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OCKY MOUNTAIN HUSBANDIMAN
P~L~ ANNUI. A Journal Devoted to Agriculture, Live-stock, Home Reading, and General News. PER SING OPY. VOL. 4. DIAMOND CITY, MONTANTA, MAY 1, 1879. NO. 24. JjUBLISIHED 1)\EEIKLY BIY R. N. SUTi IERLIN, EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR The ROCKY MIOUNTAIN II.PB.ANDMAN is designed to be, as the name indicattes, a hu1ubandnma iL every sense of the term, embracing in its columns every detpartment of Agriculture, Stock-raisiL.g, Iorti culture, Social anid Dometic Econonmv. AI)VEI:TISING IRATES. l w ek $2I 3 $5 $7 $ 9 $11 $20 $30 2weks 3I 4 71 10 12 15 28 40 1 month 5 1`2 15 19 21 40 (10 3 monlhs 10 1 24 : 30 ' 4'2' 80 120 6 moniths 18 3 36 45 54 5 120 200 1 year 30 40 60 75 ! :0 1 105 180 250 Trans1tient :tlvcertisements pn"va1 in advance. Regular a:dvertiscments p:Lyable uarterly. T.wenty-live per cent. added for special advertise mnents. AG1RICULTURAL. 'I'rm spring is turning out to be very dry ; nluch more so than usual at this season, and grain sown now is slow in coming up. It is a good plan to irrigate the land when dry before plowing, then sow at once, and put seed in shallow, and it will come up without delay. It is not good to irrigate before the grain is up, as it will bake the ground and keep the plant back. The old adage, "An ounce of preventive Is better than a pound of cure," is applicable to Mon tana farming. Never let the ground get thoroughly dried out, but keep it in a good growing condition. In localities where water is liable to be scarce in the event of a dry season, it should not be allowed to run to waste when it can be u.ed to any pur pose. Water early and thoroughly, and 'thus push crops ahead that they may be so advanced as not to need it when the supply begins to fail late in the summer. THIN SEEDING OF WHEAT. Mr. A. J. Scoggins, of Lemoor, Tulare county, California, planted on the 12th of March, one pound of wheat of the Chain plain variety. It was plauted in rows twelve inches apart one way, and eight inches the other. No after cultivation was given. On the 15th of July the wheat was harvested, and the yield found to be 7.01 pounds. The soil was sandy loam, eighteen feet deep. It was not underdrained, and no fertilizer was used. The lahind was plowed twice before the wheat was put in. When the wheat was threshed, Mr. Scoggins says it weighed 805 pounds, but as lie wished to see it weigh ed again before making his affidavit to the yield, he found that one of the sacks had been torn by a loose horse, and a part of the ce;ntents wasted. It the saving had been very close, Mr. S. adds, "we would have had 1,000 pounds ; but we Californians don't gather wheat one straw at a time." This wheat was grown in competition for prizes offered by a seed firm in New York. There were several competitors in Califor nia, most of whom got very creditable re sults. All of thetas planted in drills. one kernel in a place, and the kernels from four to eight inches apart. Many of the plats were cultivated. IMr. A. J. ilickerson, ot Plumas county, planted one pound of De liance wheat on one sixty-fourth of an acre, and harvested therefrom 316 pounds, or at the rate of nearly 340 bushels per acre. The first prize, Defiance wheat, was grown by J. Brakefleld, Avon, Minn., and the yield from one pound of seed was 523 pounds. Mr. rBraketield also won the see ond prize for greatest yield of Champlain wheat, the same being 484 pounds from one pound of seed.-Farmer's Review. DRY and pleasant has been the character istics of the weather for the past month, no snow or rain to amount to much good, ex cept in the immediate vicinity of De iyer, which neighrborhood has been blessed with two fine showers.-Colorado Farmer. HEBREW FARMERS. 'The Jews of the United States are inaug urating a movement for the establishment of agricultural colonies in the west and south. It is a remarkable departure for this people to undertake. Such a person as a Hebrew farmer is hardly known in the his tory of this country. The subject of colonization was first dis cussed at the annual convention of Hebrew congregations at Cincinnati last sunmmer. On that occasion a committee was appoint ed to further consider the matter. This committee has reported that in their opin ion the true emancipation of the Jews con sists in the greater infusion of a spirit of manhood and self-dependence, which can best be done by encouraging the millions of Isrealites dwelling in eastern and southern Europe to become farmers and mechanics. The committee points to the broad, free acres of the West, ready to yield untold wealth, and to import to millions of Jews that spirit of true independence that the owner and tiller of the soil always enjoys. The Jews of this country and of all coun tries are of a patient, persevering, tireless nature. In trade they