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ROCKY MOUNTAIN IISBANWA
$4.00 PEn ANNUM. A Journal Devoted to Agriculture, Livr4tock, Home Readlng, and General News. VOL. 4. DIAMOND CITY, MONTANA, MAY 8, 1879. aeannmnm| n u nannniu nn i nt mni u n nnn ln nunn m m nnnunmi n u n in nu hm lal m ii l n n •.. . . . . .. . ... ] ', . i; - . ' ',"/ ¢\ . 1''.. PUBLISHED WEEKLY BY R. N. SUTHERLIN, EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR The ROCKY MOUNTAIN IIUSBANDMAN Is designed. to be, as the name indicates, a husb.udmarn iL every senselof the term, embracing in its columns every department of Agriculture, Stock-raising, Horti ealture. Social and Domestic Economy. ADVERTISING RATES. 1 y1r 3 600 75 90 105 I180 25o Regular advertisements payable quarterly. "" -w Twenty-lye per cent. added for spee l oadvertise. Imonth 5 8ý 12 151 191 21 40 60 3 months 10 24 80' 36 4 80 120 8 m o n th s I 3 45 I 55 1 1 0 Transient ndvertlsements pavelile in advance. Regular advertisements payable quarterly. Twenty-live per cent. added for spec&aladvertise. ments. AGRICULTURAL. ABOUT one year ago we took occasion to warn our readers to beware of the army of agents that always come in the van-guard of railroads and the "genial influences," and which are a nuisance equaled only by the genus tramp. No sooner does a rail road come in striking distance of a country than it becomes overrun with agents, ped dlers and venders of all manner of catch penny devices for farming, dairying, house keeping, and in fact everything we could mention. Now we do not condemn all the devices thus disposed of as humbugs and swindles, but we do cotntlemn the manner of disposing of them. Many of them, how ever, are worthless, and the unsuspecting farmer being generally honest, and regard ing others as like himself, is singled out as a victim. Wherever the grange has spread its light farmers have learned the evil ten dency of this system of trade, and have de termined to deal as nearly direct with the manufacturer as possible. We have whole sale dealers in our territory who are pre pared to handle all manner of farm supplies. and can afford to sell at a much less margin than the agent who migrates through the country, for unlike wholesale dealers who buy of the manufacturer, he is only a sub dealer. Besides this, our territorial dealers are well posted in regard to different kinds of articles and keep only the best. True, the peddler may have something not to be obtained of them, but in nine cases out of ten, their wares are worthless and would never have found a market in the hands of conscientious resident dealers. The states are sorely cursed with this army of agents. Every season brings vend ers of new inventions, patent-right men oily-tongued fellows who have but one ob ject, the getting of money. We would say to the Montana farmer, pass these gently by, and deal with men of established repu tation. It articles are not sufficiently known to be in the hands of regular dealers their utility is doubtful. The average traveling vender does not scruple to tell any story, for he never expects to call again. "Fore warned is fore-armed." POTATDES IN MISSOURI. Prdfessor Tracy, of the Missouri agricul tural college, has this to say to some of the varieties of potatoes tried by him on the college farm last year. Beauty of Hebron, introduced by the de parttment of agriculture last year, is a very smooth white potato of excellgnt table qual ity. It is shaped like the early rose. and I ripens at about the same time, but appears to be a much better keeper. Snowflake has proved universally good I with me; it Is of fine quality, yields well auld keeps well. Brownell's beauty has been a failure when planted on heavy clay lands, but on well drained river bottoms it will give an enor- . mots yield of excellent potatoes. White Ncshannock is amolng the best for fall and early winter use, but is very uncer- i tain, and sometimes nearly every tuber willU rot in the ground. Early Rose heads the list for summer aDia fall use, but when grown In our warm c11 mate it becomes watery and of inferior fl~: vor in the winter. THE MERITS OF LIGHT AND HEAVY WHEAT AS SEED. A. A. Freeman gives the following sensli ble views on the seed wheat question in ate late issue of the La Crosse Chronicle: I have just received the article in your is sue of March 10, on seed wheat, and must', ask for space in your paper to reply to what; I can not help but regard as a dangerous heresy. Ia the first place the purport of the article is to convince farmers that light and shrunken wheat is as good for seeding purposes as heavy, plump No. 1. True, tr. Huntting