Newspaper Page Text
T I ik y intal Hmbaidmnax,
R. N. SUTHPERLIN, Editor. THURSDAY, MAY 8, 1879. THu Herald of a repent date urges upon the Helena board of trade the necessity of taking immediate steps to provide incoming immigrants with employment. This is a very important measure, and simple enough .too, and our cotemporary can assist very materialty in the good work. Good men are needed in every section of the territory. Make the new-comer to know that Helena 'al~neis not Montana; tell them not to sit down around the hotels and boarding houses eof that city and wait for some one to hunt them up to give them big wages, but scatter them out through-our agricultural and stock regions.. Farmers,. busy with their crops, have not time to go to Helena In, search of hands Our flock-masters are too busy to leave home,' and Helena is too remote for them, to go there it search of men, and con , sequently manage to-get on without them. There Is yet plenty of work for all the laborers in the territory at remunerative prices, though the demand in and around iteleni may be supplied~ In the more re ruote soetions. laborers.ane in fair demand; men are wanted on farms, to work at dairy. lng, to assist a the round-up and'to, help during the lambing and shearing season. The opportugities for locating new homes are also better in many localities than on. tihe-Prickly Pear vaIlhy,. On some of our valleys the pioneer flrrow has not yet been turned and not a smgls water right appro priated.. There is an. abundance of room for settlers on.most any of our valleys, but the water 'cntiot be had without considera ble cost except on our frontier valleys. Those wh6 are coming into our midst with their families= willido better tor settle on a farm and. commence for themselves than toepend on days' wages. There is plenty of time fprt sueo meatoeput In a small crop -apnog mt uia l ith tZbemna year. eo~S6W.o Lbav corme and are. coming bfther, not to make homes nor to locate permanently, but with, a hope of striking a bonanza and going home in a few years millionaires,' will find a broad field (or pros pecting. , If they have' means to buy mining tools and prbvlsitns,' and are willing to work, they have the necessary outfit for yFALA, 4loIJ .& V Q L4rI 5UUVaaury 3JULUL 1ir prospecting, and may strike out into our mountain ranges,.. it matters little in what diirection.. ' Every citizen can contribute materially toward assisting immigrants by giving in f tormation tp ,regarcdto our country and'its various pursuits. Welcome and encourage theeni and' assist them in finding, employ ment, loeations, homes, etc.. Yotrwill never regret the pains taken. These people come to stay; they are to be, our associates, friends and neighbors; treat them as such ancaadd to- rather than detract, from, the sources of human gratitude. YoUNG meji who start out to seek their fortunes in the far west make a great. mis take in leaving their ladyloves behindthem.. "They build bright air-castles, of. qaickly amassed fortunes, and; returning home to the one that. ilswatching and. waiting. It iis needless to say how few ever realize their hopes. 'The.true policte.. adopt-is to start oun determined to stay with the oountry of their adoption, taking the dear onee along. 'fte and noble-hearted women, worthy,.of being. companions:of industrious, energetic yooig men, will not object to seeking their fortimes with their: lords. Men who. came wtintd" ' bring with them that which. is dea&Fe witl.not become home-sick in a. few. yer., and.are not continually breeding di~. cord and;dlEeonmentment. Come west, young' men, but come to stay, and grow up with the cotmtry. A. N. BULL, Master of, the Territorial Grange of Montana, gives notie of its-meet-. log In this issue, and in behalf oS the mem bers of Madison grange, invites .Iatrons ev-. erywbere, tooattend. NoTwrvnrTAswnG the strong probablRty -of..tulanu troubles this summer, we unde seipd that the companies of the 7th infantry tiOw in the: territory. are to start soon for wst u:nelling.. It is evident to . every one acqtiunted with our situation that the mili t.ary forced,o Montana shouwt;i, streagth wdInsteaE.I dimianstet.. VISIT TO ST. IGNATIUS MISSION. Notes of the Trip-The Work the Priests are Doing-Over One Thousand Peo ple March in the Procession on Good Friday. To reach the mission we passed down the Jocko valley ten miles, then crossed over a low ridge that divides the Jocko trom Mis sion Greek valley. On this route we passed many Indian farms, but it was a holiday and all was quiet about their homes, except the preparation to go to the Mission, and be fore we had left the valley great numbers of them had fallen in behind. There were old men and women, dressed in red calicoes and blankets, crowded in wagons, and men, wo men, boys and misses on horseback. At first they appeared to try to go in regular order, but they soon:broke'into clusters, and the bucks and lasses of the valley went gal loping, prancing and racing over the plain in a manner peculiar to their taste and cus toms. "Mulligan'directed my attention to the dignified manner they assumed on horse back. Said he, as a score of young men and women darted by at gallop speed: "See how nice those men sit, their legs astride, so erect and perfectly straight with the body !" and the answer was, "the women ditto." Then the coversation run on eti quette, in which we all had our say, and, though no definite conclusion was reached, It was intimated that the Indian maidens practice less mock modesty than the whites, and are deserving