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THE TOTAL ECLIPSE OF THE SUN. On the 29th of July next a total eclipse of the sun takes place under such circum stances as to present opportunities that oc cur scarcely once in a generation, for the study of some of the most interesting phen omena with which astronomers have to do. The path of the totality of this eclipse runs diagonally across the center of the United States from Montana to Texas, and is some where about 140 miles wide. Many of the I)est points for observing the eclipse are therefore directly accessible by railroad, and several expeditions might be sent out fully equipped to as mutny differ'cut points, with out spending so much money upon them all as it would ordinarily tadke to equip a single expedition to a more distant point. Recent discoveries have ren(lered it prob able that most of the meteorological changes in progress upon this planet are caused by events taking place upon the sun, and many questions relating to the phyictal constitu tion ot that orb, and the changes there ta king place, can only be stulied during a to tal eclipse. ,It is said by Admiral Rodgers, of the Naval Observatory, that the sum of the opportunities which all the astronomers of the world. cau get for observing such eclipses does aot exceed five or six hours in a century, and it is therefore important that every advantage, should be taken of the very favorable conditions for observation under which the present eclipse occurs. All the principle European governments recognize the importance .f studying the phenomena attendant trpon the total eclipses, and send out costly expeditions, even to their anti podes when necessary,; for this purpose; and there is no doubt that there is a general impression abroad that our government would make ample provisio'ns for the study of a matter of.such general interest, that is visible alrnostexclusively within our bor ders, or the diflcerent foreign governmen ts would no doubt be preparing to organize expeditions for observation on our territory. Our governmmuemit, however, has so far done nothing, and it is possible thl:rt .one of the best opportunities that may occur in many years for the study of solar phenomena may pass away without any advatitage being ta ken of it. The Naval Observatory is awake to the importance of the occasion, and has asked Congress for an appropriation of $8,000 for the purpose of sending off seven expedi tions, two of which it is designed to send to Montana, two to Texas, two to Colorado, and one to Wyoming, each to consist of three astronomers. The sum asked for was simply to pay traveling expenses and cost of transporting and setting up,the instruments in their temporary .observatories, nothing being requested for salaries, as the most em inent astronomers will gladly. volunteer their services for such. an important occa sion. UBANU The planet Uranus is now very favorably situated for observation, though, except with a powerful telescope, there is very lit tle to observe. It is at presce: easily detect- t ed by the naked eye on a dark night, being the eastern of two faint stars, which lie about 1] degrees northeast of the bright star iUegilus. To the telescope it presents a pil.e bluish disc, about one-fourth as large as that of Saturn, without markinlgs or spots t of anly kind. Telescopes less than eight inches In diatmet-r would have no chance to show any of its satellites. With instru ments of nine to ten inchI aperture, a fair- -c ly good eye can,, puter favorable circunm stances, see the,two outer oJpes, Oberon and .u Tittlnla, though; to make measurements of their position, would require a still larger :aperture. The two inner satellites, Ariel :InI,, ltmbriel,,.are beyond the reach of all but the most powerfll tlekscopes... Even with the great Washington Equatorial, they calnnot always be seen. -Never lspeak ill of anyone, unless it be :o benefilt l1hhn or some other. -The mind never. pLts forth greater pow or over itself thanlll when, in great trials, it uieli,-up clmly its desires, affections and 1 :ntgCeat.s to God. There are seasons when : ,he: rtill demands immeasurably higher .y:'j,* ' thou,.to aet. DOWN WITH- HIGH PRICES I CHICAGO SCALE CO. 68 :and 70 West Monroe Street, Chicago, Ills. Have Reduced the Prices of all kinds of SCALES! 