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Rocky Icuintainl Indisanfl.
R. N. 8UTHERLIN, Editor. W. H. SUTRERLIN, Assistant Editor. THURSDAY, AUGUST 28, 1:79. w Tns number of inquiries received by the county officers of the various counties of Montana as to the financial standing of the counties, the extent and nature of their in debtedness, the tax levy, amount of taxa ble property, the prospects for the future and the feeling of the people in regard to railroads and other matters calculated to efi'ect their securities, by prominent Wall street operators, is evidence that Montana is awakening some interest in monied circles east, and is an assurance that our bonds will never go begging on the market in the future. No country has a better reputation in business circles than Montana. Her bus iness men are reputed to be careful, and their paper is good wherever known, and it we only continue to deserve the good name established our progress and prosperity are assured, WE LEARN from the Herald of August 23, that the Government engineer having in charge the improvement of the Missouri river, is to be in Helena soon for the pur pose, we suppose, of inquiring into the fea aibility of the navigation of the Missouri river above the falls. Helena is vitally in terested in this matter. If she would con tinue in the future as now, to command the bast freight rates obtainable, it is necessary that the head of navigation, be brought as near to her as possible. With boats above the fall she might hope to retain prestage over all other points in the territory in com unerce, which will be impossible as it is. Benton is rapidly asserting her importance, and with the terminus of the Utah & North ern at Salisbury she will have two rivals, each of which will draw largely from her t ie. But with the upper river improved #Ie need not pander to any railroad corpor atton, or have any fears of losing her comi pm. Journfrt of 4culcure, a ltading ln Journal of the MississippI valley, ar *lst a 'very remarkable conciustotb in re ard to 1arming and stock-growing in Mon tans drawn from a couple of articles that appeared In the Eusaanisst-one In rela t4fu to the black-leg and the other about the c#*ps and the' possibility of grasshoppers zskhvg their appearanee.' The conclusion nrivect at by our cotemporary is that farm 1*% ard stookgrowing are uncertain and nprofitable. Now, we would not have any one think that erenkthese, the most certain o± all in tstries, cab be pr shted without risk. Such * %ttte of thing is not known on earth. Bk-lep will 1llI cattle ink Montana just tM6 sate a*( it does in Illinois or Missouri, but the percentage'ot oedhlis is no gretter. As4o'thrming, we have grasshoppers some Aeisoop.-yes, clouds of them, that almost obsp*re the sun, and they devastate fields to an alarming extent, yet after all, we. chal qgeqthe world to produce a more prosper ous eatnatty of 4riners than are to be nt"ad `Montana. Afar thrmers war with g$Aashoppers only, *bile a the great Mis tsalp$ valley, the home of our eotempo ta4;. the thrmers have alternate foods and 0owjit, army worms, chinch-buga, Ues a'a ies, rust and a thousand and one other thitgs to dirpinish their harvests. let our bthe editor come out and take a Took at fir :hes, flocks and mammoth grain felds ,b. is so rash In passing Judgment 'n9t time. For the beneftt of the readers of the Hea. MZU4WI, and the stock-growers generally, ( will state at the experiments of la. . Smith sad myi~ee Ira applying coal oil as a pmedy for the qnttle disease commonly paled bolkleg, hve" thus far proven a complete success. ¶bp opal oil is given in ternally, by holding the animal's head up sad toning it to twallow the liquid. For a yearling we gave eoq pint ofoil in one dose. '.or a call four tiapths old, three gibM has qA~eted a permanent cure. Tbe coal oil . poeneates every part of the uips$ and causes circulation of the blood, 1 am preparing an article' which will con taui a lull account of my experimeuts with this disease, a remedy for its cure, and, I trust, a valuable preventive of the disease, which will be furnished your readers as soon as I have more fully demonstrated the value of the medicine by a more thorough test. I would say to those whose cattle are afflict- i ed with the malady, give them from three I gills to a pint of coal oil. It has given relief in several cases, and I believe it to be a certain cure. WILL. August 22d, 1879. AMONG THE FARMERS. FAIRVIEW is twelve miles up the road from that prom inent land mark, the Point of Rocks. It is an upland farm, but extends back to the Beaverhead river along its banks a mile or niore, oomprising in all a valuable hay and grain farm. The proprietoYrs, Henry Bur fiend & Bro., are, as well as farming, en gaged in wool-growing. Their flock num bers several thousand. Adjoining their ptemises is the home of Thos. Stodden & Bro., who may also be classed among the stock princes of that section. Their farm skirts the road for a mile or more on either side back in the low lands and up on the bench-well, I don't know how far. The Stoddens are not sheep princes, but their herds of both horses and cattle are. large. Some stallions noticed in their stables would do credit to any stud of the country. BLACKTAIL, is the name of the beautiful stream that runs fifty or more miles from the south and empties into the Beaverhead river twenty miles.above the Point of Rocks. Unlike many of the mountain streams, its valley rises gradually from the