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OCKY WMOUNTAIN H1USBANDMAN
.".- O A Journal Devoted to Agriculture, Live.stock, Rome Reading, and General News. PER SINGLE COPY. L. 3. DIAMOIND CITY, M. T., SEPTEMBER 26, '78. NO. 45. _.....n~ - "· "·Ps· arulO*OIIlll ........, --YY---,.-···~.- _ I. r. SUrHERLIrb A~lCJyX' ) i'It'ºt'1t11A1:rit il·t li' 1T·l 'i \`. IUSI: iNU MAN 1 3 tlrwitfiletd Lii itit (lI AU1: fll 8 1.eVCj . u ~i~ll )ul C ),)l i etic l ~iI)ril - 1.ll 'iý t'ct ( -t .1lýc"-$ý 7 7 10 . 13 1 28 10 3 s 1.) 21 ti) l 1;0 11i 1 2 t R? 12A~ '1' ý i I lit 47, .°i4 1;3i I 130 Yom)t i 4 ,1 (;) _ I 0i 1 8 125 ;:cl e no ut-i )uti v:L; . ii; advauice. -ii , e iC :ti i:L$. IiutC , tr ,l ye) lr * ý- i\ *. ceiut. 'Idle iI).'r sp I i.tiaviertise ' .- .i1 -LTJJ II-- A- L---- -- * tihle riii el~i1*· WC16t 1 crit Ii· I U t)1)111 lii l(t~llc )i~cl c'-et-i hntii C~,i~; ·r~ 'i'tttoutJo $ilclll o!ii Ii. 1110$. wer '' l ill - iii "g 1 lii thein: gool hi( ii) wlc.ý. i The oil:i lots " o '[li tn po i'crtT .:ue veh lSie f-cl i :a ver ;ulreuI , tXiiit. trii' l ll-l. l eg .. geMit i t or 11)11b1' down~l. zuluu ie l+)1Vtlt. hI;' L too tots .011 tl l, lP 1l o li·*k :liSil hee aiiu] ieitlil, iii tial cll ti hlii) IP pritv lire c0 OtWl Tle--n. '['i e ol ig' sc:1hnii" hie isn gi:t1 11(:11 0: opzltn~e I]!:- i):vv. grain will oy ll ohue iiplit (ittl ~lge reSvelleP it' oitt (1 ime.~u of 1( j ioguevs, hu ohni(; ~tol ii non (0)I11 Iflen sowbs hit uldu. TI l're betteero lth o gta C out t 1tiihiete. and li I of Iror1s, ihe o1 s 1ra and 'Cert~lilnl ti ucre~is nitoh i g of mtore rtance thaot a f:uiuiler can he eli guigtol in, the Crop) is p)Iop~erly gi;a~nrewrv(. It is to hr:cii~I 1cCQOI1OlI1V. hult lollting 11l) slo net jo ia farm b' uhildinugs is i ot cx annCe. In other worils it is OCOHOlOY-, gitizd inlvest lent anod will acidz for mi ire l. comforts and plleasures of farm tile,, the interest, on the amount which' they' (1 Colt. BTAYINQ ON TE: FARM. t ere is no doubt that the boy who is to t v iupi) and stay on the farum and make a Isstul farmer, must like his profession. is as trule in agriculture as in any other 1 esSion in life. t' the boy be worked .daylight to dark, week in and week with no recreation except what lie gets lurch, very likely 4e will leave home-uat rst opportunity for some more conge occunpation. We believe that, as a rule, ers work too many hours and give selves too little recreation. We believe, in this day of improved machinery for lyevery operation of the farm, a full tut of necessary labor may be accom ed in ten hours, except itw seeding and est time. Of cou'se thei' ae alwnys ssary chores that must be done at- the rining and ending of the day, but there ue, d thltt tlhese be accomplished during very:,early, or very late hours of.:.the ling or evening. The farmer, as a rule, works himself;. his children, and 'his ds, twelve, .thit teenor fourteen hours -a ,seldom gets as mtnh accomplished at. Year's end as he who by wise torethought ematizes hi:: labotr and carries it forward iug shorter hours. For, the system thus aiis fresh for labor, and it4j carried for 1 swiftly and untemittingly,. The team ked constantly, for twelvehyours a day, becomies sluggish, and will accomplish ore in the given time than It would in t or ten hours. In fact, we believe the ragtteam will accomplish more in eight i' thih In ten, one day with another. yea , ·n~ dopted s-a.rule-these. hours, aind idl;llil it to wuorik wt.l. S º it, ii Wit Ii .m n, and especiully t o.,s. If overork,.t . boys Ibecotmic stouli aitd -l \w-oiuh before their lits(e. On t loie ther hln:l.. if allow' ed plinty lo lime fir recre:ati oin. (.is lileessi,r to lhe Iioung as food.) they 'retlli to labor no It on ly with vigor, but tliy learti to love lalor als it oin hs to i: trea-eld 'comff i!. Thivy will he ouned to spend inieiiy hourt'S of reert iti,,n in soile little act 01 hItiue iIi . tsloneit.. E )eaialiy will this he the c.