are close, active, sharp and successful. Centuries of perse cution have failed to break either spirit or ambition. Their physical and mental en durance is something wonderful. They slowly emerge from the bondage of ages, and their representatives control the treas uries of the most powerful civilized govern menits of the world, direct their grandest commercial enterprises, dictate international treaties, and the foreign and the hone poli cies of nations. Looking at the vast accomplishments of this remarkable race of people in other di rections, what may we not be prepared to see them do in this new tield to wLich they now turn. We predict for l.oewvi agrcurl ture in America within the present century a success that shall be the marvel of' agri cultural history. With the IIebrews once fairly enlisted, we shall see farming prose cuted as a business, with a thoroughness and a success heretofore unknown either abroad or at home. The movement, as we said before, is an entirely new departure in the industrial habits of the Hebrew race, as it has existed for centuries, but it is to be rememlbered thiat it is but a return to the life and work of the foret tthers.-Farme"r's Rcview. To MAKE grafting Wax which will keep' a long time, only requiring a little alcohol to soften it, melt slowly one pound good; pale rosin, then take off the stove and add one ounce beef tallow and one teaspoonful oil of turpentine (or less will do it the rosin contains much), stir, cool a little, then gradually add five ounces of strong alcohol. Keep in a corked bottle. -II,--CO --,II-- THE best soil for beans is a mellow clay or sandy loam. Prepare the land as for corn, fi:ted in the nicest manner. Plant ten days or two weeks after planting corn. Marrow beans require one and one-eight bushels seed per acre; mediums, three fourths of a bushel ; pea beans, one-hall bushel ; kidney or other large beans, more, in proportion to size. A fair crop is twen ty bushels per acre.-Cor. Country Ge,>tle man. GooD tillage means fertility, inasmuch that as between good and bad cuiltivation, a well tilled soil though of interior quality. will produce better crops from year to year. than a naturally good soil that is cultivated in a solvenly manner. The reason is that air, moisture and the various gases always contained in the air are the great source of the continued fertilization of the earth. The well tilled soil easily admitz these fertilizing properties that are stored up to be absorbed by the roots of plants. THE POULTRY YARD. INCUBATION is of two kinds, in the practice of poultry men of the present day-these being the natural and the artificial methods. The common mode is employ hens. The newer plan is to hatch chickens in the incubator a machine now manufactured successfully for this purpose, quite largely in the United States and in England. A hen in her wild or native condition, lays her litter of eggs as does the paltridge or grouse. When these are deposited in her chosen secreted nest, she sits upon them tw'mnty-one days, and hatches her brood commonly numbering a dozen or fifteen chicks. By using hens as we do in an arti ficial or domesticated state, they lay more eggs in a given time, and then after a rest of a few days, they will go to laying again and again, without evincing a disposition of broodiness. Some breeds of fowls, commonly called "non-sitting" varieties, will pass through the entire year without inclining to sit at all. But, as a rule, all kinds of hens show a desire to sit more or less, at some time in the twelve-months. Fowls that are pampered with excessive high-feeding, will oftenest become broody. And the Cochins and Brahmas which we indulge with such gross feeding, are the most persistent in their desire to sit. These will cling to the nest determinately, when the fever is upon them, or they will squat upon glass eggs, stones, or nothing, week after week, at times, when they have laid out their first litters. Probably it is the better course, in the long run, to permit these birds to sit awhile --say for three weeks-even it they have ,under them only wooden or artificial eggs. ''lq ý aflords them needed rest, if they are prolific layers, Inlu ..ý. will after this sea son of ease, go to laying again - qtlte as promptly as we shall find they will do if we annoy and pester them with our attempts tO "break them up," and foil their setting infen tionn< The hatching season in our northern cli mate is so brief, however, that is to say, the ternm when chickens can most profitably be got out, is so short, that with our best fan cy breeds, it is found necessary to get all the eggs we can from these birds in Febru ary, March and April, for hatching pur poses. And therefore it is an object to keep the hens at work during this period as steadily as possible and to set their eggs under common fowls, or hatch them hn the ixcubators. I)uring the present month, all the eggs that can be conveniently set, should be placed under the liens at an early Iay. After this month-although good chickens may be raised from toe May hatch ings-the summer and fall coul'ts and passes way so soon, that there is not time enough for the young birds (thus later hatched) to r *each mature growth before eold weather rpproaches again.