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ROCKY MIOUNTAIN HUSBANDMAN
,4.0o o 0 ts. PIR ANNU.ti A Journal Devoted to Agriculture, Live-stock, Home Reading, and General News. PER SINGLE COPY. VOL. 4. DIAMOND CITY, MONTANA, AUGUST 21, 1879. NO. 40. R. N. SUTHERLIN, E I)ITO It AND PROPRIETOIR The ROCKY MOUNTAIN IITUSBANDMAN 18 designed to be, as the name indicates, at hunbu.ndmanin it, every oense of the term, embracing in its coiumns every department of Agriculture, Stock-raiie.g, HLorti eulture, Social and I)omestic Economy. AI)VE:I'TISING RIATES. Sweek $ 2 $, $5 $ 7 9 $ 11I $'20 $30 2 weeks 3 4 7 10 12 15 28 40 1 month 5 8 12 15 19 21, 40 1y) 3 inmoths 10 16 24 30 ' 4 80 120 i months 18 ': 3:; 45 I 54 I 5 120 2100 1 year 30 40 1iO 75 1 90 105 I 180 2.50 ''ransient advertisements pavaui, in udvance. 1Renular advertisemeonts payable (nl rterly. Twenty-live per cent. added for specl,1 advertise nments. A1GRICULTURAL. 11AY-MAKING is now far spent and tine ricks of hay dot our valleys in every direc tion. The yield has generally been good and' the season having been fine, hay is in unusual good condition, and if ricks are properly topped out the season's labor will prove a profitable one. It is essential that ricks be retopped and straightened up as soon as settled, and as we may look for rain at least by the lith of September this righting up of ricks should not be neglected. No effort of course has been made to pre pare feed for the stock of the territory ex cept that in service and that needed by cat tle and sheep men in case of an emergency. TlOUSANDS Of acres of grain are now ripe and ripening on our several valleys, and hundreds of reapers and self-binders are abroad sweeping it down. Farmcrs are busy and will continue to be until after threshing is over. Some are making haste to get their products on the markets before there is a decline, and as most farmers must have some money to pay oft ,hands, there is some danger of a rush such as will greatly cripple the markets for some months, but the bulk of the grain wilL not be disposed of except at prices that will pay. Sow largely of winter wheat, it will yield more bushels per acre, makes the best of flour, and is surer, is off hands earlier, less liable to damage from grasshoppers, re quitres less water, and is in many ways pref erable to spring wheat. The farmers who made the experiment on the Missouri val ley are well pleased with the result. Splen did crops were grown both near the base of the mountains and near the rivef-, thus test ing tire extremes fully. THERmE is some diversity of opinion as to which is best in Montana, drilling grain or sowing it broadcast. Drilling is certainly preferable for winter wheat, and it is gain ing in favor for spring sowing. The seed thus sown is all buried, and being put in deeper, comes up better on dry land. Still, broadcast sowing has its advantages, as with light covering the grain comes quicker, and grain well distributed In broadcast sow ing, is thought to be best by many. All things considered, we favor using the drill. THE WHEAT PROSPECTS. It is with alight and cheerful heart that the farmer may look forward to the results of the harvest which is already upon us. The prospects. as regards yield, are all we couldl expect, there being but few sections of ,the country where any fears are express ed Otf a poor yield. Experts, it istrue, whose judgment is entitled to respect, hold that the long period of drouth which character i;:ed the early part of the season, has had an eflrect oni thecrop which will be developed at threshing time, if not sooner, andl that the average yield will not equal that of last year. Even should thiis prognostication prove correct, however, we are assured of a large demand in Western Europe. while but few countries, save the Unitea States and Canada, will have much to export. Even Southern Russia will supply tar less for ex port than usual, drouth, corn-beetles and lo custs having conspired against the unfortu nate husbandmen of that hitherto prolific region. In all probability, therefore, we may look forward to a fair crop, with good; and our American farmers may reasonably expect a season of comparative ease, in keeping with the improved commercial and financial condition of the country at large. To the farmer this means the paying oft of old debts, of mortgages drawing the old rates of 9 and 10 per cent. intere4t, making many needed improvements, adding to his store of knowledge by purchasing good books and papers, and generally bettering the condition of himself and his family, in tellectually as well as materially ; and we extend to them our sincere congratulations on the pleasing prospect before tnem. Farmers' Review. BRAIN AND MUSCLE ON THE FARM. Many farmers think muscle work is the main thling on the farm. IIowe.mistaken they are ! As the brain controls the action of the body, so should it control the work on the farm. There is as much difference between an intelligent brain and an igno rant one as there is between a productive farm and one in