Newspaper Page Text
Tlhe Rocky ioulntain Hsllbalmanll.
R. N. SUTHItERLIN, Editor. TI-IURSIS1)AY, SEPTEM BER 19, 1878. Our public highways stand greatly in need of being repaired. Look ,in whatever direction we will there are steams without bridges, grades that are sidling, too narrow, or too steep, and districts where the b)oul ders need removing. We are also in need of r great number of new roads. Montana is sadly dependent upon wagon transporta tion in matters of freight, and upon coaches for public conveyance. In nearly every com odity we buy or sell, anp everywhere we go we feel the influence of bad roads to a great er or less degree. It is a matter that con cerns not only those who are shipping large ly too and fro, and whose business calls them frequently from place to place, but it effects every citizen and all should become interested. We want roads wide enough for loaded teams to pass, roads with easy grade and smooth, so that we can freight or drive over them light without breaking down our wagons or other vehicles or wear ing out our teams. Our rivers, croeks rivu lets and rills, should be bridged with good substancial bridges that will stand high wa ter. Our road law is incomplete or wrong. We at least need a better one. The super visor system as it exists at present is a fail ure. Roadl districts should be enlarged and should be under the immediate supervision of the county commissioners. Let this body employ supervisors and direct the work, or lec the work by contract as seems best. Roads should be properly located and sur veyed so as to avoid heavy hills, and when the work is done it will be a perwanent benefit. We have been content with tenm porary things long enough, and it is time we were casting about to wake permanent improvements. THE advantages which Carroll possesses over Benton as a shipping point, has long been understood by those fully acquainted with both routes, as may be readily seen from the following table furnished us by the Coulson steatmboat line: ITEM OF FUEL. fBismarck to Car roll.............................$720 Carroll to Ben tonl...................... 420 NUMBER OF DAYS. Bismarck to Carroll................................11 Carroll to Benton ................................ 6 NUMBER OF MILES. Bismarck to Carroll..............................639 Carroll to Benton ..............................17 The distance from Carroll to Eastern Montana is less thatu to Benton, and the road is equally as good, and a great portion of the season is much better. The distance from Carroll to Helena is greater thati from Benton to Helena, but the superiority of the roads coupled with diflerence in cost of navigation will always command for Carroll a large share of Helena freight after mid summer. Wool, hides, ores etc., can be shipped from Carroll any season as late as October 1st, with a certainty. Last season Carroll had a boat as lato as October 25th, and if there is business will have one as late and perhaps later this fall. The wall of despair that rings out from thousands. once '-sunny," but now deathl shadowed Southern homes, is heart-rending in the extreme. Sush a tale of woe has never issued from our land before. Busi ness has suspended, railroads stopped, steamboats tied up, mails ceased, and tele graphic coti munication seriously impared. The dead are i| many instances unburied, the sick uncared for, and the poor are star ving. The consternation is great, fmnily ties seem to lose their power, parents for snke their children, and children their pa rents, in their vain attempt to escape the tell destroyer. Thus stricken with the most terrible of all pestilence, they appeal to the world for aid. Montana true to the cause of humanity is contributing her mite. Helena, sent $380 in her first donation, Deer Lodge $270, Butte $1.108, and is rais ing at the rate of $500 per day, and perhaps will continue until the sum reaches 3.000 one, dollar per head for every man, woman andt child in the camp. The employees of the Aliue Mi|ing Co. gave $350. Diamond $1S2,50. Other parts are not yet heard from. Our country is new, our population sparce, but a more generous and free-heart ed people can nowhere be found. Though secure in their mountain retreat from the scourge of disease, and blessed with .a boun tiful harvest, their large-heartedness goes out toward the atlicted South. MONTANA HERDS, FLOCKS, FARMS AND MINES. The Upper Deer Lodge Valley. Out of the mountain heights far below their rounded tops, yet high above the level over rough rocks, down through deep can yons, grassy glades and shady groves, flow the crystal waters of many rivulets and creeks, each coursing from the Continent's fountain head toward every point of the compass, finally mingling and uniting into one, the Deer Lodge, a river, though among the eatliest christened and most dearly loved, has no namesake. I have before passed upon its banks and described its shores, the beautiful valley, grassy hills and grand old mountains that rise up on the east and west. Then it seemed that I said all that could be said of it; but now when I again come, Iresher scenes, newer beauty and brighter subjects gladden my eyes and thoughts. When here before the river run clear and deep, and the valley waved with green meadows. Now the riv er is colored with red dust from the Butte silverado, while the valley is transformed in to a great grain field. How grand the change ! 