of credit for clinging to 'the customs-ot their ancestors. Mulligan's talk was the best. Said he: "Riding astride is Western style-it will be adopted in the East by and by, for old styles often be come new. As soon as the walking mania is over you may expect the French 'ladies or the belles of Long Branch to adopt that style, for after long walking they'll want to rest and ride, and then' striped stockings will show to good advantage." The valley in which St. Ignatius MAision is situated is the largest arid most beantitful in 'western Montana.' A chain' of lofty peaked, snow-clad nmdutraiuglr 3xfl si.rxm I the head of Mission creek to' taid' ouh(l Flathead lake, 60 miles distant, th.ei brehk off toward-the west fencing the north botn dary of the Pend'Oreilleriver and eniclosing' within the tria.gle an area of many thou sand miles of low, level lands,. most of which are susceptible of cultivation. The mountaips. are covered with timber at their base, which extetus several miles down on the flat, here and there for miles surround in- lovely-dales, grassy glades, parks and prairies, the natural orchards of the West, wherein wild plums, strawberries and sev eral other. fruits flourish, and mature year after year.. The Mission is near the head of the, valley on the south bank of Mission creek. On our arrival we were cordially re ceiyed by Fathers Glorda, Latanzi, Bene dine and:Parodi. The first named has been here rany, years, and I am indebted to him .tfor much valuable information concerning the establishment and work of this and oth er missions, which cannot, for want of space, be given here. Father Giorda speaks the Flathead language perfectly. He is en gaged in compiling a di:tionary of the Flat head language, which is to be used in the schoolsain Rome for the instruction ofamis sionaries. The book will contain about 700 pages, a ud 350 copies are being printed. He has a job press and Lype. Mr. Butler, who is engaged upon the work, thinks he will be a proficient "Ingle" talker by time the work is completed. The mission buildings now occupied are large; twoand one-halt stories high, and the church is the, second largest in Montana, it being 100x484eet, 20 foot ceiling, pointed root, with belfry on top. Inside the ceiling is supported by col usirlb all snow white, but are struug with festoons and fringed ornaments. At the left of the main entrance is the clmir ros trum with a fine organ, and at the - further 'end the beautiful altar, together with the elegant statues 'that stand on each side oc cupy the whole end of the room. Still it is capable of receiving, about 1,100 persons. The other valuable property here consists ofa haw mill and flouring.mill, blacksmith, and carpenter shops, herds ofhorses, cattle, hoge, farm machinery, fields of. some hun dteds of acres, in which 18 :teams arer. em ployed, making ita. self-sustaining institu-. tion. But it is Good lriday, and the day is fairly spout, andL.I.rust lea-e. of. furtbhe. . mention of the place until aftor the celebra tion, which promises to be the grandest that has ever been witnessed here. The number of Flatheads, Kootenays and Pend'Oreilles (Kalispel) Indians assembled are estimated at 1,350. Some of the Kalispels and many of the Kootenays having come a long way to take part in the event. The usual mass had been well attended through the day, but in the afternoon the church was jammed to its fullest extent, while Father Giorda's ser men was being delivered. After the sermon, which was in the Indian tongue and fer verently spoken, the devotional exercises of the "Way of the Cross" was begun and gone through with, the Indians rising at each sta tion facing the priest and sang in regu lar tune: "From pain to pain, from woe to woe, With loving hearts and Jootsteps slow, To calvary with Christ we go. See how his precious blood At every station pours! Was ever grief like this ? Was ever sin like ours ?" The singing was in Indian tongue, but fol lowed the proper tune, and it was rich, rare, quaint and pleasant. At early dark the 14th station was reached and fires had been kin dled at the church door and in the front yard. Then some stallw.,rt chiefs bore from the altar of the church the crucifix, the priests acting as pall bearers, and four lit tle Indian' girls dressed in white carry·g the nails. As the procession filed dowwi the long aisle and out of the door way, the In dians with lighted torches made of pine knots, stepped into line two abreast moving slowly. It was truly a grand spectacle to witness in the dark still night that procession nearly a half m.le long, and it was easy to fancy in those solemn moments that Mary Magdalen and the other Mary were there standing over by the sepulcher or following with saddened hearts, while in the back ground were standing the scoffing Roman soldiers and deriding Jews. Passing around the cemnetry, an enclosure of about four acres some 200 yards from the church, the procession returned silently to the altar and were dismissed in perfect order. To-morrow we vjit the 's1ters school, see the Easter Sunday celebration, and may have something more to say. April 12th. WILL. MONTANA'S SARATOGA., t The ready relief so otten afforded to in valids who visit the White Sulphur Springs e warrants, the prediction that they will, at no distant day, become the most popular resort in all the great North-west. The virtues of C these waters are not contined to newspaper t accounts., The actual cures perfected have done more to advertise them to the people i1 of our territory than anything else. Their