owing
to the severity of the weather, and having
become foul and tainted. lie endeavored
to stop the difficulty by chringing the folds
and pens, by bleef!ing and stimulants. etc.,
but all in vain until he tried the applica
tion of carbolic acid to the uterus, which
.proved successful. '.Ie diluied .tnie carbolic
acid with Gallipoli oil.(an inferior olive oil)
in difrfrent proportionis.Atccording to the se
verity of the case ; .in -tr. Wood's experi
ments, the dressing Jsed for severe cases
,was one part acid to seven of oil, and for
.milder cases one part acid to fifteen of oil.
Mr. W. writes:
'lhe first ca.se upon which the remedy
was tried was, that of a ewe which lambed
-n the fold on,a very wet, severe night, and
she seemed to have caught cold before the
.shepherd coubl get her into a shelter pen.
The ewe was taken with violent straini;ng,
and was in geat pain, and when ,.went to
the shepherd I found that by mistake lie
had used the milder dressing of the two.
which appeared to have little effect,; ,for at
that time the exterior of the vagikly was
fearfilliy enlarged, and gangrene had conm
menicel. I had the strong4ldressing applied,
and the effect was yery rqmarkable. The
poor ewe appc:,:red to be soothed and re
ileved tront pain, :tnd the inflammation and
swelling of the vagina gralnaflly subsided,
and eventually disaplwpeared, and the ewe
did well. It was an extreme case, and both
the shepherd and I thought pothing couldi
save t he life of the ewe, and we were both
of us surprised and pleased with the unex
peted result.
A secon(d case was that of a shearling ewe
.xvhieh had a wrong preseitation. and con
Fsilerablo force had to be used to turn the
Iam!b, and the shepherd thought the ewe
cWld not get over it. Ilowever some of the
strong mixture was lpourd into the uterus,.
,nud the external parts of the vagina were
w11 dressed, and the ewe never 1..i off her
food, and did well.
The third case was that of a three-year
old ewe whie3I had two lambs, one of which
was so placed that neither could be born
without help, and the shepherd had very
great diticulty in getting the lambs from
the ewe. and he thought this case would be
a good test for ti.e carbulic acid dressing.
Tile vagina was carefully washed with
warm water and wiped dry, and then the
strong mixture was applied pretty freely to
tge uterus as well as to the exterior of the
vagina which had been somewhat Iljured
from the force used. The ewe appeared
faint and exhausted for several hours, but
on the following day took her food and
gradually recovered.
The ewes in the Merton home Farm flock
have been remarkably healthy, and up to
this time 1 uever remember a more success
ful lambing season, and the; three cases I
have named above are the only opportuni
ties I had of trying the carbolic acid dress
ing in extreme cases, but they were of a na
ture to satisfy me that the dressing can be
used with great advantage, and this is also
the opinion of the flock shepherd here, who
is by no means a man to jump at conclu
sions, especially concerning a remedy of
which he had no previous experience.
The shepherd tells me that he has used
the mixture in several cases where he
thought there might be inflammation of the
uterus arise, and he is strongly of opinion
that it has in some instances prevented the
disease. He considers it of importance (and
I agree with him) that after a bad lambing,
the external parts of the vagina should be
carefully washed with clean tepid water and
wiped dry before the mixture is.applied.
On an off tarm there have been two or
three cases of bad lambing, and the carbolic
and oil (strong mixture) was used with the
best effect. The old shepherd on the farm
appeared surprised to see the symptoms of
straining so quickly subside.
I would particularly urge upon all who
may try the mixture to use only the versy
best carbolic acid, and would even recom
mend going to the expense of Calvert':,
and to. shake the mixture thoroughly be
fore using. Both,these are important points
to be observed.
AHORTHORtI FORU M.ONTANA.
The following is the pedigree of a couple
of pure blooded Shorthorns recently pur
chased by F. J. & H. L. Keene, ot this
county, ofAlex. McClintock, Millersburg,
Ky., and which are now en route via the
steamer " Helena.:"
KENTUCKY DUiKE.--Red; calved Feb.
16th, 1877; got by Rodney 12012. 1st dam
Princess, by Geo. Washington 4811; 2d dam
lMiss Princess. by Princeton 4285; 3d dam
Western Queen, by Renick 903; 4th dam
Lilac. by imp. Goldfindcer (2066); 5th dam
imp. Young Mary, by Jupiter (2170); 6th
dam Mary, by Saladin (1417) ; 7th dam. Lu
cy, by fIeek's Bull (2288); 8th, bred
by Mr. Holmes, Eng.