'l'hen it w'as beautiful, but now it is supremely serene. But a few years ago it was not believed that early varieties of Irish potatoes would grow and mature here. The soil was deep, strongly impreg nated with alkaline, and the land was only valued for its fine grazing and hay produc ing qualities. Cultivation a few years, how ever, has taken the alkali from the surface, muaking it dry and improving its aldaptness for graia-growing. As year by year the soil has shown its adaptability, aud the grain tuarkets increased, the fields have been widened until now several thousand acres on the upper valley teemu with golden grain. and the landscape for wiles as far as the eye can reach, presents a truly charm: ing picture of wealth and beauty. A plic ture of wealth, I said, amn it is no exagera tion. The broad acres that have been en closed with new fences, and now yellow with ripening grain, the clusters of huge hay ricks, neat residences that loom up here and there, taking the places of log cabins and shanties of a year ago, is proof of this. Of the fiarmers along the upper valley, whom I took pleasure in visiting, I un.ay first name Benj. Phillips, a heavy stock. grower, whose herd is now ranging in Meagher county. I-e is building a tine two story dwelling at his home pilace in the up per end of the valley. The house when completed will have eight rooms, and cust I over $3.0(0. A. smith, the country blacksmith, farmier and stockman, has also reared" and nearly completed a tfie dwelling in front of his old home. Napoleon Peters & Bro., are build ing a fine barni and otherwise improving their hotel accommodations. J. H. Norton has a good hay farm, a good herd, and is enlarging his fields. Win. Evans, who has improved his prem. ises by enlarging, is operating one of Wood's harvesters and binders, with which he is do ing a large amount of work, and it gives good satisfaction. David Murphy & Co., stock-raisers, have large farms, tine grain fields and huge hay ricks thereupon. Morgan Evans is an extensive farmer, and owns the flouring mill. His improvements the past year consist in doubling the capaci ty of his farm. IIe has several hundred acres of wheat, and was cutting with a self hinder. John Thomas is one of the chief wool growers of the county. His improvements the past year have mainly been in the erec tior. of a tine barn. The increase of his flock has been large, making the business remunerative. It may not be out of place in this connec tion to mention Win. Birdsel, whose home is by the river nine miles below Butte. lie is the only man I have met who gives his en tire attention to the dairy business. He has an excellent dairy herd, and the improve ments ot his home give evidence of prosper ity. My stay upon the valley, though short, was agreeably passed. After spending tie evening and night at the pleasant home of P. WV. Thomas, one of the first settlers of the valley, and a well-to-do farmer, I took the road leading up the south side of Warm Spring creek, calling on the farmers along the way, and leaving those on the north side of that stream and further down the valley until my retur!n. Above Mr. Thomas' and out po the mountains which stand back some distance, are some scattering farms and large tracts of fine land yet unclaimed. The home et lion. C. S. .Bagg is near where the creek emerges from the moun tains. Notwithstanlding his hair gray with the age and care of a long lite, he seemed active, in line health, and good for many more years of valuable service. lie has en larged and improved his farm and home has an excellent crop of oats, wheat, and golden millet. This is the first millet I have seen growing in Montana. From his place the valley is only wide enough for one tier of farms, and these are, indeed, very, very good. First above Mr. Bagg is Alex. Glover, who has only served a year or two at farm ing, but has been very fortunate, as his fields of ripening grain show. Above him tare the homes of J. Stuckey C. V. Jones. These gentleman have fine farmus and excellent crops. Mr. Stuckey's place has been mutch improved since last year. He has a cozy home and a line grain field. The last named gentleman was ab sent from home, but things looked well thereabouts, except that lonely bachelor hood seemed to still reign. WVILL. TIIHE OSBORNE SELF-BINDING lIAR VESTER. Being deeply interested in the merits of self-binders, we to-day witnessed the work ing of the Osborne Selt-Binder, ill wheat on the farm of Mr. Combs, and unhesitati.ngly recommend it to the farmers of Montana as the greatest labor-saving implement yet in troduced in our Territory. It cuts very clean, and. hardly a straw can be seen on the field where it has pass ed over. It is not complicated, -rad any fitrmer can operate it without much instructions. The grain is elevated in a fine way. It is light draft, noisless in operation, and a perfect binder, the bundles being bound tightly and drop pen on the butt end so easy that some re main standing. Signed. E. Combs, Henry Ayotte, lliciard Casvell, Z. WV. Purinton, E11. Willimus, Win. Tierinan, F,'rank