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WHITE AERICANS. Major Pinto, the Portuguese explorer, who has just crossed Africa, from Benguella southwestward to Natal, describes a race of white men found by him near the head waters of the Zambezi. He says: " I one day noticed that one of the car riers was a white man. He belonged to a race entirely unknown up to the present day. A great white people exist in South Africa. Their name is Cassequer; they are whiter than the Caucassians, and in place of hair have their heads covered with small tufts of very short wool. Their cheek bones are prominent, their eyes like those of the Chinese. The men are extremely robust. When they discharge an arrow at an elephant the shaft is completely buried in the animal's body. They live on roots and the chase, and it is only when these supplies fail them that they hold any rela tions with the neighboring race, the Am buelas, from whom they obtain food in ex change for ivory. The Cassequeres are an entirely nomaflic race, and never sleep two nights in the same encampment. They are the only people in Africa that do not cook their food in pots. They wander about, in groups of from four to six families, over all the territory lying between the Cuchi and the Cubango. It would seem that from a crossing of the Cassequeres with the negroes of other races sprang those mulattoes of the south, whom the English call Bushmen. The latter are, however, better off than the Cassequeres, and use pots in cooking their food, while their dispositions are good, though quite opposed to civilization." Unfortunately Major Pinto does not say whether he saw more than one of the white Africans he describes, or whether the ac count he gives of them is based on observa tion or on hearsay. His promised book may clear up the matter. Be slow to promise and quick to per form. NEW IMPORTATION FROM FRANCE e CONSISTING OF 49 Head of Horses' Will arrive about September 1st, 1879. M. W. DUNH AM'S OAKLAND STUD OF PERCIERON-NORAN HORDES WINNERS OF THE Orand Prizes in Europe and America. Awarded Grand Medals by the French Govern mont, and also Grand Medal, Diploma and special report at the Centennial Exhibition, 1876. The LARGEST AND MOST COMPLETE Establishment of the kind in America. Since 1472 it has been replenished by 166 Imp rted Mares and Stallions. C" My Catalogue, with history of the breed, seutiree. M. W. DUNHAM, 10-6. Wayne, Du Page Co., 111. J. L. BELCHER, M. D. PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON. CENTERVILLE, MONTANA. Always at home except when on professional du ty. Calls promptly attended to in this and adjoin ing counties. 7-6mn. GEORGE P. 1IEEVES, Watchmaker. EAST SIDE OF MAIN STREET', HIELEAA. Watch and Chronometer making and repairing he all its most difficult parts, a specialty. ENGRAVING Executed in the beat style. Gold and silver work made to order. 8 ly GEO. P REEVES. New Rail Route EAST, WEST OR SOUTH, VIA TUE UNION PACIFIC and UTAH AND NORTHERN RAILROAD. Pullman Palace Cars, Steel Track, and Finest Equipment in all Respects. Montanians contemplating a trip to the East or the Pacific coast are reminded that stage travel has been reduced 120 miles in 1878, and that the gap is constantly narrowing through the rapid extension of the Utah and Northern Railroad. The summer of 1879 will see STAGE TIME REDUCED TO FORTY EIGHT HOURS FROM HELENA. VIRGINIA CITY DEER LODGE, BUiTE, And Other Prominent Points in Montana. Save Time, Money and Vexatious Delays By purchasing tickets via the splendidly equipped, the only direct and the only all-the-year route, the UNION PACIFII; and UTAH AND NORTH ERN RAILROADS. THOS. L. KIMBALL, Gen. Passenger and Ticket Agent, U. P. R. R., Omaha, Nebraska. SIGN OF THE BIG BOOT. NICKL MILLEN, Wholesale and Retail Dealer in Boots, Shoes, Leather and Findings, HELENA, MONTANA. My. stock for the wholesale and retail trade is VERY LARGE AND COMPLETE And consists of the best and largest assortment of Ladies', Misses' and Children's French Kip, Peblle Goat, Morocco, Cloth and Calfskin Shoes. - Men's Custom-made French and Kip Boots Kept constantly on hand, Also, GUM BOOTS. My stock being purchased exclusively for cash, enables me to offer extra inducements in the way 01 ow prices. Feb. 11-tf G. A. KELLOGG, United States Deputy Mineral Surveyor. HELENA, - - - MONTANA T E. COLLINS, a ATTORNE"YAT LAW. pedal attention given to Collections in all parts of he Te' ritcry. Conveyancing promptly attended to 0 ffice at County Clerk's Office, DIAaIOND CITY. - - MONTANA. NOT FAIL to send for our NEW PRICE LIST. More complete than ever. Contains descriptions of every thing required for perasonai or faraS1g ne, with over 1000 Illustrations. Send