is somewhat inconsistent on that point, if he is reported correctly, min claiming that the sprouts from 45 to 47 pound wheat were equal to No. 1 wheat; but admitting that it is a matter of experi ment as to how the light wheat will pro duce, is not that a great risk for Northwest ern farmers to take, when two bushels of average light wheat will buy one bushel of 57 to 60 pound wheat from the upper Pacif ic railroads ? A large amount of this choice wheat has been in store at St. Paul all win ter, and could be obtained at about $1 10 per bushel, and I think can be had yet to a certain extent. But in any case farmers should select the best that can be obtained near home. I don't think that most ot this light wheat will gerpiinate. A r ent Chicago circular of a very respectat. firm quotes experi ments with "well-selected specimens" In hot houses, and 20 per cent. failed to sprout; but the main question is, what will it pro duce, both in yield and quality. If the the ory of the gentleman named in your article is correct then all the experience of, for in stance, English farmers, for generations, goes for nothing. While their immense yields are, of course, largely due to close, careful farming, yet the careful selection of the best seed, year after year, has a great deal to do with it, as well as the large, plump berry obtained. Breed a small mare to a small stallion and continue it for a few years, and you get an animal the size of a Shetland pony. le 'erse the order. In conclusion, if those gentlemen believe their theory, I will wager them anything up to $500, either on our own account or to be devoted to some good charity, that if an equal quantity of 60 pound wheat and of 45 or 47 pound wheat be sowed on a given space ot land, side by side, the former will prodnce more and better wheat and bring more money, after allowing for the extra cost of the heavy seed, than the light wheat will. OATMEAL. Oatmeal, now found on almost every gen tleman's'breakfag table, was a few years ago used exclusively by the Scotch and the Irish. Dr. Johnson who, in his hatred of the Scotch, lost no opportunity of saying a bitter word against them, defined oats as in Scotland food for Scotchmen, but in En gland food tor horses. "Yes," answered an indignant Scotchman, "where can you find such men as in Scotland, or such horses as in England ?" We have heard of a shrewd old Scotch mother, who used to make her family eat oatmeal first, saying: "The bairn who eats the most porritch, will Bet the most meat after it." But the bairn who gained the prize always found himself too full to enjoy the meat. It is mentioned in a most charming book, the "Life and Letters of Lord Macaulay,.' that Carlyle, catching a sight of Macaulay's face in repose, -remark ed: "Well, any one can see that you are an honest, good sort of fellow, made out of oatmeal." If oatmeal can "make" such men as Walter Scott, Dr. Chalmers, and Lord Macaulay, we may well heap high the porritch dish, and bribe our children to eat of it. One thing we do know, that it is far better for the blood and brain that eake,', confections, and scores of delicacies, on which many pale little pets are fed by their foolishly fond mothers. "The Qoeen's Own," a regiment of almost giants, recruit ed from the 'cotch Highlands, are, as Car 4yle said ot Macaulay, "made out ot oat hmeal." So boys who want height and breadth and muscle, and girls who want ro s~ cheeks and physical vigor, should turn from hot bread and other indigestibles, to t1s "food for Scotchmen and horses."--St. M4oie Miller. ·T2 VEOETA3LE GARhI . The vegetable garden of every farm, will iand attention from this time on' as we ar r and farther north. Peas, onions, I ,, lt radish, spinach, parsnips, beta 'r rr use cannot be planted .'!o;kiý ghey should be planted as SZa, tha oi.l is in condition for working. h iih&iu"s4true ef potatoes intended for ery us4 tIsherthMe nor beets will gen Ieii e ground until after dan ge otldliup, aver. ltbage, e t ower, celery,, tomatoes, p4 'era d lant shaold find a place in; When Phly enough for taimty tiy a tIi? s "A t Is`e heaper to bay pldaes t ihlsei em. Cabbage and cauliflower oukd hpa tI out as soon as daIs ev C lery for";ui it - 'lte....tad spring use ;the seed may be sown In a bed early in the spring, and transplanted when large enough, or from July 1 to August 1, accord ing'to the latitude. The farther north, the earler it must be planted. Tomato, pep per, and egg-plant should not be planted out tUntil the days, and also the nights are warm; not before it Is safe to set out sweet potato plants. Cucumber, melon squash and okra should be planted about