Iledfern, Wimn. Fern, A. T. Rogers, J. C. Langdon, Lee Goetschins, Agent. Laurin, M. T., Aug. 29th, 1878. THE TEERITORY. The Helena party reconnoitering down the Missouri, returned to-day by the north ern coaches, after an absence of nine days. They report a pleasant trip and the entire feasibility of steamer navigation above and below the Falls. Slight improvements, at small cost, at one or two points only, will readily admit the running of boats from the portage to Stubb's ferry, oppositeIIelena. The gentlenh&i are enthusiastic over the practical success of upper river steam trans portation as demonstrated by careful inves tigation. The scenery. is pronounced the grandest anywhere on the Missouri. Messrs. Ike Young and C. Nichols, mana gers of the Penobscot aline and mill, receiv ed a telegram yesterday from Nate Vestel, directing theim to turn over the property to Walter McDermott, agent of the new "Snow Dritt & Penobscot Consolidated Mining Com pany." The transfer took place on the 1st of September.-Hlerald. The stage driver on the Tongue river route, arriving in town Tuesday evening, reports that on Monday last Ii. Nelson Gage, proprietor of Gage's Station on the Yellow stone, was taken suddenly ill in the morn ing, and after terrible convulsions and suf feting, died about one o'clock p. m. The cause of his death was believed to be poison in some sugar with which Mr. Gage had sweetened a drink. His daughter, having eaten some of the sugar, suffered in the same way. but fortunately her life was spared. Courier. Mi.. Fredericks, miller at Willow Creek mills, was assassinated on Sunday night. Foley, the assassin is still at large. PLEASANT VALLEY, September '3 ty-four head of stock vas .tolen "ý freighters and others in this vielnitv before last. Some more were - 1t night, so that the Indians -nowl hve sixty head from here. T1he Indians r, the stage roa-d. headed eastwaVrd, aer mile and a half north of the statio bniut a. m. to-day. A small party has 'ouei pursuit. LATEIt. PLEASANT VALLEY, Sept. 13.l-Te i. ans burned the hay and broke up th chine of a tman named Barnes, who ispilt ting up .hay for the Stage Co. at Ca Meadows, near Sand holes. The Ind. had Burnes treed in the brush for two but he finally esc:iped.-Independent. FIG.iT WITH THE HOSTIL,8. Gen. Miles writes to Geo. W. hrost, Crow Agent, under date of September it We were successful yesterday at day:lilt in capturing a small camp of Bannacksb Clarke's Fork. As near tas I can ascerta there were eleven Baunacks killed, thi..i one captured, and about two hundy horses, mulces and ponies. Those whol(. c:aped I think will be picked up in thei~ and mountains by the Crows. I have setta order for the two Bannacks at yourpla, 1 want to get together as many as cala send them all to Fort Custer. The Crow0 were allowed to keep the most they a-. tured, as I do not think they knowhow imany they have got, as they run them0 during the light and I presume h'avethlt at the Agency or their camp beforethi tihme. N(, success can be gained without some loss. and I am sorry to say that Cap tain Bennett was killed; also interpr Rock, one Crow warrior, and sol.. wounded. iEWEITTEN. -Thaddeus Stevens made provisions his will for the foundling of an asyluml the insane. Preparatrions are now in gress to carry out his plan. -The National debt of England a1 stands by the recent return at $3.888,17,a This is smore than a third greater than t of the United States. --A new education law has been ado by the IIolland Chambers and sanction the King, which excludes the bible and ligous teaching .from primary schools. --William Gillinore, of Poland, Pa,; years old, paid $10,000 cash and deeded homnestfead worth $2,500 to secure MissI dale, his bride of twenty-four summers. -A tree resembling the cedar, but' foliage so full of combustible oil that goes off like a flash on the applicationd. match, is one of the wonders of Nevard -Shooting women from cannon is new attraction at a Paris circus. They' thrown thirty feet and land in a strong ting. . Well, this Is only tit for tat, ast shoot men from their eyes. -"Harvest only comes once a year, a wife can be got any time," said an wl0 firmer as he declined to stop work for hour and attend the funeral of his .' Fact. -Colorado boasts areal, liying glacer; the celebrated Wind River Peak. It recently visited by a party of travelers, is supposed to be the first living glacier covered in this country. -The Salisbury (N. C.) Watchman sa lamp of gold weighing 23 potmls and ned at $6,000 has been found at the Christy mine, in Montgomery county. -Ad vices from a great number of in Ohio, Pennsylvania and West Vigoi dicate that the storm of the past two was the most severe experienced for . The destruction to railroad property Is pecially heavy. Washouts, ealverts bridges have caused railroad travel o ro.ads to cease entirely. -The business of the Nortbern. certainly seems to warrant the opine Jay Cooke & Co., and of Mr. Conte self. that its stock will rapidl . .e value. The average ircreae in the of the railroads of the country tbr year has not been as mnuch as tel P : but the gross earnings of this ro&a e months ending with June, were e ly forty per cent greater than for the time last year, and the net five per cent greater.