weeds and brambles. Brain and muscle are both indispensable, but nei ther should be exclusively relied upon. The more the brain is developed, the more productive will be its capacities, in the same way that the better the farm is cultivated, the more it will produce. Hence farmers should feed, exercise, cultivate and use the mind. It should be trained to think. accu rately, act promptly, adulinister.wsifr'tya.pd execute thoroughly. It can be exercised as profitably on the farm .as in any of the learned professions. It can command as much respect and influence in the noble profession of agriculture as in any other profession. The want of the times is an in telligent, influential, self-reliant class of farmers. Outnulnbering all other classes combined, they are the very tail in the kite of our republic. Men in other pursuits lead them when and where and how they choose. Better cultivated brains and more firmness and selt-reliance, which would be possessed in consequence, would give to our agricul tural classes that influence and power in this free country that they are so justly en titled to wield.-Rural World. WHEAT-GROWING On a large scale has only been carried on in the Argentine Republic for two or three years, and yet, at last ac counts, forty vessels were in the river La Plata loading with wheat for Europe. Im migrants from Italy, France and Germany are fast filling up the country, a:nd their grain shipments may yet rival those of the United States. -New England Farmer. Those who know the capability of the west will smile at the tropical and hilly Ar gentine Republic rivaling the United States in growing grain.-P-1air-ie Farmer. KILLING COLORADO BEETLES. Take a teaspoonful of Paris green and a gill of plaster to three gallons of water. My neighbor, who cultivates eighty acres, uses five tablespoonfuls of green and a gallon, of plaster to a barrel of water. I had seventy one rows, and treated thirty of them with a tablespoonful of poison in three gallons of water on Saturday. This neighbor sent mec word on Sunday to use the plaster. 1 did so on Monday. Tuesday I had to go over the first thirty rows again. Those where tht: plaster was used were three days after wards much greener and taller, and still show a better growth and color. This I think much the cheapest and best manage ment for large vines. For small onesI take a fruit cat punch holes in the bottom. nail a lath to the inside of the can for a handle, and sprinkle the Paris green with fify, sixty or even sc\enty times its bulk of plaster. IfI can do this while the dew is on I do so; it not I put it on when the vines are dry, only stopping for a heavy wind. An active man caa poison five or six acres a day in this way in a field of small vines.--.Cor. Country Gentleman. w--S-0e~ ----- TIE manure of cows and pigs resists de composition for a longer time than that of the sheep and horses--both the latter being dryer than the fQrmer and decomposing more readily in the soil. THE POULTRY YARD. HOW TO MANAGE. A writer in the New York Times tells how to manage chickens as follow: To begin at the beginning, the hennery must be thoroughly cleansed from lice, which lurk in every crack and cranny of an old and neglected establishment. This can be done easily by burning some brimstone in the hennery with all the windows and doors shut. Of course the hens must be ex cluded during this fumigating process, and should not be admitted till each one has had a good dose of powdered sulphur scat tered on its back feathers and neck feathers, with a little under each wing, and some in the crest of the crested order. This pro cess of puriclation and dosing will drive the vermin away, and no mistake ; but to make assurance doubly sure, we prefer to whitewash the hennery, mixing with the whitewash a little carbolic acid. We also put a little sulphur into the box of coal ashes which we keep in the hennery for a dusting bath for the hens. Since we have adopted this plan we have not found4a louse on our hens or chicks. They delight to get into this bath, and it is a delight to us to see them kick and stretch around in it, and oh, what a dust they kick up! This dust set ties into every crack and nest, and the lice have not the least chance for life. If they can breed anywhere, it is on the hens while sitting, and if there is any fear of this put a little pinch of sulphur'directly on the sitting hens. Keep the air of the hennery sweet and n pure by frequent removal of the droppings, n and by always having good ventillt.ion. s8 Fresh water also is as essential as nourish ing food. The first thing a sitting hen goes S for when she comes off her nest is water, a and if she is deprived of it she will certainly o become diseased, and will be very likely to t impart her disease to the chicks she broods. s We need not speak of the value of sunlight s in the hennery, for we never saw but one hen house built on the north side of the b barn, where the sun's ameliorating influ- r ence could not be felt, and in this solitary a instance we could find no hens. They r