A splendid young bull from one of the
very best families ot Shorthornus in Ken
tucky.
KENTUCKY BELLEt,.-Red; calved March
25th, 1877; got by Duke of Lorena 15860.
;Ist dam Ada 1st, by May Duke 5948; 2d
dam Princess Annie, by Oront's of Nich'l s
4210; 3d dam imp. Rosemary, by Charles
Napier.(10816); 4th (dam Moss Rose. by
Prince of Wales (6348); 5th dam Red Rose,
by Prince Albert (4791) : 6th dam Fortune,
by Lucksall (2230); 7th dam Fanny. by Re
nmus (2524); 8th damn Flora. by Freeman
(1002) ; :9th, by White Comet (1582).
A good calf from a very thick-fleshed
even famuily of cattle, all good uniformi
breeders, and some extra show cattle.
STOCK ITEM8.
The milk consumed 4n London amounts
to nearly k0,000 imperial gallons supplied
from the country daily ; which at the aver
age selling price represents avalue of near
ly $30,000 per day, or over ten millions dol
lars yearly.
Three hundred cattle were shipped from
Boston by Mr. David Thompson of Clica
zo, on March 30, by the Cunard line, said
to be the first cattle yet shipped by that
line. Mr. Thlomplson goes out with the
stock as his own supercargo.
The tine herd of Shorthorns, the proper
ty of the late W. HI. Richardson, of Lexing
ton, Ky., was sold by the administrator,
February 28. Twenty females averaged
$253.75. and two bulls $220. The firm,
comprising 440 acres, sold for $91.30 per
acre.
It is estimated by British authorities that
one-halt their stock ot sheep is annually
slaughtered for food numbering at least
17,OC0,000 animals, averaging fifty-six tbs.
per head. This gives an annual supply of
1,000,000,000 lbs. of mutton through the
home supply, in addition to which 1,000,000
imported animals give 50,000,000 tbs. more.
The Indiana Shorthorn breeders held a
convention in Indianapolis two weeks ago.
Several speakers contended that Shorthorns
are higher in quality and quantity of milk
and butter than any other kind ot cattle. It
was also urged that a cow should not be
kept fat for breeding and milking. A. S.
Matthsws, of Virginia, sent in an essay tak
ing ground against in-and-in breeding.
In growing cattle, the most popular
breed ought to be that sort capable of pro
ducing both good beef and plenty of good
rich milk, the more of both on the lea:t
teed, the better.
The largest farm in the United States is
said to belong to Messrs. Miller & Lux, in
California, who own 700,000 acres. all area
nearly as large as the State of Rhode-Is
land. There is one section of 400,000 acres
about eleven miles wide and sixty long,
well-supplied with farm houses, barns, imn
proved machinery, etc. These farmers own
about 80,000 head of cattle and immense
numbers of sheep and other stock.
THE BAIRYT
CREAERIE-S.
The following rules and suggestions are
given by a large N. Y. Company who own
twenty creameries. They will be useful to
others.
RULES.
1. Never under any circumstancesput a
paiLof milk into your can before strainining.
One pail of unstrained milk may spoil a
whole can, and one can of impure milk will
certainly injure all milk or cream with
which it conies in contact. In the name of
decency, we beg ot every patron.to be par
ticultr about milking and properly strain
ing his milk.
2. Canis containing milk: should never be
kept in a milking barn :during the night..
The scent of the stable (however well kept)
will injure the milk and spoil the nice 11a
vor tresh butter should have. An open
shed a little distance from your hlrn, your
woodshed or your kitchen, is the only prop
er place for keeping milk over night.
SUGGESTIONS.
1. Insist that your milking be done in a
cleanly manner. Too much pains cannot
be takon in this particular. Carelessness
here will entail a great,loss on the manu
flcturer and insult the consume!:.
B. Bed your cows with sawdust, if pos
sible; it will keep your.cows clean and the
stable sweet.
3. Do not,' under any circumstances,
leave your pails aund strainer at the barn
over night. Please carry them to the house
and insist that they be properly washcd
both morning a nd evening. Much depends
on tbis.