ten days after the usual time of planting corn; that Is, not until the soil Is well warmed. Indeed there are no plants that pay better for starting on six inch inverted sods, than those, so you may give.,them the protection of glass. Thus they may remain until they form fine plants and may be transplanted in the open air at the dame time as other tender plants. It will advance them fully two weeks earlier than It planted in the usual way. The same mayibe said of Lima, and other pole beans. Stri g beans should be planted at corn planting time. Adt attendance to these simple rules will enable any firmer to have a good garden, it he will spend the necessary labor to tend it. There is nothing about the farmn that will' pay better, and nothing pays less, if allowed to grow up to weeds.-Prairie Farmer. BONE AND MUSCLE. LIebig has shown that oatmeal is almost as nutritious as the very best English beef, and that It is richer than wheaten bread in the elements that go to form bone and Inus cle. Prof. Forbes, of Edinburgh, during some 20 years, measured the breadth and height, and tested the strength of both the arms anui loins of the students in the uni versity--a very numerous class, and o fvari ous nationalities, drawn to Edinburgh by the fame'ot his teaching. He found that in height, breadth of chest and shoulders. and strength of arms and loins, the Belglans were at the bottom of the list; a little above them the French; very much higher the English; and the highest of all the Scotch and t!le Scotch-Irish, from Ulster, who, like the natives of Scotland, are fed in their ear ly years with at least one meal a day of good eaOineal porrige. Three or four ounces of oil can be extract- I ed froW'100 pounds of wheat. PARSNIPS o ny abjot* dry matter of%% of a superiorlI~r Lahi about ai gels, but arei rM -feeding quality. 1 . po aulpl . ;of da 41J 4 NJ* VNu Watea1 b beW- lae er known. Pat the hiIRtt6 and let it boll -until :.. then apl y 4t '' hot #ab.ti 4 oracks,.cingts beii; au.j where any1" ie t~ 'g att4 bugs, noekrmoles o killed by It; wh#* .soning thefamfly l4 ' ' glass stoppits or neck, and caannatt be : ` twisting.A rag wet wtitgshot *aº let It remain , expan d the n of t .'rTt w stopptr era anbnt' eh oe ora te L e toe tiifT ti a i a;' 'ký lug the bo~t t , plji o* 4be then bhe ptb* .°e ot f lg frictn,, d,, r n t4" a@ nd stoppitii e Bead `i.g9 .tuteý.4 4 a correspondient tn the , o r a recent issue, ai article upon thc 'caMr Of bedsteads," wbeh1 0 think ieea I , went. To say tha l ld foted'hou keepbrs. or any +ohera whn havantg b UjiccrvaU, UU MAY uJLere wu00 pave ntine motest claim to be classed as boulkkeepers wait till the last Friday in BMarh, orxan 'other month or week ii t!ie year, to et~e minate bed bugs, when ,they are ktgown t exist in a hous~.. is a Ilbel. they. do it --. stantly. There are Pmaay,, bt'er ways to destroy these inseotk than by ,he use of tor rosive sublimate, which Is oftea swa loed.. by mistake, producing deatht One of thy best, safest and least ofleasive, IS to dld l+yt as much gum shellac in aloshol as tbe4 ' hol will take; remove all the $urnlturt aa bedding, carpets, ; etoa. o m the in.esd. room to a conveni.et. ,;gatit OUtt door., at some distance frtoa house. . Then with a paint brush treae i part f 'the furni ture where a bugEi* g could lodge, with a good coat of shekllaCd alcohol, saturat ing every hole "t4 erack. Do the same with the floor at~ xI W s of the' root. Brus the mattresees, beGtidg and carpets 'tth brush stifteneough Tremove evely possible insect and egg from t eIm. If the work id done thoroughly ' ~r this way, it will not need repeating until: there is a new colony imported. Custard Pie Wltg.ut Milk--Beat together five eggs, five tabieipoonºfuls of' sugar, and a little salt; ipour one pint of boiling water stirring briskly while adding the water; fla vor with spices mpst pleasing to the taste. and comniete the pie the same as other cue tards. The qttatitiy'l` sutfloloett bor. twq pies. Custard wade in this manner may be eaten after pickles or any other sour fruit, by people with weak stomachs without pro. ducing any disagreeable eflects. Potato Yeaat Without Hops.--Pare and grate four large potatoes, over which pour three pints of boiling water, stirring thor oughly. LeIdt boil slowly five mlinntes; then add one teacupful of sugur and one of salts After thley have entirely dissolved, empty into a vessel to cool. When a little " more than lukewarm, add a 'large teacup tul of ySast, and put it in a warm place to rise. When suWicilently risen, it will have a light, frothy appear.mue, and will remain sweet for weeks if kept in a cool nirce.