nine cents for it. (Stamps will do.) We sell all goods at wholesale prices in quantities to suit the pur chaser. The only institution in America who snake this their special business. Address. IIONTGOM ERY WARD & CJO., A*7 & 229 Wabash Ave., Chicago Ills. A GOOD PLAN Anybody can learn to make money rapidly ope rating in stocks, by the two unerring rules for sucr cess, in Messrs. Lawrence & Co.'s new circular. The combination method which the firm has made so successful, enables people with large or small means to reap all the benefits of largest capital and Ii best skill. Thousands of orders, in various sums, are pooled in one vast amount and co-operated as as mighty whole, thus securing to each shareholder all the advantages of the largest operator. Im mense profits are divided monthly. Any amount 2 from $5 to $5,000 or more, can be used successfully N. Y..Baptist Weekly, September 26, 1878, says, "By the combination system $15 would make $75, or 5 per cent.; $50 pays $3.0, or 7 per cent.a* $100 makes $1,000, or ten per cent. on thestock, during the month. according to the market-" Frank Lea lie's illustrated Newspaper, June 29th. " The L, combination method oi operating stocks is the most successful ever adopted." New York Inde - pendent, Sept. 12th: "The combination system is founded upon correct business principles, and no person need be without an income while it is kept working by Messrs. Lawrence & Co- Brooklyn Journal, April,29th: "Our editor made anet profit of $101.25 from $20 in one of Messrs. Lawrence & Co.'s combinations." New circular (mailod free) explains everythinim. Stocks and bounds wanted. Government bonds supplied. Lawrence & Co., Bankers, 57 Exchange Place, N. Y. 32-2m An Unparalled Offer. Even in these'hard times, the offer of a beautiful oil Chromo, 14x18 inches, to be sent by mail, post paid, for 25 cents, is unparalleled. This picture is a genuine work of art, and is an ornament to any home, however richly furnished; while to those whose means will not allow the vurchase of cost ih Her works, this affords an opportunity to secure a beautiful picture at a very small cost. This picture is only sold at this low price to introduce our goods and as the supply is limited, those wishing copies should send at once. Rememberl only a few cop les left. Price, 25 cents; $1.75 a dozen. U. S. postage stamps taken. Address, Haioy A. KIDDER, P. O.;box 2143, Boston, Mass. WM. M. PICE & COMPANY No.14 SOUTH COMMERCIAL STREET, ST. LOUIS, MO. COMMISSION AGENCY MISSOURI STATE GRANGE (Bonded in the sum of $100,000. Manufacturers of THE GRANGE WAGON, Light Spring Wagons and Buggies, The highest prices obtained for Wool, Hides, Furs and Robes. Prompt attention given to the purchase of FAMILY AND FARM SUPPLIES, AGRICULTURAL MACHINERY, ETC., ETC Send for printed instructions and reduced price list for 1879, 5-1 . NOTICE TO MINERS. United States Land Office, Helena, Montana, July 18, 1879. Ira Ingraham, whose post office address is Fort Logan, Meagher county, Montana, has this day filed his application to enter as agricultural land, under the soldiers and sailors homestead laws, the southwest quarter of the southeast quarter sf sec tion 2; west half of the northeast quarter and the southeast quarter of northwest quarter of section II, in township No. 9 north, range No. 5 east, which land is suspended from entry. Notice is hereby given that a hearing will be had at this office on the 27th day of August, A. D., 1879, at 10 o'clock a. m., to dewermine as to the mineral or non-mineral character of said land, and testi mony to be used upon said hearing will be taken before T. E. Collins, County Clerk and Recorder, at his office at Diamond City, Meagher county, Montana, on the 25th day of August, A. D., 1879, at 10 o'clock a. m. It is alleged tiere are no known miners, nor mining improvements, upon said land. 3t6. J. H. MOE, Register. HAY MARKET AND FEED STABLE JOSEPH HORSKY, Proprietor. LtwERt MAIN STREET. HELENA. Accommodations for ALL KINDS AND ANY NUMBER OF STOCK Is prepared to e COMPETE WITH ANY STABLE IN THE CITY. 8 HAS FAIRBANKS' HAY SALES. I have 620 acres of the best hay land in Prickly Pear Valley, six miles from town, tfom which 1 get all my hay. C. S. KELLY, D. D. S. DENTIST. Broadway - . - Helena. SPECIALTY: Co ecting irregularities of the Natu ral eeth, restol tdecayed parts with Porcelain - and Gold; makin salrtiflcial Teeth with continuous Porcelain Gum. 41-ly Proposals for Flour. Office of Purchasing and Depot Com'y of Subsist., IIELENA, MONTANA, August 1, 1879. Sealed proiosals, in duplicate, will be received at Helena, Montana, or either of the posts named, for the supply required at such post, until 12 o'clock noon, on