-American Poultry Yard. FEED WELL NOW. t The hens and pullets, if they have been - vell ,ared for, are now laying freely. To :eep this up it is necessary to feed well. 'he production of anl egg a day, or every >ther day, is a strain on the strength and oapacity of a hen. A hen's egg represeints . considerable amount of highly organized uitritious matter, and contains more food Li Or its bulk than any other natural product a f the same size. It may, therefore, easily e seen that the production of eggs is an xlmhustive process on a fowl and at this d eason she needs good feed and enough of s At this season fowls can get little to eat if cept what is given them. They may be .e ble to pick up something in the barnyard. g 'here grain-fed cattle are turned every day, d ut a vast number of poultry keepers have o barnyards for fowls to forage in, hence they are almost entirely dependent upon what is given them. It is now important that the stock should be well fed and in good, thritty condition. Fowls thus kept will be vigorous and full of life, and chicks hatched from their eggs will be correspond ingly strong and healthy, and will thrive and grow better than when hatched from eggs laid by hens in poor condition. Whenever they can be had, potatbes or even turnips should be boiled and mashed and mixed with ground corn and oats and wheat bran, and fed warm in the morning. A liberal feed may be given, but no more than will be cater,. In this feed is the place to mix scalded sour milk, not enough to make the feed too thin and sloppy-but as much as may be without producing this re sult. At noon feed a little wheat, buck wheat, oats or rye, and at night give a 'square meal" of corn. Water should al ways be given at feeding time or soon after, as fowls usually want to drink after they have eaten their feed. Pound up a few oys ter-shells every day and keep that or cracked bone within reach of the fowls whenever they want them. Where they are confined to small yards and have no access to barnyards or other sources of strawy or forage food, a little nice, fine hay or corn-fodder may be given every day. Scatter the grain given as food among this litter and let the hens hunt and scratch for it. It will afford both amuse ment and exercise for them. Fowls fed in this way in clean, warm premises will lay and their eggs will hatch strong, healthy chicks. These may seem like minute directions for feeding chickens, but from observation we are led to believe that the majority of poultry keepers either do not know how to feed,.or -.lo not practice what they know. Now, at the beginning of the breeding sea son, is the time the "chickens" should be ,.arDfailly" frul and managed. From good thrifty breeding stock one may reasonably expect to raise good, strong, healthy chicks, and from fowls starved and neglected no one need entertain great expectations. Farm Journal. THE HOUSEHOLD. Fritters.-Very nice fritters may be made by simply rolling the plain dough (after it has risen, of course), and cutting and frying as doughnuts, to be eaten with sirup or sauce. By putting a lump of risen dough into a pudding-bla, tying, leaving room to swell, putting into a pot of boiling water, and boiling an hour or more, according to size, you have an excellent plain pudding, but it should be eaten with rich sauce. Curing Pop-Corn.-Pop-corn is often spoil ed in curing by being put in rooms where the temperature runs too high. Some peo ple are of the opinion that the drier the corn the better it will pop, but such opinions are erroneous. Pop-corn is best cured in a dry, cool room-not in a hot, dry room, as can soon be proven by test. For Clarifying 1Wines, Vinegar, Etc.-The following is said to bleech all colored liq nids, and to render bone-black perfectly un necessary; Albumen, 300 parts; neutral tartrate of potash, three parts; alum, five parts; sal-arntnoniac, 700 parts. The albu men must, of course, not be coagulated, The ingredients are first dissolved in a little water, and then added to tie liquid to be claritled. Cure for a Felon.--The following cu'e for a felon has been tested by wide experience among friends, and is worthy of circulation: itoast or bake thoroughly a .large onion; mix the soft, inner pulp with two heaping. tablespoonfuls of table salt, and apply the mixture to the atlrected part as a poultice, keeping the parts well covered. Make fresh applications at least twice a day, morning and evening, and a cure will tul low in at least a week.