brink to the moun tains. Along its banks are to be seen some neat residences and fine farms,.the residents being a few of the numerous well-to-do stock-raisers of Beaverhead county. Taking the circle of the valley on both sides the names of the residents as far as my ac quaintance extends are J. R. Selway, R. H. Reynolds. - Wilson, Thos. Porch, W. C. Orr, G. W. Emerick, P. H. Poindexter and Philip Lovell. The first named lives near the ma. road,, and has a large estate and pleasant place. My visit there was like going home, full otf enjoyment. The two next are stock-growers and have new and attractive homes. Mr. Orr is a member of the firm of Poindexter & Orr. A marked improvement is noticeable in his home with in a abort space of time. Four years azo it was surrounded by small bushes, but they have grown into a beautiful shady grove. My vidt there was attended with usual en joyment. Mr. Lovell's residence is very pleasantly located. From the shady, flow er-fringed yard one has a good view of the Beaverhead Malley and picturesque moun tains that overlook it. Mr. L. counts his cattle and sheep by the thousands. The homes of Mr. Poindexter and Mr. Emerick, as seen from ~Mr. Lovell's yard, are attract ive also. That of Mr. Emerick's stretches along the river some distance, and is one of the choicest ii thp country. Mr E. is also largely engaged in cattle-raising, keeping his herd on the Horse prairIe range. POINDEXTER & ORR have added materially to the value of their ranch since my visit to it last year, by the inmportation of fine stock. The names of the principal stock are Young Champion, Enoch Arden, Fortune. Nabob, a celt, and Gaile, a filly.'. Young Champion is a very large, fine bred horse. His color is a most beautifhl~dapple brown. He is designed to take the place of their noted Sampson stall ion, who has.been so valuable as a colt-get ter of coach horses. He is b14 hands high, seven years old, and very beautiful. Enoch Arden is a fine full blood lPercheron-Nor an.. His color is'a beautiful dark dapple gray~ 11e stands 161 hands and is five years old. 6s to form he is perfectly faultless. The colt, Nabob, a two-year-old, is also a full blood Percheron-Norman, and is a pow erful. animal. Ae came from France last year. (Jaile, las a two-year-old filly, already as large as the lightest common stock mares in the country. $be is a full blood Percher. on-Norman, the only tluf blood imported mare in Montacs,, a lappl. grey, and is as beautiul as thb most fhstidious could wish to look upon. Messrs. Poindexter & Orr, forx number of years past, in addition to won:-growiag asd cattle-raising on a large. i scale,, bae been raising large draft horses and have several hundred choice brood mares. The fact that they have embarked in the businessot mingling the Percheron Norman blood with the American is of it self an assurance Shat this cross is proper to secure the horse for general service in Mon tana. This year their grain-field numbers 300 acres. Their dairy is turning out 40 to 50 pounds of butter daily. WATSON, the burg at the head of the Beaverhead val ley and mouth of the 15-mile canyon, has grown considerably. Sin Estes, the owner of the premises is still in the mercantile business. Since last year he has added to the hotel property, materially improving it, having built a large barn, and is now erect ing a storehouse and salesroom. Mr. Keene is his salesman, and is. a very oblig ing gentleman. The hotel is kept by J. A. Nickum. It is well furnished and run in good style. An agreeable improvement in the entertain ment of this house is the excellent music to which friends are treated by his estima ble wife. OVER THE RIVER, that is, the north side of it, are some beau tiful farms strung along the little oreeks. My limited time prevented a visit to them, but 1 met James Kirkpatrick, of the firm of Kirkpatrick Bros., farmers, stock-grow ers, country merchants, and extensive deal ers in agricultural implements. These wide awake tradesmen are now building a two-story frame store at the crossing of Blacktail creek, by the main road, where they wyill shortly open out a large stock of merchandise. A post office is to be applied for, and the name proposed for it is "Ed gerton," for one of Mantana's ex-govern ors. THE CIRCLE through the canyon, Horse prairie and to Bannack had been mapped out for me, but I regret that limited time prevented it. A visit to the home and family of M. B. Hen neberry, the cattle king eight miles up the canyon1 to the fine dairy farm of J. Shine berger, the pleasant bachelor mansion of the genial Q. M. Brown, the large dairy pos sesslins of the Hon. A. H. Barrett. the large stik farm of the Pierce Bros., and of Jo seph Crow upon' the beautiful Horse prai. rip, would have been enjoyed. If, indeed, the writer finds pleasure, it is among such stockmen and dairy ranches as are to be seen on this circle. WILL. August 13. FROM DEER LODGE COUNTY. ErIToR HUSBANDMAN: The incident of the extraordinary session just past has af forded us mortals here hi this ragged por tion of the mundane sphere much diversion of tho'ught, " as we here and there catch a glimpse of their legislative proceedings. What a pity it is that Lewis and Clarke county should not have the opportunity to tax themselves for a railroad ! If the tax should become burdensome so that the county didn't feel like paying their own '"piper," all they would have to do would be to beseige some extraordinary session of the Legislature, as good' old