(e if they be given ta garden bed or t wo folr Ilover.- :ld 'veget;a bles, it they be allowed to +il-pose of the Iproduce a: they pleya-e. Buy tI Uiii seeds, pilnts .'1nl bIlbs. They need, not n'cessa rily be expensive. These ininy s*rvl' as a little stlice( of.t' reve lte to hei'C puCiOs as t hey increatse. and Irotm Itheir store they ean -ell andl buy or exchnige. Ft, 1 urni1h tlhnri iapers and lhook'. to tielh Ithem ln the art, tarl it'will nit be Imolnvy illy spenit. Above all, s(,i! them to school. that, their iriinuds may lie lbriadeelt t;lle eul ti eilton. The boy or girl rulredon the fl ltilr w'ithl only three ntiilths school.ig in wintter. with the school house I'perhalps a iilloi distanlce frolt h.Iolte, liland it, ree hours chi)ti.es lmli riiing ailtl evetlln g, are likely i bellcon iie di.4g" ls ted with the farnii ~;uill.eek oth0er emtplioymen t s so01 aS t-oiev are out of lea:ling .striings. Happily iio1w-a-dan s this is fast lbecomriig le-s and less coilliiimon. Our free schiool sys teiiu lakes itr ot .lilficult. for tihe boy or girl teareled Oin the tir. cotndulcted on modern ipin'ilil'Ls. to get a good pllraethial educllatlion, antd siontl oft I the " ti.tih," as well. As a couniltrysettles, we flind ineighiborhoods here andi tliheri where ia Iipbeiiiiig is liade` in ith rintet|l'int of t1he hoile and groundi.. Tl'!e examtpln. shlowiti alppreiate.d, iiand onel ant aniother takes ui the idea, until at. lelngth aill. entire Iieighborhiood, as tiealns permit, btiihdl better barns and dwellinigs and Uit iot houses: Trees are planted, vines cluster aboutii poirl es, shriubs' anid foliange plantis adoirn tie lawn, flower beds here and there lare seen glowilig with color,. lence cirners are kept; tidy. Inside the dwelling are books, iiiaga zinlies, and the welotmie agriLrul twal paiper, with the varied iitellhen*e" contained. Tihere is an air of eheerdfiness and thrift every where, evidence that. the master, wvhile look inr carelfiully for the-every.day routine of the fartm, has an eye as .well to tlhe intelleec tual wants ofthe hatisehold. Such homes will never be found the resuilt of overwork juglthe linily,- but of a wise alternation of labor and recreation, each in its' prpper time and place. The children of these homes are contented to stay and be happy. There is still reoin for iauprovenient in ,this diirection among the masses. The- season is now at hand whert-4he se verer tabors of the farim are past. The.great anutual gatherings -of the agricultural mass es at our fairs is now in its lull tide- of pro gress. Muchll may there be learned of what the years progress has been in agricultural art, and machinary as adapted to the farm, to. those who go to make a careful study, while at the same timne they enjoy needed recreation. Go thiin, so fir as your means will allew, and with your family, that the enjoyment and the.lessons there presented may be-fully taken in. It will be found to be timesvell speut--the two or three days given-and money well invested. While doing this, do not forget the necessary agri cultural- paper that from week ,to week t should come to you freighted with what is Snew in art, with its pure and well digested s articles for the fireside, its varied and Im portant news of what is constantly .trans I pi hng in the great and busy world of every , day life. In all this select that journal ii which, while it is varied in its contents, I deals in the practical as connected with ev e ery day life, rather than the one that gives it the biggest chromo with the paper. A man r. does not buy a plow, a reaper or a wagon '- fur he -suke-of gtgoing ,a spremlhita-with.4t, boIt f ºr is jltttiiisisia i\ . 'fle ame I-1· wvill ivort I ýta:iiit iu ilie- pijie1r ai 111:111 buys :t for Imisif-o: his fnllilv.