t value has been practically demonstrated, c and scientific analysis proves a close simi Slarity to the famous waters of other coun- e tries which have a wide reputation for their h healing qualities. We have the following analysia from the University of Michigan : "The residue from one-half gallon of water sedt me from Montana has the following composition : Weight of total residue, 40, grains. Re- t action when dissolved in distilled- water is f strongly. alkaline. Carbonate of soda, sul- P phate of soda, chlbride of soda, Bromide of soda, carbonate of lithium, oxydul of iron, a silicate, carbonate of lime, (trace), carbon- b ate of. magnesia, (trace). This water re- ii sembles closely, in chemical composition, the Apollinaruis water whirh is shipped to America from Prussia. V. .:.VAUGrAN, M. D., Ph. D., Lee. on Med. Chem, in University of Mich. Ann Arbor, Michigan, April 14, 1879." "The mineral sent me for the determina .tion of the amount of sulphur, contains 87 'per cent.. of that ingredient. V. C. VAUGHAN, Lecturer, etc. Ann Arbor, Aprill 15, 1879." 'Montaniaus should feel truly glad to know :that in addition to one of the most healthy s ;climates on earth, we have such a healing f fountain within easy reach# where we may h go and build summer or winter resorts, and live and enjoy its benefits at no greater cost it than would be incurred at home. The coun- b try around the springs s settling up rapil- s ly, and lets about the premises are getting S in demand, which gives promise of a lively sI town springing up, within.the-next twelve I !months. The mineral referred ,to 4nthe above was ti . S.Adlenii t.tak from. the. snrinsr. THE BOSTON WOOL MARKET. The general tone of the wool market has been quiet the past week, the demand being for small lots to supply daily wants. Prices are a little lower for X grade domestic fleeces, the stock of which appears ample to meet the demand likely to occur until the new clip comes in. We.have no sales of territory wool to re port this week, and believe the stock has all passed into consumption. Manufacturers who used those wools the past season are already inquiring about the new clip, and we anticipate a good demand and ready sale for them if prices are within their reach. Tihe stock of California wools in market is not large. holders are disposed to close them out at every good opportunity. The sales of California and Oregon for the week foot up about 220,000 1b:, within the range of 13@14c for fall ; 18@,21e for spring ; 26e for Cal. pulled; 19@25 for Oregon. About 60,000 lbs. Texas were sold at 17@21. The total sales of domestic wools .agre-. gate 845.000 lbs. Our quotations this week are nominal and' are as tollows: Colorado-choice clips. 190@21c; fine grade 18 (20c; Improved, 16@18c; coarse (carpet) Mexican, 11@14c. Montana, Wyoming anti Utah-choice clips, 22@24e; fine grade, 15@21c; medium, 17@21 ; coarse (carpet), 12@14c; Combing, 20@22c. Black, 2 to 3c lower than corresponding grades of white. -Gray, Dewey, Gould d4 Co.'s Wool Circular. Apriil 12. RE-WRITTEN. -Seventeen live prairie grouse from the, United Stategrecently arrived in New Zea. land, where it is proposed to endeavor to establish the bird. They were snared near Topeka, Kansas. Twenty-two 'ere sent, but five died on the voyage. -The Germans, Italians and Fr-nch are preparing for extensive exhibits at the Mex ican exhibition of 1880, wit ii a view. of inter rupting the growing tadue between the United States and Mexicor -The punishment devised by a Manches ter, (N. H.)fschoolrtMstressis to. pat pepper on the tongue. -The military.chest captured' at Isandula (Zululand), contained $1001,000 in gold. -The erection of the New South Wales exposition will! be carried on at night by electric light. -A woman in Mt. Sterling, Ky., 18 years of age,. has been narried, six years and has, three children. -The Rev. W. 1. .. .. Murray is organiz ing a company, with a capital of $250,000,. to manufacture his patent buckboard wag ons. -Making waistcoats at fourteen cents each,. cheviot shirts at four cents apiece, heavy overalls at fifty cents per dozen, and wollen trousers at ten cents a pair are soum facts gleaned by a society of ladies who are investigating the condition of the sewing women of Cleveland, Ohio. -The manufacture of beet sugar is to be tried in earnest at Northampton, Mass. A factory is to be built, and 400 acres of beets planted this season. -At the evening celebration of the 1,800th anniversary of the destruction of Pompeii a bottle, of wine taken from the ruins,, where it had, lin since A. D., 79, is to be opened. -There is a tremendous dispute raging in Madras over a hair from the prophet Mo hammed's beard. This holy relic is enclos ed in a case, guarded by an official, who has a government pension of,,00 rupees per an numn,. and six fanatical M.nssulmans are dis puting. before the Madras high court for its possession. -At the postal card~ factory, Hblyoke, Mass., designs are being made for a new two-cent international. card, and a double sizee two-cent card fo*domestic use. The former will be issued about July 1, and the latter next falL: -An interesting lawsuit will soon be tried in ]leondon-an action for $40,000 mloneyleunt by Mr. Pbdwick to Mrs. Thistlethwaite, a lady. well known in fashionable society. Subpoenas have been. served upon Mr. Gklad stone, the Duke of (Sutherland, Chief Baron aloleck and other prominete entlemen.. -Mrs.. Oliver; hi undecided whether to' twmn book agent or take to "'baby-farming,!. iow whUl.shees "young'and charminhig...'