Monday the 1st day of September, 1879, at which time and places they will be opened in the presence of bidders, for furnishing to the subsi t ence departmnent U. S army, 145,000 pounds of fresh ground XXX Spring Wheat Flour, made from No. I wheat, in double sacks, delivered on or be fore the 1st day of November, 1879, as follows: At Fort Shaw, Montana, - 35,000 pounds. At Fort Ellis, Montana, - - 40,000 At Fort Logan, Montana - 30,000 '' At Fort Missoula, Montana - 40,000 " 1 Blank proposals, and printed circulars, giving detailed information as to manner of bidding, con-. ditions to be observed by bidders, &e., may be ob tained on application to the undersigned or to the - A. A. C. S., at either of the posts named. One copy each of this advertisement and of the conditions, &c., must be securely attached to each duplicate proposal and be mentioned therein as comprising part of it. Proposals must be enclosed in sealed envelopes marked "Proposals for Flour at Fort -," and addressed to the undersigned or to the A. A. C. S., at the post hid for. The United States reserves the right to reject any 1 and all proposals. J. g. WESTON, Captain and C. S., U. S. A. August 7-38-3 r Lumber, Lath and Shingles, DOORS, SASH AND BLINDS, g I3uilders' and Cabinet HARDWARE. n It Glazed Sash shipped to all parts of the territory. AGENTS FOR THE LEFFEL WHEEL AND MACHINERY. ul is A. K. HOLTER & BRO. ly e Helena, Montana, May 1, 1879.-24-4-6m. a CATTLE WANTED. re Is A buyer for one hundred head, more or less, of es stock cattle can be found by addressing HusaAxD MAN office, giving quality, ages and locality. HEARING RESTORED. Particulars free. MVery & Harper. Madison, Ind. 'WHITE SULPHUR SPRINGS. The Most Attractive Pleasure Re sort in Montana. A HEALING ASYLUM FOR THE AFFLICTED. Old COironic Diseases treated with medical skill, ant: permanent cures effected. WM. Parberry, I. D., Resident Physkcian. Board, and fees for medical attendance, reaseo able. Terms, Cash. SPENCER BROS., 34-tf Proprietors. SITEEP DIP. Good, heavy-bodied tobacco, mixed with sul pbur, specially piepared for curing scab on sheep, packed in boxes, of any amount desired, for $2 26 per hundred pounds; shipping rates to Benton, J.70 per hundred pounds. WM~i. PRICE & CO.. 16-tf 14 Commercial St., St. Louts Mfo. INTERNATIONAL HOTEL. HELENA, MONTANA. TUnexcelled cuisine, unobtrusive provision for the t gratification of its patrons, convenient, npaciouu and airy rooms, and kept scrupulously clean, are some of the chief characteristics of this justly pc ular hotel. RINDA & SKLOWER, Props. 28-Tv TVM. STIPF Clhrk, n y RADER'S RANCH, NEAR CAMP BAKER. JOE STEPHENS & BRO.Proprietors First-class accommodations for man and beast. e The public are respeetfully invited to call. f 1IEAT 3 MARKET. an DIAMOND CITY, MONTANA. The undersigned has opened a market at the old stand, where he will be pleased to meet his former customers and friends. I will keep on hand the best fresh meats the country affords. Prices mae sonable. Prompt collections will be made. C. KROFT. l June 12, 1879-30-tf AMERICAN MERINO SHEEP. J. ell. J. BELL & SON, I it. Be Breeders of and Dqalers in Thoroughbred Sheep of the purest and most desirable strains, Brighton, Ills. Correspondence solicited. Orders for stock will receive our prompt attention Sheep deliver ed at the terminus of the Utah & Northern railroad at from $14 to $25 per head. 23-if. NOTICE TO CREDITORS. In the Probate Court of Meagher County, Mew tana Territory : In the matter of the estate of Stephen Watson, dec'd Notice is hereby given by the undersigned, ad ministrator of the estate of Stephen Watson, de ceased, to the creditors of, and all persons having claims against, the said deceased, to exhibit thern with the necessary vouchers, within four months after the first publication of this notice, to the said administrator at the office of the County Treasuaer, in Diamond City, Meagher county, Montana.. J. F. McCLINTOCK. Administrator, of the estate of Stephen Watson, deceased. July 30, 1879.-37-4. NOTICE TO CREDITORS: In the Probate Court of the County of MeagA er, Territory of Montana. In the matter of the Estate of Caroline E. Stone, dec'd. Notice is hereby given, by the undersigned Ad ministrator with the will annexed of the estate of - Caroline E. Stone, deceased, to the creditors of, and all persons having claims against, the said d. ceased, to exhibit them with the necessary vouch if era, within four months after the first publcations - of this notice, to the said administrator at his re idence near Martinsdale, in the county of Meagher. C(HAS. A. DUNNING, i. Administrator wf h the will annexed of the 1s tate of Caroline M. Stone, deceas4 July 20, 1879.-86-4.