-I'ruirie Fanncir. THE 1"SW.ZSATING POS3i'--SS' IN. WHEAT. WVe ii L by our exscti;iiigeN thu t iut:iny o til.' tfirmters thuiiit the Stale are agrain th reshl tug! tturu ile ý shuck anLld hI;1111111g their rraut t, dir~ect it i, m 'kc t. Ointliiarily tllis plahLn lua somtI atuivaIttage'I to recommellCU it, butt 11iP., ycea', wh(ien~ the wVh eatc ha:ts beeCn bleached out bly lot skils aund rt'l itCd (1 t~iltS it is not a-l ial.It shlt~ld by3 atIulQl mian go init.o 'I tue stackl(:ut i antd hLdrgo hlie " sweaL'' before bein. Ing thlreshollndI s(lti. T 'hiII ill tin ost cases raise tlhe grta.Ite and save the owner fromt 5 to) 10 Celuts ott the b.)ltshetl. 'I'The '5"sweatilI4" proress is one~ not gener illy uiniderstootl . '1'akinig either wheat or oats, Or evert hayi3, autd stat~kintg~or mtowing thtelu. in a shtort tine they will be tour1ilto'lueoe ullilergloillng wIhat is commnoiily kliaO-I) as the %lseuit." Oil opeenilg._ thle stuiek (hue strawv will be found damup "as - well" is tihe twali, IlIc~Oflpallled t by CotlIusidera1te3 Heait, wiliclh ilasts for a nIllubher of dyt'S-., At suiich iitucs it is* difficult to seprrattcshe berry fromt the htead, mnd it is seblomn threshed by ally g,;ouudl lmnler till this wlri~ti is IlaSt. 'T'hie result Of thtis swear iS;'Pipit tite deadI color' of Isle berry i.4¶CretIrts4, while the ker lId itself is tilledl oL¶ ituti is conlsidherabile pilumpler L'hiat) wheit-I wteit iutit tile stalks. Bite thltk is not alLk During this period there hli.s been :t euiStrflit ;Lb.-orjutiolu by3 the berry of the nuttritive t'i siwtiI in the stalk, and this dlevelops :uul cipens tue kernel. Sonme questioll whether t4~rer is aniy more glutton taddhed, bttV it l4"-o opinjiont thiat there is, auth that it.I i8 i 4It~ If thtlbinitifoidl, amid will utuake coti'se ptiieitly a 1 igiher quality (If floir luauit if htot sttlckecf Atlltihl. Bitt the sugges tion we tlesiret toiuare was that stackilg woulid brighten tihe graina, which is this year of at dead color, and14 add a few dollhrs more to the revenutte of the I'arm, which ail will Lratukly ackito'i !dure is always small enough. -St. Paul Pioneer PPC8. EXT3AOR1DInpY YIELDS OF W.REAT's Notling is mote common than stories of extraordinary yields of wheat in the states :•d territories ,It the Pacitic slope. It is ot ten averred that trom 60 to 80 bushels of wheat per acre save been raised in Califoir tliam, Oregon, at4u1 Wad~tingtou Territory. Th'ere is no dotitPt that exceptional crops have sometimes approached these figures, just yields of 40 ibu.iels per acre are occa soilitlly found in very good wheat-growing section of the cqmtry, while the average for entire areas its a serius of years may be but 12 bushels-whicrie is the present aver age for the countty at' large--just -hs John Prout, of Englanfl, claims to have obtained fpomn one leld 65 bushels per acre, when his whole crop ave ged about half as much. Such statements, even if,true, lead to utter ly erroneous con juaions:: The average for live years prior to 1860, iirecording to reports of the CalitornialAgricultural Society, was very nearly 20 b shels: aknost exactly 14, which is only we-sixth greater ithan the general aver~ege r the United States. The Department of.A ricu!ture has made inde jendent estimates for nine years; making the average yield 1,3660100 bu ;,the assess or's r turns for sameperliod, 1,393,100 bu. The f lowing tale gives the State returns for ni e years : 1868, 17.50; 1869, 15.07; 1870. 11.09; 1871, 9.72; 1872, 14.99; 1873, 13.52; 1874, 14.03; 1875, 13.9e; 1870, 15.04;-total, 13.93 Therefore, it will be seen that as soon s the freshness of soil the is spent, 'the ehl of wheat in California declieWs the gimem as in other l(h ities. 1 G 0 C3OP OF sJROPE AfllAXfi1511& C i you give spnme idea of the relative t-am unt f grain prodaidl in Europe and SAt rica? Dtes America produce more g n than Russia ? An answer will oblige A rentiee--Ana. Europe produces now ou Sr verug 5,000,~ Q 00,0 buthels of g'nain, of w'hicih l3u-sia- .'odncc- oue-I |drl'ird, ~rlmny mid FrIanclle 520,000.000 bushels ;lch, and Austria 500.000.000. 