probably preferred death to incarceration I in such a bleak place, and had committed a suicide. , a As soon as the chicks are hatched they t should be cooped up in some sunny, shel- I tered place outside of the hennery, and fed t for a few days with hard-boiled egg chop- ( ped fite. Egg is what the chick lives on c during the process of incubation, and the change of diet should not he too sudden af ter hatching. A few dry breaf! crums may t be mixed with the egg after a day or two, E and at the end of a week the egg-food may be suspended altogether, and a pudding of milk, oatmeal and wheat bran substituted. Milk, next to egg, is the most natural and nourishing food for a chicle. We never hadI chickens do better than when brought up mainly on skimmed and clabber milk. Cooked food, too, we have always found 1 more nourishing tLan uncooked. As the chicks attain some size and it is desirable to prepare them for broiling, corn-meal may gradually take the place of the oatmeal. The coop should have no bottom boards, for it is pretty essential that the mother hen as well as the chicks should come in con tact with the ground. The structure of the coop otherwise is not important, further than it should afford protection from rain and cold. Chickens know no difference be tween a palace and a hovel, so long as the one is as comfortable as the other. Two wide boards placed together root fashion, with a tight back and a latticed front, make as good a crop as the royal Brahmas or the democratic Dominiques desire. Such a coop a boy twelve years old, with a me chanic's eye in his head, can manufacture in an hour. It has the great advantage, be sides being cheap, of easy transportation, and it is very essential that the location of the coop be frequently changed, so as to se cure fresh earth and a purer air to the cag ed bird. Prevent the chicks from running out too early in the morning and catching cold in the wet grass. A board may be placed in front of the slat-work at night. This will keep the chicks in and the cats and skunks out. Avoid all damp, wet and cold localities for coops. Give the chicks the dryest and sunniest spot on the farm. Dampness will engender croup in chicks just as much as it does in children. Indeed, bring. up your chicks very much after the same fashion you do your children. Keep them dry, clean, well fed and comfortable every way. The wants and diseases of all animals are very analogous, and it is a pity that we have not sooner comprehended the com mon pathology that exists between the dis eases of man and his domestic animals. The dumb beasts suffer because they are dumb. If they could speak and tell us what ailed them when they are sick, we should not stuff them with the vile nostrums from which they have suffered more than from their diseases. THE HOUSEHOLD. Insoluble Cement for Bottles.--Soften glue in cold water and melt it in the water bath to form a very thick paste. To this add good glycerine in quantity equal to the dry glue taken, and continue the heating to ex pel as much of the water as possible. This may be cast on a marble slab to cool, and melted for use as required. This is not soluble in alcoholic liquids. Shirred Eggs.-Break six eggs into a ba sin; add to them one ounce of fresh butter and a little pepper and salt; melt one ounce of butter in a small saucepan, then pour in the eggs; keep stirring until they are set; serve on toast. They are also very nice served with fried bacon. Poison for Rats and Mice.-Carbonate of baryta has been found to be a most etticient poison for rats and similar vermin. Indeed, at a special series of trials by the Zootech nical Institute, in connection with the Royal Agricultural college, at Proskaw, this sub stance was found to be more efficacious thanu any other. It occurs as a heavy white pow der, devoid of taste or smell. In the Pros kaw experiments it was mixed with four times its weight of barley meal, and pellets of the paste were introduced into the holes of the rats, house mice, and lield mice. A small quantity proves fatal. It appears to cause immediate and complete paralysis of the hind extremities, so that it may be as sumed that mice eating it in their holes will die within them, and so not prove destruct ive in their turn to domesticated animals that might otherwise devour the carcasses. It was found in practice that neither fowls nor pigeons would touch the paste. either in its soft state or when har(lened by the sun ; so tlhat its employment is probably fr e from danger to the ocelnpants of the poultry yards. Some rabbits, oni the other hand. that ot, naccess to tile paste ate hearti iy of it and paid the penalty with their lives. Next to the carbonate of baryta paste, the ordinary phosplhorusa paste proved lmost (le strnctive. and this, it was found by experti ment, is more attractive to the mice in a (,Itt form than when hardened into pills. But it is considerably dearer than the baryta prep aration, an important factor in the calcula tions of the farmler who has to wage wa"r against rodents o: an e(xtensive scale.