4-Ton .IHay, Stock or Cotton Scale, $60. Former Price, $160. All other sizes at a great reduction. ,l="EvEnY ScAL.E FkeLLY IIARR1nANTEI). All orders promptly lilled. Circulars, P'rice List and Testimonials sent upon a)pplication. 49 BUY TIiE 4;HEAPEST AND BESt. Elc:h Number contains Ti111TY-TWO PAGES O0 reading, mani fine Wood Cut Illut.rations, an~ one Colo)RA PLATE. A beautiful Gardeu Maga zine, printed on elegant paper, and ftoll of inlornma tion. In Engli.h and German. Price $1.25 a year Five opies 51.1W. ick's F lower an(d Vegetable Garden, 50 cents in paler covers; in elegant cloth covers $1. Vick's Cataloguei-3OIO illustrations, only 2 cents. Address, JAS. VICK, IRochester, N. Y. -t IRST NATIONAL BANK OF IIELENA Designated Depository of the United States. S. T. HAUSER, - - - President. 1). . CORBIN, - - VicePlresidlent. E. W. KNIGHT, - .- . - - Cashier. T. 1. KLEINSCIMIDT, - - Ass't. Cashier. We transact a general Banking business and bIy at the highest rates, GOLD DUST, COIN, GOLD AND SILVER BULLION, And Local Securities; and sell Exchange and Telegraphic Transfers. Available in all parts of the United States and Can adas, Great Britain, Ireland and the Continent. C(;ollections m:ade and proceeds .remitted promptly. HAY MARKET AND FEED STABLE JOSEPH HORSKY, Proprietor. . LOWER MAIN STREET, HELENA. Accommodations for ALL KINDS AND ANY NUMBER OF STOCK Is prepared to COMPETE WITH ANY STABLE IN THE CITY. 11AS FAIRBANIS' HIAY SA LES. I have 620 acres of the best hay land in Prickly Pear Valley, six miles from town, from which I gel all my hay. flihest Market Price Paid for Grain. (No. 5S3.) APPLICATION FOR IATENT. U. S. LAND OFFICE, Helena, Montana, March 25, 1878. Notice is hereby published that James McCabe, Harvey Meansnand Stephen IU. Senter, whose post otffice address is Diamond City, Meagher county, Montana Territory, have thialday tiled application for patent, under the Mining laws of Congress, to their placer ming, situated in White's gulch (unor ganized) mining dlstrict, AMeaghercounty, Montana 'Territory, designated as Lot No. 51, in township No. 10 north, range 2 east from principal meridian, which claim is not recorded, and described in the ofIicial plat and field. notes on ille in this office as follotws: Beginning at a slate stone 24x12x8 inches, the es tablished southwesterly corner No, 2 of Lot 41 in said township, and running thence S 32 deg W 4.40 chalin;, thence S 51 deg 30 rin IW 21 chains; thence S 38 deg W 7.50 chains; thence N 46 deg 15 min -W 2.80 chains; thence S 30 deg VW 4 20 cha:nis. thence S 19 degEt 2.3t1chains; thence S 37 deg 3U 1111m1 W 10 chains; thence 8 51 de,.W 8.60 chains: thence N 80 deg W 6 chains; thence. S ;4 deg 45 min :V 8.09 chains; thence S 32 deg 30 min"E 7 chainF; thence S 77 dleg W 12.50 chains; thence W 17.37 chains; thence N 1 deg V 4.60 chains; thence S 86-deg 4: min VW 15 csuins; thence S 78 deg 15 min W 59.75 chains: thence S 51 deg 30 min W 29 chains; thence S (17 dog 45 min W 31 chains: thence 8 85 dog 10o min W 12 chains; thence N 75 d(leg 30 min W 18 chains; thence8 48 d(leg W 14.80 chains, to the southwesterly corner No. 22, from which the quarter section cor ner on the township line between sections 19 and 24 township 10 north, ranges 1 and 2 edst, .hears S 85 deg 21 min W 44.60.chains distant; thence S 60 dog 30 min E 3.30 chains;thence N 4:1 deg45 min E 12.52 chains: thence , 73 (leg 37 min E 17.61 chains: thence N 7) (leg 18 nain E 12.17 chains; thence N 73 dog 37 mrin E 33.81 chains; thence :; 51 deg 19 min E 301.66 bchains; thence N 77 deg .18 min E 55.91 chains; thence S 82 mdei 15 mia 1 45.56 chains; thence N,40 deg 45 mrinE 48.28 chains; thence N 61 deg E 24.,85 chains; 'thence N 36 degrSOa min W 9.50 chains, to the place of lbegining, embracing.one hundred and thirteen .anid ninety hundredths (113 90-100) acres, upon which a noticeof saidappli caction, together with a plat of the premises claim ed(, w.,re