'The Ullited States pro t.uce's 1,600,00(,000 tnishels, or about the samne s Russiam. In iorder' to apprecl;ate the aidvanutages of. the Udit~l States, the popu lationu hould 'be taken into account; this is for the Ullited States 40,000,000, antld there tore we produce 40 buIhelst per headl. white,~' Europe, \ ithl' : Iopuljlation of quite 3U0.000, 000, produces only 16 bushels per Be.d; Rus sia 20( bushels pet' lead, anld Grieat Britain only 4bushels per hE'd. As tihe average quantity of grain colnstm'edf per heiad is 15 bushels' we plroduce'tt ietrly Ithree times as much us we want;S. - Rissia scarcely twice Its wants, Europe ont an avehifge itl4 needed, but Great Britail not mutli o'ver dtie-f4,u1'tth It will De seen that the general pr.crilc'tolt. .fiar smrlPasses the coisunlption, but thl. ex'-" cess is absorbed by breweriesand distilleries .all overtthe world, whjiqh do- more to keep'' tlhe prt'e of br.otdstutlfs-fat "a high figure than uanything else.-Anterioed Miller. THE HOUSEHOLD. RECIPES. Cold Minced Meat and Eggs--Take some flragiments of arty cold roast meat. Trin off all the fat parts and mince it very'tllnely. Fry a shalor, chopped small. in plenty of butter. Vlhen it is a light. brown, add a large pinch of tlour, and a little stock, then the muinced meat, with chopped parsley, pepper, salt and nutmeg to tarste. Mix well, a.dd a little more stock. if necessary, and let' the mince gradually .get hot by the side of' : the fire. Lastly, drop in a few diops of lemon juice. Serve wilh sippers of bread fried lujbntter;:- ancld .lee the pouched egg.. on the top. Scrambted Eggs uf2it T~ a satoa.,EBreakS'd1x,'"` eggs into a bowlland heat with a fork Jjust enough to break thdt'yolks.' TkIke fron.it,-.• caniof tomatoes as nitnny mnedliin sized to-. matoeAas you have eggs. Use the pulpy part of the fruit, dritwiug off the juice and seeds as as mu,.h as possible. Put a lump of btitter into a fryihg-pan, and, when melted, tau'n in the tomatoes; stirt for a minute, add the eggs, and continue stirring until cooked. Se~inon to taste and serve very-quickly. To Dry Steet'Corn.--Why need house. wives spoil their dried corn, by culling the whole kernel 'off with-bone slice, when if they were to cdt only the outer p1ait, and " scraph the rest, it would -be so much' more delicious ! It shlonld not be cookdiltlonger . than fifteen minutes before it 14 di.dd~ ',"The best itetlhod I know"tf4o dry it, Is to spread upon plates, and 1et in tlhe-oveti, which is kept tolerably hot at first. • NA"ScdWing Tomfoes. --If'.lete ieo provl clde with a sharp knile, an'ti rmnoves the skins frointtomatoes withontlrest scalding, they tilll'h ave a fresh, llvely taste,'which they netVr have If: scalded. Having so muiny stnooth vat let.s now, it is not liatd' ` to follow the above. Graha,.eemns, No 1..-Lingredlents ; 'Tw'.. cupfuls oftlweet milk, two cupfuls df fluur, two eggs, -and nin even'teaspoohful of stilt.. leat the "Whites anmd" yelk ''epfiratelr Aind )vell; bake in deep gem-pans, whlblh:shrotEh be well heated and grehnsed befi6re tht bat ter is put in ; fill them half full, .ant bake in a quick oven. Serve h".4t.. GrahAamn Gens No S.-Ingredients; One pint of flour, one level teaspoonful of salt, two tablespoonfils 'of- molasses, one teaspoonful (level') of sodal and sweet milk enough for a thin batter:- BIeat well and. banke In a qulck oven, said serve at once. Grain - Tmato Presseoes.-Seven pounds smell green to-natoes, piercing each one' wItlh a fork.; seven pounds sugar, one ounce ginger root, on1e ounce mace, four lemons; make the syrup,i allowing one cup of water to given amountt of sugar; boll tomatoes in the syrup till clear; skthn them out. ahd lay on dishes to utol before putting, them Il Jars; boll syrup uitil thick, and pour over r them.