Missoula coun ty has now done, at the portals of the pres ent session, to have the territory have all the other counties of the territory go secu rity on her bonds, so as to endorse her cred it brought low by her officials. Just think of Missoula county, full of cereals and fruit ful abundance, begging territorial endorse ment of her credit. Yes, and the lion. Samuel Word tells us "that Missoula coun ty didn't expect the territory will ever have to pay her bonds." In the name of "right reason" belonghig to that astute gentleman, why establish such a precedent, if that county did not expect the territory to pay, in ease of the failure of Missoula county to. pay the bondholders as specified in the bond? Why was he called upon as a mem ber from Madison county to bind the tax payers of Madison county to pay Missoula county's bonds in ease of their failure to do so.? It seems that an opportunity offered. whereby a benevolent gush on the part of the territory to assume the indebtedness of profligate counties had arrived to establish a precedent, the support of which, by cer tai.ftiembers, would advertise their public benevolence in binding their constituents in lawfhil statute, to pay the spendthrift weak esea of neighboring counties. Sucha preceent,, once established, would, be a. grave legislative error; an indirect way to bind the taxpayers of well regulated coun ties to pay the liabilities of badly managed counties in their1iciancial ca'reer. it such is to be the rule of action let us blot out county organizations ano let territorial of ticials manage all the municipal concerns of the territory so as to husband the local re sources of the territory preventing the in (:ebtedness to oconr, which would be better than allowing counties to acquire debts which they will, as gpenlt.hrifts, ask the territory to assume. Such it highway of legislative folly would lead county commis sioners of the various counties to relax their seconomical eflorts, to keelp down the in debtedness of their respective political sub divisions, as counties in the territory. Then the sainted mortals who believe in issuing county bonds of indebtedness for their chil dren to pay, to bring railroads to their kitchen door. can riot under such a prece dent, because after years of such folly a combination can be made in the legislature for the territory to assume the indebtedness of counties agreeing to pay for them, in case or their refs al. .For instance, Lewis and Clarke, Deer Lodge and Madison coun ties each, ask the legislature at its next ses sion for the privilege of issuing a few hun dred thousand dollars in county bonds to build narrow gauge railroads. They get the privilege, time rolls on, and the people in those counties send their legislators to the capital, and they having a majority of members, simply enact that the territory shall endorse their liabilities, and thus "whip the devil around the stump," mak ing the territory stand sponsor for subsidy at last. We had thought that the old no: tion of the general government as suming the indebtedness of states, had been exploded by wisdom long ago. If the policy is to assume on the part of the terri tory the future indebtedness of counties, then go in counties. build costly buildings, multiply your bridges and pave your roads. run into debt, for the territory will stand sponsor, for your prodigality. Go in ye court house cliques and county officials ; go in ye asylums, poor houses and public beg gars; swell the county indebtedness, get their credit down , as low as you can, buy up all the county debts when at the lowest point, then come to the legislature, get the privilege to bond the indebtedness which you own, having purchased the same for fifty cents on the dollar. Make the territo ry endorse your bonds, throw them on the market at par, count the profits of your speculation and be happy. MONUMENTAL, Warm Bluffs, Aug. 10. TERRITORIAL NEWS. From private letters recently received by parties in town, we learn that the Buchan an brothers have struck bar diggings near the Belt mountains, on the North Fork of the Judith, that will pay $4 to $10 to the hand. have prospected the bars bars by tunneling 25 to 30 feet deep in several places and over considerable territory, with most encouraging results. They could not reach bed-rock on account of water, the country where the prospect were found be ing quite springy. The boys have so mush confidence in the country that they went to Benton and purchased between $400 and $500 worth of supplies. They have also discovered some rich-looking quartz, specl mens of which they have sent to Helena to be assayed.-Courier. Wm. V. Meyers, who arrived this morn ing, brings us news of a serious accident which occurred near Radersburg yesterday. The particulars are about as follows: Jekn Johnson and John A. Pashly went out in the valley to hunt chickens and during their rambles became separated. Pashley, see ing a flock of birds fired, but instead of hit ting the game the ball, it is supposed, struck a reck, glanced off and took effect in Johnson's thighs, passing thropgh one and 1 lodging, in the other. Dr. J. R. Weston was summoned and attended the wounded ( man. It is a painful wound though it is i not considered dangerous.-Iferald. Four unsuccessful attempts have been made to raise the steamer Yellowstone, i. which was sunk on Bufhilo rapids. It is - shortly to be determined whether.or not a s diver will be sent from St. L.onls or the bon L wrecked.--.Yorthr Wcst.