posted, accordingdto law, on the 18th day of' March, 1878. The adjoiuiug climutants to these ipremise, are C. L. Harriugton et al. placer claim desiguatled s lot N'.:41 ,amn the northeast. An)' and uall personts c.hiiying adversely the above dewhidil placer ,ian, or any portion thereof, are herehy notititd t4:at4inless their adverse claims are duly filed with the Register of the United States Land O)llice, at lieleui., Montuna Territory, within the sixty days i rioti of publication hereof, they will be toirc\ .r ' irred by virtue of the provisions of the mining laws of Congress. J. H. MOE, Register. W F hr~zrrriT·,·U· S. Pep nrib,», r vornr. r. 90 No. 14 SOUTH COMMERCIAL STREET, ST. LOUIS, MO. 80MMISSION AGENCY MISSOURI STATE GlRAN,(;, (Bonded in the sum of $100,0CO. Manufacturers of - THE~ GRANGE WVAGON, Uight Spring WaQons and DBuC.i +""-- ---- 1_.letuction in lprices for 187, THE GRANGE WAGON. S1A ON . CAli1E.S. S-2 in. Thlim. kein, vcrylight2-h'se I200(l)s. $4 11(, , Wdiu 2l-horso 18 00Ilbs. 48 - in . " 2 -h ,rn e 2 1- 0 s 1-2 . 3-h'e (light 4-1) 3281h:s. 52 1- in. 4 4 0(1 lbs. 6O in- Iron Axle, very liht 2-horse 1300 iis. 53 St-' in. ' ]irht 2-hor.o 16001)s. 54 52-ho 1?c 200f lbs. 55 13-4 in. -h'e (liht 4-h'e) 25300bs. 62 . " 4-hore 4000 lbs. 7i0 11ring Scats. $'.50 extra, Two-leaf Springs, oil teinlieret. Wheeler's Patent Brakes, $3.50 ce1ra. SPRING WAGONS, FROM $95.00 TO $130.00. BUGGIES, FROM $120.00 To $225, \ f1e ic.il e to call the special attention of o the 1sct thatI they can realize The HIighest Market Price by consigning their c WOOL. HI ES, FURS AND ROBES to ouf fcar. I'ri m t attenlion given to the pur. clnh.e of FAMILY ANDI FARM SUPPLIES, AGRIC;nl RAL MACIHINERY, Etc., Etc. i it :, : . . . :I1.n inf'ormln lio n l I'f ;r eenl, - - -. } , ' ' ' ! Iort- f i' .h o,. i!10iralti jYge itOº wg_,lost Etrao tioiseless and more, by buying a machine that will last you a life time, and that has all th latest improvements. VICTOR SEWING MACHINE CO., S[LlberalTerms to Agents.] " 199 AND 201 WA.ABSII AVE., ' Lberal Terms to . Cor. Adams St., Chicago, Il. Sesd;for Circular. , LACLEDE HOTEL. BOZEMAN, MONTANA. A. J. & N. J. MALIN, Proprief or Elegantly furnished, and First-Class in every respect. Rooms and board by the day or week at Reasonable Rates. 46-tf HELENA ANDI) DIAMOND CITY, STAGE L7I IN E. UNITED STATES ..MAIL. P. B. CLARK, - - Proprietor. Coaches leave Helena Monday, ,Wednesday, and Friday, at 7 o'clock a. m. Leave Dinmond City Tuesday, *Tkursday; and Saturday, at 7 o'clock, a. m. HLELENA AND .BOZEMIAN. Coa.ctle leave . ellcmua every morning, (Sum..ay excepted.) at 4 o'clock, a. m. Leave Bozeman every morning, (Sandays exc.ept ed,) at4 o'clock, a. m. OFFICF. : HELENA-Davis & V Wll, uce'&,;Main Street. BozEMAN-WillsoH,& RIiceh's, cur. Main and Boze muan Streets. BOZEMAN AND VIRGINIA. Leaves Virginia City every Monday, Wednesday and Friday, at4 o'clock, ,. m. Leaves Bozeman Tuesday, Thlwrsday and Satur day, at4 o'clock, a". m. seicý--l. Virginia, a' Raymond Bros. - g -Y I b im Inn sm m - GILMER, SALISBURY & CO., Carriers of UINITEI D STATES' MT-3A AND OF Wells, Fargo & Co's Express, Run a Line of DAILY Passenger Coa5~es I FRANKIN TERMINUS, Virginia City, Deer t AND 'TRI-w.WKLY TO Mlssoula and Fort Benton. Fos Passenger and Freight Rates applY tot "le ( CoonnT y'v . Aeents. " Great chance to make lnoney. , OLD.ant get gold you can get gre .+ We need a prson in vcrery town ltet i" ... tions for the laruecst. cheapest and. Les elu lantilv publication in the world Aa 3 won come a successful agent. The most.ceO fel of art gived free to subscribers. The price that almost everybody sulbscribes. AClAc port nmakiug over $150 in a week. .d"t reporis taking over 400 names in tenVl n engage make money fast. You.e,. dit e ulIl. time to the business, or only your s_,alt ) need not be away from home over nighlat• do it as well as others. Full partirculs'l ft" and terms free. Elegant and ex censi, dra If you want profitable work seun usa1 ne once. It. costs nothing to try the bus"l)', Add who engages fails to make gre, td t'l~ar '"The People's Journal, ' *'Purttau, 0"'