4. Use only tin pails for m:lking.
5. The tin strainer pails are the best for
straining milk. Some dairymen use strainer
pails and also a cloth stretched over the can
-thus straining the milk twice. We ad
vise this double: straining of milk. It costs
you but little trouble, while it will greatly
add to the value of the butter and cheese
made from your milk.
hINTS Ork WORKING BUTTER.
Do not work too much nor too fast.
Work slowly until all the salt is thorouhly
and evenly absorbed. Otherwise the butter
will not be of uniform color. Working it
too fast will destroy the grain, and the but
ter becomes salvy and lard-like in its text
ure. Let it stand or put it away in the triy
for twenty-four hours. Then work it
enough to remove all the buttermilk or
surplus brine so that the butter may be
come dry or like a piece of cheese. Mould
into rolls, and set these away for twenty
four hours, or until they become bhard and
firm. The cloth should now be put,ou, so
as to cover one end, while the other is left,
open for the stamp. The cloth should be
cut in pieces of exact size and dipped in
brine, and the butter rolled when the cloth
is dripping wet. Butter should liever come
in contact with the bare hand. When in
bulk it can be easily hanmled with a ladle
and a flat paddlle.--Jonrnal of Chemnistry.
BREEDERS' DIRECTORY.
S& H. EDI)WARDS,
Importers and J3reeders of
IMPROVED AMERICAN MERINOS.
A FEW CHOICE RAMS POR SALE.
Elk Grove Ranch, 7 miles west of Bozeman.
P. O. Address, Bozenwpn, [M T. 34-em
W. COOK & BRO.,
IMPORTERS AND BREEDERS OF
Thoroughbred Cotswold Shecp,
Offer for sale a few choice thoroughbred rams
and have also smne line grades.-one-half and
three-fourths bloods. Postomice address.: Cpnp
Baker, Montana. sep-43*nai
BENNET'r T GOODALL,
Importers and breedera of pure-b]ool
COTSWOLD SHEEp
Are now prepared to supply the wool
the Territory with pure-b)loods of either {b
Rams, 1 year old, $50. Early Lanmbi
Inspection invited. P. O. addroO.: (aal.p )
Montanan. -
BERKSHIIRE .J1OGS.
I claim to have this.celebrated brreel in .li
purlity. 'igs well selected in lirs or t"iu
akin, at low figures. . w
Coldl Spring Ranch, -three mile. east t
AMES MAULDIN,
BREEYDER Op
Percheron--Nornnan Horses,
YOUNG STO K FOR MJALE.
Correspondence solicited. Address, W
Beaverhead County, Montana.
HERDSMEN'S DIRECTORY
SIMON MARKS.
Range-Smith River
valley, from Canp.
Baker to Rim Rock.
Address, John T.
Moore, Camp Baker.
A. BRUCKERT, Jr.
Range-Smith Riv
cr, viclnlty of Thomp
son gulch.
P.O.-Camp Baker,
M. T.
P. J. MOORE & BRO.
Pange--Smith ricer
and Kluscleshell Val
ley,,.
Post Office-Martins
dale, M. T.
MIaRK.-Half crop in leIt ear, and wa.:
each jaw.
THOMAS COONEY.
Rainge---Mii ssouri
Valley, from Confed
erate to Cave gulch.
Post Office--Canyon
Ferry, M. T.
JOHN T. MOORE.
Range-Smith river
Valley, from Camp
Baker to the canyon.
Post Oflice---Camp
Baker, M. T.
MIAR.--Swallowtork in left ear, and wattle
right jaw
KROFT & FLE
Range-Smith fl
valley, from Campp
ker to Rim Rockn
tains.
P. O..-Diamond tli
GADDIS & BII
Range---.outh F
of Smith River.
P. O.-Camp
M. T.
A. BRUCKWIT,r
Range-Smith .i
vicinity of Thom
gulch.
P. O.-Camp
3M, T.
JOHN . LE1 .
Range--~Smlithrr
3Muacleshell vallyt
Post .Olice---ce
Park, M. T.
GILBERT IC
Range---Sgaith
Valley.
Post Ofliee-Ci
City, M. T.
JONYAS BIG.
Vadley.
A ddrleSs--F.-at
Martinsdale, I.
Range---Smtithb
Valley, frona ItoP
ker to the canyon.
Post Oficee."C'
- Baker, M. F.
MAia.-Dulap. Crop otrol right ear and
in left.

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